Bibliography

Abbreviations

CHAL-Abbasids

Julia Ashtiany et al. (eds.), Cambridge History of Arabic Literature. ʿAbbasid Belles Lettres. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1990

CHAL-Umayyads

A.F.L. Beeston et al. (eds.), Cambridge History of Arabic Literature. Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1983

EI2

The Encyclopaedia of Islam. New Edition. Ed. C.E. Bosworth et al. ixi. Leiden: Brill 1960–2007

EI-Three

The Encyclopaedia of Islam – Three. Ed. Kate Fleet et al. (Leiden: Brill, 2007ff.)

EIr

Encyclopaedia Iranica. Online at http://www.iranicaonline.org

gal

Carl Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Literatur. iii + Supplementbände iiii. Leiden: Brill 1936–1944

gas

Fuat Sezgin, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums. iix. Leiden: Brill 1967–1984

jaos

Journal of the American Oriental Society

jras

Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland

slaei

Studies in Late Antiquity and Early Islam

wzkm

Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes

zdmg

Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft

Arabic and Persian Sources

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  • Abū NuwāsDīwān. Ed. Ewald Wagner (I–III V)Gregor Schoeler (IV). I–V. Bibliotheca Islamica 20a–e. Wiesbaden–Stuttgart: Franz Steiner (for vol. v: Berlin: Klaus Schwarz) 19582003.

  • Abū TammāmDīwān = Sharḥ Dīwān Abī Tammām. Ed. Shāhīn ʿAṭiyya. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿilmiyya 1407/1987.

  • ʿAḍud-e YazdīSindbādnāme-ye manẓūm. Ed. Muḥammad Jaʿfar Maḥjūb. Intishārāt-e Tūs 581. Tihrān: Intishārāt-e Tūs1381 AHSh.

  • ʿAlīnāme = Bih-guzīn-e ʿAlīnāme. Kohantarīn manẓūme-ye shīʿī-ye fārsī az surāyande’ī bā takhalluṣ-e Rabīʿ. Ed. Sayyid ʿAlī Mūsawī Garmārūdī. Mīrāth-e maktūb 234. Zabān wa-adabiyyāt-e fārsī 55. Tihrān: Markaz-e pazhūhishī-ye Mīrāth-e maktūb 1390 AHSh.

  • Asadī ṬūsīGarshāspnāme. Ed. Ḥabīb Yaghmāʾī. 2nd edition. Tihrān: Dunyā-ye kitāb1389 AHSh.

  • Asadī ṬūsīLughat-e Furs. Ed. Carl G. Salemann. Repr. and translated by Tawfīq H. Subhānī and ʿAlī Rawāqị̄. Tihrān: Anjuman-e āthār o-mafākhir-e farhangī1382 AHSh.

  • ʿAwfīLubāb al-albāb. iii. Ed. E.G. BrowneMīrzā Muḥammad Qazwīnī. Persian Historical Texts ii iv. Leiden–London: Brill–Luzac 1903–1906.

  • Bakhtiyārnāme. Ed. [Amédée Jaubert?]. Paris: V.e Dondey–Dupré 1835.

  • al-BalādhurīAnsāb al-ashrāf. 3. Ed. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Dūrī. Bibliotheca Islamica 28c. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner1978.

  • al-BalādhurīFutūḥ al-buldān = M.J. de Goeje (ed.) Liber expugnationis regionum auctore (…) al-Beládsorí. Lugduni Batavorum: Brill 1866.

  • BalʿamīTārīkh. Ed. Muḥammad Taqī Bahār Malik al-Shuʿarā’. 4th edition. Tihrān: Kitābkhāne-ye millī 1388 AHSh.

  • BalʿamīTārīkhnāme-ye Ṭabarī. iv. Ed. Muḥammad Rawshan. Tihrān: Surūsh1380 AHSh.

  • Bānū-Gushaspnāme. Ed. Rūhangīz Karāchī. Tihrān: Pazhūhishgāh-e ʿulūm-e insānī wa-muṭālaʿāt-e farhangī 1393 AHSh.

