Index of Modern ScholarsAlbeck, Chanoch68Ashkenazi, Beẓalel20–24Bar-Asher Siegel, Elitzur A.7Beit-Arié, Malachi42Benayahu, Meir22, 23Bickart, Noah1Boorman, Stanley1, 28Breuer, Yohanan7Brody, Robert12, 13Brüll, Nehemiah8–9, 22Danzig, Neil1Eisenstein, Zvi Hirsh23Engel, Edna2–5, 93Epstein, Avraham20, 21, 24Epstein, Jacob Nahum7, 9–12, 17, 22, 68, 77, 95Fisher, Shmu’el Naftali66Fishman, Talya20, 26Fraenkel, Jonah22Frankel, Zacharias8–10Friedman, Shama12, 18, 22, 26Fuchs, Uziel6, 9, 10, 13, 16–17Goldstone, Matthew2, 29Grossman, Avraham20, 21, 55Halevy, Yitzchak Isaac9Halivni, David Weiss7, 12, 13Hamel, Christopher de31Hillam, Anne2, 31Ilan, Yaakov David3, 20, 23Lehnardt, Andreas1, 3 n. 6, 4Malinowitz, Chaim65, 76Mankowski, Dawn31McCann, Laura2Melamed, E. Z.77Noam, Vered26Olszowy-Schlanger, Judith1Pickwoad, Nicholas29–30Rabinovitz, Zev7, 9–10Reifmann, Yaakov21 n. 55Reiner, Rami27Rosenthal, Avraham73Rosenthal, David10, 13, 73Rosenthal, Eliezer Shimshon6, 9–12, 15, 17–18, 19, 21, 23, 26, 27, 95Rosenthal, Yoav3, 22Roth, Pinchas24Rubenstein, Shmuel Moshe13Schiffman, Lawrence H.2, 28Schochetman, Eliav23 60Schremer, Adiel12Shweka, Aharon3Sofer, Yaakov Hayim21Sokoloff, Michael6, 77Soloveitchik, Haym26Spiegel, Ya’akov Shemu’el21Stemberger, Günter7Stoller, Michael29Strack, Herman Leberecht7Sussman, Yaakov3, 13Tal, Alex10Ta-Shma, Israel M.20Taylor, Marvin J.2, 29Toledano, Shlomo21, 22, 23Weiss, Avraham Meir24Zerin, Rachel1Zerin, Sam1Zomber, Bernhard22Index of SourcesHebrew BibleExodus22:257722:285, 66Leviticus22:2073–7422:228522:237322:288527:1010027:158827:267027:287027:33100, 103, 105Numbers18:1771Deuteronomy6:135610:205624:1375, 7726:1291Dead Sea Scrolls4QLev–Numa to Lev. 27:158811QPaleoLeva to Lev. 27:1588Rabbinic LiteratureMishnahQiddushin 3:1271Ḥullin 10:297Bekhorot 2:297Arakhin 8:670Temurah1:3915:195’Ohalot 17:199ToseftaMakkot 5:484’Ohalot 17:199Babylonian TalmudBava Metẓia26Sanhedrin 56a65Shevuot 23a–b54Ketubbot 8a22Yevamot 78a94Zevaḥim 9a105Ḥullin 69b103Bekhorot 32b105Temurah2b25–26, 673a263b 25, 54–64, 95, 110–118, 249 (illustration)4a65–66, 118–1224a–4b 250–251 (illustrations)4b25, 66–68, 122–1265a 16, 67–70, 126–137, 254–255 (illustrations)5b 70–74, 138–150, 252–253 (illustrations) 272 (illustrations)5b–6a 256–257 (illustrations)6a 14–16, 22, 24, 74–84, 150–1646a–6b 82–85, 258–259 (illustrations)6b 16, 22, 84–85, 160–164, 273 (illustrations)6b–6a156–1597a168a159a1089b 6, 85–89, 108, 164–1749b–10a 87–89, 174–186, 260–261 (illustrations), 264–265 (ill.)10a88–90, 94, 186–19010a–10b 90–93, 190–198, 262–263 (illustrations)10b 14–15, 93–98, 198–210, 266–267 (illustrations)11a15, 7711b15, 2612b–13a 98–100, 210–217, 270–271 (illustrations)13a15, 101–104, 218–22513b 14, 104–109, 225–239, 268–269 (illustrations)19a9510a89–90, 186–19010a–10b90–93Kereitot7b9527b95Post-Talmudic Rabbinic literature Gershom, Rabbenu, to Temurah3b55, 57, 624b676a756b8410b9413a10213b14, 104–105, 108Hagahot ha–Baḥ75Hagahot ha–Gr’a76Masoret HaShas ו85Rambam, Mishneh Torah Hilkhot Temurah 1:167Ramban (Moses ben Naḥman) 62; to Deut. 6:13, 56; to Temurah 3b, 25RashiKetubbot 8a22Avodah Zarah 8b22Hullin, 