Index‘Abduh, Muhammad1139—1169, 73, 244, 254, 269Abagnale, Frank85Accusations37, 127, 243, 249, 332, 355, 438false accusations18, 30, 356false domestic violence reports328Activism118, 119activists117, 118, 119, 123, 124, 133, 239, 264human rights activists133boycotts40, 118sit-ins118, 119Acts (legal)1964 Civil Rights Act116Immorality Act415us Espionage Act of 191799Addiction205alcoholism202, 205drug addicts79, 146, 204Adolescence2, 452Adoptions426Adulthood2, 67, 301, 452, 454, 458Afghanistan71, 168, 244, 274, 307, 416, 447Africa46, 213, 415, 427, 436northern Africa273, 427Ageism54, 57, 135, 170, 282, 334, 338, 458Agreement171, 173, 189, 225, 235, 236, 254, 262, 280, 335, 336, 337contractual agreements77, 207Alcoholalcohol consumption149purchase of alcohol147Alegality5, 8, 85, 104, 109, 110, 111, 112, 115, 117, 119, 120, 121, 123, 124, 125, 126, 129, 130, 131, 132, 136, 140, 143, 144, 185, 189, 242, 461Algeria112, 168American Civil Liberties Union278American Medical Association62American Psychological Association62Analysisanalyses of the law4, 22, 201comedic analyses of law247factors for comparative analyses228legal analysis341levels of analysis9, 10, 11, 23, 43, 170, 171, 172, 174, 175, 176, 179, 180, 184, 192, 193, 195, 196, 197, 205, 206, 207, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 218, 219, 220, 224, 239, 240, 245, 253, 284, 288, 300, 345, 349, 364, 375logical analysis9, 224, 306, 317, 368scientific analyses247Anatomyhuman anatomyambiguous genitalia417areolas62buttocks62internal anatomies62nipples62penises62, 452, 454testicles55, 417, 450vaginas62, 417naked eyes172, 196, 245, 300, 363, 417using eye-color in teaching88human anatomy62sex change operations417strongest anatomical traits414Ancestryancestors212, 408, 412, 413, 414, 424, 450, 465descendants448, 465Androgen insensitivity syndrome417Angola433, 434, 435Anthropology4, 22, 190, 245, 289anthropologists23, 130, 192, 202, 211cultural anthropology23forms of hierarchy211theories of social heterarchy212Anti-Americanism73Antipater368Aristophanes245Aristotle226, 227, 236, 294, 324, 374Artificial intelligence309, 380, 389Assassination43, 45, 87, 88, 91, 235Atheism225, 228Attackers11, 12, 255, 258, 264, 265, 267, 268, 270Augustine-Adams, Kif72, 73, 74Australia5, 19, 50, 57, 116, 120, 121, 160, 168, 218, 279, 281, 355, 459Australian Constitution120Authority8, 35, 39, 54, 56, 67, 72, 74, 76, 86, 88, 89, 108, 111, 127, 141, 159, 162, 190, 194, 201, 207, 218, 223, 254, 271, 297, 316, 331, 364, 365, 406, 461, 464authority figures128legal authorities5, 105, 194, 195legitimate authorities8, 35, 107, 111, 115, 123, 128, 206, 461Authorshipfalse authorship10, 60, 89, 110, 114, 461ghostwriters125plagiarism10, 60, 89, 126President of Hungary126Autonomy114, 337Autopoiesislegal autopoiesis(Systems autopoietic systems, 82Autopsy235Beccaria, Cesare24Beck, Heinrich173, 175, 360, 366Behaviors5, 8, 9, 13, 17, 43, 45, 50, 51, 69, 76, 84, 104, 115, 116, 120, 126, 131, 132, 133, 135, 136, 139, 142, 143, 144, 146, 147, 150, 153, 159, 160, 162, 163, 170, 173, 185, 198, 201, 202, 205, 206, 207, 212, 214, 220, 251, 252, 253, 255, 256, 257, 259, 260,262, 263, 264, 276, 278, 279, 286, 292, 296, 297, 298, 306, 327, 331, 335, 337, 339, 357, 390, 413, 417, 420, 422, 435, 438, 456, 460, 461, 462asymmetrical acts of unfairness117categories of human behaviors135criminals’ behaviors330destructive behaviors255encoded as legal and illegal115homosexual behaviors144illegal and sportive behaviors128illegal behaviors224legal behaviors9, 147legal, illegal, public and private behaviors128maladaptive behaviors87mistreatment118, 121submissive behaviors256system justificatory behaviors8, 12, 28, 123, 135, 235, 254, 255, 463Belgium46Benjamin, Walter24Bentham, Jeremy24Bergson, Henri375, 376Bible251, 274, 458Genesis456, 457Revenge against Shechem456Jacob (biblical figure)456, 457, 458Jesus of Nazareth241Mary (biblical figure)241Mary’s pregnancy241Billionaires41, 43, 94, 95, 165, 462, 463Billsfake bills87Biodiversity19, 415, 416, 428conservation of biodiversity428Biological evolution341, 342Birds428Black Panther Party119Black peopleblack mothers425Uncle Tom-figure139Blameworthiness12, 45, 63, 212, 214, 219, 220, 221, 293, 294, 295, 327, 330, 343attributions of blame60legal blameworthiness328, 330, 348legal culpability330moral blameworthiness16, 215, 219, 221, 222, 295, 314, 326, 330, 333, 348, 363, 389Bonaparte, Napoleon339Boxing335, 336, 339Brant, William4, 44, 59, 93, 110, 115, 125, 126, 130, 155, 157, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 181, 185, 195, 215, 217, 230, 319, 345, 347, 348, 351, 375, 385, 386, 402, 470Bravery13, 261, 263, 264, 268, 270Brazil19, 116Broadcasts73Bruno, Giordano236Buis, Emiliano245, 246Bulgaria31Bureaucracy1, 10, 11, 18, 22, 44, 114, 180, 187, 190, 191, 310, 319Burkina Faso433, 434, 435Burundi46Bush, George254, 268Business1, 6, 7, 31, 59, 75, 77, 78, 82, 83, 84, 89, 90, 91, 109, 110, 114, 118, 119, 122, 125, 132, 148, 186, 189, 271, 282, 283, 353, 394, 398, 399, 404, 408, 409, 411, 434, 436advertisements7, 60, 62, 94, 125, 137, 138, 410advertising96, 125, 137, 138, 163, 268, 269, 276agricultural fields429anonymous employees115bosses85, 91business owners78, 118businessman85child labor49, 137coffee46consumers9, 59, 60, 61, 108, 138, 435contracts33, 37corporations31, 49, 63, 70, 109, 122, 137, 138, 174, 219, 231, 232, 233, 271, 281, 282, 283, 402, 408, 409, 441customers9, 33, 60, 118, 138, 362embargos102, 146esl industry272exports102food industryaddictive ingredients430limited liability122, 138, 310manual laborers49massive exploitation49, 96minimum wage25, 441online businesses115products8, 9, 38, 60, 70, 82, 104, 116, 119, 122, 124, 137, 138, 143, 144, 146, 189, 206, 222, 378, 397, 398, 410, 411, 430, 433, 436, 437, 461quotas102, 146refusals of sales based on race117semilegal businessessay mill websites125services5, 7, 9, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 62, 70, 72, 76, 77, 82, 95, 104, 109, 117, 119, 126, 138, 140, 143, 144, 145, 147, 151, 166, 202, 205, 206, 224, 260, 264, 268, 276, 282, 283, 305, 310, 396, 397, 402, 408, 410, 411, 435, 436, 440, 461intelligence workers76, 77shareholders138, 281, 282, 408, 409slave labor137stakeholders118, 408, 409stock corporations122, 138, 283, 409Monsanto174, 231sweat shops137tariffs102, 146teaching contracts73terrible working conditions49textile industry137Business activity82black market business activity186Cameroon433, 434, 435Campbell, Donald186, 189Canada168, 218, 319, 459Caribbean168Central Intelligence Agency30, 75, 244, 427, 433, 434, 472Chappelle, Dave246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 253Cheal, David134, 165China51, 53, 105, 106, 109, 133, 136, 189, 257, 272, 280, 286, 310, 319, 401, 402, 403, 404, 421Hong Kong53, 84Macau53mainland China53Women’s Kingdom421, 459Cho, Margaret251Chomsky, Noam38, 84, 99, 100, 134, 135, 409Classifications178, 179, 180, 181, 270, 309, 335Cleanthes368Clifford, William150, 151, 153, 154, 155Clinton, Bill43, 253, 254, 257Cognitionprocess of realization15, 173, 174, 304, 371, 375, 377, 378, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 388, 389Colombia211Colonialism114Communicationcommunicative interactions207deceptive communication157political messages149, 265, 266, 270provocative mass media messages256theory of communication deficiencies134Communism123, 310, 311, 312, 377Compensations5, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 140, 183, 188, 207, 208, 258, 266, 320, 402, 432, 433, 435, 436, 439, 442, 463Conceptsabstract concepts334, 340, 414abstract concept of people334concept formationfuller conception174, 175preconception173, 174, 175Conformity24Consciousness42, 43, 164, 177, 195, 196, 197, 198, 214, 215, 216, 218, 290, 291, 342, 373, 375false consciousness80, 166, 339social consciousness62transcendental acts of consciousness342Constitutional