Figures

  1. 1Japanese immigrants clearing forests in Aliança, Brazil. Source: Fujisaki, 1997, p. 95 104
  2. 2Country bar operated by Japanese immigrants, decorated with cherry blossoms imitating a Mt. Yoshino teahouse. Source: Fujisaki 1997, p. 85 112
  3. 3Enxadão (a type of hoe used for making furrows), enxada (grass-cutting hoe), foice (scythe), and machado (ax). Source: Handa 1986, p. 37 187
  4. 4Kōyama Rokurō with Uetsuka Shūhei. Source: Fujisaki 1997, p. 47 240
  5. 5Photograph of Miura Tamaki in Madama Butterfly. Private collection 273
  6. 6Kiwa Teiko in Madama Butterfly, detail from cover of Musical Courier dated 18 August 1927. Private collection 283
  7. 7Autographed postcard showing Hasegawa Toshiko as Madama Butterfly. Private collection 286
  8. 8Madama Butterfly poster by Leopoldo Metlicovitz, 1904. Source: Wikimedia Commons 291
  9. 9Carnival float in the form of a warship, made by a young women’s club in Bastos in the 1930s. Source: Zaihaku dōhō katsudō jikkyō, 1938. www.brasiliminbunko.com.br/IminBunko.CAPA.htm 301
  10. 10Carnival float in the form of the ship Bastos Maru, made by a merchant’s association in the 1930s. Source: Zaihaku dōhō katsudō jikkyō, 1938. www.brasiliminbunko.com .br/IminBunko.CAPA.htm 302
  11. 11Japanese immigrant women dancing to the folk song “Tokyo Ondo” in the 1930s. Source: Zaihaku dōhō katsudō jikkyō, 1938. www.brasiliminbunko.com.br/IminBunko.CAPA.htm 304
  12. 12Kachūken Suigetsu. Source: Koronia Geinōshi Hensan Iinkai 1986, p. 207 317
  13. 13Tenchūken Mangetsu. Source: Koronia Geinōshi Hensan Iinkai 1986, p. 206 318
  14. 14The Kasato-maru docked at the Port of Santos, São Paulo. Source: Zaihaku dōhō katsudō jikkyō, 1938. www.brasiliminbunko.com.br/IminBunko.CAPA.htm 343
  15. 15Memorial stone to Japanese immigrants in Guatapará. Source: Fujisaki, 1997, p. 37 359