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Doctoral dissertations never see the light of publication without the help of others. Therefore it is appropriate to express here my sincere gratitude to the many people involved.

First and foremost, I would like to thank my esteemed promotors, Prof. Dr. Armin Baum of the Evangelische Theologische Faculteit (etf), Leuven, Belgium, and Prof. Dr. Rob van Houwelingen of the Theologische Universiteit (tu), Kampen, the Netherlands, for their supervision and generous support over the years. Their wisdom continues to be a source of inspiration to me. The same is true for the esteemed co-promotor, Prof. Dr. Heinrich von Siebenthal of the Staatsunabhängige Theologische Hochschule in Basel, Switzerland, whose thorough analyses and helpful comments have considerably improved my work. It also benefitted greatly from the many suggestions for improvement given by members of the examination committee, including Prof. Dr. Stanley E. Porter of McMaster Divinity College, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Prof. Dr. Marius Reiser of the Universität Mainz, Prof. Dr. Martin I. Webber of the etf, and Prof. Dr. Gert Kwakkel of the tu. Special thanks go to Drs. Henk Geuverink, university lecturer in statistics at the Nyenrode Bussiness Universiteit in Breukelen, the Netherlands. His valuable suggestions and contributions to the statistical part of this work are gratefully acknowledged. Dr. Andy Cheung of King’s Evangelical Divinity School, University of Chester, uk, kindly volunteered to proofread the manuscript and edit its English text. All remaining errors are, of course, my own responsibility.

Many thanks are also due to the staff and students of etf. Some of them I would like to mention in particular. The executive administration, among who is the ever-encouraging Academic Dean, Prof. Dr. Andreas J. Beck, graciously granted me a part-time bursary (2013–2017) to finish this project. My dear colleagues in the New Testament department, past and present, including Prof. Dr. Jacobus (Kobus) Kok, Prof. Dr. Martin I. Webber, Prof. Dr. Gie Vleugels, Dr. Bruce Hansen, Dr. Boris Paschke, Dr. Mark Paridaens, and Dr. Drake Williams iii, have been very supportive of my work ever since its inception. Elsie Wilms of the Ph.D. administration has been very diligent in managing my files. The library team under the leadership of Marjorie Webber has done an outstanding job in providing the necessary resources. Geert-Jan Bouwhuis and David van Capelleveen managed to obtain access to information otherwise unavailable to me. My student assistants Jasper Knecht, Maarten van den Berg, Harro Koning, Rob van der Dussen, and Ilse Swart all have saved me from many hours of extra work in the academic years 2013–2017.

I would like to thank the tu for their willingness to allow this project to be a joint venture in the context of the Center of Excellence in Reformed and Evangelical Theology. I very much enjoyed my visits to Kampen, whether for research or teaching purposes, but I will remember in particular the hospitality shown to me during the Advanced Theological Studies Fellowship in the Summer of 2015. I am grateful for the constructive response given to my paper during that time by Dr. Myriam Klinker-De Klerck.

Several other people and organizations have proven to be very helpful in the complex but adventurous process of writing a dissertation. Thanks are due to all staff members of the Maurits Sabbe library of the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies at the ku Leuven for their helpful service. Rudi de Groot and his team at the interlibrary loan desk of the same university have never failed me in delivering sources that were unavailable in Leuven. The Freie Theologische Hochschule in Giessen, Germany, is to be thanked for organizing several doctoral seminars led by Prof. Dr. Armin Baum and his colleague Dr. Joel White, during which parts of this dissertation could be presented and tested. Andy Messmer and his family have been so kind to host me in Madrid, Spain, enabling me to visit El Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. During my stay at the Albrecht Bengelhaus in Tübingen, Germany, Daniel Gleich and Clemens Wassermann generously gave up their time to show me around and help me find my way in the university libraries. Also, the annual meetings of the European Association of Biblical Studies held in Córdoba, Spain (2015), and Leuven (2016) have been a great forum to exchange ideas. It has been a great honor to see a chapter of this dissertation receive the society’s Best Student Paper Prize in the Summer of 2016. The finishing touches to the revision of the manuscript were given during my stay in Tyndale House, Cambridge, for which the Research Foundation Flanders (fwo), among other duties, generously provided a bursaries.

Last but not least, I wish to express deep affection to my family. Their unfailing support has been a constant source of strength for me. Irene, my mother-in-law, patiently assisted in preparing the bibliography, while René, my brother-in-law, beautifully designed the lay-out for the (in-house) print edition. My beloved wife Astrid proofread the entire manuscript and helped prepare some of the appendices. Without her, it would probably have taken me much longer to bring this project to a close. Most of all, I am grateful beyond words to my dear parents, Cees and Henriëtte. From childhood onwards, they have taught me by example the importance of education and to study in the spirit of ora et labora. It is to them that I dedicate my work.

Jermo van Nes

Cambridge, UK

May 2017