Literature

A Bibliography

  • Abi-Saab, R., ‘The “General Principles” of Humanitarian Law according to the International Court of Justice’, 27 Int’l Rev. Red Cross 259, 367 (1987).

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  • Akehurst, M., ‘Equity and General Principles of Law’, 25 Int’l & Comp. L.Q. 4, 801 (1976).

  • Andenæs, M., and Leiss, J. R., ‘The Systematic Relevance of “Judicial Decisions” in Article 38 of the icj Statute’, 77 ZaöRV, 907 (2017).

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  • d’Aspremont, J., ‘The Idea of “Rules” in the Sources of International Law’, 84 Brit. Y. Int’l L. 1, 103 (2014).

  • d’Aspremont, J., ‘What was not meant to be: General Principles of Law as a Source of International Law’, in Pisillo Mazzeschi and De Sena (eds), Global Justice, Human Rights, and the Modernization of International Law (Cham: Springer, 2018).

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  • Bassiouni, M. C., ‘A Functional Approach to “General Principles of International Law”’, 11 Mich. J. Int’l L. 768 (1990).

  • Berry, D. S., Caribbean Integration Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).

  • Besson, S., and d’Aspremont, J., ‘The Sources of International Law: An Introduction’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Brett, A. S., ‘Sources in the Scholastic Legacy: The (Re)Construction of the Jus Gentium in the Second Scholastic’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Bretzke, J. T., Consecrated Phrases: A Latin Theological Dictionary; Latin Expressions Commonly Found in Theological Writings Third Edition (Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2013).

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  • Brierly, J. L., ‘The General Principles of Law as Applied by International Tribunals to Disputes on Attribution and Exercise of State jurisdiction by A. M. Stuyt’, 23 Int’l Affairs 3, 394 (1947).

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  • Brown Scott, J., ‘Advancement of international Law Essential to an International Court of Justice’, 15 Proc. Am. Soc. Int’l L. Ann. Mtg. 21 (1921).

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  • Cheng, B., General Principles of Law as Subjects for International Codification’, 4 Current Legal Problems 1, 35 (1951).

  • Cheng, B., General Principles of Law as Applied by International Courts and Tribunals (London: Stevens & Sons, 1953; reprinted by Cambridge University Press, 1987).

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  • Đorđeska, M., ‘General principles of law recognized by civilized nations: method, inductive-empirical analysis and (more) ‘scientific’ results’, in Deplano (ed.), Pluralising International Legal Scholarship: The Promise and Perils of Non-Doctrinal Research Methods (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, forthcoming).

  • Elias, O., and Lim, C., ‘“General Principles of Law”, “Soft” Law and the Identification of International Law’, xxviii Neth. Y. Int’l L. 3 (1997).

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  • Fellmeth, A. X., and Horwitz, M., Guide to Latin in International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).

  • Fitzmaurice, G., ‘The Future of Public International Law and of the International Legal System in the Circumstances of Today’, First Part of an Abstract of a Special Report, Institute of International Law (Rome, 1973).

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  • Fitzmaurice, G., The Law and Procedure of the International Court of Justice : Volume 2 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

  • Fitzmaurice, M., ‘The History of Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Fitzmaurice, M., ‘Customary Law, General Principles, Unilateral Acts’, in Sobenes Obregon and Samson (eds), Nicaragua Before the International Court of Justice: Impacts on International Law (Cham: Springer, 2018).

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  • Francioni, F., ‘Equity in International Law’, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (2013).

  • Fullbrook, E., ‘To observe or not to observe: Complementary pluralism in physics and economics ’, Real-world Econ. Rev. 62 (2012).

  • Gaja, G., ‘General Principles of Law’, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (2013).

  • García-Salmones Rovira, M., ‘Sources in the Anti-Formalist Tradition’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Greenwood, C., ‘Sources of International Law: An Introduction’, United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law (2008).

  • Haggenmacher, P., ‘Sources in the Scholastic Legacy: Ius Naturae and Ius Gentium Revisited by Theologians’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Herczegh, G., General Principles of Law and the International Legal Order (Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1969).

