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Abstract

Marina Cvetaeva (1892–1941) lived a life full of incident, reflecting partly the tumultuous times in which she lived, partly her own strong personality and willingness to follow through on her commitments. Born in Moscow and with considerable experience of residence in Western Europe as a child, she lived in comfort until the Revolution, then after difficult years of War Communism she emigrated to join her husband Sergej Efron, spending a short time in Berlin, several years in Prague, and over a decade in Paris before she returned to the USSR in 1939. There her husband and daughter were arrested, and the family’s experience came to include Stalinist repression. Cvetaeva committed suicide shortly before her 49th birthday, not long after Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union. This chapter ties the vicissitudes of Cvetaeva’s life together with her writing and publications.