General Index

The general index contains references to a selection of objects, concepts, places and names relevant to the present volume. In addition to the titles and the subtitles of the chapters it offers readers a guide to the main arguments discussed in the various parts. References to words occurring very frequently (e.g. threshold, door, gate, sanctuary, epigraphy, inscriptions, ritual) and precise indications of passages cited (e.g. from the Old and New Testament, classical and late antique authors) are not listed here—except for the entry ‘sanctuary, definition’.

Aachen, palace chapel179abaton,adyton117–119Achilles, bishop of Spoleto211–212adyton39n., 40, 95–96, 99n., 100, 119, 139–141, 144, 147–159 passim, 311–112, 328Agathon, patriarch of Alexandria353–354Aeneas, bishop of Jerash264, 266Aizanoi223n., 232n., 236–237, 241–242, 245–246, 315Alfarano, Tiberio162–263allegory, allegorical15, 61, 144, 178, 190, 282, 288alignment,axis, orientation7, 317altar3, 11, 23, 39, 57–59, chapter 3 passim, 149, 161, 174, 225, 227–228, 244, 260, 295, 309, 313, 316–317, 319, 325, 353–354Ambrose, bishop of Milan35, 67–68, 70–77, 84, 91Anthimus, bishop of Antioch257–258Antipater, bishop of Bostra262–263, 274anointing, ritual of75, 353–354antachapter 8 passim, 316apertio, ritual of72–73, 82, 87apse55, 174–175, 194, 274, 291–292, chapter 12 passimArator206–213 passimarchitecture, beauty of57, 60, 95, 97, 114, 161, 168, 171, 177, 179, 262, 264, 266, 274, 276atrium, courtyard, forecourt5, 7, 40, 52, 57–60, 80, 122, 128, 155, chapter 6 passim, 260, 264, 268, 282, 284–285, 293–298, 361axis,alignment, orientation79, 140 175, 227, 244, 319, 360baptismchapter 2 passim, 92, 104, 181, 211, 256–257, 290, 297, 360baptistery57, chapter 2 passim, 127, 211, 296baptistery, Jerusalemchapter 2 esp. 76–85baptistery, Lateran, Rome176baptistery, Milanchapter 2 esp. 67–76baptistery, orthodox, Ravenna70, 74–75, 86, 360–361basilica A, Nicopolis261basilica of Chrysopolitissa, Paphos, Cyprus361basilica of Palaiopolis (Kerkyra)260basilica of Paulinus, Tyre55, 166, 174, 176, 284, 293, 341basilica of St Felix, Cimitile/Nola171, 177, 179, chapter 10 passimbasilica of St Julian, Brioude128, 295, 300, 302basilica of St Martin, Tours295, 297–298, 301–302basilica of St Peter, Romechapter 6 passim, 206, 209, 293basicila of St Tecla, Milan,baptistery, MilanBook of the Consecration of the Sanctuary of Benjamin353–354n.cantharus164, 166–169, 171, 173, 177–178catechumen, catechumenion58, 70, 91, 93–96, 98–101, 104–105, 107–108, 126–127, 257n.cella2, 11, 39, chapter 8 passim, 313–18, 321–325, 328, 330, 333chapel of San Venanzio,baptistery, Lateran, Rome342–43, 356, 365church of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul8, 11, chapter 1 passim, 126, 258, 358church of St Cecilia, Rome171church of St George, Azra’271–273church of St John the Baptist, Jerash275church of St Macarius, Wadi Natrun, Egypt353–354church of St Mark, Alexandria, Egypt355church of St Polyeuctus, Constantinople263–264, 274church of St Sabina, Rome5–6, 56, 283church of St Sergius, Azra’270, 274church of St Theodore, Jerash23, 264, 273church of the Blachernae, Istanbul126, 274church of the Holy Martyrs, Madaba262n.church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem40, chapter 2 passim, 106, 361church of the Panagia Angeloktistos, Kiti, Cyprus20, 345–348, 350, 352, 356, 358–59, 364–365church of the Panagia Kanakariá, Lythrankomi, Cyprus344, 356–357church of the Panagia tis Kyras, Livadia, Cyprus345, 348, 350, 352, 