General Indexacquired rights157n135, 254n118, 354, 448450vested rights (general principle of)Advisory Committee of Jurists2, 914, 1725, 30, 39n58, 43, 45, 132, 136, 146, 200, 344n11, 346Members910, 21, 26, 27Meetings10, 12, 13, 20Proposals for Article 3810, 15, 16, 22, 56Alabama arbitration122, 125, 299analogy38, 84, 86n208, 115, 125, 137, 139n35, 171, 200n38, 284, 337, 575, 606appropriate effect (general principle of)80n176, 313n171, 314315, 592596ut res magis valeat quam pereat (general principle of)arbitral tribunal26, 36n38, 50n106, 57n27, 86, 122, 125, 154, 237, 259, 238n16, 489ascertaining general principles3, 34n23, 40, 42, 43, 8990, 99101, 112, 113, 125, 145, 155, 163, 193195, 195n9, 196, 197, 199, 202, 202n53, 209, 218n121, 229, 273, 283, 285, 338, 342methodology193216States’ role201, 210, 213audi alteram partemxx357, 517automatic succession (general principle of)288, 353, 403, 404bad faith322, 322n239, 372bilateral custom171n190local custombond of nationality (general principle of)107, 126, 202, 283n10, 326, 328, 330332, 331n18, 332, 338, 339, 358, 546, 558559boundaries6869, 78, 367, 374, 408, 622continuity286, 352, 363stability68n103, 288, 414415burden of proof (general principle of) xxiv,219, 301305, 302n113, 305n138, 358, 492, 561567onus probandi incumbit actori (general principle of)canons of supersession3, 132, 166174generally166167between general principles and treaties168171between general principles and custom171172among general principles172174civilized nations2225, 29, 44, 63, 88, 93, 100, 118, 128, 153, 186, 193, 199, 204, 342, 345, 346colonial law84, 116, 290, 407, 408committee of experts248, 421company82n187, 86, 90, 116, 117, 284, 331335, 398, 416, 547, 548, 551552comparativism/comparative research113, 120n75, 188, 194, 196, 197, 199, 200, 345compensation (general principle of)245248, 279, 303, 337, 417438reparation (general principle of)consent to jurisdiction (general principle of)257, 292295, 492506conservation of fish stocks77, 77n164, 355, 471472Constitution of Danzig7779, 239continental shelf78n170, 95, 152, 171172, 204n62, 207n72, 455, 467471, 473, 501, 572, 610contra proferentemxxi273Council of the League of Nations30, 216, 242, 257League of NationsCourt categories221222, 224, 227, 228, 231233pcij only’225229icj only’223227pcij + icj221, 222, 224, 225, 227, 233Court’s competence29n126, 257, 295, 299, 316, 535543Court’s jurisdiction10, 12, 13, 15, 38, 44, 50, 81, 84, 97, 99, 108, 121, 122, 125, 176, 177, 179, 208, 226, 236, 255257, 275276, 280, 291295, 298301, 309310, 312n167, 315316, 488, 514consent to jurisdiction (general principle of)Covenant of the League of Nations12, 122, 140n42, 216, 238, 242, 258, 285, 328, 376, 440, 493, 560League of NationsCube102127customary international law135interpretation80norms159, 161, 163167, 171172, 343obligation319relationship with general principles132134, 138, 143153, 157trend of superseding general principle153156, 343decisions xxxii, xxxiv, xl31, 38n60, 4447Definitive Statute of the Danube xli134n12, 239diplomatic protection (general principle of)81, 81n185, 98, 117, 258260, 280, 284, 326340, 543552elements328337by substitution334335, 551shareholders37, 90, 116, 284, 334335, 339, 398, 548, 551doctrine14n30, 21, 27, 82, 90, 91, 188, 269, 363, 366, 367, 508, 519, 607, 637domestic law xxviii13, 2122, 25, 4041, 43, 51, 59, 