This chapter introduces the interpretive problems of 2 Corinthians 3. The primary difficulty with 2 Corinthians 3 concerns the role that Paul’s allusions to Exodus 34:29-35 play in the context of the larger section to which the chapter belongs (2:14-7:4). 2 Cor 2:14-7:4 takes the form of an apologia; Paul defends himself against attacks on his physical appearance, his integrity, and his legitimacy as διάκονος (“envoy”) of the deity. In light of that, it is not evident how the allusions to Moses and his ministry in 2 Cor 3:7-18 function. This difficulty is further complicated by two other significant problems, that of the integrity of the letter and the identity of the apostle’s opposition in Corinth. The chapter concludes with a brief outline of the rest of the book.