law100Constitutions99, 100, 116, 275, 316, 376Australian Constitution120us Constitution98Fourteenth Amendment122Thirteenth Amendment122Contractscontractual obligations91employment contracts272, 316, 337, 398, 409, 420legal contract316Contradictorinessalternative concept of contradictoriness358common contradiction367concept of contradictoriness353logical contradictoriness353, 354Corruption52, 79, 92, 110, 114, 133, 186, 188, 189anti-corruption campaigns189Courageousness(Bravery)13, 261, 262, 269Court casesBrown v. Board of Education353Coffin v. United States242Dred Scott v. Sanford116, 122Mathews v. Diaz73People vs. McQuillan212Relf v. Weinberger406Scopes trial341, 342TransAm Trucking, Inc. v. Admin. Review Bd., U.S. Dep’t. of Labor232Courts of law16, 18, 20, 26, 66, 85, 97, 212, 220, 221, 222, 223, 233, 242, 243, 253, 274, 278, 294, 295, 301, 303, 319, 333, 341, 342, 343, 344, 353, 355, 359, 361, 363, 364, 365, 382, 389, 406claimant358cross-examinations244, 303, 330defendants16, 18, 136, 205, 213, 224, 242, 313, 316, 317, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 333, 344, 361, 363, 364, 365, 438fake defendants87judges2, 3, 8, 15, 16, 18, 20, 23, 28, 33, 34, 36, 37, 40, 43, 44, 52, 54, 69, 87, 96, 97, 98, 106, 108, 109, 128, 140, 141, 149, 158, 165, 166, 173, 174, 178, 187, 200, 201, 205, 207, 208, 217, 218, 223, 224, 231, 232, 233, 234, 245, 253, 263, 274, 316, 317, 318, 327, 328, 329, 330, 342, 343, 344, 356, 359, 369, 385, 389, 392, 459fake judges87judiciary court242juries2, 16, 65, 87, 98, 127, 136, 178, 201, 205, 213, 217, 243, 274, 316, 328, 329, 330, 331, 343, 369, 375, 460jurors18, 96, 208, 223, 274, 316, 317, 318, 327, 328, 342, 365, 385, 389biases of jurors242murder trial326plaintiff18, 224, 330, 358, 359, 360, 368, 459Supreme Court73, 74, 116, 122, 140, 141, 174, 231, 233, 242verdicts16, 18, 33, 39, 65, 83, 127, 212, 218, 219, 253, 288, 295, 303, 318, 327, 329, 331, 332, 333, 341, 343, 344, 348, 355, 359, 364, 365, 369, 385, 442, 458, 460, 461, 463witch trials244Cowardice254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 261, 262, 263, 264, 270cowards13, 254, 255, 257, 259, 260, 262, 263, 264, 270Creationism341, 342Crime2, 173, 220, 356arrests86arson442assault85, 203, 257, 258, 355, 439bribery92, 114, 307confessionunofficial confession332criminal behaviors22, 283, 328criminal offences120criminal organizations84, 85, 91, 148, 460criminal prosecutions327criminals12, 29, 31, 37, 78, 79, 80, 84, 85, 92, 173, 178, 185, 200, 203, 212, 214, 215, 217, 282, 283, 343, 356, 363, 364burglars169, 190, 437robbers437deterrence of crime24deterrence theory24extortion33, 75, 79, 307false accusations of crime248fraud32, 38, 39, 85, 86, 110, 111, 114, 461hate crimes419informants78, 79, 80, 81, 90, 173, 208, 302murder26, 27, 38, 57, 90, 94, 136, 185, 201, 248, 251, 265, 326, 328, 332, 333, 390, 439, 442, 443, 456organized crime91peoples frequently convicted of crimes280robbery219, 251tampering with evidence365theft17, 32, 38, 39, 76, 85, 86, 136, 356, 432, 433, 438, 439, 442governmental theft of private property76stolen antiques273Criminal justice4, 23, 25, 27, 44, 86, 117, 135, 175, 210, 239, 279, 322, 338, 442Croatia71Crumley, Carole211Cultures1, 39, 40, 59, 96, 104, 106, 111, 113, 114, 130, 168, 198, 206, 211, 222, 305, 307, 346, 353, 395, 451, 452, 454, 459alien cultures456Western cultures111Currency30, 86, 162, 460CustodyChild custody113Cynicism4, 59, 100, 157, 234, 261, 267Darrow, Clarence341Darwin, Charles421, 459Davac, Vlade71Death penalty26, 27, 48, 168, 244executioners26, 27situations of morally justified executions27Decapitation333Decision-making3, 8, 14, 16, 26, 34, 39, 50, 97, 105, 106, 142, 144, 186, 201, 210, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 219, 222, 228, 233, 234, 262, 276, 292, 293, 294, 298, 300, 301, 302, 304, 305, 307, 308, 333, 334, 341, 342, 344, 350, 351, 363, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 378, 381, 385, 388, 407, 416, 433, 439, 442, 444, 460arbitrary decisions233judicial decision-making39judicial decisions39, 127, 213, 231, 233legal decision-making212, 233, 243, 288, 295, 309, 314, 317, 318, 364legal decisions2, 73, 83, 106, 218, 234, 341, 344moral decision-making15moral decision-making as illusory303political decisions12, 13, 15, 52, 177, 178, 281rational choice theory24reversals of decisions236unconscious biases233, 234Declaration of Independence116Dehumanization419dehumanizing logic116Democracies84, 99, 140, 431direct democracy210Department of Justice74, 283, 284, 441Departmentalization11, 22, 176Deprivation45long-term deprivation45Descartes, René227, 236Deviance194, 285Diodorus Cronos200, 367, 368, 369, 377Discrimination74, 88, 89, 160, 253, 279, 284, 334, 415Disease16, 20, 295, 389, 392, 394, 395, 399, 400, 401, 429, 431, 433, 434, 451, 458epidemics399Dishonesty36, 41, 125, 293, 341, 365, 368Disillusionment227Disinformation8, 12, 13Disobedience28, 132, 274, 303, 341, 460Disrespectfulness4, 246, 274, 275Divorce6, 113, 205, 251Doctrineslegal doctrines112traditional Islamic doctrines113Dominancesocial dominance48, 52, 53, 87, 95, 124, 135, 141, 159, 160, 167, 168, 176, 239, 256, 284, 285, 321, 335, 336, 338, 339social dominance orientation141, 159, 160, 167, 168, 321, 431Domination17, 18, 47, 64, 66, 116, 119, 121, 130, 160, 335, 336, 338, 339, 355, 357, 358, 421, 422, 439, 440, 443, 445, 449, 457, 458, 462, 463, 464cultural domination112sexual domination448, 456Driving records25Drones244Drugscocaine82, 83, 310drug gangs91Durst, Robert331, 332Dutton, Donald45, 46, 47, 48, 50Dworkin, Ronald23, 180, 181, 230Eckstein, Harry48, 49Economic problem20, 38, 394, 395, 396Economic sectors(primary) extraction-sectors of economies77, 397, 398(quaternary) knowledge-sectors of economies77(secondary) manufacturing sector of economies77, 398(tertiary) service sectors of economies77, 398black markets38, 78, 82, 84, 109, 110, 186, 310, 311, 312, 434private sectors30, 31public sectors31, 423Education5, 17, 30, 31, 38, 50, 77, 87, 88, 89, 98, 107, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 125, 134, 139, 163, 176, 209, 210, 273, 283, 339, 342, 393, 397, 402, 404, 407, 416, 419, 426, 427, 431, 453, 461innovative teaching method89overcoming adversity88Western education112Egypt113Ehrlich, Eugen305Elliot, Jane87, 88, 89Emotionagonistic emotions287anger23, 35, 51, 54, 57, 58, 119, 167, 203, 252, 265, 277, 286, 287, 288contempt23, 35, 42, 58, 119, 160, 252, 265, 287disgust23, 35, 152, 153, 252, 265, 268, 287, 288, 303emotional reactions253fear12, 23, 41, 42, 43, 50, 67, 69, 91, 119, 133, 150, 159, 162, 202, 224, 248, 252, 261, 262, 267, 276, 277, 278, 284, 418, 419, 422fear of police247, 278impacts of fear276hatred23, 41, 43sadness23, 42, 69, 119, 252, 265schadenfreude23, 41, 67, 69, 329states of insecurity13, 14, 41, 72, 259, 265, 266, 464surprise14, 23, 153, 252, 265, 287, 288, 303theory of emotions286Endocrinology23Enemies11, 12, 261, 270Enforcement by vengeance parties120England27, 64, 96, 116, 168, 218, 323Entertainment60, 62, 63, 83, 84, 85, 89, 163, 438audiences57, 64, 70, 133, 149, 171, 235, 245, 247, 252, 253, 264, 265, 320, 418comedy183, 235, 245, 246, 250, 251, 252, 253, 284, 306comedy of law245, 253films33, 35, 79, 84, 85, 86, 245, 362, 462Catch Me If You Can85City On Fire84Deep Cover84Michael Kohlhaas35Reservoir Dogs84, 85Sin Nombre33The Departed84music3, 54, 57, 58, 102, 115, 235, 245, 246, 284, 334, 462N.W.A.3, 53, 54, 58narco musica91national anthems98rappers53tv65, 84, 91, 92, 93, 244, 248, 265, 409, 462Environmentsrain forests428Epictetus367, 368Espionage49Ethics14, 16, 36, 48, 118, 150, 294, 295, 333, 343, 388, 389, 395, 397, 400, 408, 416, 452ethicists14, 48, 294, 295Europe15, 19, 41, 96, 110, 112, 218, 229, 244, 268, 280, 416Evidence2, 3, 30, 31, 36, 37, 47, 50, 85, 105, 139, 173, 203, 211, 212, 213, 214, 216, 219, 220, 224, 