Ante-Nicene Fathers


Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina


Corpus inscriptionum graecarum


Corpus inscriptionum latinarum


Corpus scriptorum ecclesiasticorum latinorum


Epistolae Graecae


Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten drei Jahrhunderte


King James Version


Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers


Patrologia Graeca


Patrologia Latina


Patrologiae Latinae Supplementum

Ackerman, Susan. “Asherah, the West Semitic Goddess of Spinning and Weaving?” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 67, no. 1 (2008): 1–29.

“Agape.” In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Accessed June 8, 2009.

Angold, Michael, ed. Eastern Christianity. The Cambridge History of Christianity 5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Arjava, Antti. Women and Law in Late Antiquity. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Auerbach, Erich. Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. Trans. William R. Trask. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1953.

Balch, David L., and Carolyn Osiek. Early Christian Families in Context: An Interdisciplinary Dialogue. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003.

Barber, E.J.W. Women’s Work: The First 20,000 Years. New York: W.W. Norton, 1994.

Barclay, John M.G. “The Family as the Bearer of Religion.” In Constructing Early Christian Families: Family as Social Reality and Metaphor, edited by Halvor Moxnes, 66–80. London; New York: Routledge, 1997.

Basso, Michele. Simbologia escatologica nella necropoli Vaticana. Vatican City: Tip. Poliglotta Vaticana, 1981.

Beckwith, John. Early Christian and Byzantine Art. The Pelican History of Art. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970.

Benko, Stephen. The Virgin Goddess: Studies in the Pagan and Christian Roots of Mariology. Studies in the History of Religions 59. Leiden: Brill, 1993.

Bonner, Campbell. Studies in Magical Amulets. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1950.

Borgeaud, Philippe. Mother of the Gods: From Cybele to the Virgin Mary. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Boss, Sarah Jane. Empress and Handmaid: On Nature and Gender in the Cult of the Virgin Mary. London: Cassell, 2000.

Botterweck, G. Johannes, and Helmer Ringgren, eds. Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament. 15 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974.

Bowersock, G.W., Peter Brown, and Oleg Grabar, eds. Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World. Harvard University Press Reference Library. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Bowes, Kim. “ ‘Christianization’ and the Rural Home.” Journal of Early Christian Studies 15, no. 2 (2007): 143–170.

Bowes, Kim. Private Worship, Public Values, and Religious Change in Late Antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Braund, David. Georgia in Antiquity: A History of Colchis and Transcaucasian Iberia, 550 BCAD 562. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Braund, Susanna Morton, trans. Juvenal and Persius. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Brendel, O. “The Corbridge Lanx.” The Journal of Roman Studies 31 (1941): 100–127.

Brink, Laurie, and Deborah A. Green, eds. Commemorating the Dead: Texts and Artifacts in Context: Studies of Roman, Jewish, and Christian Burials. Berlin; New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2008.

Brock, Sebastian. “Jewish Traditions in Syriac Sources.” Journal of Jewish Studies 30:2 (1979): 212–232.

Brock, Sebastian. The Luminous Eye: The Spiritual World Vision of Saint Ephrem. Rev. ed. Cistercian Studies Series. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1992.

Brock, Sebastian, and Susan Ashbrook Harvey. Holy Women of the Syrian Orient. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Brown, Peter. The Body and Society: Men, Women and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.

Brown, Peter. The Cult of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity. Haskell Lectures on History of Religions, New Ser., No. 2. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.

Brown, Peter. “The End of the Ancient Other World: Death and Afterlife between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.” Lecture, Yale University, New Haven, CT, October 1996. Accessed October 2, 2012.

Brown, Peter. Power and Persuasion in Late Antiquity. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992.

Brubaker, Leslie. “Memories of Helena.” In Women, Men and Eunuchs: Gender in Byzantium, edited by Liz James, 52–75. London: Routledge, 1997.

Brubaker, Leslie, and Mary Cunningham, eds. The Cult of the Mother of God in Byzantium: Texts and Images. Birmingham Byzantine and Ottoman Studies. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2011.

Buckton, David. Byzantium: Treasures of Byzantine Art and Culture from British Collections. London: Published for the Trustees of the British Museum by British Museum Press, 1994.

