Abstract

From one perspective the Six-Day War would have been the most natural choice since the State of Israel became the de facto custodian of the scrolls with the capture of East Jerusalem and the Palestine Archaeological Museum in June 1967. It was some time before those working on the scrolls fully adjusted to the changes in access and oversight brought about by this transition from Jordanian to Israeli control. On the other hand, 1960 was also a logical choice because during this year the Rockefeller money on which the Palestine Archaeological Museum (PAM) and the Cave 4 Team had been so dependent was discontinued, and permission to distribute the scrolls to supporting institutions as a fund-raising tool, was rescinded by the government of Jordan. In the end it was simply space that dictated the choice.