The canon law literature of the period after the Decretals of pope Gregory IX (1234) has not been investigated systematically since vol. II of the renowned manual by J. F. von Schulte (1877). The 18 papers collected in this book, originally published between 1971 and 2005, scattered in many specialized periodicals, cover a wide range of canon law texts, including prominent authors as Innocent IV, Hostiensis, Duranti. They are all drawing from a fresh assessment of the manuscript tradition and a critical review of relevant scholarship. The reprinted articles are supplemented by substantial additions and completed by a series of new Exkursus. The presentation of abundant manuscript materials makes up for a sort of reference book, which will be indispensable for any further research in the canon law tradition of the 13th and 14th centuries.
Cáin Lánamna "The Law of Couples", an Old Irish text dated to c. 700, is arguably the most important source of information concerning women and the household economy in early Ireland. The text describes all the recognized marriages and unions, both legal and illegal, and provides information regarding the allocation of property in the event of a divorce. The text was heavily glossed over a period of several centuries and provides insights into changes in the Irish legal system. This book provides, for the first time, an English translation of the entire text and all the accompanying glosses and commentary. It also includes an introduction to early Irish society, linguistic and legal notes, and a glossary to the tract.
A strict definition of kinship – a canonical one – was in introduced in to the Nordic medieval legislation. This replaced a looser definition. According to a canonical definition of kinship – constructed after the Church’s incest prohibitions, you were obligated towards all your blood-relatives. This doctrine applies where: 1) The kin group acted as a legal person towards a third party in cases about paying of wergeld, and where the kinsmen collectively took an oath. 2) Rights and obligations between the kindred regulated land transactions either by inheritance, donations or sale. Here the obligations were at their widest. The moral requirement for love and cohesiveness was strengthened by more substantial rules to ensure, that land was not transferred at the expense of kinsmen.