Burrus, Virginia. Chastity as Autonomy: Women in the Stories of the Apocryphal Acts. Studies in Women and Religion. Lewiston, NY: Mellen Press, 1987.

Cabrol, Fernand, and Henri Leclercq. Dictionnaire d’ archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie. 30 vols. Paris: Letouzey et Ané, 1920–1953.

Cameron, Averil. “The Cult of the Virgin in Late Antiquity: Religious Development and Myth-Making.” In The Church and Mary, edited by Robert N. Swanson, 1–21. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2006.

Cameron, Averil. “The Early Cult of the Virgin.” In Vassilaki, Mother of God, 3–16.

Cameron, Averil. “Introduction.” In Brubaker and Cunningham, Cult of the Mother of God, 1–5.

Cannuyer, Christian. Coptic Egypt: The Christians of the Nile. Discoveries. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001.

Cartlidge, David R., and J.K. Elliott. Art and the Christian Apocrypha. London: Routledge, 2001.

Chaserant, Françoise, François Leyge, and Dominique Heckenbenner. Une autre Égypte. Collections coptes du musée du Louvre. Paris: Somogy éditions d’ art, 2009.

Clark, Elizabeth A. Ascetic Piety and Women’s Faith: Essays on Late Ancient Christianity. Studies in Women and Religion. Lewiston, NY: Mellen Press, 1986.

Clark, Elizabeth A. “Devil’s Gateway and the Bride of Christ: Women in the Early Christian World.” In Ascetic Piety and Women’s Faith, 23–60.

Clark, Elizabeth A. “Faltonia Betitia Proba and Her Virgilian Poem: The Christian Matron as Artist.” In Ascetic Piety and Women’s Faith, 124–171.

Clark, Elizabeth A. Reading Renunciation: Asceticism and Scripture in Early Christianity. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Clark, Elizabeth A. Women in the Early Church. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1990.

Clark, Gillian. Women in Late Antiquity: Pagan and Christian Life-Styles. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Cloke, Gillian. This Female Man of God: Women and Spiritual Power in the Patristic Age, AD 350–450. London; New York: Routledge, 1995.

Connelly, Joan Breton. Portrait of a Priestess: Women and Ritual in Ancient Greece. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Connor, Carolyn L. Women of Byzantium. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.

Constas, Nicholas. Proclus of Constantinople and the Cult of the Virgin in Late Antiquity: Homilies 1–5, Texts and Translations. Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 66. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2003.

Cooper, Kate. “Contesting the Nativity: Wives, Virgins, and Pulcheria’s Imitatio Mariae.” Scottish Journal of Religious Studies 19, no. 1 (1998): 31–44.

Cooper, Kate. The Fall of the Roman Household. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Cooper, Kate. “The Household and the Desert: Monastic and Biological Communities in the Lives of Melania the Younger.” In Mulder-Bakker and Wogan-Browne, Household, Women, and Christianities, 11–32.

Cooper, Kate. “Insinuations of Womanly Influence: An Aspect of the Christianization of the Roman Aristocracy.” Journal of Roman Studies 82 (1992): 150–164.

Cooper, Kate. The Virgin and the Bride: Idealized Womanhood in Late Antiquity. Cambridge, MA; London: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Cormack, Robin, and Maria Vassilaki. Byzantium, 330–1453. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 2008.

Cutler, Anthony. “Realities, Realia, and Realism: An Introduction to the Symposium.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 58 (2004): 155–174.

D’Ambra, Eve. “The Cult of Virtues and the Funerary Relief of Ulpia Epigone.” In Roman Art in Context: An Anthology, 104–112. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993.

D’Ambra, Eve. Private Lives, Imperial Virtues: The Frieze of the Forum Transitorium in Rome. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

D’Ambra, Eve. Roman Women. Cambridge Introduction to Roman Civilization. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Dalton, Ormonde Maddock. Byzantine Art and Archaeology. New York: Dover Publishing, 1961.

Dalton, Ormonde Maddock. Catalogue of Early Christian Antiquities and Objects from the Christian East. Oxford: Horace Hart, 1901.