234, 242, 258, 259, 264, 278, 279, 290, 301, 303, 316, 317, 321, 326, 327, 328, 331, 332, 335, 342, 343, 344, 352, 358, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 390, 433, 442, 449, 450, 496evidence taking precedence over truth36Extraterrestrial beings168Extremism275extremists46, 118, 273, 275Ku Klux Klan118, 337, 339Facial expressions250, 277Factors of production82, 394, 408entrepreneurs82, 83, 124human resources82, 205, 269, 394, 396, 398, 408, 444human-made resources82natural resources82, 396, 397, 408, 428Farrar, Jessica86Favoritism2, 20, 34, 87, 158, 159, 202, 228nepotism2, 17, 34, 158, 176Ferrari235Fichte, Johann236Finland168F-Problemabortions48, 406, 411, 426adolescent mothers17adolescent pregnancies424, 425, 426age at first reproduction424arrests1, 18, 107, 273, 278, 282, 283, 463birthrates16, 17, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 395, 396, 399, 400, 401, 404, 405, 407, 410, 411, 415, 425, 426, 427, 431, 433, 435, 439, 448, 463births to teenagers424births17, 141, 171, 425, 428castrations48, 450child support38, 435, 444circumcisions451, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459consequences of preteen and teenage pregnancies426constitutional failure to recognize people120death rates16, 17, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 395, 396, 399, 400, 401, 407, 433, 445, 448eugenics19, 20, 406, 411, 412exponential growth of human global population427extramarital sex415fatherlessness38fertility142, 407, 412, 424, 428, 429fertilization17, 241, 393, 398forced impregnations48forced maternities48hindering intergroup and interracial sexual reproduction463impregnations431, 447, 448, 449, 452, 459inbreeding17, 19, 20, 412, 415incarcerations1, 19, 97, 148, 203, 280, 281, 282, 283, 364, 415, 426, 441, 464bondage281corporate incarceration281correctional facilities282incest19, 411, 414increasing competitiveness399intergroup sexual intercourse415middle-aged mothers17, 425motherlessness38mothers at first birth434overpopulation17, 20, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 429, 431, 445, 459, 464pregnancies423, 434rape48, 105, 106, 118, 132, 136, 217, 307, 390, 393, 424, 434, 439, 442, 443, 444, 456legal permission to rape105rape factories47separation of sexes19, 443sex slaves432sexual mutilations48, 451sexual selection17, 18, 19, 244, 414, 415, 421, 431, 438, 439, 444, 445, 446, 448, 451, 452, 456, 459, 462, 463, 464, 465intersexual selection458intrasexual selection21, 398, 452, 453, 455, 458, 459, 460, 465sexual competitiveness458sexual reproduction16, 241, 393, 394, 395, 398, 399, 412, 414, 415, 442, 450sexual reproductions19, 20, 443, 447, 464siblings19, 414solutionsfamily planning397, 398, 431, 465knowledge of mothers443sustainability395starvation16, 389, 395, 399, 429, 430, 431statutory rape426sterilizations48, 397, 407, 415, 459subincisions455, 456subsidiary F-problemsdroughts396, 397, 399, 400technologies for reproduction415theft118unwanted pregnancies426victimization17, 18, 21, 39, 66, 102, 218, 257, 390, 432, 433, 438, 439, 440, 442, 443, 444, 454, 465theft432victimizers17, 18, 39, 105, 390, 391, 433, 438, 439, 440, 442, 443victims17, 18, 39, 47, 105, 117, 133, 200, 201, 205, 264, 307, 364, 390, 394, 433, 439, 440, 443, 444France49, 112, 273, 339, 434Fraudacademic fraud110, 111, 114, 224Free time3, 49, 202, 339, 438Free will200, 214, 215, 218, 222, 299, 300, 301, 351lack of free will and moral decisions288Freedom of the press99, 133Freud, Sigmund331Gadamer, Hans193, 194Gender1, 30, 141, 417Generationsconcept of human generation423human generations17, 19, 20, 21, 52, 407, 414, 423, 424, 425, 426, 428generations per household424intergenerational relations17Genetic diversity20Genetics331Genocide7, 59, 463extermination335Germany19, 46, 63, 73, 98, 230, 257, 267, 411, 416, 454German238, 314German East African colony46Globalization21, 95, 114, 274Gorsuch, Neil231, 232Gotti, John79Government1, 30, 31, 38, 43, 53, 64, 74, 75, 87, 92, 94, 95, 97, 99, 100, 122, 123, 133, 136, 137, 139, 176, 179, 197, 210, 211, 255, 261, 264, 275, 281, 283, 303, 311, 312, 341, 352, 402, 416, 437autocracies13, 462executive branch341judicial branch97legislative branch87opposing governmental institutionsanarchy33, 38, 39services31, 104, 109, 138, 402, 407social programs38, 78affirmative action47positive discrimination47Governmental agencies76, 117, 118, 310Gramsci, Antonio131, 134Greece279, 378Groupsethnic groups121, 402, 422high-status groups18, 20, 97, 98, 105, 116, 120, 121, 122, 135, 140, 168, 206, 211, 276, 277, 278, 337, 357, 421, 422, 440, 445, 446, 447, 448, 463, 464learning of privileges and deinstitutionalizing88low-status groups2, 3, 4, 18, 19, 20, 22, 29, 38, 45, 53, 57, 59, 66, 78, 100, 102, 105, 106, 116, 120, 123, 130, 138, 139, 159, 167, 168, 211, 213, 233, 234, 235, 239, 267, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 322, 337, 339, 355, 357, 358, 375, 404, 415, 421, 422, 440, 444, 445, 446, 463, 464minorities53, 59, 66, 78, 79, 97, 118, 159, 279outgroups419, 420, 454paradigmatic groups2, 15privileged groups2, 3, 15, 22, 38, 106racial groups5, 30, 35, 47, 55, 96, 105, 116, 117, 121, 122, 124, 234, 248, 249, 273, 277, 278, 279, 281, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 371, 411, 412, 415, 443, 445, 458, 459Australian aboriginal race120lower status racial groups19, 336, 404, 445segregation of races96, 160, 440religious groups1, 121social group2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 14, 15, 20, 22, 28, 29, 30, 40, 52, 53, 57, 58, 59, 64, 67, 72, 87, 95, 96, 106, 119, 121, 122, 124, 126, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 135, 138, 139, 140, 142, 143, 149, 158, 159, 160, 162, 163, 164, 167, 168, 169, 170, 172, 185, 186, 187, 188, 192, 193, 195, 198, 209, 210, 242, 259, 260, 261, 263, 267, 272, 273, 274, 275, 279, 280, 285, 286, 295, 297, 306, 311, 321, 322, 336, 338, 356, 357, 399, 404, 415, 422, 454, 464, 465subordinate groups5, 44, 45, 53, 97, 134, 135, 159, 168, 338, 417, 419, 431, 440, 441, 459, 463Guam275Guiltiness16, 212, 213, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 243, 295, 313, 316, 318, 328, 330, 363, 365Habermas, Jürgen208Habyarimana, Juvenalassassination of Rwandan president45Hager, David251Haidt, Jonathan191, 289, 290, 291, 296, 297, 300, 302, 303Hallaq, Wael112, 113, 478Hart, H. L. A.180, 181, 230Hartmann, Nicolai10, 180, 183, 196, 197, 198, 200, 201, 221, 225, 227, 229, 230, 235, 236, 239, 312, 314, 317, 322, 325, 326, 327, 330, 341, 343, 345, 347, 354, 366, 374, 383, 384, 478Hegel, Georg229, 230, 236Heidemann, Ingeborg198Hierarchiessocial hierarchies5, 19, 157, 159, 169, 271, 272, 282, 284, 312, 338, 438, 463Hijackers255, 258, 260, 262, 264, 269Historiography240, 241Historyalternative histories235dual roles of historic events240historical continuity237history of legal thought239, 240natural history241Hitler, Adolf46, 98, 267rise of Hitler to power98Hobbes, ThomasHobbesian state of nature39Homicide90, 189, 390, 462justifiable homicide235Homogenization20Hormones23, 176, 213, 331, 375Households95, 404, 409, 424, 425Human needs47Hume, David226, 227Humor245, 249, 253HungaryCentral European University23Hyperboles247, 248, 250, 253Hypocrisy100, 275Idealism343, 344Identities53, 63, 81, 85, 168, 258, 356clandestine identities26false identities256self-identities256, 258, 259social identities256, 284, 285social identity theory284, 285transsexuals417Ideology4, 8, 9, 12, 13, 23, 40, 44, 45, 50, 52, 57, 58, 116, 117, 124, 127, 129, 130, 131, 133, 135, 137, 139, 140, 141, 150, 151, 154, 155, 164, 165, 166, 192, 193, 197, 253, 254, 261, 276, 312, 322, 337, 338, 339, 414attainment of ideologies8dangerous ideologies21, 27, 35, 58, 70utopian exclusion of another group50destructive ideology45dominations of the masses134facilitations of ideologies8, 134forms of ideologies166hegemonic ideology138, 139ideologies