  • Honoré, A. M., ‘General Principles of Law by Giorgio Del Vecchio and Felix Forte’, 9 Philosop. Q. 36, 281 (1959).

  • Houben, P. H., ‘Principles of International Law Concerning Friendly Relations and Co-Operation Among States’, 61 Am. J. Int’l L. 3, 703 (1967).

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  • Hudson, M. O., The Permanent Court of International Justice, 1920–1942: A Treatise (New York: Macmillan Co., 1943).

  • Jennings, R. Y., and Watts, A., Oppenheim’s International Law: Volume 1 Peace (9th edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

  • Kaufman Hevener, N., and Mosher, S. A., ‘General Principles of Law and the un Covenant on Civil and Political Rights’, 27 Int’l & Comp. L. Q. 3, 596 (1978).

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  • Kleinlein, T., ‘Customary International Law and General Principles: Rethinking Their Relationship’, in Lepard (ed.), Reexamining Customary International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017).

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  • Kohen, M., and Schramm, B., ‘General Principles of Law’, Oxford Bibliographies (2013).

  • Kotuby, C., and Sobota, L., General Principles of Law and International Due Process (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

  • Kotzur, M., ‘Ex Aequo et Bono’, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (2009).

  • Kozłowski, A., ‘Systematicity of General Principles of (International) Law – An Outline’, Polish Y. Int’l L. (Polish Academy of Sciences Institute of Law Studies and the Committee on Legal Sciences, 2017).

  • Kunz, J. L., ‘The General Principles of Law by A.M. Stuyt’, 41 Am. J. Int’l L. 2, 487 (1947).

  • Kwiecień, R., ‘General Principles of Law: The Gentle Guardians of Systemic Integration of International Law’, Polish Y. Int’l L. (Polish Academy of Sciences Institute of Law Studies and the Committee on Legal Sciences, 2017).

  • Lauterpacht, H., ‘Spinoza and International Law’, 8 Brit. Y.B. Int’l L. 89 (1927).

  • Lauterpacht, H., Private Law Sources and Analogies of International Law: With Special Reference to International Arbitration (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1927).

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  • Lepard, B. D., Customary International Law: A New Theory with Practical Applications (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

  • Lesaffer, R., ‘Sources in the Modern Tradition: The Nature of Europe’s Classical Law of Nations’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Lloyd-Jones, D., ‘General principles of law in international law and common law’, Speech at Conseil d’État, Paris (2018) <https://www.supremecourt.uk/docs/speech-180216.pdf >.

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  • McCormack, T. L. H., ‘A non liquet on nuclear weapons: The icj avoids the application of general principles of international humanitarian law’, 37 Int’l Rev. Red Cross 316, 76 (1997) <https://www.icrc.org/en/international-review/article/non-liquet-nuclear-weapons-icj-avoids-application-general-principles>.

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  • Mendelson, M. H., ‘Practice, Propaganda and Principle in International Law’, 42 Current Legal Problems 1 (1989) <https://doi.org/10.1093/clp/42.1.1>.

  • Mendelson, M. H., ‘The International Court of Justice and the sources of international law’, in Lowe and M Fitzmaurice (eds), Fifty Years of the International Court of Justice: Essays in Honour of Sir Robert Jennings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

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  • Mendelson, M. H., ‘The Formation of Customary International Law’, offprint from the Recueil des Cours de l'Académie de La Haye en ligne, Volume 272 (1998) (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 1999).

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  • Oppenheim, L., The Future of International Law (New York: Humphrey Milford, 1921).

  • Paparinskis, M., ‘Conclusions: General Principles and the Other Sources of International Law’, in Andenæs, Fitzmaurice, Tanzi and Wouters (eds), General Principles and the Coherence of International Law (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 2019).

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  • Parry, C., The Sources and Evidences of International Law (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1965).

  • Pellet, A., ‘Article 38’, in Zimmerman, Oellers-Frahm, Tomuschat and Tams (eds), The Statute of the International Court of Justice: A Commentary (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).