Daszewski, Wiktor A. “Polish Excavations at Kato (Nea) Paphos in 1970 and 1971.” Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus (1972): 204–236.

Daszewski, Wiktor A., and Demetrios Michaelides. Mosaic Floors in Cyprus. Biblioteca di “Felix Ravenna.” Ravenna: Mario Lapucci, Edizioni del Girasole, 1988.

Davies, Steven L. The Revolt of the Widows: The Social World of the Apocryphal Acts. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press; London: Feffer & Simons, 1980.

Deckers, J.G., H.R. Seeliger, and G. Mierke. Die Katakombe “Santi Marcellino e Pietro”: Repertorium der Malereien. Vatican City: Pontifico Istituto di Archeologia Cristiana; Münster: Aschendorff, 1987.

Denzey, Nicola Frances. The Bone Gatherers: The Lost Worlds of Early Christian Women. Boston: Beacon Press, 2007.

Dever, William G. “Recent Archaeological Confirmation of the Cult of Asherah in Ancient Israel.” Hebrew Studies 23 (1982): 37–43.

Di Marco, Francesca. “Undressed: The Naked Female Body as a Sign of Holiness in Apocryphal and Hagiographical Literature.” Studia Patristica XLIV (2010): 499–508.

Downing, Christine. “Athena.” In Encyclopedia of Religion, edited by Lindsay Jones and Mircea Eliade, 586–588. Farmington Hills: Thomson Gale, 2005.

Drijvers, Jan Willem. Helena Augusta: The Mother of Constantine the Great. Leiden; New York: Brill, 1992.

Eade, John, and Michael J. Sallnow, eds. Contesting the Sacred: The Anthropology of Christian Pilgrimage. London; New York: Routledge, 1991.

Eastmond, Antony, and Liz James, eds. Icon and Word: The Power of Images in Byzantium: Studies Presented to Robin Cormack. Aldershot; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2003.

Edmundson, George. The Church in Rome in the First Century; an Examination of Various Controverted Questions Relating to Its History, Chronology, Literature and Traditions; Eight Lectures Preached before the University of Oxford in the Year 1913 on the Foundation of the Late Rev. John Bampton. The Bampton Lectures for 1913. London; New York: Longmans, Green, 1913.

Egberts, Arthur, Brian Paul Muhs, and Joep van der Vliet, eds. Perspectives on Panopolis: An Egyptian Town from Alexander the Great to the Arab Conquest. Papyrologica Lugduno Batava. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2002.

Eliade, Mircea. The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1957.

Elliott, J.K. The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Elliott, J.K. A Synopsis of the Apocryphal Nativity and Infancy Narratives. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2006.

Elliott, Thomas G. “The Language of Constantine’s Propaganda.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 120 (1990): 349–353.

Elm, Susanna. “Virgins of God”: The Making of Asceticism in Late Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Elsner, Jás. Imperial Rome and Christian Triumph: The Art of the Roman Empire, AD 100–450. Oxford History of Art. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Elsner, Jás. “Piety and Passion: Contesting and Consensus in the Audiences for Early Christian Pilgrimage.” In Elsner and Rutherford, Pilgrimage, 411–434.

Elsner, Jás, and Ian Rutherford. Pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman & Early Christian Antiquity: Seeing the Gods. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Emmel, Stephen. “From the Other Side of the Nile: Shenute and Panopolis.” In Egberts, Muhs, and Van der Vliet, Perspectives on Panopolis, 95–113.

Evangelatou, Maria. “The Purple Thread of the Flesh: The Theological Connotations of a Narrative Iconographic Element in Byzantine Images of the Annunciation.” In Eastmond and James, Icon and Word, 261–280.

Evans Grubbs, Judith. Law and Family in Late Antiquity: The Emperor Constantine’s Marriage Legislation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Fantham, Elaine, et al. Women in the Classical World: Image and Text. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Finlayson, Cynthia. “Mutʾa Marriage in the Roman Near East: The Evidence from Palmyra, Syria.” In The World of Women in the Ancient and Classical Near East, edited by Beth Alpert Nakhai, 99–138. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishers, 2008.