  • al-BayḍāwīAnwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-ta⁠ʾwīl. iv. Bayrūt: Muʾassasat Shaʿbān n.d.

  • al-Bayhaqī. al-Maḥāsin wa-l-masāwiʾ. Beirut: Dār Bayrūt1399/1948.

  • al-BīrūnīĀthār = 1) al-Āthār al-bāqiya ʿan al-qurūn al-khāliya. Ed. Parwīz Adhkāʾī. Mīrāth-e maktūb 91. Tihrān: Mīrāth-e maktūb1380 AHSh/2001; 2) Eduard Sachau Chronologie orientalischer Völker von Albêrûni. Leipzig: Deutsche Morgenl. Gesellschaft–Brockhaus–Harrassowitz 1923 repr. Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir n.d. Translation see Sachau (1879).

  • al-BīrūnīKitāb fī taḥqīq mā li’l-Hind. Al-Silsila al-jadīda min maṭbūʿāt Dāʾirat al-maʿārif al-ʿUthmāniyya 11. Ḥaydarābād: Maṭbaʿat Majlis Dāʾirat al-maʿārif al-ʿUthmāniyya 1377/1958. Translation see Sachau (1910).

  • al-DamīrīḤayāt al-ḥayawān al-kubrā. iii. 5th edition. Al-Qāhira: Maktabat wa-maṭbaʿat Muṣṭafā al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī 1398/1978.

  • al-Dīnawarīal-Akhbār al-ṭiwāl. Ed. Vladimir Guirgass. Leiden: Brill 1888.

  • Eutychius see Ibn al-Rāhib.

  • al-FarazdaqDīwān. Ed. ʿAlī Fāʿūr. Bayrūt: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya 1407/1987.

  • FirdawsīShāhnāme. 1) Ed. Djalal Khaleghi-Motlagh–Abolfazl Khatibi. iviii. Persian Text Series. New Series 1. New York: Bibliotheca Persica 1987–2008; 2) ed. A.E. Bertels et al. iix Moscow repr. Tihrān: Sharikat-e Intishārāt-e sūre-ye mihr 1377 AHSh; 3) = Turner Macan The Shah Nameh: an Heroic Poem. I. Calcutta: Baptist Mission Press 1829.

  • GardīzīZayn al-akhbār. Ed. Raḥīm Riḍā-Zāde Malik. Silsile-ye intishārāt-e Anjuman-e āthār o-mafākhir-e farhangī 346. Tihrān: Anjuman-e āthār o-mafākhir-e farhangī 1384 AHSh.

  • GurgānīWīs o-Rāmīn. Ed. Muḥammad Rawshan. Tihrān: Ṣadā-ye muʿāṣir 1377 AHSh.

  • Ḥājjī KhalīfaKashf al-ẓunūn ʿan asāmī l-kutub wa’l-funūn. iii. Ed. Serefettin Yaltkaya and Rifat Bilge. Maarif matbaasi 1941 repr. Bayrūt: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya 1413/1992.

  • Ḥamdallāh MustawfīTārīkh-e guzīde. Ed. ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn Nawāʾī. Tihrān: Muʾassasa-ye intishārāt-e Amīr Kabīr 1387.

  • Ḥamza al-IṣfahānīTa’rīkh sinī mulūk al-arḍ wa’l-anbiyā’. 1) Bayrūt: Manshūrāt Dār maktabat al-hayāṭ; 2) I.M.E. Gottwaldt Hamzae Ispahanensis annalium libri X. i: Textus arabicus. ii: Translatio latina. Lipsiae: Vogelii 1844–1848.

  • Ḥamza al-Iṣfahānīal-Tanbīh ʿalā ḥudūth al-taṣḥīf. Ed. Muḥammad Asʿad Ṭalas. Dimashq: Majmaʿ al-lugha al-ʿarabiyya bi-Dimashq 1968.

  • Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī ibn Ḥasan QummīTārīkh-e Qum. Maṭbaʿat Majlis [1353 AH].

