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This chapter argues that for non-Nation of Islam African American Islamic organizations, the 1950s was a period of either small growth, stagnation, or decline. Non-Nation groups are shown to have failed in both bringing in a significant number of new followers and effectively utilizing mass media, two of the key factors that had led to the Nation of Islam’s rise to prominence in the 1950s. This chapter discusses the activities that non-Nation communities did partake in, including the reorganizing of the Ahmadiyya efforts in the United States, the taking an interest in Islam by jazz musicians, Grand Sheik Frederick Turner-El’s attempts to cultivate ties with the governments of Muslim-majority countries, and C.M. Bey’s creation of a new Islamic doctrine that radically rejected the legitimacy of the United States.

A History of Conversion to Islam in the United States, Volume 2

The African American Islamic Renaissance, 1920-1975