of hegemonic powers130ideology critique44, 149ideology of antagonism45, 46ideology of disrespect419ideology of having high moral standing275indoctrination135, 335, 339, 431indoctrination by the hegemony133indoctrination with ideologies12, 133, 135, 139, 210, 262, 270, 337labeling villains12red scares12legal and political ideological graph130legal ideologies2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 20, 23, 26, 27, 39, 40, 41, 44, 50, 67, 80, 100, 117, 131, 132, 149, 153, 165, 217, 246, 275, 460, 461, 462, 463legal minds2, 3, 5, 20, 21, 59, 103, 104, 210, 211, 465legitimizing ideology45military ideology72political ideologies13, 15, 20, 155, 156, 157left-wing ideology156right-wing ideology141, 156, 191, 231political opinions134racist ideology338reactionary ideology103security-related ideologies76sexual ideologies411homophobic heterosexuals418homophobic non-heterosexuals418utopian ideologies58weakness of ideological thought134Illegality8, 9, 82, 104, 105, 106, 115, 119, 125, 126, 127, 128, 131, 132, 136, 137, 207, 209, 213, 233, 343, 460criminalization106, 145, 146, 282, 417gradations of illegality9gradations of illegalization149illegal aliens (political)33, 116illegal but socially acceptable acts129, 130, 136, 137, 206, 461illegal migrants33illegal sales9illegalization9, 104, 106, 110, 111, 112, 114, 118, 122, 128, 136, 139, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 149, 282outlawing86, 451legal prohibitions9, 81, 144, 242Imprisonment19, 168, 282, 283, 337, 441prison population279, 280, 281, 336, 440, 441Australian prison population120Indecency61India47, 51, 257, 371Indonesia47Industrialization49, 77, 398Inequalitysocial inequalities280, 462Inferiorityfeelings of inferiority6Information processing373, 375Inheritance113, 305, 437, 465Injustice18, 34, 35, 46, 47, 52, 58, 63, 64, 66, 67, 93, 110, 111, 118, 119, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 142, 162, 233, 234, 235, 246, 355, 356, 440, 461, 463battling injustice via fake bills87establishing opponents’ injustices117illegitimate education125procedural injustices121recognition of suffering injustices287Innocent until proven guilty242Insects294, 421, 428Instabilitysocietal instability434Institutioninstitutionalization83, 88, 133, 167, 205, 337, 338, 339legal institutions2, 3, 18, 19, 28, 30, 40, 43, 44, 58, 78, 81, 96, 97, 100, 106, 108, 111, 117, 131, 137, 142, 143, 144, 146, 150, 158, 159, 160, 165, 166, 170, 172, 173, 177, 178, 187, 189, 192, 202, 205, 206, 208, 209, 210, 211, 233, 242, 246, 247, 252, 266, 267, 277, 288, 337, 342, 343, 356, 375, 392, 435, 440, 443, 463, 464, 465social institutions44, 161, 165, 166, 169Intelligence16, 75, 76, 77, 79, 276, 293, 300, 309, 336, 337, 338, 389artificial intelligence77elevating and diminishing levels of intelligence88intellectual achievements237, 239, 240intelligence industry76Intersubjectivity136, 162, 163, 164, 174, 460Investigators86, 182, 218, 228, 360, 380Iran102Iraq63, 94, 102, 244, 416, 447Irony67, 253IslamIslamic70, 273, 275Israel160, 167, 168, 279Italy257Japan168, 257, 275Johnson, Jack335, 339Johnson, Lyndon118, 122Jost, John168, 260, 261, 321, 339Journalism8, 60, 64, 84, 92, 103, 147journalistic information59, 60journalists34, 60, 61, 63, 71, 90, 91, 99, 133, 147, 148, 172, 186, 192, 305, 385Mexican journalists186Judgmentlegal judgment242Jurisdiction9, 33, 54, 57, 95, 109, 115, 128, 131, 132, 141, 147, 158, 168, 172, 183, 189, 190, 194, 209, 213, 218, 286, 316, 351, 452Jurisprudence3, 4, 8, 22, 229, 230, 233, 235, 237, 238, 306, 469Just world8, 28belief in a just world in jeopardy287Justiceprocedural justice6, 35, 40, 52, 53, 66, 87, 169, 194, 222, 233, 287, 307, 341, 433, 461Kant, Immanuel48, 198, 227, 236, 237, 295, 300, 314, 324, 340, 347, 483philosophyantinomies237Kelsen, Hans180Kenya254Kerruish, Valerie24, 30, 180, 181Killings1, 26, 27, 48, 62, 70, 71, 118, 123, 169, 201, 205, 213, 274, 327, 392, 395, 396, 448, 450, 463murders40, 62, 85, 90, 124, 133, 260, 262, 264, 267, 269, 390, 391, 418, 420King, Martin Luther43, 87, 88, 335King, Rodney57, 65, 66, 67, 68Kinship458Knowledgescientific knowledge358Knowledge management22, 182, 187, 309Kozak, Rexinterview statement88Law3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 22, 23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30, 35, 43, 44, 52, 59, 63, 67, 78, 79, 80, 84, 85, 91, 92, 95, 97, 101, 111, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 122, 123, 127, 128, 130, 131, 135, 141, 148, 152, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 164, 165, 168, 169, 172, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 186, 187, 188, 189, 192, 193, 195, 200, 201, 202, 205, 209, 210, 213, 219, 222, 223, 224, 225, 230, 231, 233, 234, 235, 238, 240, 242, 245, 246, 252, 253, 263, 265, 274, 278, 279, 288, 292, 295, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 310, 313, 315, 316, 317, 318, 321, 323, 324, 327, 338, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 361, 362, 365, 369, 375, 377, 388bogus laws86business law305Chinese law305client-attorney position36comparative law114concept of law40, 179, 353contract law180, 305classifications179employment contracts174, 461criminal law120, 127, 217, 218, 305German criminal law217dual roles of law2exercisable privileges2first laws120foundational source of law218German law305Greek law305history of law212immigration laws282immoral laws122interpreters of law97Islamic law113Jim Crow laws353, 408law enforcement2, 3, 8, 16, 18, 20, 27, 29, 52, 53, 57, 67, 78, 79, 84, 85, 91, 92, 97, 98, 109, 123, 158, 159, 160, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 172, 173, 186, 189, 200, 202, 203, 207, 224, 234, 249, 258, 263, 270, 277, 279, 295, 315, 321, 322, 324, 338, 342, 365, 375, 440, 441, 459, 460, 463enforcement by hunters of the tribe120secret agents119law of obligations217, 218law’s favored groups44lawsuits38, 65, 122, 141, 281, 283, 319, 458frivolous lawsuits253legal liability38lex imperfecta378multiplicity of laws305ontology of law10, 306Ottoman Law of Family Right113philosophical problems of law238plenary laws13principle of fairness36, 117property law305racist laws96Roman law218space law75tax law82, 95tax cuts138, 139tort law179, 305traditional law113ultra vires107Lawmakers2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 12, 15, 16, 20, 28, 40, 43, 57, 62, 72, 83, 87, 96, 98, 103, 115, 128, 142, 144, 146, 148, 149, 173, 178, 181, 187, 190, 191, 201, 206, 207, 208, 233, 253, 267, 305, 343, 344, 378, 389, 391, 407, 411, 459warmongers3Lawmaking2, 24, 31, 86, 87, 114, 206, 233, 305, 342, 382, 385, 444Lawyers7, 18, 23, 28, 34, 35, 36, 37, 40, 44, 62, 78, 81, 84, 85, 96, 136, 151, 163, 165, 166, 169, 173, 174, 201, 205, 208, 215, 224, 316, 326, 329, 332, 343, 356, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 369Attorney General120defense attorneys16, 80, 81, 136, 208, 217, 283, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 332, 341, 360, 361, 363, 389fake lawyers87human rights lawyers133prosecutors16, 53, 54, 208, 364, 438Leadership11, 12, 13, 14, 41, 53, 57, 68, 74, 75, 76, 98, 124, 149, 162, 166, 188, 189, 202, 254, 259, 260, 261, 267, 268, 270, 446, 448, 451, 453, 460, 464authoritarian style of leadership45, 59, 133, 139, 166, 202autocratic style of leadership11, 13, 98dictators98loss of leadership41union leaders49League of Nations46Legal certainty231Legal clerks44, 96, 165, 208Legal consequences105, 307, 318, 378, 464nepotistic evasions from legal consequences2Legal order119, 120, 122, 125, 140federal legal order141Legal Provisions305Legal science4, 177, 178, 180, 231, 271Legal studies3, 22, 100, 107, 108, 114, 169, 178, 182, 183, 246, 288, 289, 348, 389Legality8, 9, 82, 104, 105, 106, 115, 116, 119, 124, 125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 135, 136, 137, 143, 144, 209, 233, 311, 460concept of