Index of Authors

Abe Kin’ya78
Abe Kōbō19 , 144
Anderson, Benedict6 , 119n24
Andō Zenpachi140
Andrade, Oswaldo dexv , 262n42
Arendt, Hannah32
Ayrosa, Plínio262
Asazuma Kiyoshi205
Atsumi Kiyoshixviii
Azuma Atsuko272n2
Azumaya Sanraku316n2
Baba Kensuke320322 , 361
Bashō, Matsuo102
Benjamin, Walter130131
Brunnert, Klaus51n3
Buarque, Chico54n5
Claudel, Paul284
Cooper, Kenneth160n11
Costa, Angyone247
Daigo Masao163n13 , 333
DaMatta, Roberto54n5 , 296 , 297
de Freitas, Affonso A.248n17
Dekobō167
Derrida, Jacques32
Dickinson, Emily41
Dietrich, Wolf243
Eco, Umberto260
Endō Tadashige316n2
Franchetti, Aldo272
Freeman, Mark254
Friedrich, Caspar David291
Fujii Takuji228 , 230319n33
Fukuzawa Yukichi217
Funatsu Reisaku175n29
Furuno Kikuo121 , 172n25
Furuya Tsunatoshi32
Fuyōken Reika316n2
Hakuundō186188
Handa Tomo’o161n12 , 167 , 171173 , 202 , 345
Hasegawa Toshiko286290
Hayashi Yasuko272n2
Heidegger, Martin3132 , 51n3
Hibari, Misoraxviii
Higa Masanori166n17 , 173
Hirano Unpei332338
Hironaka Chikako3 , 65
Hishiyama Ohno285
Hofer, Johannes5253
Hori Ichirō2329
Hotta Nojō36 , 18 , 45, 184 185
Hugh of St. Victor29 , 30 , 32, 33 , 137
Ii Eiji205
Ikeda Yoshio257n36
Imai Kunie272n2
Imbassahy, Arthur273 , 283 , 284
Inoue Yoshikazu200
Inukai Tsuyoshi198n4
Iritsu Hajime185n37
Ishikawa Takuboku118
Ishikawa Tatsuzō7576
Itami Hideko315n1
Iwanami Kikuji6264 , 67 , 70 , 116117 , 119 , 127131
Jinmu, Emperor209
Jinnai Shinobu2629 , 4147
Jones, Sidney272
Kachūken Suigetsu (Hanada Noriyuki)315317
Kanzaki Yogorō207
Katō Shūichi198
Kawamura Minato168n22
Keller, Helen254
Kiepler, Jan288n37
Kimura Mohei333
Kiwa Teiko283286
Kiyoko280282
Koseki Tokuya41143 , 351–352n9
Kōyama Rokurōxvxvi , 99 , 240267
Kuki Shūzō60 , 61 , 64 , 65
Kuwabara Tadao333
Landman, Janet78
Léry, Jean de248n17 , 261n41
Levy, Robert56
Liao, Ping-hui291292
Loti, Pierre284
Maeyama Takashi6 , 33 , 55 , 98n22 , 191 , 192
Mahling, Christoph-Hellmut290292
Martinet, André168n21
Masaki Sasaichi327 , 328 330
Mascagni, Pietro272
Matsuda Shō230n32
Mauss, Marcel59
Melticovitz, Leopoldo291
Mendes, Manoel306
Messagers, André272
Miller, Roy Andrew242
Minemura Masataka141n30
Mita Munesuke11
Miura Saku98n22
Miura Tamaki272282
Miyahara Iwao314n1
Miyoshi Tatsuji45
Mizumoto Sumiko132134
Mizuno Ryō316
Mori Junkichi204
Motoori Norinaga214
Murai Osamu242243
Murakami Haruki33 , 34 , 118 , 159
Murakami Shigemi230n32
Murata Hideo315n1
Murō Saiseixi
Nagai Ryūtarō228
Nagata Taizō177
Nanbei Donshū313
Natsume Sōseki8
Ninomiya Sontoku217
Nishimuri Miwa161n11
Nogi Maresuke326n6 , 327 , 333335
Ogawa, Felicity307308
Ōhara Yutaka205
Oka Tadao257n36
Omoto Sei188189
Onaga, Midori311
Ozaki Yukio198n3
Ozu Yasujirō172n25
Pinkerton, F.B.273n7 , 274
Puccini, Giacomoxvi , 271 , 277 , 279 , 292
Ragusa Tama122
Sadayakko275n12
Said, Edwardxiv , 2930
Saigyō102
Saitō Mokichi62
Sakabe Megumi22
Sakai Shigeichi136
Sampaio, Theodoro246 , 256n35 , 262263
Satō Kinbei230n32
Satō Takumi200n5
Satō Tsunezō153154 , 172n25
Satō Yasuko200n5
Sayão, Bidu288n37
Schelling, Vivian262n42
Schipa, Tito288
Schwartz, Jonathan Matthew51 , 51n3 , 52
Shi Gang168n22
Shimaki Akahiko62
Shimomoto Kenkichi316
Stewart, Susan274 , 276
Sugino Magoshichi224
Suzuki Hideo159 , 163n14 , 174n27 , 178
Suzuki Takeshi228229
Suzuki Teijirō239240 , 329 , 330
Takemoto Yoshio233
Tamura Yukishige337342
