Chapter 2 Muslims in Spain: The Legal Framework and Status

In: Observing Islam in Spain
Author:
José María Contreras Mazarío
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In Spain today there are around 1,200,000 Muslims, approximately 2.6% of the Spanish population. Moreover, this is a critical point in time, when what has been an ‘Islam of foreigners’ seems to be evolving into an Islam made up of people who live and are going to have to live as both citizens born in Spain (i.e. Spaniards) and as Muslims alongside those Spaniards who have freely made the choice to convert to Islam. As a result, Muslims at this time are experiencing a moment of flux, but also a situation of normalization, stability, visibilization and institutionalization. These new circumstances have been accompanied by new needs related to spaces or places of worship, cemeteries, religious personnel, religious leaders and the like. This chapter analyses the legal status of Islam in Spain to determine how far the exercise of religious freedom extends for Muslims.

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