legality127decriminalization106, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 282gradations of legality9, 135, 143, 146, 147, 149gradations of legalization149lawfulness352legal argumentation344concept of necessity332legal but socially unacceptable137legal codes127, 279legal limitations of privacy75legal obligations362, 434legal penalties27, 162, 309, 409nepotistic evasion of legal penalties2legal permissibility9, 13, 20, 94, 95, 105, 117, 121, 211, 242, 244, 323, 404, 408, 443legal possessions9legal purchases9legal reforms113legal restrictions9, 409legal sales9legal soundness112legalization9, 106, 110, 114, 121, 139, 140, 143, 144, 145, 147, 149, 337, 377, 378, 440semilegal190the starting point of legality340Legislation19, 20, 22, 44, 52, 53, 71, 74, 97, 114, 116, 120, 121, 127, 142, 165, 172, 178, 217, 279, 309, 324, 330, 355, 377, 378, 406, 407, 415, 416, 433, 463founding acts of legislation115lawmaking24legislative acts371legislators72, 78, 83, 97, 305, 308, 401, 407lex imperfecta378Legitimacy12, 13, 86, 100, 101, 102, 117, 122, 159, 162, 187, 188, 190, 194, 260, 267, 285, 307, 353, 406, 461, 464attributions of legitimacy14Legitimization13, 58, 85, 114, 270Leibniz, Gottfried227, 236, 324Levelsintegrative levels175, 179, 180, 270, 309Levels of analysissociological levels of analyses11, 212Lewin, Kurt184Lewinski, Monica253Libraryelectronic library182Library Genesis182, 183library science4, 10, 114, 178, 180, 183, 195Lincoln, Abraham99Lindahl, Hans115, 119, 125Lobby (political)lobbyists281, 282Lorenz, Konrad196Loyalty84, 264Luhmann, Niklas28, 29, 81, 82, 92, 93, 94, 101, 148, 158, 170, 173, 208, 209, 210, 307, 372, 373, 374Maher, Bill254Malaysia47Mali433, 434, 435Malnourishment429, 430, 431Malthus, Thomas429, 445Mammals172, 179, 297, 334, 427, 428, 459Mandela, Nelson415Mannheim, Karl50, 51, 129, 223Marijuana135, 310Marriagehomosexual marriage94, 143, 417marriages38, 111, 112, 140, 141, 142, 143, 305, 355, 406, 414, 415, 420, 435, 443, 447, 456, 464monogamy112polygyny111, 112strengthening marriages reduces poverty435Marx, Karl339Marxism166, 311, 339Massachusetts Institute of Technology23MassacreNigerian massacre265Rosewood, Florida Massacre124Tiananmen Square Massacre53Masturbation86, 248, 303, 458Maximslegal maxims128, 359, 360, 361, 362McCarthy, Joseph244Medical doctors85, 359, 365Menander245Mental health62, 202, 205, 213, 281, 331, 407arrested development from malnutrition430insanity212, 331temporary insanity331loss of memory332, 333mental disorderCotard syndrome347mental health centers281, 331mental illnessbipolar disorder347schizophrenia347mentally ill people213, 280psychopathology204Mental imagery174, 230Mental states4, 5, 12, 21, 23, 24, 28, 29, 42, 43, 119, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 157, 158, 159, 160, 162, 164, 166, 167, 170, 206, 210, 298, 436Metaphors108, 253Mexico33, 90, 91, 160, 267Middle East211, 244, 427mass exodus to Europe416Military30, 37, 39, 43, 62, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 77, 94, 96, 99, 102, 133, 137, 158, 163, 186, 208, 209, 258, 261, 265, 266, 267, 268, 270, 273, 275, 338, 431, 434, 447, 454Miscarriages426Misconduct86, 105, 186sexual misconduct41Misinformation37, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 70, 71, 79, 127, 133, 134, 183, 224, 301, 311, 418Missing person332Moore, Roy140Moral psychology288, 289social intuitionism288, 290, 296, 297Morality14, 32, 46, 48, 78, 95, 117, 124, 142, 151, 191, 198, 200, 206, 212, 219, 220, 222, 224, 226, 245, 275, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 314, 328, 336, 364, 389moral depravity118moral evaluations288, 302moral impermissibility287moral inferiority119moral intelligence289moral judgment287, 288, 289, 290, 292, 293, 296, 297, 298, 302, 314moral permissibility206, 287, 303moral prohibitions46moral reason287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 295, 296, 298, 302moral values224, 233, 287Morocco111, 112French colonialism in Morocco112Motivation158, 255, 286, 324, 350Mutilations118, 457naacp169Narcolepsy251National economiesde-industrialization77developed service economies77developing countries49, 77, 266, 398, 405, 409, 427, 430, 435, 444hyperdeveloped economy77political economies4, 26, 95, 311, 312, 410, 434, 436, 464sustainable development409, 428underdeveloped countries40, 77, 266, 449Nationalism102, 274Nationality121Afghan274AmericanAfrican Americans15, 52, 65, 67, 68, 117, 118, 119, 123, 124, 125, 235, 246, 280, 336, 443, 458American children62Native American168, 280, 413Australiansindigenous Australians120Chinese73, 105, 106, 189, 246, 247, 272, 305, 311, 319, 346, 402, 403, 404, 405, 459Danish275Dutch135Dutch sub-cultures135foreigners9, 15, 53, 59, 69, 97, 104, 105, 125, 128, 160, 279, 443French111, 112, 113, 115, 126, 127, 168, 268, 275, 305, 446German25, 46, 63, 71, 99, 113, 126, 228, 250, 268, 305, 411, 412, 454Japanese275, 276Moroccan111, 112Swiss113, 250Needsphysiological needs428Neo-Nazis337, 339Netherlands168, 279Amsterdam135Neuroscience4, 11, 23, 212, 220, 222, 288, 289, 301, 330, 364New Zealand168, 218Newborns425, 428Nicaragua99Niger433, 434, 435NigeriaBoko Haram265Norms46, 47, 82, 88, 128, 146, 161, 206, 273, 287, 305, 306, 357North Korea133Nozick, Robert31, 32, 33, 37, 38, 39, 486Obama, Barrack155, 156Obedience24, 101, 220, 254, 273Observations23, 42, 78, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 180, 184, 188, 192, 195, 196, 212, 215, 219, 220, 278, 300, 301, 351, 359, 363, 364, 375levels of observations22, 170, 177, 195, 219, 241, 245, 288neurological observations218, 245observation periods278observations of trial and error375scientific observations113, 346surveillance75, 76Office of Legislative Drafting120Olympians371Ontology4, 10, 221, 306, 341, 349, 388givenness of reality16, 317, 341, 342, 345, 346, 348ontological investigations of law341Opponentspolitical opponents339Organizationsscientific organizations62Outcast285, 339Ownershipanonymous owners115Pakistan244Panama211Parmenides325Patriotism102, 268, 396Peacepeace treaties103, 444, 445, 448Pearl Harbor1941 bombing275Pedagogypedagogical methods89, 229Penalizationflat fees26graduated penalty fees25, 26Peopleaboriginal people120affluent people25, 280, 431, 437, 438, 465Arab people15, 43, 63, 74, 112, 160, 167, 168, 244, 264, 275, 279, 420, 427, 462Asian people246Asian mothers425Askenazi people167black people19, 55, 64, 66, 116, 117, 118, 119, 121, 122, 123, 124, 160, 168, 246, 247, 248, 249, 253, 278, 279, 281, 283, 284, 415, 441negro people123niggas53, 54, 55, 56, 247rights of black people116concept of people334Hispanic people278, 283Hutu people45, 46indigenous people120, 121, 353indigent people25, 437, 438innocent people27, 80Islamic people113Jewish people15, 46, 112, 167Mizrachi people167Tutsi people45, 46, 168, 335Walbiri people455white people66, 279, 280, 415Yoingus people455Perception5, 7, 12, 13, 45, 47, 67, 68, 73, 82, 92, 118, 123, 154, 159, 162, 164, 172, 174, 187, 188, 190, 194, 215, 218, 219, 227, 228, 250, 254, 264, 267, 278, 284, 285, 292, 307, 340, 342, 343, 346, 373, 375, 376, 417, 418, 445, 459, 461hallucinations342illusions342perceptions of dominance256perceptions of fairness188perceptions of legitimacy255perceptions of submissiveness256public perceptions133Philosophycompatibilism200, 201, 236, 351determinism183, 200, 201, 236, 288, 349, 350, 351, 366psychological determinism331determinism and necessity331enduring problems of philosophy237epistemic theory344forming philosophic questions238free time3history of philosophy198, 225, 229, 230, 238libertarianism200, 201, 236, 351Megaric philosophy325, 360, 366, 368, 369, 371, 375neo-Kantianism196philosophic problems231, 237, 238, 239, 240philosophic questions226, 238philosophy of law4, 23, 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, 229, 230, 232, 236, 237, 238, 239, 340, 344, 346, 355history of philosophy of