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  • Raimondo, F. O., General Principles of Law in the Decisions of the International Criminal Courts and Tribunals (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 2008).

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  • Raimondo, F. O., ‘General Principles of Law, Judicial Creativity, and the Development of International Criminal Law’, in Darcy and Powderly (eds), Judicial Creativity and the Development of International Criminal Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2011).

  • Redgwell, C., ‘General Principles of International Law’, in Vogenauer and Weatherill (eds), General Principles of Law: European and Comparative Perspectives (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2017).

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  • Reinisch, A., ‘Sources of International Organizations’ Law: Why Custom and General Principles are Crucial’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Restatement (Third) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States (1987).

  • Rosenne, S., ‘Permanent Court of International Justice (pcij)’, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (2006).

  • Saganek, P., ‘General Principles of Law in Public International Law’, Polish Y. Int’l L. (Polish Academy of Sciences Institute of Law Studies and the Committee on Legal Sciences, 2017).

  • Schachter, O., International Law in Theory and Practice: Developments in International Law (Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, 1991).

  • Schlesinger, R. B., ‘Research on the General Principles of Law Recognized by Civilized Nations’, 51 Am. J. Int’l L. 4, 734 (1957).

  • Schwarzenberger, G., ‘The Fundamental Principles of International Law’, offprint from the Recueil des Cours de l'Académie de La Haye en ligne, Volume 087 (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 1955).

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  • Skomerska-Muchowska, I., ‘Some Remarks on the Role of General Principles in the Interpretation and Application of International Customary and Treaty Law’, Polish Y. Int’l L. (Polish Academy of Sciences Institute of Law Studies and the Committee on Legal Sciences, 2017).

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  • Spiermann, O., ‘“Who attempts too much does nothing well”: The 1920 Advisory Committee of Jurists and the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice’, 73 Brit. Y. of Int’l L. 1 (2003).

  • Spiermann, O., ‘The History of Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice: “A Purely Platonic Discussion”?’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Sykes, K., ‘“Nations Like unto Yourselves”: An Inquiry into the Status of a General Principle of International Law on Animal Welfare’, 49 Canadian Y. Int’l L. 3 (2011).

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  • Thirlway, H., The Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).

  • Thirlway, H., The International Court of Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).

  • Tunkin, G., ‘Is General International Law Customary Law Only?’, 4 Eur. J. Int’l L. 4, 534 (1993).

  • de Vattel E., The Law of Nations, Or, Principles of the Law of Nature, Applied to the Conduct and Affairs of Nations and Sovereigns, with Three Early Essays on the Origins and Nature of Natural Law and on Luxury (1797, reprinted and edited by Liberty Fund, 2008).

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  • Voigt, C., ‘The Role of General Principles in International Law and their Relationship to Treaty Law’, 2 Retfærd Årgang 121 (2008).

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  • Weatherall, T., Jus Cogens: International Law and Social Contract (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

  • de Wet E., ‘Judicial Review as an Emerging General Principle of Law and its Implications for the International Court of Justice’, xlvii Neth. Int’l L. Rev. 181 (2000).

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  • Wheaton, H., Elements of International Law: With a Sketch of the History of the Science (Philadelphia: Carey, Lea and Blanchard, 1836).

  • White, M., ‘Equity: A General Principle of Law Recognized by Civilized Nations?’, 4 L. & Justice J. 1, 103 (2004).

  • Wouters, J., Coppens, D., and Geraets, D., ‘The Influence of general principles of law’, in Gaines, Egelund Olsen and Engsig Sørensen (eds), Liberalising Trade in the eu and the wto (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).

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  • Yotova, R., ‘Challenges in the Identification of the “General Principles of Law Recognized by Civilized Nations”: The Approach of the International Court’, 3 Can. J. Comp. & Contemp. L. 269 (2017).

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B Further Reading

Listed by language, with unofficial translations

English

  • Abi-Saab, G., ‘The Newly Independent States and the Rules of International Law: An Outline’, Howard L.J. 8, 95 (1962).

  • Akehurst, M., ‘Note: The Hierarchy of the Sources of International Law’, 47 Brit. Y Int’l L. 273 (1977).