Tanaka Keigo175176n29
Tawada Yōko31
Tenchūken Mangetsu (Sugawara Toranosuke)315318 , 332 , 337 , 338
Tōchūken Ungai313
Tōchūken Ungetsu316n2
Tōdō Akiyasu8
Tomioka Kōson188
Torino Shiroku151152
Tuan, Yi-Fu49
Uetsuka Shūheixvii , 240 , 324332
Vargas, Getúlio297
Varnhagen, Francisco Adolfo de260261
Veloso, Caetano295
Wallerstein, Immanuel280
Watanabe Tomosuke164165
Weinreich, Uriel168
Yaguello, Marina258
Yamakuchi Kazuko272n2
Yamauchi Kazutoyo224
Yanabu Akira9
Yanagita Kunio23 , 23n16 , 25
Yasuda Toshirō168n22
Yasunaga Takamichi231
Yokota Kyōhei189191
Yoshitani Kōzō353

Index of Place Names

Alvarez Machado205
Bastos12 , 301
Buenos Aires283
California93 , 138 , 204
Chinatown120
Fujisawaxvii
Hainan16
Hawaii93
Hiroshima310
Hokkaido243
Itacolomi324
Italy34 , 153 , 157 , 287
Karafuto (Sakhalin)68
Kashiwara257
Korea158 , 168 , 168n22
Kumamoto44 , 325
Kyushu153
Liberdade325
Lisbon283
Manchuria16 , 158 , 168 , 168n22 , 351
Maringá185
Mato Grosso343 , 346 , 361
Mongolia16 , 242
Munich176
Nagano26
Nagasaki310
Nanyō158
Nikkō31
North America138 , 139 , 164n14
Northern Territories168n22
Okinawa26 , 243
Paranáxi , 184185 , 188 , 210 , 231
Peru189
Poland287
Portugal176
Promissão203 , 206 , 208 , 324 , 327
Rio de Janeiro283 , 284 , 285 , 295297
Rome176
San Francisco204
Santos181 , 241
São Pauloxi , xviii , 7 , 8 , 14 , 31 , 42 , 86 , 124n24 , 139141 , 164n14 , 185 , 4 , 206 , 220 , 233 , 239 , 241 , 275n12 , 285 , 288 , 295312 , 323325 , 335 , 338
Shikoku310
Shinano (Nagano)26 , 117 , 127
Siberia242 , 332
Singapore168n22
South America16
Soviet Union68
Spain34 , 153 , 157 , 287
Sumatra16
Sweden287
Tahiti56
Taiwan120 , 168n22
Tokyo99 , 118 , 119 , 176 , 251
United States (U.S.)138 , 139 , 141 , 191n140
Yokohama241

Index of Subjects

absolutism25
“Academic Speech Arts Contest” (Gakugei Benron Taikai)220
acceptance (of Brazil)8791
affection153156 . jōai
affective science255
aging100105
“Aikokushin to bokokugo” [Patriotism and the Mother Tongue] (Furuya Tsunatoshi)32
“Aikyōshin no kōsatsu” [Some Thoughts on the Love of Home]136
All-Brazilian Nikkei Karaoke Associationxviii
All-Brazil Oratory Contest (1950)223
All-Brazil Speech Contest212 , 223
All-Brazil Young People’s Oratory League206
All-Brazil Youth League (Zenpaku Seinen Renmei)212 , 220 , 223 , 230
Anhanguera Nikkei Club304
Anti-prostitution movement222
Aoba205
assimilationxi , 57 , 84 , 87 , 91 , 106 , 113 , 135 , 136 , 157 , 168 , 171 , 230 , 282 , 286 , 287 , 299 , 301 , 308 , 335 , 351
compulsory1718
excessive300
linguistic37
non-assimilation124 , 171
policies of337
postwar efforts toward249
psychological103
resistance to301
spiritual103
Association of Japanese Students in São Paulo289
audience, addressing197238
Azuma Kirin124
Barroca Zona Sul307
Basque260
Bastos Colônia12
belated romanticism261265
(be)longing2123
Benshi-style” oration228
Billoro Company283 , 287
“Boats Stranded by the Tide”209210
bohimei (Epitaph)333
Bon Odori folk dance303, 305
borrowing
linguistic153n2 , 155 , 156
necessary173
nonce158
unnecessary173
Brazil Development Company (Burajiru Takushoku Kaisha)316 , 324, 325, 350
Brazil Federation of Japanese Language Schools (Hakkoku Nichigo Gakkō Rengōkai)232 , 234235
Brazilian Colonization Corporation (Bratac)303
Brazilian Indians261
Brejão League of Youth Associations205
“brocade threshold” (nishiki no shikii)96100