  • Ḥunayn ibn IsḥāqRisalāt Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq ilā ʿAlī ibn Yaḥyā fī dhikr mā turjima min kutub Jālīnūs. Ed. Mahdī Muḥaqqiq. Muʾassasa-ye muṭālaʿāt-e islāmī. Tihrān: Dānishgāh-e Tihrān–Dānishgāh-e Mak-Gīl [McGill] 1379 AHSh.

  • Ibn ʿAsākirTa⁠ʾrīkh Madīnat Dimashq. xliii. Ed. Muḥibb al-Dīn Abū Saʿīd ʿUmar ibn Gharāma al-ʿAmrawī. Dimashq: Dār al-Fikr 1417/1996.

  • Ibn Aʿtham al-Kūfīal-Futūḥ. iviii. Bayrūt: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya 1406/1986.

  • Ibn al-Athīral-Kāmil fī l-ta⁠ʾrīkh. ixiii. Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir n.d.

  • Ibn BadrūnSharḥ qaṣīdat Ibn ʿAbdūn. Ed. R. Dozy. Leyde: Luchtmans 1846.

  • Ibn al-BalkhīFārsnāme. Ed. G. Le StrangeR.A. Nicholson. E.J.W. Gibb Memorial Publications. New Series 1. London: Luzac 1921.

  • Ibn al-FaqīhMukhtaṣar Kitāb al-Buldān = M.J. de Goeje (ed.) Ibn al-Fakīh al-Hamadhānī Compendium libri Kitāb al-Boldān. Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum V. Lugduni Batavorum: Brill 1885repr. Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir 1967. Translation see Massé (1973).

  • Ibn al-Faraḍī al-AndalusīKitāb al-Alqāb. Ed. Muḥammad Zaynhum Muḥammad ʿAzab. Bayrūt: Dār al-Jīl 1412/1992.

  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānīNuz’hat al-albāb fī l-alqāb. iii. Ed. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-Sadīdī. Al-Riyāḍ: Maktabat al-Rushd 1989.

  • Ibn ḤamdūnTadhkira. i–X. Ed. Iḥsān ʿAbbāsBakr ʿAbbās. Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir 1996.

  • Ibn Hishāmal-Sīra al-nabawiyya.s i–V. Ed. Jamāl ThābitMuḥammad MaḥmūdSayyid Ibrāhīm. Al-Qāhira: Dār al-ḥadīth 1996.

  • Ibn IsfandiyārTārīkh-e Ṭabaristān. Ed. ʿAbbās Iqbāl Āshtiyānī. Intishārāt-e asāṭīr 524. Tihrān: Asāṭīr 1389 AHSh. See also Browne (1905).

  • Ibn al-JahmDīwān. Ed. Khalīl Mardum Bik. 1949 repr. Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir 1996.

  • Ibn al-Jawzīal-Muntaẓam fī tawārīkh al-mulūk wa’l-umam. ix. Ed. Suhayl Zakkār. Dimashq: Dār al-Fikr n.d.

  • Ibn Khurradādhbihal-Masālik wa’l-mamālik. Ed. M.J. de Goeje. Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum 6. Lugduni-Batavorum: Brill 1889.

  • Ibn al-Muqaffaʿal-Adab al-kabīr wa’l-adab al-ṣaghīr. Bayrūt: Dār al-Jīl n.d.

  • Ibn al-MuqaffaʿKalīla wa-Dimna = 1) L. Cheikho (ed.) La version arabe de Kalîlah et Dimnah d’après le plus ancien Manuscrit [sic] arabe daté. Beyrouth: Imprimerie catholique 1905; 2) (school edition) Kitāb Kalīla wa-Dimna. Ed. al-Ab Luwīs Shaykhū. 10th impression. Bayrūt: Dār al-Mashriq 1973.

  • Ibn al-NadīmFihrist = 1) ed. Ridā Tajadduḍ. Intishārāt-e asāṭīr 348. Tihrān: Asāṭīr 1381 AHSh.; 2) Kitâb al-Fihrist. Mit Anmerkungen hrsg. von Gustav Flügel. iii. Leipzig: F.C.W. Vogel 1871–1872; 3) ed. Ayman Fuʾād Sayyid. iii. London: Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation 1430/2009. Translation see Dodge (1970).