  • Alexy, R., ‘Formal principles: Some replies to critics’, icon 12, 511 (2014).

  • Alpa, G., ‘General Principles of Law’, 1 Ann. Surv. Int'l & Comp. L. 1 (1994).

  • Anghel, E., ‘General Principles of Law’, Scientia Int’l J. 120 (2016).

  • d’Argent, P., ‘Sources and the Legality and Validity of International Law: What makes Law “International”?’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • d’Aspremont, J., Formalism and the Sources of International Law: A Theory of the Ascertainment of Legal Rules (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).

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  • d’Aspremont, J., ‘The Permanent Court of International Justice and Domestic Courts: A Variation in Roles’, in Tams and M Fitzmaurice (eds), Legacies of the Permanent Court of International Justice (Leiden: Brill, 2013).

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  • d’Aspremont, J., ‘Sources in Legal-Formalist Theories: The Poor Vehicle of Legal Forms’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • d’Aspremont, J., ‘The International Court of Justice, the Whales, and the Blurring of the Lines between Sources and Interpretation’, 27 Eur . J. Int’l L. 4, 1027 (2017).

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  • Baxi, U., ‘Sources in the Anti-Formalist Tradition: “That Monster Custom, Who Doth All Sense Doth Eat”’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Bentham, J., ‘Principles of International Law’, in Bowring (ed.), The Works of Jeremy Bentham (1843).

  • Besson, S., ‘Theorizing the Sources of International Law’, in Besson and Tasioulas (eds), The Philosophy of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).

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  • Besson, S., ‘Sources of International Human Rights Law: How General is General International Law?’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Bjorge, E., ‘Public Law Sources and Analogies of Public International Law’, 49 Victoria University of Wellington L. Rev. 533 (2018).

  • Bogdan, M., ‘General Principles of Law and the Problem of Lacunae in the Law of Nations’, 46 Nordic J. Int’l L. (1977).

  • von Bogdandy A., and Venzke, I., ‘Beyond Dispute: International Judicial Institutions as Lawmakers’, in von Bogdandy and Venzke (eds), International Judicial Lawmaking (Berlin: Springer, 2012).

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  • von Bogdandy A., and Venzke, I., ‘On the Democratic Legitimation of International Juridical Lawmaking’, in von Bogdandy and Venzke (eds), International Judicial Lawmaking (Berlin: Springer, 2012).

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  • Borchard, E. M., ‘The Law of Responsibility of States for Damage Done in their Territory to the Person or Property of Foreigners’, 23 Am. J. Int’l L. 2, 131 (1929).

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  • Borelli, S., ‘The (Mis)-Use of General Principles of Law: Lex Specialis and the Relationship Between International Human Rights Law and the Laws of Armed Conflict’, in Pineschi (ed.), General Principles of Law: The Role of the Judiciary (Cham: Springer, 2015).

  • Bos, M., ‘The Recognized Manifestations of International Law: A New theory of “Sources”’, 20 German Y. Int’l L. 9 (1977).

  • Brown Scott, J., The Project of a Permanent Court of International Justice and Resolutions of the Advisory Committee of Jurists (Washington DC: The Endowment, 1920).

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  • Brownlie, I., ‘Some Questions Concerning the Applicable Law in International Tribunals’, in Makarczyk (ed.), Theory of International Law at the Threshold of the 21st Century: Essays in Honour of Krzysztof Skubiszewski (The Hague: Kluwer law International, 1997).

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  • Cameron, J., and Gray, K. R., ‘Principles of International Law in the wto Dispute Settlement Body’, 50 Int’l & Comp . L.Q. 2, 248 (2001).

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  • Carlevaris, A., ‘General Principles of Commercial Law and International Investment Law’, in Andenæs, Fitzmaurice, Tanzi and Wouters (eds), General Principles and the Coherence of International Law (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 2019).

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  • Carpanelli, E., ‘General Principles of International Law: Struggling with a Slippery Concept’, in Pineschi (ed.), General Principles of Law: The Role of the Judiciary (Cham: Springer, 2015).

