Figures

1 The Athenian Asclepieion 54

2 Coan Mosaic showing Asclepius’ Advent 61

3 Wall relief from the Tiber Island Asclepieion 65

4 Temple attributed to Asclepius in Ostia 67

5 Temple of Asclepius in Agrigento 69

6 Asclepius depicted in the Chiaramonti Type, 2nd century AD, Rome 77

7 Plan of the Pergamene Asclepieion, 2nd century AD 116

8 Asclepius Este statue type 122

9 Asclepius Amelung statues 123

10 Asclepius Amelung statues 123

11 Plan of the Asclepieion in Epidaurus in the 3rd century BC 126

12 Plan of the Asclepieion in Epidaurus in the 2nd century AD 129

13 Antinous and the omphalos 130

14 Pentassarion showing bust of Severus and Hygieia feeding a snake on the obverse and Asclepius on the reverse from Irenopolis in Cilicia, AD 195–196 135

15 Members of Imperial Household depicted on coins from Pergamum with Asclepius 139

16 Reverse of bronze coin showing Homonoia scene with Asclepius standing next to Artemis of Ephesus 140

17 Coin reverse depicting the Emperor on horseback greeting a statue of Asclepius 144

18 Caracalla on standing on steps in front of Tyche who holds a statue of Asclepius 144

19 Caracalla on horseback standing in front of a statue of Asclepius 145

20 Asclepius and Caracalla standing with an altar between them 146

21 Asclepius and Caracalla standing facing each other with a sacrificial animal between them. BMC Mysia 155.323 146

22 Caracalla worshipping in front of a temple in which Asclepius stands 147

23 Caracalla standing in front of the temple of Asclepius, an attendant stands between them preparing to sacrifice a bull 147

24 Caracalla standing in front of a tree around which the Asclepieian snake is coiled, with Telesphorus standing between them 148

25 The three neocorate temples of Pergamum 149

26 Coin from Pergamum showing the seated cult statue of Asclepius 151

27 Severus Alexander depicted as a priest of Asclepius, Aigeai 154

28 Denarius from the Roman mint showing Asclepius with the globe on the reverse, AD 215 157

29 Bronze coin from Pergamum showing the Asclepieian snake coiled around the omphalus on reverse 158

30 Caracallan Sestertius showing Asclepius with Telesphorus and omphalos 160

31 Hadrianic Cistophori from Pergamum depicting Telesphorus 160

32 RIB 1028 182

33 Plan of the hospital at Vetera I 186

34 ILNovae 9 188

35 Plan of the valetudinarium at Novae 191

36 The Thracian rider, IGBulg 5.5806 196

37 Map of Philippopolis 197

38 IGBulg 3.1126 200

39 IGBulg 3.1126 200

40 IGBulg 3.1127 201

41 IGBulg 2.518 203

42 IGBulg 2.521 203

43 Head of Eshmun-Asclepius from Sidon 221

44 Torso of Eshmun-Asclepius 221

45 Map of Roman North Africa 227

46 Evidence for cult from sites in Africa Proconsularis 229

47 Evidence for cult of Asclepius in Numidia 231

48 Tunis type statue of Asclepius from Lambaesis 235

49 Reconstructed drawing of the Asclepieion at Lambaesis 248

50 Temple of Asclepius at Lambaesis 249

Tables

1 Reasons for the dissemination of a cult and its application to the cult of Asclepius with data from Davies (2005) 34

2 Percentage of ex-votos from Fregellae and Ponte di Nona with data from Potter (1988) 68

3 Data from the PHI database showing the frequency of occurrence of the titles utilised in BMusImp 3 (1932) 22.19 99

4 Coins depicting Asclepius. From BMC Mysia, Volume 15 137

5 Members of Imperial Household depicted on coins from Pergamum with Asclepius. From BMC Mysia 138

6 Occurrences of Asclepius on Roman imperial coinage post-Caracalla 159

7 Evidence for cult from sites in Africa Proconsularis. With data from Benseddik (2010a) 229

8 Evidence for cult from sites in Numidia. With data from Benseddik (2010a) 231

9 Inscriptions found in the area of the Asclepieion. With data from Benseddik (2010) 254