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Abstract

The analysis of content exegesis incorporates three subcategories representing scribal embellishment and an additional three representing theological changes. These are (1) David: scribal embellishments, (2) war with Ammon: scribal embellishments, (3) sundry scribal embellishments; and, (4) nomistic theological changes, (5) the Elide priesthood: theological changes, (6) sundry theological changes. Although all the witnesses contain numerous examples of scribal embellishment and theological changes, examples of content exegesis, both unique and non-unique, are measurably larger and more frequent in 4QSamuela than in the other three witnesses. The high number of examples in 4QSamuela in the subcategories designated “nomistic theological changes” and “war with Ammon: scribal embellishments” reveal characteristic features of its content exegesis that distinguish it from G and mt. In addition, a group of readings that result from the influence of wording in the book of Joshua is identified in 4QSamuela. These readings reflect a relatively high amount of scribal freedom in 4QSamuela as well as a growing scribal awareness of Joshua as an authoritative work. The character of the content exegesis in mt, on the other hand, is reflected in its high proportion of theological changes relative to its total content exegesis, including unique changes regarding the Elide priesthood.