356, 358–59, 361, 363–365church of the Virgin, Bostra262, 268church of the Virgin, Madaba, Jordan364Choricius of Gaza75, 152Cimitile/Nola,basilica of St FelixCodex of Farfa172cognitive psychology2, 9–10, 22, 66, 85–87Constantine I, emperor79, 163, 166Constantius II, emperor49, 163Corpus Hermeticum144courtyard,atriumCyril of Jerusalem,Mystagogical CatachesesCyprian of Antioch256–258Cyprian of Carthage193cult imagechapter 11 passimcurtain8, 49, 52, 59n., 60, 117, 126, 323, 353Damascius, Neoplatonist philosopher149, 151Damascus, Great Mosque180Damasus, bishop201, 210–211dome32, 35, 43, 47, 57, 60, 75, 354, 361, 364Dometius, bishop of Nicopolis261Dominus legem dat197–98, 203–204, 213Donus, pope165doorkeeper,gatekeeperdoors of poetry,gates of song150–153, 155doors of the soul150–153, 155Dorotheus, poet255–256door-opening miracle11, 38, 44–45n., 52‘doorway effect’ (Radvansky),‘event boundaries’10, 20, 319–321, 333education,paideiaekphrasischapter 1 passim, 206, 263, 266, 341ekphrastic mode276Eleusinian mysteries42, 142, 153emotion,experienceenargeia38, 240, 322, 326energumen93–94entrance, liturgicalchapter 3 passimentrance, Great Entrance91, 104–107entrance, Little Entrance91, 97, 101–103epic (hexameters, e.g. Homer, Vergil)17, 31, 33, 34, 38, 45–46, 56, 119, 147, 152, 204, 206, 208, 213, 256, 260–262, 268–269, 271, 273–274, 276Epidaurus110–119, 318epiphany11, 38, 44n., 56, 80, 111, 225, chapter 11 passim, 357Erechtheion311, 313Erscheinungstür331–332Eucharist3, 11, 21, 47, 58, 92, 97, 127, 341–342, 344, 352, 358–359, 364–365Eudocia, empress256–258n.Eusebius of Caesarea55, 166, 174, 176, 284, 293–294, 341, 353n.‘event boundaries’ (Radvansky),‘doorway effect’10, 320–321, 333exegesis, exegetical144–145, 154, 190, 192–193, 214, 259, 262, 291experience, emotion1–5, 7–12, 21, 24, 31, 35, 43, 52, 57, 60–61, 66–68, 72–73, 76–77, 83, 85–88, 91–92, 98–101, 103, 110–112, 126, 128–129, 131, 160–61, 175, 177, 180–181, 184, 255, 275, 313, 321–323, 333, 352, 354, 356Ezekiel, prophet91, 175, 179, 354, 364fantasia38font, baptismal66, 68, 71–73, 75, 77, 79–80, 87, 93footstool345, 347–350, 358–359, 364–365forecourt,atriumfountain5, 57, chapter 6 passim, 345Fountain of Life181Garden of Eden174, 178–179, 181, 287gates of heaven34, 38, 189, 192–193, 201, 204–205, 208, 213, 354gates of hell46, 190, 196, 205, 213gates of song,doors of poetry36–37gatehouse163, 171n.gatekeeper, doorkeeper11, 40, 119, chapter 7 passim, 255–256, 319, 345Germanus, patriarch of Constantinople91, chapter 3 esp. 101–107, 341, 356–359Gospel book from St Médard in Soissons181Gospel book of Godescalc181Greek Anthology263Gregory IX, pope173Gregory of Nazianzus262Gregory of Tours128, chapter 10 esp. 294–300Grimaldi, Giacomo177‘guided perception’ (Gladigow)20, 321, 332hagiography, hagiographical61, 110–111, 121, 124, 128, 256, 283, 294–296, 297, 299, 301, 353healer saint,also Saint Artemius111–112, 120, 126–127, 130healing73, chapter 4 passim, 225, 283, 295–296, 298Hecate,temple of Hecate143n., 146n., 234–336, 240, 242, 248, 319Herakleia Lynkestis178n.Hermes319Hero of Alexandria11hexameters,epichierotopy8, 348n.Hilarus, pope176History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria 353–356holy of holies,sanctuary, innerHoly Spirit52, 83, 341, 352–353, 358–359Iamblichus145, 148, 155–156icon8, 40, 52, chapter 3 passim, 111, 124, 321iconography5–6, 59, 74, 161, 171–173, 177–184, 188, 194–195, 198, 201, 203, 213, 262, 356–357identity4, chapter 2 passim, 113, 242, 246, 255, 268–269, 310, 312identity