Buddhism27
Burajiru hōjin shokuminchi sōshisha Hirano Unpei kutō monogatari [Hirano Unpei, Founder of First Japanese Colony in Brazil: A Tale of Struggle and Toil]315
Burajiru jiho (Noticias do Brasil)279 , 211, 280, 325
Burajiru senryū81 , 88
“Burajiru shokumin aiwa” [A Tragic Tale of a Colony in Brazil]333
buried feelings5661
“Butterfly singers”xvi , 271294
exotic and national longings290293
Hasegawa Toshiko286290
as actress286289
as ideal Nisei289290
Kiwa Teiko283286
Loti’s Musume283284
as Oriental woman285286
Miura Tamaki272282
geisha 275–278. See also Geisha, The (Jones)
an ideal Japanese woman278282
cachaça (pinga)353356
Carnival295312
big carnival (grande carnaval)296
dancing in the salon302305
dancing in the street297298
ethnic identity and295312
history of296297
“Japonês” on parade305311
Nikkei participation in298302
small carnival (pequeno carnaval)296 , 297
Carmen271
Celtic260
Centro de Estudos Nipo-Brasileiros205
“Chega de saudade”54n5
Chichi wa daini no furusato e [Father Has Left for His Second Home]316n2
children’s speech contests232236
Chō-Chō-San271294
ciphers165166
class differentiation278n18
climate, addressing208211
code words165166
coincidence255257
colônia (koronia) consciousness, birth of1118
community language, Koronia-go as164166
Companhia Lírica Oficial288n37
compound homeland (kyōdo fukugō)2329
conceptual views of historyxvii , 320322
confusion153156
conservatism24
correspondence255257
cultural contact theory5
dancing
in the salon302305
in the street297298
Dark Valley14
death105109
Dekasegi-go193n41
Department of Tourism297, 305
desemantization259
dialect118 , 153 , 155 , 164 , 165 , 166n17 , 172n25 , 174n27 , 191n40 , 199 , 202 , 203 , 258n36 , 329
distance9396
dochaku-min (“indigenous people”)17
Don Pedro School for Nisei children232
E a paz volta a reinar231
“Education among the Second Generation”222n27
egalitarianism302
emotions xi, xiii–xiv, xix
hypocognized5657
of the immigrant36 , 8
Endō Shoten204
“Enshāda monogatari” [An Enxada Tale]188
“Enshāda no michi” [The Way of the Enxada]189
“Enshāda no oto o kikitsutsu” [While Listening to the Sound of the Enxada]188189
entertainment, oratory and206208
enxada (hoe)188191
epiphany, moment of252255
escolas de samba296297 , 305, 309
ethnicity244n8
ethnic trauma, new identity through248250
ethnocentrism23 , 141 , 145
exoticism290293
experience-based views of history xvii,320322
fantasies of resemblance242244
fantastic linguistics242244 , 265267
fatigue6568
feeling(s)
buried5661
weight of4861
“Festa da Música”262n42
First Amateur All-Brazil Rōkyoku Contest314
Flor da Penha306 , 307
foreign languages, “eventual sadness” of3334
foreign soil versus homeland2329
forgetting69
foundational myths261265
Fujin enzetsu shinan [Guide to Speech-Making for Women]222
furusato (home village) xi,8 , 21 , 23 , 24 , 26 , 41 , 43 , 46 , 47, 49 , 52 , 59 , 61 , 64–65 , 67 , 71 , 73 , 75 , 8789 , 103 , 105 , 106 , 108 , 109 , 119
“Futtobōru shiai” [A Game of Football]179
gaichi12, 17
Garca Youth Society207
GATGozar a Terra [Embrace the Land] (GAT) movement
Geisha, The (Jones)272
genba16
genchi1617
genchijin (local hires)17
ghosts and parrots229232
“Gikai no yūbenka” [Orators in the Diet]198n4
giri (duty, obligations)7, 183, 331
Gozar a Terra [Embrace the Land] (GAT) movement89 , 301, 316n2
