ContentsForeword XIAcknowledgments XIIIList of Illustrations XIVList of Abbreviations and Acronyms XVIntroduction: Religious Engagement for More Responsible Governance 1Beyond Sustainable Development as Oxymoron 1The Evolution of Religious Shadow Summitry 2Theoretical Account of the F8/F7/F20 Initiative 4Theoretical Development—Why Religion? Why Now? 5In Matters of Religion, Religion Matters 10G-plus System Diplomacy 12The Origins and Evolution of the G-plus System 12The Rules of Governing without Government 15Broadening the Dialogue 16Engagement Group Recognition 18Monitoring of the G-plus System 20Governance in the Age of the Anthropocene 24Primarily Human-Induced Global Environmental Changes 24Environmental Implications for Governance 26‘Transition Science’ Emerges to Inform Governance 28Governance for a Common Future 31Implications for G8/G7 and G20 Financial Deliberations 32Patterned Vulnerabilities and Anti-globalization Protests 35Governance without Government 38The Costs of Globalized Irresponsibility 41Conclusion 46The Return of Religion to Transnational Relations 47Transnational Religious Resurgence 47The Crisis of Secularization 56Can Secularization be Taken Too Far? 64Reimagining the Secular with ‘Cosmopolitan Solutions’ 67Religious Diplomacy 68Cosmopiety 69Conclusion 74The F8/F7/F20 Initiative 75Origins and Evolution 75The F8 76The F7 76The F20 77The Merge 77Patterning after the G-plus System 79Distinguishing Factors 81Invitees and Organizational Representation 82Phases of Development 93Conclusion 95Illuminating the Unseen 96Summary Overview 96Annual Initiatives 1002005 United Kingdom—Civil Society Ecumenical Origins 1002006 Russia—An Interfaith State Affair 1022007 Germany—Consolidating the Vision 1052008 Japan—Decentering Anthropocentrism 1082009 Italy—A Natural Disaster 1132010 Canada—Engagement and Governance 1172011 France—Respecting the ‘Other’ 1232012 United States—Special Delivery 1262013 United Kingdom—All a Twitter 1292014 Australia—New Beginnings 1342015 Istanbul—Consolidation 1372016 China—Entering a New Phase of Dialogue 1422017 Germany—Officially Engaged 147Conclusion 150Organizing Details, External Relations, and Documentation 152Organizing the Summits 152Leadership Rotation 155The Organizing Committees 156Financing 158Religious Ritual 161Special Events and Excursions 163Aborted Events 166External Relations 168Heads of State 168Government Advisors 170Foreign Ministers 171Sherpas 171Members of Parliament 172Mayors 174Special Advisors 174Civil Society 175Academia 177Business 178Media 181Conclusion 185Reform, Assessment, and Impact 186Reform 186Accountability 188Enduring Informality 194Reflexive Engagement 197Assessment 208Information Technology 209Influence of International Relations 212Institutional Differentiation 214Competing Assessments 222Redundant 223Replacement 224Rejection 226Reinforcement 227Impact 228G-plus System 228Gender 236Domestic Relations 243Conclusion 246The Golden Thread 247A New Millennium 247Global Ethic—Global Norm 249The mdg Focal Point 252F8/F7/F20 mdg Dialogue 254Transition Dynamics 261F20 sdg Dialogue 265Non-human Agency 270Conclusion 273Collaboration for a Responsible Future 275Religious Diplomacy in the Age of the Anthropocene 275Tikkun Olam 280Changing Times 282sdg Implementation Challenges 283Governance Forecasts 286What an F20 Might Offer 287Further Research 292Appendix A: Theoretical Orientation, Methodology, Documentation & Data 295Methodology 297Documentation 300Data 301Appendix B: Institutional Affiliations Reference List 303References 309Index 351

Moral Pressure for Responsible Globalization

Religious Diplomacy in the Age of the Anthropocene