depletion66–67ideology260, 268–269, 271ideological mode276image-paradigm8incarnation8, 59, 357–359incubation10, 21, 93, chapter 4 passiminitiation22, 58, 60, 68, 140–145, 147–148, 151–153, 155, 256n.Isidore of Seville174Itinerarium Burdigalense79Janus40, 143n., 191, 210n., 212, 319Jerusalem40, 45, 66, 67, chapter 2 esp. 76–85, 108, 173–174, 196, 203, 207, 210, 299, 300, 361, 364John 10.952, 201, 203, 208, 213, 258John Chrysostom36, 52, 57–58John of Jerusalem,Mystagogical CatachesesJohn Moschus352Justinian, emperor32, 34–35, 40, 48, 59, 60, 261, 358Juvencus204–206, 211katapetasma,curtainkey,traditio claviumkey-bearer, key-holder16, 33–34, 59, 207, 319kleidophoros, kleidouchos,key-bearer, key-holderlamb49, 168–169, 173, 179, 202Lamb of God84, 172–173, 178, 181law, divine or human127, 192, 198, 207, 225, 240, 242–243, 290–291, 298, 300–304Leo I, pope171Liber Pontificalis160, 165, 169, 176light8, 11, 32, 38, 41, 47, 60, 72, 83, 88, 93, 98, 118, 143–145, 147–148, 151, 175, 177, 184, 261–62, 288–90, chapter 11 passim, 342, 344, 354, 356–357, 361, 364Life of Andrew the Fool351Life of Ioannikios350Life of Irene of Chrysobalanton350Life of Luke of Steiris351Life of Mary of Egypt40, 350–351Life of Theodore of Sykeon352liminality, liminal2, 4–9, 22, 41, 60, 82, 87, 94, 101, 107, 143–144, 276, 319, 363–364liturgy, liturgical2–3, 10–11, 42, 45–46, 57, 60, chapter 2 passim, chapter 3 passim, 121, 143, 166, 174, 176–177, 180, 255, 258, 273, 341, 348, 352, 355–359macrocosm36Madaba Map79, 364magic, magical98, 143–144, 257, 263, 275, 326mandorla177, 342, 344, 356–357Marinianus and Anastasia, aristocratic couple171Mark the Deacon268mausoleum of Hadrian (Castle St Angelo), Rome171, 210mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna194mausoleum Santa Costanza, Rome197–199Maximus the Confessorchapter 3 esp. 96–102, 341, 356, 361memory2, 9, 10, 42, 58n., 66, 67, 76, 77, 83–88, 114, 164, 242, 246–247, 262n., 320microcosm35–36, 60Milan5, 35, 56, chapter 2 esp. 67–76, 283miniatures,Codex of Farfa, Gospel book, Rabbula Gospelsmiracle,door-opening miracle10, chapter 4 passim, 141, 207, 295–297, 304, 341, 350, 352–354, 356–357Mithras143–44monastery of Apa Apollo, Bawit, Egypt354, 356, 365monastery of St Catherine, Mount Sinai, Egypt342–343, 356monastery of St George, Dayr al-Qadi273mosaic52, 58, 79, 80, 98, chapter 6 passim, 197–198, 203, 258, 261–262, 275, chapter 12 passimmultisensory aesthetics11, 275Mystagogical Catecheses76–77, 80, 82mystagogy,Maximus the Confessor67, 68, 77, 80, 82–88, 148mystery cult,Eleusinian mysteries42, 58–59, 141–142, 145, 147–148, 154naos (Greek temple)39naos, nave (Christian church)37, 39, 43, 48, 55, 57–58, 60, 91–92, 96–100, 120, 122, 161, 163, 171, 175, 258, 261, 263, 285, 289, 298, 311, 341, 361narthex,vestibuleNeoplatonism, neoplatonic40, 42, 58, 97, chapter 5 passimNonnus of Panopolis44, 259, 262nymphaeum176Olympiodorus146, 153–154opisthodomos311, 314–315orientation (in architecture),alignment, axis174–175, 184, 227, 310, 317Orphism, orphic58, 140, 145–146paideia, education58, 66, 85, 87, 100, 142, 152–155, 181, chapter 9 passimpalm tree168–169, 179, 198, 203, 354, 357paradise49, 83–85, chapter 6 passim, 188, 203–204, 213, 259, 287Parthenon56, 311, 317–318Passion of Perpetua and Felicity351Paulinus of Nola164, 166, 171, 177–179, 207n., 254n., chapter 10 passimPaul the Silentiarychapter 1 passim, 210n.peacock166, 169, 178–179, 181penitence40, 57, 93, 94Philotheus, patriarch of Alexandria355pigna (bronze pinecone)16, 167–171, 179–181pilgrim, pilgrimage7, chapter 