Fiorenza, Elizabeth Schüssler. “Word, Spirit and Power: Women in Early Christian Communities.” In Women of Spirit: Female Leadership in the Jewish and Christian Traditions, edited by R. Ruether and E. McLaughlin, 29–70. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.

Flower, Harriet I. Ancestor Masks and Aristocratic Power in Roman Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Flury-Lemberg, Mechthild. Textile Conservation and Research. Bern: Abegg-Stiftung, 1988.

Frank, Georgia. “Miracles, Monks and Monuments: The Historia Monachorum in Aegypto as Pilgrims’ Tales.” In Frankfurter, Pilgrimage and Holy Space in Late Antique Egypt, 483–497.

Frankfurter, David. Pilgrimage and Holy Space in Late Antique Egypt. Religions in the Graeco-Roman World. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 1998.

Frymer-Kensky, Tikva S. In the Wake of the Goddesses: Women, Culture, and the Biblical Transformation of Pagan Myth. New York: Ballantine Books, 1993.

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Gabra, Gawdat, and Hany N. Takla, eds. Christianity and Monasticism in Upper Egypt. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2008.

Gambero, Luigi. Mary and the Fathers of the Church: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Patristic Thought. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1999.

Garland, Lynda, ed. Byzantine Women: Varieties of Experience, 800–1200. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006.

Garland, Robert S.J., and John Scheid. “Death, Attitudes Toward.” In The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization, edited by Antony Hornblower and Simon Spawforth, 209–210. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Garrucci, Raffaele. Storia della arte Cristiana nei primi otto secoli della Chiesa; scritta dal P. Raffaele Garrucci e corredata della collezione di tutti i monumenti di pittura e scultura; incisi in rame su 500 tavole ed illustrati. Prato, 1873–1881.

Giannarelli, Elena. “Body, Clothing and Female Identity.” Studia Patristica XLIV (2010): 461–469.

Goff, Barbara E. Citizen Bacchae: Women’s Ritual Practice in Ancient Greece. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

Gordon, A.E. Illustrated Introduction to Latin Epigraphy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Grabar, André. Christian Iconography: A Study of Its Origins. Bollingen Series 35. The W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts 10. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968.

Grabar, André. Early Christian Art: From the Rise of Christianity to the Death of Theodosius. The Arts of Mankind. New York: Odyssey Press, 1969.

Grabar, André. “Sacred Image, Sacred Power.” In Icon, edited by Gary Vikan, 15–18. Washington, D.C.: The Walters Art Gallery, 1988.

Granger-Taylor, Hero. “Textiles.” In Early Christian and Byzantine Art, edited by Richard Temple, 25–50. London: Temple Gallery; Shaftesbury: Element, 1990.

Gray, Patrick T.R. The Defense of Chalcedon in the East (451–553). Studies in the History of Christian Thought 20. Leiden: Brill, 1979.

Gumpert, Matthew. Grafting Helen: The Abduction of the Classical Past. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2001.

Gwynn, David M., Susanne Bangert, and Luke Lavan. Religious Diversity in Late Antiquity. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010.

Habermas, Jürgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1962.

Hadley, Judith M. The Cult of Asherah in Ancient Israel and Judah: Evidence for a Hebrew Goddess. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Harlow, Mary. “Galla Placidia: Conduit or Culture?” In Women’s Influence on Classical Civilization, edited by Fiona McHardy and Eireann Marshall, 138–150. London and New York: Routledge, 2004.

Hart, George. A Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses. London: Routledge, 1986.

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook. Scenting Salvation: Ancient Christianity and the Olfactory Imagination. The Transformation of the Classical Heritage. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

Hefele, Charles Joseph. A History of the Councils of the Church. 5 vols. Edinburgh: Clark, 1894.

Hennessy, Cecily. Images of Children in Byzantium. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2008.

Herrin, Judith. “Femina Byzantina: The Council in Trullo on Women.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 50 (1996): 97–105.

Herrin, Judith. Women in Purple: Rulers of Medieval Byzantium. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Holmes, Augustine. A Life Pleasing to God: The Spirituality of the Rules of St Basil. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 2000.

Holum, Kenneth. “Family Life in the Theodosian House.” Kleronomia 8 (1976): 280–292.