  • Ibn al-Najjār Dhayl Ta⁠ʾrīkh Baghdād printed as volumes xvixx of al-Khaṭīb Ta⁠ʾrīkh q.v.

  • Ibn al-QifṭīTa⁠ʾrīkh al-ḥukamāʾ. Ed. Julius Lippert. Leipzig: Dieterisch’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Theodor Weicher) 1903.

  • Ibn QutaybaʿUyūn al-akhbār. Ed. Yūsuf ʿAlī Ṭawīl. iiv. Bayrūt: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya 1406/1986.

  • Ibn Qutaybaal-Maʿārif. Ed. Tharwat ʿUkāsha. Dhakhāʾir al-ʿarab 44. 2nd edition. Al-Qāhira: Dār al-maʿārif bi-Miṣr 1969.

  • Ibn al-RāhibTa⁠ʾrīkh = Petrus ibn Rahib Chronicon Orientale. 12. Ed. L. Cheikho. Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium 45–46. Scriptores Arabici 1–2. Louvain 1960–1962 (repr. of Bayrūt: Maṭbaʿat al-Ābā’ al-yasūʿiyyīn 1903).

  • al-Jāḥiẓal-Bayān wa’l-tabyīn. Ed. ʿAbd al-Salām Muḥammad Hārūn. iiv. Al-Qāhira repr. Bayrūt: Dār al-Jīl n.d.

  • al-JāḥiẓDhamm akhlāq al-kuttāb. In al-JāḥiẓRasāʾil ii: 183209.

  • al-JāḥiẓFaṣl mā bayna l-ʿadāwa wa’l-ḥasad. In al-JāḥiẓRasāʾil i: 333373.

  • al-Jāḥiẓal-Ḥanīn ilā l-awṭān. In al-JāḥiẓRasāʾil ii: 379412.

  • al-Jāḥiẓal-Ḥayawān. Ed. ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad Hārūn. iviii. 2nd edition. Al-Qāhira: al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī wa-awlādihi 1384–1387/1965–1969.

  • al-Jāḥiẓal-Ḥujjāb. In al-JāḥiẓRasāʾil ii: 2585.

  • al-JāḥiẓRasāʾil. Ed. ʿAbd al-Salām Muḥammad Hārūn. iii. Al-Qāhira: Maktabat al-Khānjī n.d.

  • ps.-al-JāḥiẓMaḥāsin = Gerlof van Vloten Le Livre des beautés et des antithèses attribué à al-Djahiz. Leyde 1898 repr. Amsterdam: Oriental Press n.d.

  • ps.-al-JāḥiẓKitāb al-Tāj. Ed. Fawzī ʿAṭawī. Bayrūt: al-Sharika al-lubnāniyya li’l-kitāb 1970.

  • al-Jahshiyārīal-Wuzarāʾ wa’l-kuttāb. Ed. Ibrāhīm Ṣāliḥ. Abū Ẓaby: National Library Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture & Heritage Cultural Foundation 1430/2009.

  • al-Khaṭīb al-BaghdādīTa⁠ʾrīkh Baghdād. ixxiv. Ed. Muṣṭafā ʿAbd al-Qādir ʿAṭā. Bayrūt: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya 2011.

  • al-LāhījīMaḥbūb al-qulūb. I. Ed. Ibrāhīm al-DībājīḤāmid Ṣidqī. ʿUlūm o-maʿārif-e islāmī 2. Tihrān: Mīrāth-e maktūb 1378 AHSh/1999.

  • Malikshāh SīstānīIḥyāʾ al-mulūk. Ed. Minūchihr Sutūde. Majmūʿe-e mutūn-e Fārsī 25. Tihrān: Bungāh-e tarjume o-nashr-e kitāb 1344.