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  • Carty, A., and Baka, A. I., ‘Sources in the Meta-History of International Law: From Liberal Nihilism and the Anti-Metaphysics of Modernity to an Aristotelian Ethical Order’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Cassese, A., ‘The Contribution of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia to the Ascertainment of General Principles of law Recognized by the Community of Nations’, in Yee and Tieya (eds), International Law in the Post-Cold War World: Essays in Memory of Li Haopei ( London: Routledge, 2001).

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  • Castellarin, E., ‘General Principles of eu Law and General International Law’, in Andenæs, M Fitzmaurice, Tanzi and Wouters (eds), General Principles and the Coherence of International Law (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 2019).

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  • Charney, J. I., ‘Universal International Law’, 87 Am. J. Int’l L. 529 (1993).

  • Charney, J. I., ‘International Lawmaking-Article 38 of the icj Statute Reconsidered’, in Delbrück (ed.), New Trends in International Lawmaking: International ‘Legislation’ in the Public Interest, Proceedings of an International Symposium of the Kiel Walter-Schücking-Institute of International law March 6 to 8, 1996 (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1997).

  • Collins, R., ‘Sources and the Legitimate Authority of International Law: A Challenge to the “Standard View”?’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • O’Connell, M. E., and Day, C. M., ‘Sources and the Legality and Validity of International Law: Natural Law as Source of Extra-Positive Norms’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Corbett, P. E., ‘The Search for General Principles of Law’, 47 Virginia L. Rev. 5, 811 (1961).

  • Costelloe, D., ‘The Role of Domestic Law in the Identification of General Principles of Law under Article 38(1)(c) of the Statute of the International Court of Justice’, in Andenæs, Fitzmaurice, Tanzi and Wouters (eds), General Principles and the Coherence of International Law (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 2019).

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  • Danilenko, G. M., Law-making in the International Community (Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993).

  • von Daniels D., ‘Sources and the Normativity of International Law: A Post-foundational Perspective’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • De Vanna, F., ‘The “Doctrine of Principles” in Neo-Constitutional Theories and the Principle of Reasonableness in Action’, in Pineschi (ed.), General Principles of Law: The Role of the Judiciary (Cham: Springer, 2015).

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  • De Witte, B., ‘Sources and the Subjects of International Law: The European Union’s Semi-Autonomous System of Sources’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Deák, F., ‘General principles of law and the international legal order by Geza Herczegh’, 64 Am. J. Int’l L. 5, 977 (1970).

  • Degan, V. D., ‘General Principles of Law (A Source of General International Law)’, 3 Finnish Y. Int'l L. 1 (1992).

  • Dhont, N., ‘Environmental Law Principles and the Case Law of the Court of Justice’, in Sheridan and Lavrysen (eds), Environmental Law Principles in Practice (Brussels: Bruylant, 2002).

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  • Dupuy, P. M., ‘Formation of Customary International Law and General Principles’, in Bodansky, Brunnée and Hey (eds), The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

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  • Dworkin, R., ‘Judicial Discretion’, 60 J. of Phil. 21, 624 (1963).

  • Ellis, J., ‘General Principles and Comparative Law’, 22 Europ . J. Int’l L. 4, 949 (2011).

  • Enabulele, A. O., ‘The avoidance of non liquet by the International Court of Justice, the completeness of the sources of international law in Article 38(1) of the Statute of the Court and the role of judicial decisions in Article 38(1)(d)’, 38 Commonwealth Law Bulletin 4 (2012).

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  • Fitzmaurice, G., ‘Some Problems Regarding the Formal Sources of International Law’, Symbolae Verzijl 153 (1958).

  • Fitzmaurice, G., ‘The General Principles of International Law Considered from the Standpoint of the Rule of Law’, offprint from the Recueil des cours de l'Académie de La Haye en ligne , Volume 092 (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 1957).

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  • Fitzmaurice, G., ‘The Law and Procedure of the International Court of Justice, 1951–54: General Principles and Sources of Law’, 30 Brit. Y . Int’l L. 1 (1953).