69a–b94Temurah19a2220b226a–6b222b264b25Shiṭah Mequbbeẓet to Temurah, ed. Ilanp. ט55, 57p. י65p. אי25, 67p. זט73p. זי26pp. זי–חי25, 75–76p. כ24p. גל89, 97–98pp. הל–דל94pp. דמ–גמ104p. דמ105–106pp. המ–דמ108Shiṭah Mequbbeẓet to Temurah, ed. Vilna2a, note ז243b25, 62–634a, note ד654b, note ג264b, note ה25, 674b, note בי 245a, note ב 245a, note בי 705b, note זי725b, note חי746a156a, השמטות  לדף ו’, note י766a, note י25,6b, note ח859b, note ה899b, note ו869b, note ט8710b, note א9210b, note ב93, 9510b, note ג9510b, note ו95, 9810b, note ט9713a, notes ב–א9913a, note י10313a, note אי10313a, note בי10313b, note א104–10513b, note בי108–10913b, note חכ108Subject IndexAbbaye16, 70, 75Abbreviations42, 49 (illustration), 54–55, 70, 85, 88, 103Academies, Babylonian (Sura and Pumbedita)7, 9–10, 16–17; Palestinian, 7Academies, Rabbinic, Mainz20Adani, Shlomo20, 23Amoraim (period, sources)11–12, 17Aramaic, Babylonian Jewish7, 8; Palestinian Jewish, 7, 95; Western, 8Babylonia, Sassanian9Bar Pada91Baraita/Baraitot11, 68, 73Bindings, Pigskin29–32Boards38–39, 45–47Calligraphy41Clamshell boxes33Conservation34–37Cooperative Development Initiative2–3Divorce16, 68Double editing8Eliezer ben Kalonymus haKohen24, 105Eliyakim HaLevi20Elyakim ben Kalonymus24, 105Fales Library & Special Collections (New York University Libraries)1–4, 28–29First fruits offering65Geniza, Cairo11, 95Geonim (period, sources)8–9, 11–13, 18Germany44Gershom, Rabbenu3, 6, 13–15, 20–21, 24–26Graphic fillers5, 41, 49, 74, 93hakhi garsinan21, 22hakhi garsinan lishana ‘aḥarina22, 23, 24Halakhah11Hanji (repairs)33Heave offering65Homoeoarcton89‘ika de-‘amrei6, 11Ink, Iron gall31–32‘iy nami22Kallah (Talmud study session)10Lashes65Line length5, 55, 72–74, 96–97, 99–100, 109Lishana ‘aḥarina ‘amrei lah6Lishana aharina meshanei25Ma’aser105Mainz commentary20–26Manuscript waste28, 30Manuscripts, Medieval20–26Marginal notes (gilayon)23, 92Meir ben Shimon ha-Meili24Morphology of letters43Multi-spectral imaging31–32Orthography5, 103Palestinian Talmud22Patch in the MS30, 32–33, 72–73, 84–85, 94, 272–273Pesaḥim26Pest damage31–32Prague chorus28Pricking30, 41–42, 48–49PumbeditaAcademies, BabylonianQuill pen43–44, 51 (illustration)Ramban (Moses Nahmanides)20Rashi3, 13, 20–26, 54–55, 66–69, 74–77, 87, 89–90, 92–94, 102, 105–106, 108Rava72Recto and verso40–41Reed calamus43–44Ruling lines30, 41–42, 49 (illustration)Saboraim8–11Sacrifices101, 105Scribal, Error73, 75Scribal, Graphic features41–42, 44, 49, 54, 91Script42–44Script, Ashkenazi square42, 44, 49, 50–53 (illustrations)Sefarim ‘aḥerim23–24Sefarim yeshanim23–24Shimon, Rav101Shiṭah Mequbbeẓet=Asefat Zeqenim3–4, 13–14, 20, 22–25, 62Smoothing42Stammaim7–8Stereomicroscope31Stylus30Sugyot, order of11–12SuraAcademies, BabylonianTalmud, Babylonian7Tarbiẓa (Talmud study session)10Tetragrammaton5, 42, 49 (illustration), 101Text columns4, 30; conservation, 28; copying, 11, 18; correction, 11, 20, 23, 32; dating, 40, 44; fluidity, 17–19, 27; margins, 5, 14–15, 19, 21–24, 26, 41–42; redaction, 16–17, 19, 27; transmission, 11, 16–17, 19, 27Tooling30Window mats33Yoḥanan, Rabbi92Yosi bar Ḥanina65–66Zoroastrian persecutions9