law228, 230, 239legal anti-realism231, 232legal anti-realists235legal constructivism230, 235legal formalism230, 231, 235legal instrumentalism232legal positivism230, 235legal realism230, 231, 233, 234, 235, 236legal realists231, 233, 234, 235natural law theory230, 232, 235, 236originalism231, 232problems of legal philosophy231, 237, 238, 239, 240textualism231philosophy of perception226philosophy of Spinoza325, 360political philosophy100, 191rationalists49representational realism343scholasticism236skill of philosophers238subjectivism288, 340, 341Pilots85Plea-bargaining3, 78, 84, 189, 190Police8, 28, 31, 37, 43, 52, 65, 66, 67, 79, 85, 90, 96, 97, 124, 130, 131, 153, 157, 158, 159, 160, 163, 166, 169, 172, 173, 175, 178, 184, 187, 188, 189, 190, 192, 194, 201, 202, 205, 208, 234, 245, 246, 247, 249, 251, 253, 260, 261, 265, 267, 316, 322, 343clandestine agents117Los Angeles police65Mexican police186police brutality8, 65, 390police department54, 84police reports105policing2, 4, 30, 31, 58, 86, 147, 173, 188, 189, 207, 210, 234, 246, 251, 283, 321, 343, 356, 357, 382, 385, 391, 431, 433, 463policing organized crimestaging fake murders85secret police84undercover police81, 85, 86Political attacks8Political cartoonspolitical cartoonists275Political divisions23, 178, 180Political figures3, 10, 90, 138, 149Political parties149, 191, 312, 339support from discipline of moral psychology287Pollution319, 428contaminations428Popitz, Heinrich25Population5, 30, 33, 136, 140, 195, 278, 279, 280, 400, 401, 407, 410, 411, 426, 427human populations20, 173, 211, 391, 397, 416, 429, 443, 445, 465population studies4populations428prison populationsexes and increases in incarceration281Posner, Richard230Possessionssanctity of objects273Possibility theory15, 16, 135, 176, 198, 211, 227, 229, 241, 291, 293, 304, 305, 308, 309, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 358, 359, 360, 365, 366, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389actualism347category of reality308, 324, 372, 384, 388coincidence as inessentiality334, 339, 340coincidental unrealities324, 325, 347, 366concept of coincidence326, 327, 329, 333, 340concept of reality315, 317, 322, 372, 373, 384exclusive disjunctive possibility367, 371inclusive disjuncive possibility373inclusive disjunctive possibility15, 16, 308, 309, 315, 317, 347, 350, 366, 367, 368, 369, 371, 375, 376, 378, 385, 389logical possibility198, 228, 308, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 324, 325, 326, 345, 349, 350, 378metaphysical possibility349, 350, 351, 352misattributions of modalities334misattributions of modes335, 336, 337only one possible world317, 318, 321, 345ontic coincidences330ontic necessities330physical impossibility316, 318, 319, 320, 322, 323, 324, 361possibilism347possible worlds198, 200, 317, 318, 321, 345, 346, 347, 351, 387real possibility15, 16, 304, 325, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 365, 366, 367, 369, 370, 371, 372, 375, 377, 381, 384, 385, 388Murphy’s law as general failure354Murphy’s law for legal theory353Murphy's law as structural flaws352realitysocial reality2, 129realization308recollected possibilities372recollective possibility304, 368, 371, 372, 373, 374, 381, 384, 385, 386strategies for defense in court326the category of possibility308the concept of possibility308theoretic doubt of reality347, 348unreal possibilities366Poverty2, 3, 16, 20, 25, 57, 78, 79, 131, 375, 389, 390, 394, 395, 396, 399, 401, 402, 404, 406, 425, 429, 430, 431, 435, 436, 437, 438, 462cycle of poverty425Powerhegemonic powers138political power189Presumptions of Guilt and Innocence242, 244Problem-solving15, 16, 183, 184, 304, 308, 314, 325, 344, 371, 372, 373, 375, 376, 377, 378, 385, 388, 395, 418general problem-solving308legal problem-solving344problem-solvers372, 376, 377, 379Profanity61Professionalism61, 71, 110, 191, 203, 204, 206, 222, 234, 316, 375, 391, 395, 397, 398, 420, 456expert opinions341legal professionals3professional ethics77Profits (economics)31, 32, 70, 82, 84, 85, 114, 281, 282, 283, 441Propaganda71, 94, 100, 102, 103, 244, 261, 267, 268, 269, 270, 431, 461Propertyprivate property38, 97, 116, 310, 377public property38, 310Prussia48Psychologycognitive dissonance theory258, 265, 267, 284, 285, 286moral psychology14, 191, 287, 288, 289, 294, 296, 297, 302, 303psychology of deception138social identity theory168, 284, 285social psychologists11, 23, 156, 178, 233theory of mind288, 296, 298, 299, 373, 478Punishment26, 27, 29, 79, 146, 190, 213, 250, 258, 283, 292, 341Race320Australian aboriginal race454concept of people340interracial marriages335race of people335Racism43, 54, 63, 66, 67, 96, 105, 117, 124, 135, 162, 170, 234, 246, 282, 283, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 340, 415, 416, 440, 458, 463racial biases375racist arguments338racist principle of agreement335, 337, 338, 339Reactionaries13Reagan, Ronald254, 257Real phenomena10, 11, 178, 180, 197, 238, 309, 344energy17, 74, 76, 161, 179, 184, 238, 244, 270, 271, 286, 366, 374, 375, 381, 393, 429, 434, 442, 444, 459planetsearth20, 75, 168, 173, 390, 392, 394, 400, 407, 409, 411, 426, 427, 428power24, 25, 32, 33, 44, 48, 67, 70, 79, 88, 98, 101, 116, 124, 133, 136, 139, 142, 169, 189, 246, 258, 267, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 337dominating powers130, 131, 133, 136, 137, 139, 431hard power14, 126, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 285, 337, 418, 431, 432, 456, 457, 459, 463, 464hegemonic powers130, 133, 134, 136, 137, 138, 139, 432, 461allowing legal but socially unacceptable acts137manpower69parental positions of power2plenary powers73, 74political power46, 76positions of power39, 118, 119, 395power structure117, 169, 264recognition of lowering power287relations of domination and subordination285relations of power24, 25, 100, 131, 353, 356, 357soft power14, 126, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 285, 337, 338, 431, 456, 457, 464, 465sources of power211water31, 47, 55, 160, 177, 178, 197, 207, 300, 391, 394, 396, 397, 399, 402, 410, 428, 429, 430, 434, 435, 438Realizationsrealization375, 377Realpolitik133, 157, 234, 446Reasonhuman reason50, 113ReligionChristian156, 351Islamic faith113Jewish351Muslim43, 63, 74, 112, 113, 156, 244, 264, 275, 420, 462religious faith113religious reforms113Religions7, 59, 70, 74, 113, 122, 179, 225, 226, 274, 462Remembrance342, 374, 378false memories342Reproductionasexual reproduction398, 400equine races415Researchbrain research214, 215, 217, 218, 219, 221, 245philosophic research226Historical Dictionary of Philosophy228philosophical investigations227scientific research161, 226, 434Responsibilityfinancial responsibilities434legal responsibility95, 201, 305, 330, 333, 363moral responsibility198, 200, 212, 214, 293, 295, 330, 333Revolutions23, 24, 96, 117, 118, 119occupational revolutionaries117revolutionaries117, 118Rightsalienable rights116animal rights125civil rights24, 41, 96, 118, 119, 122, 123, 124, 141, 159, 169, 239, 264Civil Rights Acts118, 122Civil Rights Movement66, 122, 235civil rights movements24, 119, 122, 123, 239homosexual marriage rights417human rights13, 116, 119, 125, 136, 277, 411, 418, 420, 441alegal denial of human rights124inalienable rights116legal rights26, 30, 111, 126, 172, 277, 305, 429Miranda rights56procreation rights20right to keep and bear arms101right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness101, 116unalienable rights116voting rights64Rituals450, 451, 453, 454, 455, 459rites of passage394, 452, 454, 455, 458Rossiter, Clinton99Rothschild (family)26Russia51, 182, 257, 280, 281Russian historySoviet Union123, 310, 311, 312ussr310, 311Rwanda45, 46, 168, 335Sacred objectholy book14, 69, 70, 274, 275desecrations274burning a Koran69Salem witch trials244Sarcasm59, 253Savage, Stephen187Scalia, Antonin231Scapegoats46, 47, 91, 