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  • Fitzmaurice, M., ‘Conclusions: General Principles and Developing Areas of International Law’, in Andenæs, Fitzmaurice, Tanzi and Wouters (eds), General Principles and the Coherence of International Law (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 2019).

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  • Fitzmaurice, M., and Tams, C. J., ‘Introduction’, in Tams and M Fitzmaurice (eds.), Legacies of the Permanent Court of International Justice (Leiden: Brill, 2013).

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  • Ford, C. A., ‘Judicial Discretion in International Jurisprudence: Article 38/1(c) and “General Principles of Law”’, 5 Duke J. Comp & Int’l L. 35 (1994).

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  • Franconi, F., ‘General Principles Applicable to International Cultural Heritage Law’, in Andenæs, M Fitzmaurice, Tanzi and Wouters (eds), General Principles and the Coherence of International Law (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 2019).

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  • Freeman Jalet, F. T., ‘The Quest for the General Principles of Law Recognized by Civilized Nations – A Study’, 10 ucla L. Rev. 1041 (1962–1963).

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  • Friedmann, W., ‘The Uses of “General Principles” in the Development of International Law’, 57 Am. J. Int’l L. 2, 279 (1963).

  • Gaillard, E., ‘Use of General Principles of International Law in International Long-Term Contracts’, Int’l Business Lawyer 27, 214 (1999).

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  • Gaja, G., ‘General Principles in the Jurisprudence of the icj’, in Andenæs, Fitzmaurice, Tanzi and Wouters (eds), General Principles and the Coherence of International Law (Leiden: Brill/Nijhoff, 2019).

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  • Gaurier, D., ‘Sources in the Modern Tradition: An Overview of the Sources in the Classical Works of International Law’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Gianluigi, P., ‘Principles and Disagreements in International Law (with a View from Dworkin’s Legal Theory)’, in Pineschi (ed.), General Principles of Law: The Role of the Judiciary (Cham: Springer, 2015).

  • Goldmann, M., ‘Sources in the Meta-Theory of International Law: Exploring the Hermeneutics, Authority, and Publicness of International Law’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Guidice, M., ‘Sources and the Systematicity of International Law: A Philosophical Perspective’, in Besson and d’Aspremont (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

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  • Guillame, G., ‘The Future of International Judicial Institutions’, 44 Int’l & Comp. L . Q. 848 (1995).

  • Gutteridge, H. C., ‘The Meaning and Scope of Article 38(1)(c) of the Statute of the International Court of Justice’, 38 Transactions of the Grotius Society 125 (1952).

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  • Hanessian, G., ‘“General Principles of Law” in the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal’, 27 Colum. J. Transnat’l L. 309 (1988–1989).

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  • Kohen, M. G., ‘Les Principes Généraux du Droit International de l’Eau à la lumière de la Jurisprudence Récente de la Cour Internationale de Justice’ [General principles of international water law in light of recent jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice], L’eau en droit international: Colloque d’Orléans (Pédone, 2011), at 91108.

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  • Kolb, R., ‘La bonne foi en droit international public: Contribution à l'étude des principes geneaux de droit’ [Good faith in public international law: Contribution to the study of the principles of law], Thèse pour le doctorat (1999).

  • Oraison, A., ‘La Cour Internationale de Justice, l’Article 38 de son Statut et les Principes Généraux: La stratégie sectorielle de neutralité mise en oeuvre par l’organe judiciaire principal des Nations Unies’ dans le domaine de la formulation des principes généraux’ [International Court of Justice, Article 38 of its Statute and General Principles: The sectoral strategy of neutrality implemented by the principal judicial organ of the United Nations in the field of the formulation of the general principles], Revue de Droit International, de Sciences Diplomatiques et Politiques 80 (2000), at 103– 136.

  • Pellet, A., ‘Recherche Sur Les Principles Generaux de Droit En Droit International’ [Research on the General Principles of Law in International Law], Thèse pour le doctorat (1974).

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  • PGD: de et pas du’ [General principles of law], in: Dictionnaire des idées reçues en droit international (Paris: Pédone, 2017), at 433–438.