grammar250269
Great Depression206
group identity xvi. See also in-group
group language166n17
Guarani245
Guaranta Young People’ Oratory Society207
Gulliver’s Travels274
haiku xiii–xiv, xix,10 , 57 , 69 , 184 , 241
Hakkoku-ban ono ga tsumi [My Sin: A Brazilian Version]316n2
Hasegawa Toshiko286290
as actress286289
as ideal Nisei289290
Hebrew258, 260
Hikari208209 , 212
Hirano Unpei (rōkyoku)319 , 436, 350 , 355
Hokusei nenkan [Northwest Almanac]334n8
homeland (kyōdo)
(be)longing2123
(re)creating2123
versus foreign soil2329
homesickness5157 , 59
catalysts for109136
Japanese films122123
Japanese food123131
Japanese language117122
Japanese things109113
letters113117
passports131136
conditions for92109
aging100105
“brocade threshold” and weight of expectation96100
death105109
distance9396
poverty9293
phases of6191
acceptance8791
indecisiveness8184
lingering attachments7174
longing6468
nostalgia6164
regrets7678
resignation8487
self-mockery7980
sour grapes7476
yearning6871
humble woman222228
hyōjō (expression)8
hypocognized emotions5657
identity construction265267
imaginary tribe239250
fantasies of resemblance and fantastic linguistics242244
lexical imagination244248
new identity through ethnic trauma248250
“imagined community”119
Imin no chichi ko Uetsuka Shūhei ō ketsurui monogatari [Tears of Blood: The Story of the Late Uetsuka Shūhei, father of Immigration to Brazil]315
Imin no Nihon kaiki undō [Immigration and the “Return to Japan” Movement] (Maeyama Takashi)55
iminshi (history of immigrants)19
Immigration Act of 1924 (U.S.)302
imperialism227, 286
improvisational ability157158
indecisiveness8184
infatuation166170
in-group language164166. See also group language
In Search of Lost Time131
inter-linguistic practice xiv–xiv
internationalism (kokusaishugi)282n26
inter-racial marriage306n19
Introdução á Arqueologia Brasileira (Costa)247
intuition250269
Iris (Mascagni)272 , 283
Iwanami Kikuji kashū103
Japanese films122123
Japanese food xiv,123131
Japanese language117122
Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs122
Japanese National Foundation Day203
Japanese things109113
Japanese Youth Association in São Paulo (San Pauro Seinen Renmei)303
“Japonês” on parade305311
Japonism285
jargon165
“jewelry box effect” (kasetto kōka)9
jijō (circumstances)8
jōai (romantic affection)7 , 9
jōcho (atmosphere)9
“Jōcho no keizu” [The Genealogy of Emotions] (Kuki Shūzō)60
jōdō (affect)7 , 9
jōhō (information)8
jōjin (paramour)7
jojō (lyric)7
jōkyō (conditions)8
jōnen (passion)9
Jornal do Brasil273
jōsei (circumstances)7
jōwa (romance)7
jōyoku (desire)9
Kachigumi (victory group) xii,12 , 14 , 81 , 89 , 140 , 154 , 171 , 201 , 211221 , 248 , 344 , 345
Kagayakigō212 , 213n14 , 225
Kagayakigōsha212
karaoke xviii
Kaririyon no kioku (Memories of Carillon Bells) (Jinnai Shinobu)42
Kasato-maru xi, xvi, xvii,239 , 241 , 299 , 306 , 315 , 342346
kimin (the abandoned)19, 89, 321
Kiwa Teiko283286
Loti’s Musume283284
as Oriental woman285286
kōdan storytelling198 , 200, 319
koikou (loving and longing)65
Kōki219
Kōkō tsuji-uranai [Filial Fortune-telling]327
“Kokugaku” (Japanese learning) school of scholarship118
Kokugo Shingikai (Council on the National Language)176
kongengo (“root words”)250 , 251
koronia xii,13 , 124 , 140 , 249 , 255
Koronia 50-nen no ayumi [Fifty Years of the Koronia]13