Holum, Kenneth. Theodosian Empresses Women and Imperial Dominion in Late Antiquity. The Transformation of the Classical Heritage 3. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Hritzu, John Nicholas. Saint Jerome: Dogmatic and Polemical Works. Fathers of the Church 53. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1965.

Hunter, David G. Marriage, Celibacy, and Heresy in Ancient Christianity: The Jovinianist Controversy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Huntsman, Eric D. “The Family and Property of Livia Drusilla.” PhD diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1997.

Huntsman, Eric D. “Livia before Octavian.” Ancient Society 39 (2009): 124–129.

Israeli, Yael, David Mevorah, and Nancy Benovitz. Cradle of Christianity. Jerusalem: Israel Museum, 2000.

Jacobs, Andrew S. “ ‘Her Own Proper Kinship’: Marriage, Class, and Women in the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles.” In A Feminist Companion to the New Testament Apocrypha, edited by Amy-Jill Levine, 18–46. Leiden: Pilgrim Press, 2006.

James, Liz. Empresses and Power in Early Byzantium. London; New York: Leicester University Press, 2001.

Jones, A.H.M., J.R. Martindale, and J. Morris. The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire. 3 vols. in 6 books. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Jones, Horace Leonard, trans. Strabo: Geography. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1928.

Kalavrezou, Ioli. Byzantine Women and Their World. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003.

Kalavrezou, Ioli. “Images of the Mother: When the Virgin Became Meter Theou.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 44 (1990): 165–172.

Kerkeslager, Allen. “Jewish Pilgrimage and Jewish Identity in Hellenistic and Early Roman Egypt.” In Frankfurter, Pilgrimage and Holy Space in Late Antique Egypt, 99–225.

Kitzinger, Ernst. “Reflections on the Feast Cycle in Byzantine Art.” Cahiers archéologiques 36 (1988): 51–73.

Klauck, Hans-Josef. Apocryphal Gospels: An Introduction. London; New York: T&T Clark International, 2003.

Kollamparampil, Thomas. Jacob of Serugh: Select Festal Homilies. Rome: Centre for Indian and Inter-Religious Studies, 1997.

Laiou, Angeliki. “The Festival of ‘Agathe’: Comments on the Life of Constantinopolitan Women.” In Gender, Society, and Economic Life in Byzantium. Hampshire: Variorum, 1992.

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Lawrence, Marion. The Sarcophagi of Ravenna. Rome: “L’Erma” di Bretschneider, 1970.

Maas, Michael, ed. Readings in Late Antiquity: A Sourcebook. New York: Routledge, 2000.

MacDonald, Dennis R. The Legend and the Apostle: The Battle for Paul in Story and Canon. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1983.

MacDonald, Margaret Y. Early Christian Women and Pagan Opinion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

MacDonald, Margaret Y. “The Role of Women in the Expansion of Early Christianity.” In Balch and Osiek, Early Christian Families in Context, 157–184.

MacMullen, Ramsay. Christianity and Paganism in the Fourth to Eighth Centuries. New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 1997.

Maguire, Eunice Dauterman, and Henry Maguire. Other Icons: Art and Power in Byzantine Secular Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Maguire, Eunice Dauterman, Henry P. Maguire, and Maggie J. Duncan-Flowers. Art and Holy Powers in the Early Christian House. Urbana; Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

Maguire, Henry. “Body, Clothing, Metaphor: The Virgin in Early Byzantine Art.” In Brubaker and Cunningham, Cult of the Mother of God, 39–52.

Maguire, Henry. “Byzantine Domestic Art as Evidence for the Early Cult of the Virgin.” In Vassilaki, Images of the Mother of God, 183–193.

Maguire, Henry. Earth and Ocean: The Terrestrial World in Early Byzantine Art. Monographs on the Fine Arts 43. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1987.

Maguire, Henry. “Garments Pleasing to God: The Significance of Domestic Textile Designs in the Early Byzantine Period.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 44 (1990): 215–224.

Maguire, Henry. “The Good Life.” In Late Antique and Medieval Art of the Mediterranean World, edited by Eva R. Hoffman, 63–84. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2007.

