1 Mosque in Yanqi County, Xinjiang. Credit: Xuegang Ma 3

2 Three churches in Yishan, Cangnan County, Zhejiang. Credit: Shidang Ou 3

3 The inaugural transmission of second-tier ordinations at Famen Monastery in the fall of 2014. Credit: Zhenchan Shi 16

4 A lecture at the Labrang Monastery, Gansu. Credit: Weijian Deng 18

5 Imam Yiping Ma delivers a sermon at Huajuexiang Mosque, Xi’an. Credit: Xin Cui 23

6 An October 2012 celebration to commemorate the completion of the Panshi Church, Hangzhou. Credit: Simon Gao 31

7 Daoist acolytes gathering for the morning ritual at Tongbai Temple, Mount Tiantai. Credit: Xiang Fang 36

8 The spring tea ceremony at Pinggu in Beijing’s Lehe Town. Credit: Zheng Zeng 37

9 A procession during a liturgical feast honoring the Virgin Mary in Zhangzhuang, Xingtai. Credit: Yang Lu 42

10 Sending off the royal boat during a ceremony at Shuimei Temple in Zhongshan Village, Haicang District of Xiamen. Credit: Henry Liu 52

11 The nine challenges presented during the Khorchi shaman’s ordination, Tongning City, Inner Mongolia. Credit: Baigula Dai 53

12 A statue of Mao Zedong at Taiqing Temple, Lanzhou, Gansu. Credit: Naila Althagafi 58

13 A woman praying at Fayuan Temple, Beijing. Credit: Akshay Mehta 78

14 A church at Xiwanzi, one of the sites of the 2022 Winter Olympics. Credit: Xiaoxiong Zhou 87

15 Khorchin Mongols worship aobao to keep the grassland and its people safe. Credit: Baigula Dai 97

16 Muslims celebrate the holiday of Eid al-Fitr, Shenyang’s South Mosque. Credit: Lei Yang 102

17 A 79-year-old calligrapher copies his Bible at night, Xuzhou, Jiangsu. Credit: Ling Wang 121

18 A Daoist procession at Huangdaxian Temple, Jinhua, Zhejiang. Credit: Hu Zhang 126

19 A Christian ordination ceremony, Cangnan County, Zhejiang. Credit: Shidang Ou 127

20 An older church stands amid a significant urban transformation, Fuzhou, Fujian. Credit: Michel Chambon 137

21 Qingni Church in Boyang County, Jiangxi. Credit: Shidang Ou 142

22 Yangtai Temple in Jiyuan City, Henan. Credit: Linji Wei 152

23 A village feast at Wulong Temple in Yangletian, Yingjiang Township, Dao County, Hunan. Credit: Chengwei Zhou 161

24 A public sacrifice in Yongxing Town, Haikou City, Hainan. Credit: Yiwen Ji 172

25 An entryway to a Chairman Mao shrine, Xiushan Ethnic Autonomous County, Chongqing. Credit: Huangjunyan Xu 178

26 Wuming Buddhist Academy, Garze Tibet Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan. Credit: Peng Liang 183

27 Nuns from Wushun Catholic Church assist after the Wenchuan earthquake in 2008. Credit: Xiaoxiong Zhou 184

28 Monk on Mount Fanjing, Guizhou. Credit: Chaoqing He 188

29 A ceremony performed by members of the Jingpo ethnic group, Kachang Town, Yingjiang County, Yunnan. Credit: Peng Li 193

30 A Buddhist member of the Nakhi ethnic group in Yanjing, Mangkang, Tibet. Credit: Yinan Wang 197

31 Offerings on Eid al-Adha, Huajuexiang Mosque in Xi’an. Credit: Xin Cui 203

32 Thousands of lamas and followers pray before a Buddhist thangka painting at the Rongwo Monastery (Longwu si 隆务寺), Tongren County, Qinghai. Credit: Weijian Deng 209

33 Family members pay their respects at their ancestors’ tomb, Tongxin County, Ningxia. Credit: Wei Feng 215