98Schelling, Friedrich236Scotland127Scott, Dred116, 122Security6, 14, 31, 39, 41, 45, 71, 72, 73, 76, 78, 80, 82, 83, 89, 90, 92, 120, 125, 137, 172, 258, 265, 266, 267, 295, 409, 410, 431, 432, 436national security agencies75protection agency32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 246dominant protection agency33, 34, 37responses to states of insecurity69security forces69Self-fulfilling prophecy257, 284Sex94, 140, 141, 143, 251, 277, 302, 303, 334, 412biological sexes417, 420intersex417intersexuals417, 421hermaphrodites141, 142sexual relations75, 132, 253, 418, 456vaginal sex458Sexism54, 57, 105, 135, 170, 246, 282, 334, 338, 340Sexual intercourse17, 19, 20, 393, 411, 420, 421, 422, 438, 439, 442, 443, 453, 454, 456conjugal visitations20Sexualities141, 208, 412, 420, 423, 465(homophobic) heterosexuality422bestiality420, 465bisexuality143, 251, 417, 420, 465heterosexuality141, 417, 418, 422, 423homosexuality250, 251, 417, 420, 465lesbianism417non-heterosexuality141, 417, 418, 423pedophilia465Shakespeare, William376Sheriffs2, 15, 44, 158, 165, 166, 169, 170Shootings1, 273Michael Brown Shooting234Sidanius, Jim24, 44, 105, 159, 167, 168, 249, 278, 284, 321, 339Singapore104Skepticism147, 153, 241, 288, 341, 342, 344, 345, 348, 351, 365, 371, 385, 386, 387moral skepticism288Skinner, B. F.331Slavery28, 38, 64, 96, 117, 122, 395, 408, 413, 441nations with histories of legal slavery116slaves15, 28, 96, 277, 408, 413, 432Snitching (Also see Crime informants)2, 78, 79Snowden, Edward75, 76, 455Social change119, 186Social order208, 305Social unacceptability61, 122, 129, 130, 132, 133, 135, 136, 137, 139, 140, 141, 143, 160, 185, 206, 461SocietyMuslim society113societal expectations8, 122, 159, 266, 442societies5, 11, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 26, 30, 31, 32, 38, 45, 47, 58, 59, 63, 71, 74, 77, 78, 92, 95, 96, 97, 98, 105, 111, 113, 114, 116, 121, 125, 130, 132, 133, 136, 137, 143, 144, 146, 168, 169, 177, 197, 206, 208, 209, 210, 211, 213, 222, 239, 241, 272, 276, 277, 280, 284, 300, 305, 307, 321, 346, 352, 353, 365, 377, 390, 397, 398, 401, 404, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 415, 417, 421, 422, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 438, 440, 441, 443, 446, 447, 448, 449, 454, 460, 463, 465states of emergency13, 14, 27, 59, 72, 73, 74, 98, 99, 100, 185, 203, 259, 260, 266, 267, 285, 314, 463, 464Western societies113Sociology11, 22, 23, 50, 51, 114, 169, 178, 184, 187, 190, 191, 245, 288, 324Campbell’s law186social dominance theory1, 19, 20, 40, 159, 160, 168, 176, 211, 212, 239, 278, 282, 284, 285, 321, 339, 353, 387, 421, 422, 440, 454sociology of law52, 114, 206, 305, 351, 374system justification theory20, 40, 52, 168, 239, 267, 271, 284, 285, 286, 321, 339Solipsism344Somalia195Songwriters53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58Cooke, Sam235, 335Jackson, O’Shea54South Africa250, 281, 394, 401, 415, 416, 440, 451apartheid415Spain279Spermatozoa241Spinoza, Baruch236, 324, 389Statesideal libertarian state37minimal state31, 33, 37, 39small island nations30minimal statehood31minimalist state38, 39necessities for statehood30real statehood31redistributive state31Status quo2, 8, 26, 28, 35, 271, 285Staub, Ervin45, 46, 47, 48Stereotyping47, 284out-group stereotyping46Stowe, Harriet139Submissiveness256Subordination1, 4, 5, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 40, 44, 45, 53, 76, 97, 112, 116, 134, 135, 137, 159, 160, 168, 211, 213, 256, 271, 275, 277, 279, 306, 321, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 417, 418, 419, 421, 422, 431, 439, 440, 441, 446, 447, 456, 458, 459, 463Suffragewomen’s suffrage239SugarCuban sugar146Suicidal tendencies119, 390, 443Suicides27, 90, 172, 202, 203, 204, 205, 261police suicides201, 203, 204Superiority39, 88, 167, 182, 191, 197, 199, 213, 236, 335, 336, 338, 404, 419, 441moral superiority118Supernatural113, 351, 352Sweden168Syllabus229Symbolism67Syria63, 244, 416, 434Systemlegal system351, 352Systemsacademic system52autopoietic systems81, 86, 87, 208, 209, 436bodybuilders86concept of autopoiesis208martial artists86classification systems10, 180, 195, 227, 238, 270criminal justice systems1, 4, 16, 17, 18, 20, 27, 29, 31, 44, 52, 54, 57, 84, 85, 86, 97, 105, 107, 117, 121, 123, 135, 162, 169, 175, 201, 207, 210, 212, 218, 239, 248, 277, 279, 283, 284, 316, 322, 337, 353, 355, 356, 357, 358, 364, 401, 440, 442, 463definition of "system"235economic systems22, 37, 38, 82, 84, 98, 101, 102, 165, 168, 286, 310, 311, 312, 377laissez-faire capitalistic economic system38education systems87, 88, 89, 107, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 125, 139, 176, 209, 210, 273, 342, 426, 461colonial education systems111injustice, fraud, and unfairness110law schools166, 210, 461schools76, 94, 112, 114, 133, 134, 157, 166, 433financial systems95hierarchy attenuating systems4, 357hierarchy enhancing systems4, 282, 321, 357, 358, 455judicial systems33, 79, 87, 97, 210legal systems1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 35, 38, 39, 41, 43, 44, 50, 51, 52, 57, 58, 59, 62, 64, 68, 72, 76, 77, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 86, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 130, 132, 133, 135, 136, 140, 142, 143, 144, 146, 148, 151, 158, 159, 160, 162, 165, 166, 168, 169, 172, 173, 175, 176, 177, 178, 183, 187, 188, 189, 192, 195, 197, 201, 202, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 218, 223, 232, 233, 234, 238, 239, 242, 245, 246, 250, 259, 266, 267, 273, 274, 277, 279, 281, 286, 287, 289, 304, 305, 307, 308, 310, 312, 316, 318, 319, 321, 323, 326, 331, 342, 343, 344, 346, 347, 349, 352, 353, 355, 365, 371, 377, 382, 389, 391, 393, 401, 404, 406, 408, 412, 415, 417, 425, 428, 433, 435, 436, 440, 441, 443, 444, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465American legal system232artificial selection19, 405, 415, 421Australian legal system120, 121civil law78, 218, 232founding acts of legal systems119Islamic legal systems112Japanese legal system275legislative systems87mass media systems5, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 43, 53, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 79, 83, 84, 85, 87, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 100, 102, 123, 124, 133, 134, 136, 139, 147, 163, 189, 207, 209, 234, 240, 241, 244, 256, 257, 259, 260, 264, 265, 269, 274, 285, 320, 342, 347, 355, 356, 390, 418, 419, 420, 421, 431, 460, 461, 464, 465broadcasts11, 12, 13, 14, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 65, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 83, 87, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 122, 123, 124, 138, 241, 244, 257, 265, 268, 274, 320, 390, 418, 421, 462censorship53, 58, 73Hollywood14, 79, 243, 275media coverage70, 119media facilitates the wage of war102media outputs91media policy100newspapers59, 65, 84, 90, 91, 92political distractions62radio57, 70, 91, 92, 93, 250, 409scientific information59, 60violence in the media62medical systems82penal systems1, 5, 25, 27, 52, 66, 67, 93, 318, 341, 364, 378, 387, 440penalization18, 25, 29, 63, 95, 108, 143, 145, 159, 189, 305, 337, 378, 433penalizations25, 39, 40, 48, 80, 97, 128, 159, 218, 234, 273, 377, 401, 415, 433, 439financial penalties1, 25, 363, 437us penal system281political systems22, 44, 51, 82, 98, 100, 102, 130, 165, 210, 310, 323, 440, 461, 464, 465prison systems5, 105, 279, 280, 281, 441maximum security281private prisonsCorrections Corporation of America (CoreCivic)281, 283geo group281, 282Group 4 Securicor (G4S)281solitary confinements1state and federal prisons284World Prison Brief243, 280world prison population280, 281reconciliations of systems237social systems164, 184, 207, 209, 210, 311societal systems20, 29, 39, 40, 59, 64, 72, 80, 82, 92, 101, 102, 112, 127, 130, 142, 209, 233, 255, 282, 312, 336, 377, 