Koronia-go, birth and development of151194
confusion and affection153156
migration history156172
ABC of Koronia-go160163
infatuation with Portuguese166170
Koronia-go, as community language164166
language confusion170172
loanwords156159
attitudes toward loanwords173191
in the classroom175179
enxada (hoe)188191
mudança/moving179188
words that cannot be replaced with Japanese173175
“Koronia no Nihongo” [The Koronia and the Japanese Language]172n25
koronia rōkyoku20 , 315 , 316 , 318320 , 322324 , 357 , 362 , 363
Kusamakura (Natsume Sōseki)8
kusō (the nine stages of decomposition after death)109
kyōshū (longing for home), genealogy of48
buried feelings5661
homesicknesshomesickness
nostalgia to good account, turning136144
weight of feeling4861
La Bohème283 , 287
language
confusion170172
contact157 , 158
linguistic studies of153n2
conventional studies of155
in-group164166
lassitude65 , 67
Late Spring (Ozu Yasujirō)172n25
letters113117
lexical imagination244248
linguistic archaeology253
lingering attachments (miren)7174 , 77
linguistic borrowing153n2 , 155 , 156
linguistic isolation159
linguistic prestige168
linguistic resemblance251
linguistic studies of language contact153n2
loanwords151194
attitudes toward173191
in the classroom175179
enxada (hoe)188191
milho (corn)175179
mudança/moving179188
words that cannot be replaced with Japanese173175
loneliness (sabishisa)64 , 65
longing6468
“Love Note to My Ancestral Village, A”224
macro-nostalgia50n2
Madama Butterfly (Puccini) xvi,271 , 272n2 , 273 , 276 , 277 , 279 , 283 , 285 , 291
Madame Chrysanthème (Messager)272
Makegumi (acknowledgement group, defeat group) xii,12 , 81 , 140 , 141 , 154 , 209 , 212 , 248 , 344 , 345
Man’yōshū58 , 60
Manifesto Antropófago (Cannibal Manifesto)262n42
Marília Youth Association223
Medical Dissertation on Nostalgia (Hofer)5253
Meiji Restoration of 1868139 , 197 , 205
Melanesia242
“Members’ Self-Awareness”205
mental exhaustion67
mental fatigue, and homesickness66
milho (as a loan word)175179
Ministry for Colonial Affairs141144
Miura Tamaki272282
Geisha, The275278
as ideal Japanese woman278282
monogenetic hypothesis259261
monolingualism xiv
barrier of31 , 3441
Mori no yume [Jungle Dreams]333
mourning the dead356361
mudança/moving (as a loan word)179188
“Murasaki suishō” [Amethyst]156n5
Museu Histórico da Imigração Japonesa no Brasil xviii14 , 248
Musume (Loti)283284
“My Hopes for the Brejao League of Youth Associations”205
Naigai Shinbunsha212
Namiko-san (Franchetti)272
Nanbei no kōya ni sakebu [A Cry from the Plains of South America]231
Nanbei Shinpōsha206
Nanpō kaitakusha no shihyō [Guidelines for Pioneers to the South]141
National Diet198n4
nationalism197238 , 290293
native tongue3334
naturalization32 , 84 , 125 , 132 , 134136
necessary borrowings173
neologism22 , 161 , 241 , 250 , 255
Nezumi Kozō Jirokichi [Little Rat Jirokichi, the Hero Thief]316
Nihongo Contests237
“Nihongo wa doko e iku” [Whither Japanese?]151
Nihonjin [The Japanese] (Yanagita Kunio)23
Nihonjinron (“discourse of Japaneseness”)7 , 23
Nikkei participation, in São Paulo carnival298302
Nikkei perception of history322324
ninjō (“human feelings”)7
Ninshiki-ha (acknowledgement faction)Makegumi
“Nipo-Brasileiro” identity249
“Nippaku chanpongo” [Japanese-Brazilian Pidgin]170