4 passim, 166, 184, 283, 290–295, 297–298, 342Plato40, chapter 5 passimPlotinus148–156Porphyry144–146, 148, 150proaulios,atrium77, 80, 82, 87, 122pronaos4, 5, 39, 80n., 82, chapter 8 passim, 311, 314–318, 321, 328–330, 332–333procession5, 7, 10, 38, 41–46, 57, 60–61, 72, 102, 105–107, 173, 240, 319Proclus40, chapter 5 passimProcopius of Caesarea32, 55, 152propylaea23, 39, 95, 107, 114, 154, 282, 319psalm, Psalm41, 45–46, 57, 80, 179, 205n., 209, 257–258, 260–261, 354, 358–359Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite91–95, 101, 104, 107–108purify, purification5, 39, 57–58, 60, 111, 115–119, 145, 155–156, 166, 364Pythagoreans149, 151quadriporticus161, 163, 165, 168–169, 175Rabbula Gospels178renunciation (of Satan)21, 75, 77, 82–84, 87Revelation, book of177, 181, 193, 196, 354, 357rhetoric37, 44, 60, 95, 152–153, 171, 179, 210rites de passage4, 94n., 101, 104Saint Artemius112, 121–126, 129Saint Cosmas and Saint Damian,healer saintSaint Cyril and Saint John,healer saintSaint Peter,173, 184, chapter 7 passim, 342Saint Sergius270–271, 273–274Saint T(h)ecla,healer saintsanctuary, definition of3sarcophagus178, 188, 194–204, 208, 211–214screen7, 58, 119n., 126, 168, 181, 226, 309, 318, 360–361, 363–364sekos328n., 330, 332Sergius I, pope171, 173Sicily312–314, 316Sinuri316soul58, 98–100, 121, 127, 131–132, chapter 5 passim, 191, 267spatial turn6spolia260–261, 264, 268stairs, steps5, 23, 41, 123–125, 163–164, 174, 226, 282, 313, 328, 330Stephen II, pope168, 171symbolism, symbolical2, 4, 6–8, 12–13, 15, 22, 31–32, 34, 36, 42, 46, 52, 55, 59–61, 83–84, 92, 94, 97–103, 106–108, 114, 129, 131, chapter 5 passim, 166, 173–175, 178, 181, 190, 192–193, 196–197, 203, 205, 210n., 212–213, 255–259, 275, 282–284, 287, 290–297, 304, 317–320, 332, 342, 345, 350, 356–357Symmachus, pope165, 168–169, 176, 179tabernacle52, 68temenos3, 9, 57, 114, 225–226, 228, 234, 243, 328, 333Temple, Jerusalem3, 7–8, 11, 40, 45, 57n., 68, 82, 174temple of Aphrodite Euploia, Cnidus310, 326, 327n.temple of Apollo, Didyma310, 326–328temple of Asclepius, e.g. Epidaurus and Pergamum112–119, 129, 245, 312, 318temple of Apollo, Delos56temple of Apollo, Delphi156, 313temple of Apollo, Didyma310, 326–328temple of Apollo, Myous239, 242temple of Apollo, Naxos328–330temple of Artemis, Jerash22–23temple of Artemis, Ephesus323–325, 328, 332temple of Artemis Leukophryene, Magnesia on the Maeander 315, 325temple of Artemis, Sardis315temple of Asclepius110, 112–119temple of Athena Latmia, Herakleia231, 233, 241–242temple of Athena Polias, Priene226, 228, 231, 234, 236, 241–242, 245, 315temple of Despoina and Demeter, Lykosoura316, 323temple of Hecate, Lagina234–236, 240, 242, 248, 319temple of Roma and Augustus, Ancyra221, 223, 236, 247temple of Zeus, Aizanoi236–237, 241temple of Zeus, Labraunda316temple of Zeus, Olympia313–314, 323temple of Zeus Sosipolis, Magnesia on the Maeander240, 243, 315theophany342, 344, 356–358, 364theotokos,Virgin Marytomb71–72, 83, 107, 111, 128–129, 163, 177, 184, 246, 285, 288, 296, 360traditio clavium194, 197–204 (in art), 204–213 (in verse)Tübingen Theosophy147tunic85, 140, 145Tyre, Lebanon56, 166, 174, 176, 284, 293, 341vestibule, (eso-/exo-)narthex4–6, 11, 15, 36–37, 40–41, 43, 47–60, 122, 127, 139–150, 153, 168, 173, 260–263Virgin Mary, theotokos40, 56, 103, 130–131, 262–263, chapter 12 passimVitruvius227, 311, 328worship(pers)7, 52, 110–111, 114, 116, 120, 122–123, 127, 129–31, 160, 166, 175, 226–227, 263, 266, 276, 287, 314, 322–323, 326–327, 343