consonant; causative stem
D-Stem (Hebrew piʿel, Arabic faʿʿala)
D/L-Stem (see § 6.2)
guttural consonant (ʾ, ʿ, ġ, h, ḥ, or x); G-Stem (see § 6.1)
H-Stem (see § 6.3)
Hōbyot Vocabulary, Nakano 2013 (see Bibliography)
Ḥarsusi text # (as published in Stroomer 2004)
Ḥarsūsi Lexicon, Johnstone 1977 (see Bibliography)
idle glottis (see § 2.1.2)
Jibbali text # (as published in Rubin 2014)
Jibbāli Lexicon, Johnstone 1981 (see Bibliography)
The Jibbali (Shaḥri) Language of Oman, Rubin 2014 (see Bibliography)
L-Stem (Arabic fāʿala)
masculine singular; manuscript
Mehri Lexicon, Johnstone 1987 (see Bibliography)
The Mehri Language of Oman, Rubin 2010 (see Bibliography)
Modern South Arabian
Old South Arabian
Š1-Stem (see § 6.4)
Š2-Stem (see § 6.4)
T1-Stem (see § 6.5)
T2-Stem (see § 6.5)
X develops into Y.
X derives from Y.
X becomes Y; this symbol is used for derived forms, such as forms with the definite article or a possessive suffix.
An asterisk marks a reconstructed or underlying form.
In chapter 14, an asterisk before a text number means that I did not find any audio for that text, and so the transcription is less reliable.
A double asterisk indicates a non-existent or ungrammatical form.