Nippaku Kyōkai (Japan-Brazil Society)143n35
Nippaku mainichi shinbun32 , 187 , 228 , 314
Nippon Columbia316n2
“Nippon no kodomo” [Children of Japan] (Miyoshi Tatsuji)45
Nippon imin nanajūnen-shi [Seventy Years of Japanese Immigration]320
Nisei (second generation, youth)172n25 , 202208 , 221 , 225 , 227n27 , 289290 , 306
Nisei woman222228
“Noble Wish, A”205
Nodo jiman (singing contest)225
Nogi Shōgun to kōkō heishi [General Nogi and the Filial Soldier]327
Nōgyō no Burajiru [Agriculture in Brazil]113 , 181 , 202
nonce borrowings158
nostalgia (kyōshū, natsukashisa) xii, xiii,6 , 8 , 11 , 20 , 21 , 26 , 35 , 37 , 6164 , 101 , 119 , 125127
compared with masturbation141n30
to good account, turning136144
as “living thing”4856
macro-nostalgia50n2
“Nostalgia Is a Living Thing” (Kyōshū to iu ikimono)48
“Notification of Loss of Japanese Nationality” (Kokuseki Sōshitsu Todoke)134
Obon festival303
O Estado de São Paulo288
O exodo dos campos (The Exodus from the Fields)226
O-hanashi taikai (Talking Contests)221 , 233
omoi (longing, thinking)10 , 2223 , 54n5 , 68
onomatopoeia126
oratory contests, decline of236238
Orfeo ed Euridice (Gluck)272
Orientalism (Said)2930
origin of language, Japanese-Brazilian fantasy on239267
imaginary tribe239250
fantastic linguistics242244 , 265267
lexical imagination244248
new identity through ethnic trauma248250
grammar and intuition250267
belated romanticism and foundational myths261265
coincidence and correspondence255257
epiphany, moment of252255
fantastic linguistics and construction of identity265267
sound symbolism and monogenetic hypothesis259261
Tupi, as Ur-language257259
“Os Filhos do Sol Nascente: 70 Anos de Imigração” [Offspring of the Rising Sun: 70 Years of Immigration]306
Otoko wa tsurai yo [It’s Tough Being a Man] (Atsumi) xviii
O Tupi na geographia nacional246
Pan-Asianism286
passports131136
Paulista shinbun15 , 230 , 236
permanent residence, acceptance of322324
physical illness, and homesickness6667
physiognomy252
pining (koishisa)6466 , 68
“Plea for Strong Will from Young People, A”205
Polynesia242 , 253
poverty9293
prewar years, addressing audience in201208
oratory and entertainment206208
youth associations and oratory contests202206
psychology management141144
racial equality xvi,264 , 301 , 337342
rakugo storytelling198
(re)creating2123
regrets (kōkai)7678
remembrance6869
resemblance
fantasies of242244
linguistic251
resignation (akirame)8487
“Resolve of Colonists and Our Mission in the Face of Recession, The”206
“Resolve of Young Women, The”223
“Reviving Japanese Language Education”217
Rōkyoku Kasato-maru [The Kasato-maru: A Rōkyoku]315 , 342346
rōkyoku narrative ballads xvii,207 , 231 , 236 , 313363
heroes, creation of
experience-based and conceptual views of history320322
Hirano Unpei332337
Nikkei perception of history322324
permanent residence, acceptance of322324
Rōkyoku Kasato-maru342346
Tamura Yukishige337342
Uetsuka Shūhei324332
love of country and memoralization of dead346361
mourning356361
replacing sake with cachaça353356
second home347353
rōkyoku-shi313 , 314 , 316
Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905321
Sado jōwa [A Tragic Love Story of Sado Island]316
Sakuragumi Teishintai140
Salome271
“Sampa”295
Sanba no kuni ni enka ga nagareru [Enka in a Country of Samba] xviii