Maguire, Henry. “The Self-Conscious Angel: Character Study in Byzantine Paintings of the Annunciation.” Harvard Ukranian Studies 7 (1983): 377–392.

Mancinelli, Fabrizio. The Catacombs of Rome and the Origins of Christianity. Florence: Scala, 1994.

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Mathews, Thomas F. The Clash of the Gods. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

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Maunder, Chris, ed. “Origins of the Cult of the Virgin Mary in the New Testament.” In Maunder, The Origins of the Cult of the Virgin Mary, 23–40.

McCauley, Leo P., John J. Sullivan, Martin R.P. McGuire, and Roy J. Deferrari, trans. Fathers of the Church 22. Funeral Orations by Saint Gregory Nazianzen and Saint Ambrose. New York: Catholic University of America Press, 1953.

McCown, C.C. The Testament of Solomon. Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1922.

McGuckin, John. “The Early Cult of Mary and Inter-Religious Contexts in the Fifth-century Church.” In Maunder, The Origins of the Cult of the Virgin Mary, 1–6.

McLynn, Neil B. Ambrose of Milan: Church and Court in a Christian Capital. The Transformation of the Classical Heritage. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

McNally, Sheila. “Syncretism in Panopolis.” In Egberts, Muhs, and Van der Vliet, Perspectives on Panopolis, 145–164.

McVey, Kathleen E. Ephrem the Syrian: Hymns. Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 1989.

Meyendorff, John. “Christian Marriage in Byzantium: The Canonical and Liturgical Tradition.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 44 (1990): 99–107.

Meyer, Mati. An Obscure Portrait: Imaging Women’s Reality in Byzantine Art. London: Pindar Press, 2009.

Michaelides, Demetrios. Cypriot Mosaics. Nicosia: Department of Antiquities, Cyprus, 1987.

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Milman, Henry Hart. The History of Christianity from the Birth of Christ to the Abolition of Paganism in the Roman Empire. 3 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1841.

Milnor, Kristina. Gender, Domesticity, and the Age of Augustus: Inventing Private Life. Oxford Studies in Classical Literature and Gender Theory. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Moses, Diana C. “Livy’s Lucretia and the Validity of Coerced Consent.” In Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies, edited by Angeliki Laiou, 39–81. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1993.

Mulder-Bakker, Anneke B., and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne. Household, Women, and Christianities in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Turnhout: Brepols, 2005.

Muthesius, Anna. Byzantine Silk Weaving, AD 400 to AD 1200. Vienna: Fassbaender, 1997.

Muthesius, Anna. Studies in Silk in Byzantium. London: Pindar Press, 2004.

Nathan, Geoffrey S. The Family in Late Antiquity: The Rise of Christianity and the Endurance of Tradition. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Ng, Esther Yue L. Reconstructing Christian Origins?: The Feminist Theology of Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza: An Evaluation. Carlisle: Paternoster, 2004.

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Osiek, Carolyn, Margaret Y. MacDonald, and Janet H. Tulloch. A Woman’s Place House Churches in Earliest Christianity. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2006.

Pantelia, Maria C. “Spinning and Weaving: Ideas of Domestic Order in Homer.” The American Journal of Philology 114, no. 4 (1993): 493–501.

Parani, Maria G. “Defining Personal Space: Dress and Accessories in Late Antiquity.” In Objects in Context, Objects in Use: Material Spatiality in Late Antiquity, edited by Luke Lavan, Ellen Swift, and Toon Putzeys, 504–520. Late Antique Archaeology 5. Leiden: Brill, 2007.

Parani, Maria G. Reconstructing the Reality of Images: Byzantine Material Culture and Religious Iconography (11th–15th Centuries). Leiden: Brill, 2003.

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Peskowitz, Miriam. “Family/ies in Antiquity: Evidence from Tannaitic Literature and Roman Galilean Architecture.” In The Jewish Family in Antiquity, edited by Shaye J.D. Cohen, 9–36. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993.

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Pritchard, Frances. Clothing Culture: Dress in Egypt in the First Millennium AD: Clothing from Egypt in the Collection of the Whitworth Art Gallery, the University of Manchester. Manchester: The Whitworth Art Gallery, 2006.

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