  • al-Maqdisī (al-Muṭahhar ibn Ṭāhir)Kitāb al-Badʾ wa’l-ta⁠ʾrīkh. ivi. Ed. Clément Huart. Paris 1899–1907 repr. [of the Arabic text only] Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir n.d.

  • al-MaqrīzīKhabar = al-Maqrīzī’s al-Ḫabar ʿan al-bašarv: 4Persia and Its Kings, Part I. Ed. and trans. by Jaakko Hämeen-Anttila. Bibliotheca Maqriziana V. Brill: Leiden 2018.

  • al-MarzubānīKitāb Nūr al-qabas al-Mukhtaṣar min al-Muqtabas. i [text]. Ed. R. Sellheim. Bibliotheca Islamica 23a. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner 1964.

  • al-MasʿūdīMurūj al-dhahab. Ed. Barbier de Meynard and Pavet de Courteille. Revised by Charles Pellat. iviii. Section des études historiques xi. Beyrouth: Publications de l’Université Libanaise 1966–1979.

  • al-MasʿūdīTanbīh = M.J. de Goeje (ed.) Kitâb at-Tanbîh wa’l-Ischrâf auctore al-Masûdî. Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum viii. Lugduni-Batavorum: E.J. Brill 1894repr. Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir n.d. Translation see Carra de Vaux (1896).

  • MīrkhwāndRawḍat al-ṣafāʾ fī sīrat al-anbiyāʾ wa-l-mulūk wa-l-khulafāʾ. Ed. Jamshīd Kayān-Farr. ixv. Tihrān: Intishārāt-e asāṭīr 1385 AHSh.

  • Miskawayhi al-Ḥikma al-khālida. Ed. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Badawī. Intishārāt-e Dānishgāh-i Tihrān 1695. Tihrān: Muʾassasat intishārāt-o chāp-e dānishgāh-e Tihrān 1377 AHSh.

  • MiskawayhiTajārib al-umam wa-taʿāqub al-himam. ivii. Ed. Sayyid Kisrawī Ḥasan. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿilmiyya 1424/2003.

  • Mujmal al-tawārīkh wa’l-qiṣaṣ. 1) Ed. Seyfeddin NajmabadiSiegfried Weber. Edingen–Neckarhausen: Deux Mondes 2000; 2) ed. Malik al-Shuʿarāʾ Bahār. 2nd edition. N.p. & n.d.

  • al-MuqaddasīAḥsan at-taqāsīm = M.J. De Goeje (ed.) Descriptio imperii moslemicii. Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum iii. Lugduni Batavorum: Brill 1906repr. Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir n.d.

  • Nāme-ye Tansar. Ed. Mujtabā Mīnuwī. Ṭihrān: Maṭbaʿe-ye Majlis 1311 AHSh. Translation see Boyce (1968).

  • NarshakhīTārīkh-e Bukhārā = Ch. Schefer Description historique de Boukhara par Mohammed Nerchaky. Paris 1892repr. Amsterdam: Philo Press 1975.

  • Nihāyat al-arab fī ta⁠ʾrīkh al-Furs wa’l-ʿArab. Ed. Muḥammad Taqī Dānishpazhūh. Tihrān: Anjuman-e āthār o-mafākhir-e farhangī1374 AHSh.

  • Niẓām al-MulkSiyāsatnāme. Ed. ʿAbbās Iqbāl. Intishārāt-e Asāṭīr 72/5. Tihrān: Intishārāt-e Asātīṛ 1369 AHSh.

  • Rustamnāme. Ed. Sajjād Āydinlū. Mīrāth-e maktūb 178Rasā’il 5. Tihrān: Markaz-e Pazhūhishī-ye Mīrāth-e maktūb 1387 AHSh.

  • SaʿdīGulistān. Majmūʿa-ye āthār-e shaykh Muṣliḥuddīn Saʿdī Shīrāzī. I. Ed. Muḥammad ʿAlī Furūghī. Ṭihrān: Intishārāt-e Qaqnūs 1362 AHSh.

  • SaʿdīZubdat Gulistān. Istanbul 1299.