San Pauro yon-hyaku-nensai no uta [Song of the 400th Anniversary of São Paulo]86
Sanskrit260
São Paulo carnivalCarnival
São Paulo Rōkyoku Kyōkai317
satogokoro (heart/feelings for the village)52
saudade5455n5
“Second Generation and the Japanese Language, The”221
“Second-Generation Nisei Are Japanese Too”225
“Seres Tup”262n42
second home347353
secret languages165
Seishi sōsetsu yon-hyaku-nen no uta [400 Years Since the Founding of São Paulo]86
Seishū shinpō (Semanário de São Paulo)241
Seishū shinpō206207
Seitō (Bluestocking)222
seken (community)78
self-mockery7980
senryū10 , 19 , 20 , 37 , 40 , 57 , 58 , 69 , 79 , 80 , 86 , 96 , 113 , 181 , 182 , 184 , 185 , 186n37 , 202
shared consciousness1516
Shikishima257n36
Shindō Renmei55 , 140 , 212
Shinemaya Burajiru o yuku [Cinema-ya Goes around Brazil] (Hosokawa) xviii
shinjō (sentiment, feelings)7 , 9
Shin meikai kokugo jiten17 , 74 , 84
Shinnen-ha (faith faction)14
Shinto27 , 189
Shōkokumin bunka4
Shokumin no kagami Toshio shōnen [Paragon of the Colony: The Young Boy Toshio]316n2
short-term migrant workers (dekasegi)19
Shōwa Shinbunsha212
Sino-Japanese terms910
slang165
Society for the Promotion of the Japanese Language (Nihongo Fukyū Kyōkai)237
“Song of Farewell to Our Compatriots Leaving for Brazil, A”143
sound-based approach to language259
sound symbolism259261
sour grapes7476
South Pacific Mandate351
speech contests197238
prewar years201208
immediate postwar period208228
Kachigumi faction211221
women’s participation222228
postwar era228238
children’s speech contests232236
decline of oratory contests236238
ghosts and parrots229232
spiritual detachment30
St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre248n17
structural linguistics260
Tachikawa Bunko216
Taishō era171 , 199
Tamura Yukishige324 , 337342
Tamura Yukishige shōnen jidai [The Youth of Tamura Yukishige]315
tanka xiii,10 , 44 , 47 , 57 , 60 , 62 , 65 , 69 , 75 , 87 , 90 , 94 , 108 , 110 , 116 , 129 , 132 , 172n25
tender beginners, protection of2933
tender feelings (nasake/)711
texts for speech contests xv
Theatro Municipal de São Paulo273 , 275
Tiny Doll, The272275
Tōki ni arite tsukuru mono xi
Tōkyō Colony320
“Tokyo Ondo”304
Tokyo University of Foreign Studies332
Tomate to konpyūtā [Tomatoes and Computers]191
toponymy244248
totalitarianism25
“Tubitupy”262n42
Tupi, as Ur-language257259
Tupification259
Tupi ongo niemu no gogen imi de jinrui ongo kōsei ichion ichion o imi kansei kenkyū [An Investigation into Meaning: The Sense of Each Syllable in the Composition of Human Verbal Language Shown through Its Original Meaning in the Tupi Language, or Nhem]241 , 255 , 257 , 258 , 260 , 264265
Tupi tango-shū [The Tupi Lexicon] (Kōyama)241 , 244252 , 257n36 , 259 , 264
Turandot291
Uetsuka Shūhei317 , 319 , 354
unlooked-for permanent residence1821
unnecessary borrowings173
voice letters119
“Wareware no Nippongo” [Our Japanese]171
“We are Japanese” (Hotta Nojō)34
weight of expectation96100
“Well-Tempered Steel”216217
“Where You Live Should Be Your Home”136141
Women at the Window (Friedrich)291
World War II xii
Yagate kanashiki gaikokugo [The Eventual Sadness of Foreign Languages] (Kōdansha)3334
Yomiuri shinbun198199n4
Youth Association of the Alvarez Machado Colony205
youth associations, oratory contests of202206
Yūben199 , 200
Zenpaku [All Brazil] O-hanashi taikai233