  • Rousseau, C., ‘Principes Généraux du Droit International Public: Tome i’ [General principles of public international law, Volume i] (Paris: Pédone, 1944).

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  • Samson, B., ‘Les clauses parapluies dans le droit international des investissements étrangers’ [Umbrella clauses in international investment law], Paris Nanterre, Thèse pour le doctorat (forthcoming).

  • Virally, M., ‘Le Rôle des “Principes” dans le Développement du Droit International’ [The role of ‘principles’ in the development of international law], Recueil d‘Etudes de Droit International en hommage à Paul Guggenheim (Guggenheim ed., Institut universitaire de hautes études internationales, 1968), at 531–554.

  • Vitanyi, B., ‘Les Positions Doctrinales concernant le Sens de la Notion de “Principes Généraux de Droit Reconnus par les Nations Civilisées” [Doctrinal positions concerning the meaning of the notion ‘general principles of law recognised by civilised nations’], Revue Générale de Droit International Public lxxxvi (1936), at 48116.

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  • Verdross, A., ‘Les Principes Généraux du Droit dans la Jurisprudence Internationale’ [General principles of law in international jurisprudence], Recueil des Cours de l'Académie de La Haye en ligne Tome 52 (1935), at 195–225.

German

  • von Arnauld A., ‘Rechtsangleichung durch allgemeine Rechtsgrundsätze? Europäisches Gemeinschaftsrecht und Völkerrecht im Vergleich’ [Approximation of laws by general principles? European Community and international law compared], in: Rechtsangleichung: Grundlagen, Methoden und Inhalte (Riesenhuber, Takayama eds, Springer, 2006), at 247–262.

  • Weiss, W., ‘Allgemeine Rechtsgrundsätze des Völkerrechts’; [General legal principles of international law], Archiv des Völkerrechts 39 (2001), at 383431.

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Hebrew

  • Rosenne, S., בנבכי המשפט הבינלאומי [In the depths of international law], The Perplexities of Modern International Law: Revised and Updated Hebrew-Israeli Edition (2012), at 41–44.

  • Shany, Y., and Ben Naftali, V., המשפט הבינלאומי בין מלחמה לשלום [International Law Between War and Peace] (2006), at 399–404.

Italian

  • Battaglini, G., ‘Il Riconoscimento Internazionale dei Principi Generali del Diritto’ [The international recognition of general principles of law], Il diritto internationale al tempo della sua codificazione (Milan: Dott. A. Giuffrè Editore, 1987), at 97–140.

  • Benvenuti, P., ‘Principi generali del diritto, giurisdizioni internazionali e mutazioni sociali nella vita di relazione internazionale’ [General principles of law, international jurisdiction and social mutations in the life of international relations], Studi di Diritto Internazionale in onore di Gaetano Arangio-Ruiz, Volume 1. (Gaetano Arangio-Ruiz ed., Editoriale Scientifica, 2004), at 295–312.

Polish

  • Bierzanek, R., ‘Studia nad społecznością międzynarodową. Źródła prawa międzynarodowego’ [Studies on the international community. Sources of international law], University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska (Lublin, 1991), at 44 et seq.

  • Bierzanek, R., and Symonides, J., ‘Prawo międzynarodowe publiczne’ [Public international law], wp pwn (Warszawa, 2003), at 115.

  • Bierzanek, R., Jakubowski, J., and Symonides, J., ‘Prawo międzynarodowe i stosunki międzynarodowe’ [International law and international relations], Prawo międzynarodowe publiczne (Warszawa, 1980), at 89.

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  • Czapliński, W., and Wyrozumska, A., ‘Prawo międzynarodowe publiczne. Zagadnienia systemowe’ [Public international law. Systemic issues] (Warszawa, 2004), at 1 and 79 et seq.

  • Gilas, J., ‘Zasady ogólne prawa w pracach Międzynarodowego Trybunału Sprawiedliwości’ [General principles of law in the work of the International Court of Justice], Zeszyty Naukowe umk vi.