  • al-ṢafadīKitāb al-Wāfī bi’l-wafayāt. Ed. H. Ritteret al. i30. Bibliotheca Islamica 6a–ze. Wiesbaden–Bayrūt: Franz Steiner 1962–2008.

  • Ṣāʿid al-Andalusīat-Taʿrīf bi-ṭabaqāt al-umam. Ed. Ghulām-Riḍā Jamshīdnizhād-e Awwal. Mīrāth-e maktūb 40. Tihrān: Muʾassasa-ye Intishārāt-e Hijrat 1376 AHSh.

  • Shahmardān ibn abī l-KhayrNuz’hatnāme-ye ʿAlāʾī. Tihrān: Muʾassase-ye muṭālaʿāt o-taḥqīqāt-e Farhangī 1362 AHSh.

  • al-Suhaylīal-Rawḍ al-unuf fī sharḥ al-Sīra li-Ibn Hishām. Ed. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Wakīl. ivii. N.p. & n.d.

  • al-ṬabarīTa⁠ʾrīkh al-rusul wa’l-mulūk = 1) Michael Jan de Goeje et al. (eds.) Annales quod scripsit (…) al-Ṭabarî. ixv. Leiden: Brill 1879–1901; 2) ed. Muḥammad Abū’l-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. ixxi. Dhakhāʾir al-ʿarab 30. Al-Qāhira: Dār al-Maʿārif n.d. Translation see Rosenthal et al. (1987–2007).

  • al-TanūkhīNishwār al-muḥāḍara wa-akhbār al-mudhākara. iviii. Ed. ʿAbbūd al-Shālijī. [no publisher] 1391–1393/1971–1973.

  • Tārīkh-e Sīstān. Ed. Muḥammad Taqī BahārTihrān: Intishārāt-e Muʿīn 1381 AHSh.

  • al-ṬarsūsīMawsūʿat al-asliḥa al-qadīma al-mawsūm bi-Tabṣirat arbāb al-albāb fī kayfiyyat al-najāh fī l-ḥurūb (…). Ed. Kārīn Ṣādir. Bayrūt: Dār Sādiṛ 1998.

  • Tawārīkh-e Shaykh Uways. Ed. Īraj Afshār. Tabrīz: Intishārāt-e Sutūde 1388 AHSh.

  • al-ThaʿālibīYatīmat al-dahr. iiv. Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya1399/1979.

  • al-Thaʿālibīal-Iʿjāz wa’l-ījāz. Ed. Muḥammad al-Tūnjī. Bayrūt: Dār al-nafāʾis 1412/1992.

  • al-ThaʿālibīGhurar = Hermann Zotenberg Histoire des Rois des Perses. Paris 1900repr. Amsterdam: Oriental Press n.d.

  • al-Thaʿālibī (1965) Thimār al-qulūb fī l-muḍāf wa’l-mansūb. Ed. Muḥammad Abū’l-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. Dhakhāʾir al-ʿarab 57. Al-Qāhira: Dār al-maʿrifa n.d.

  • al-ṬurṭūshīSirāj al-mulūk. iii. Ed. Shawqī Ḍayf. Al-Qāhira: al-Dār al-miṣriyya al-lubnāniyya 1414/1994.

  • ṬūsīʿAjāʾib al-makhlūqāt wa-gharāʾib al-mawjūdāt. Ed. Minūchihr Sutūde. Tihrān: Wizārat-e farhang o-Irshād-e islāmī 1387.

  • (ps.)-ʿUmar-e KhayyāmīNawrūznāme dar mansha⁠ʾ o-tārīkh o-ādāb-e jashn-e nawrūz. Ed. Mujtabā Mīnuwī. Ṭihrān: Kitābkhāne-ye Kāve repr. Intishārāt-e Asāṭīr 300. Tihrān: Asāṭīr 1380.

  • al-YaʿqūbīTa⁠ʾrīkh. iii. Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir n.d.

  • YāqūtMuʿjam al-buldān. ivii. Bayrūt: Dār Ṣādir 1995.

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