432, 433, 435, 436, 438, 444, 460sustainable societal systems428system of thought80, 184, 197, 228, 231, 233, 234, 236, 237, 239, 284, 348, 369, 381, 385, 387systems based on wealth25systems of domination463systems of domination:169systems of subordination169systems of thoughtsubsystems of thought184, 230, 235terroristic systems24transportation systems109, 147Taboos412, 414, 458Tanzania254Technology69, 75, 76, 77, 171, 174, 179, 180, 182, 203, 212, 220, 244, 269, 365, 391, 396, 415, 434, 442robotics77transportation and healthcare technology112video recordings66Terrorism12, 23, 99, 178, 244, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 269, 273, 274, 287, 462Oklahoma City bombing265Testimonysworn testimony274Thales227Theism225, 228, 349Theories of perceptual cognition284Theory of motivation285, 286Thomas, Clarence174, 231Threatscontrolled threats4, 18, 49, 84, 90, 120, 322, 355, 356, 440death threats255institutionalized threats443orchestrated threats239threats of violence22, 27, 57, 60, 62, 126, 202, 273, 277, 421Torture13, 62, 79, 91, 102, 118, 185, 264, 355, 432Tunisia112Turmoilpolitical chaos45, 47political turmoil434states of insecurity124, 265, 266Tyler, Tom6, 29, 52, 53, 159, 188, 194, 195, 254, 287, 307Uganda433, 434, 435, 451Understandinghistorical understanding194understanding justice314Unemployment6, 41, 42, 99, 163, 426, 427, 441United Kingdom281, 283, 418, 458United Nations123, 394, 429charge of genocide against the usa123United States of America19, 26, 27, 45, 47, 49, 50, 51, 54, 56, 58, 61, 62, 73, 74, 78, 81, 96, 99, 100, 101, 116, 117, 118, 119, 122, 123, 124, 127, 132, 140, 141, 143, 146, 147, 160, 168, 169, 189, 195, 201, 202, 205, 212, 218, 231, 239, 243, 244, 257, 274, 275, 280, 281, 282, 283, 315, 353, 364, 365, 390, 391, 394, 406, 411, 413, 416, 418, 424, 425, 426, 441, 443, 446, 458, 459, 462Alabama124, 140, 141, 160, 162Arkansas124black drivers278Federal Bureau of Investigation (fbi)58, 119Federal Communication Commission61, 62Florida69, 248, 282, 420Indiana406Maryland73, 278, 279Massachusetts23, 84, 244Mississippi124Missouri234New York City41, 202, 244Texas26, 86, 147, 163, 315, 331The Pentagon244, 259United States Surgeon General62Units of measurement226, 252, 253, 272, 439Universities10, 11, 73, 110, 112, 114, 125, 135, 149, 166, 176, 182, 187, 191, 230, 246, 339, 402, 461Harvard University246, 462oldest university112professors125, 191, 229, 339, 461Urban areas429us Constitutionfirst amendment274Valuesfamily values38values of the ruling class134Van der Toorn, Jojanneke159Verdicts351American verdicts461guilty but insane212, 303, 331, 461guilty but mentally ill212not guilty but mentally ill213Scottish verdicts461not proven127, 327, 461Vices13, 14, 23, 89, 97, 110, 119, 178, 193, 254, 257, 259, 271, 294, 329, 332, 455Victimization106, 439ViewpointLegal viewpoint343, 344points of view180, 181, 182Violence1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 14, 23, 24, 25, 27, 32, 33, 35, 38, 39, 40, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 58, 59, 64, 86, 90, 91, 95, 100, 102, 122, 159, 170, 178, 185, 197, 209, 255, 258, 273, 274, 278, 286, 322, 328, 334, 377, 390, 417, 487anti-union violence49beatings54, 57, 65, 67, 68, 247causes of labor violence49causes of social conflict24causes of violenceemotionless calculations49child soldiers213, 432contingency theories of prolonged violence48control of violence2depictions of violence62depictions on tv62domestic violence326, 328, 329, 355, 390escalation of violence47, 393, 461excessive violence62extreme violence185, 419gang violence98, 157generation of violence47impulsive behaviors50, 64, 207increases in temperatures and violent crimes307increasing intensities and frequencies of violence399inherency theories49, 50inherency theories of prolonged violence48justifying violence48killings333labor violence49legitimization of violence63mercenaries49, 462moral principles that allow justifications of violence48origins of violence26overrepresentations of violence62preparing for and preventing violence68preventions of violence255prolonged violence48, 49, 58, 59, 276protests7, 24, 25, 49, 58, 63, 64, 67, 71, 150provocations24, 64, 257random violence49reducing societal violence27reducing violence1, 2, 4, 21, 22, 23, 24, 32, 59, 68, 92, 265, 273, 274, 276, 349, 357, 419, 460, 465reduction of violence2, 96, 253, 391residual violence59riots43, 57, 58, 63, 64, 67, 68, 71, 90, 112scapegoats45short outbursts of violence48signs of violencedismembering332dismemberment333sings of violencedismembering332social causes of violence355, 357, 460, 461, 462, 463social consequences of violence60social violence21, 208, 462spontaneous acts of violence27violence implemented by the law1violent acts1, 90, 102, 159, 239, 254, 309, 355, 418, 419, 432violent conflicts20, 21, 47, 72, 137, 394, 444, 447violent political acts48violent tendencies49, 119, 417, 432Virtues294, 296, 329, 410Visaswork visa272Votingexclusions from voting50restrictive laws on voting96voters9, 138, 140, 149, 157, 431War11, 14, 23, 41, 43, 45, 72, 95, 98, 99, 100, 102, 161, 178, 268, 275, 391, 396, 399, 444, 445, 448causes of war459civil war45, 99Cold War123cultural wars274frozen bank accounts275just war theory48pacifistic hesitators103preemptive attacks72waging war62war machine103war pigs3wwi46wwii275bombings of Pearl Harbor275obliteration of Nagasaki and Hiroshima275Waste management428sanitation worker157Watson, John331Ways of thinking6, 10, 11, 14, 23, 29, 49, 50, 51, 93, 97, 129, 149, 151, 152, 154, 167, 174, 184, 192, 193, 194, 195, 198, 201, 210, 233, 236, 240, 248, 250, 273, 292, 322, 344, 348, 365, 377, 379, 384actively thinking152argumentative ways of thinking50autobiographic thinking10, 193biographical thinking193biographical ways of thinking11, 193critical thinking7, 27, 172, 227, 230, 300, 325, 342, 365, 371dichotomous way of thinking107distorted ways of thinking129general ways of thinking of law130historical thinking193, 338ideological thinking61, 228, 352inhumane ways of thinking116legal thinking369legal ways of thinking139like-minded ways of thinking337limited thinking89metaphysical stances325problem-thinking183, 184, 197, 198, 229, 236, 237problem-thinkers236, 237recognitions2, 41, 50, 52, 53, 78, 87, 121, 124, 160, 163, 164, 170, 173, 195, 224, 226, 233, 235, 262, 267, 285, 291, 294, 298, 342, 343, 344, 375, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 448social thinking164socio-historic way of thinking11sociological imaginations6, 7, 8, 10, 42, 44, 59, 162, 193, 206sociological ways of thinking194systems of legal thought229, 240systems of thought44, 49, 183, 184, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 219, 225, 226, 228, 230, 231, 233, 235, 236, 238, 240, 301, 331, 339, 345, 351, 352, 368, 369, 388system-thinking184, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 236, 237, 388system-thinkers235, 236, 237typical ways of thinking130utopian ways of thinking50violent tendenciesvengefulness41, 259, 260, 265worldviews23, 103, 183, 184, 197, 201, 228, 428Wealth25, 41, 408maldistributions of wealth43, 266old wealth25Weaponry47, 56, 57, 79, 86, 95, 101, 102, 159, 161, 186, 234, 273, 421, 433firearms332nuclear weapons462Weber, Max161, 190, 339Witness54, 59, 77, 79, 80, 85, 105, 204, 205, 223, 299, 317, 327, 329, 331, 361Wolff, Christian236World Health Organization429World Trade Center69, 259World Wide Web75, 182Xi Jinping189X-rays359Yugoslavia47, 48, 71Zaire168Zambia250, 251, 417, 433, 434, 435

Beyond Legal Minds

Sex, Social Violence, Systems, Methods, Possibilities

Serie:

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Index Card

Kennzahlen

Kennzahlen

Insgesamt Im letzten Jahr In den letzten 30 Tagen
Aufrufe von Kurzbeschreibungen 0 0 0
Gesamttextansichten 31 31 1
PDF-Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB-Downloads 0 0 0

Verwandte Inhalte