  • Jasudowicz, T., ‘O zasach ogólnych prawa uznanych przez narody cywilizowane – garść refleksij’ [On the general principles of law recognised by civilised nations – a handful of reflections], in: Pokój i sprawiedliwość przez prawo międzynarodowe: zbiór studiów z okazji 60 rocznicy urodzin profesora Janusz Gilasa (Cezary Mik (ed.), Toruń, 1997), at 141 et seq.

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  • Kalisz, A., ‘Orzekanie z udziałem zasad ogólnych jako droga do zapewnienia aksjologicznej skuteczności stosowania prawa unijnego – uwagi teoretycznoprawne na tle wyroku Kücükdeveci’ [Adjudication involving general principles as a way to ensure the axiological effectiveness of the application of eu law – theoretical remarks on the background of the Kücükdeveci judgment], in: Zapewnienie efektywności orzeczeń sądów międzynarodowych w polskim porządku prawnym (Ensuring the efficiency of international court decisions in the Polish legal order) (Wróbel (ed.), 2011), at 465476.

  • Klafkowski, A., ‘Prawo międzynarodowe publiczne’ [Public international law], Państwowe Wydawnictwa Naukowe (2nd ed., Warszawa, 1966), at 35.

  • Maliszewska-Nienartowicz, J., ‘Zasady ogólne prawa jako źródło europejskiego prawa wspólnotowego’ [General principles of law as a source of European Community law], Państwo i Prawo z. 4/2005, s. 23 et seq.

  • Peretiatkowicz, A., ‘Ogólne zasady prawa jako źródło prawa międzynarodowego a tendencje kosmopolityczne’ [General principles of law as a source of international law and cosmopolitan tendencies], in: Prace Komisji Nauk Społecznych / Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, Wydział Historii i Nauk Społecznych (Works of the Commission of Social Sciences / Poznań Society of Friends of Sciences) (Poznań, 1956).

  • Sozański, J., ‘Ogólne zasady prawa a wartości Unii Europejskiej (po traktacie lizbońskim) – studium porównawcze’ [General principles of law and the values of the European Union (after the Treaty of Lisbon) – a comparative study] (Toruń, 2012).

  • Wróblewski, J., ‘Prawo obowiązujące a „ogólne zasady prawa”’ [Applicable law and “general principles of law”], Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego. Nauki Humanistyczno-Społeczne (Scientific Papers of the University of Lodz. Humanities and Social Sciences), Series I, No. 42, at 18.

Slovene

  • Olaj, A., ‘Neposredna uporaba splošno veljavnih načel mednarodnega prava v pravnem redu Republike Slovenije’ [Direct use of the generally applicable principles of international law in Slovene legal order], International Public Administration Review, Vol. xi, No. 3–4/2013, at 123–140.

  • Sancin, V., ‘Vloga mednarodnega prava v slovenskem sodstvu’ [The role of international law in the Slovenian judiciary], 38 Podjetje in delo 6/7 (GV Založba, 2012), at 12131223.

  • Sancin, V., ‘Mednarodno pravo v hierarhiji pravnih virov eu in njenih članic’ [International law in the hierarchy of the legal sources of eu and its members], Scientia iustitia 14 (Uradni list Republike Slovenije, 2009).

  • Škrk, M., ‘Pojem virov v mednarodnem pravu’ [The notion of sources in international law], 45 Zbornik znanstvenih razprav (1985), at 147161.

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Spanish

  • Barberis, J. A., ‘Los Principios Generales de Derecho como Fuente del Derecho Internacional’ [General principles of law as a source of international law], Revista del Instituto Interamericano de Derechos Humanos 14 (1991), at 11–41.

  • Peña Neira, S., Fuentes del Estado de Derecho Internacional: Acerca de la ormación de las normas jurídicas internacionales con respeto a las garantías de las personas [Sources of international law: The formation of international legal norms with respect to peoples’ rights] (Ediciones Olejnik, 2016).

General Principles of Law Recognized by Civilized Nations (1922-2018)

The Evolution of the Third Source of International Law Through the Jurisprudence of the Permanent Court of International Justice and the International Court of Justice

Series: