Chapter 3: Discoveries at Wadi Murabba’at

In: The Dead Sea Scrolls, A Full History

Abstract

When 1951 began no one in Jerusalem could possibly have imagined all that was to happen during the coming months. From 21 January to 3 March 1952 Gerald Lankester Harding and Father Roland de Vaux interrupted their excavations at Qumran to search the caves at Wadi Murabba'at. De Vaux and Harding found in the caves large quantities of cloth, basket work, ropes, and (Cave) 2 contained the greater quantity of leather and papyrus fragments inscribed in Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic. But the artifacts and documents were noticeably different from those found near Qumran. Most of the documents were from the early second century AD, among them a Greek marriage contract from the seventh year of Hadrian, AD 124, fragments from biblical books, and documents from &t;Simeon ben Kosibah, Prince of Israel&t; (also Simeon bar Kochba), in Hebrew.