60, 70, 82, 8490, 95, 98, 100, 112, 120, 125, 129131, 146, 188, 194, 196, 197, 197n16, 199201, 219, 226n134, 237, 240, 243, 264, 269271, 274, 282284, 324, 331, 333, 334, 339, 342, 356, 485486, 626631, 637domestic principles xxviii41, 43, 82, 90, 116, 240, 241, 284, 637domestic underpinning xxviii103, 104, 112119, 126, 130, 131, 148, 188, 226229, 238, 240, 286, 291, 342, 383drafting history87, 114, 163of pcij Statute2, 17, 45Advisory Committee of Juristsduration of the validity of treaties (general principle of) 249366368rebus sic stantibus (general principle of)effectiveness (general principle of)80, 80n176, 210, 309, 313315, 313n171, 314, 314n179, 359, 386, 420, 591595ut res magis valeat quam pereat (general principle of)ejus est interpretare legem cujus condere (general principle of)236, 271n213, 272, 360, 633634elevation (the process of) xxviii, xxix, xxxi4042, 114, 117equal treatment (general principle of)77, 77n162, 106, 207n74, 235, 236, 238, 250, 252253, 252n107, 255n124, 353, 354, 392, 450454equality (general principle of)equality of the League of Nations Members251equidistance75, 170, 170n186, 355, 464, 473474equitable general principles78, 78n169, 95, 182, 188, 188n281, 189, 189n286, 280, 355, 461465equity xx, xxi3, 18, 18n61, 19, 28, 29, 37n48, 41n68, 60n56, 114n38, 129n116, 130, 132, 143n59, 181183, 181n235, 185n256, 186189, 186n263, 188n275, 189n286, 189n288, 197n16, 318n205, 319, 319n214, 353, 392, 453, 461, 463, 465, 518, 519, 537, 572, 574estoppel (general principle of)188, 219, 235n5, 240, 280, 318n205, 319n214357518521, 574, 577European Commission of the Danube xxxiii97, 97n288, 100, 100n305, 106n4, 121n78, 134n12, 180, 180n226, 212n101, 239n23, 239n28, 244, 244n56, 244n57, 250, 250n96, 250n98, 253, 253n114, 444, 451, 455, 475, 482ex aequo et bonoxxi3, 15, 28, 71, 132, 182186, 183n249, 185n256, 189, 189n288, 345, 461462exceptions63, 80, 82, 104, 112, 135n19, 145, 210, 216, 293, 294, 367, 383, 532, 637exhaustion of domestic remedies (general principle of)97, 134n16, 150, 236, 238, 260261, 260n153, 280, 304, 326, 328, 332334, 333n33, 333n34, 338, 339, 358, 552557expropriation168, 253254, 419, 420, 448, 544acquired rights (general principle of) and vested rights (general principle of)facts and evidence281, 301n111, 560567fairness xx76, 186, 186n263, 189forum prorogatumxxii97, 276, 291, 296, 296n77, 296n78, 296n79, 505, 507509, 520, 577freedomof the seas (general principle of)60, 243245, 243n52, 454455of trade (general principle of)170, 170n187, 207n72, 241, 243, 243n47, 354, 415417, 456of navigation (general principle of)77, 77n161, 106, 111, 111n29, 212, 212n102, 236, 239, 241, 243245, 243n53, 245n60, 250, 355, 416, 451, 455458frontiers272, 289, 289n36, 383, 402, 406, 407, 410, 411, 440functioning of the Court38, 281, 358, 535543, 642General Assembly Resolutions xlii31n2, 120n75, 123, 123n87, 181, 286, 318, 380, 393, 439, 441resolution 1514 (xv), xlii123, 123n87, 286, 439resolution 2625 (xxv)318, 380, 441, 575general international law34n17, 36n33, 77n160, 92, 122, 127, 127n406, 142143, 144n62, 149153, 150n98, 157, 171, 294, 294n68, 299, 339, 339n59, 345, 364, 365, 370, 390, 391, 395, 397, 426, 427, 430, 449, 463464, 488489, 491, 504, 549, 573, 637general principles of domestic law43, 54, 88, 131general principlesascertained anew221, 223, 277, 280, 282, 286borrowed from the pcij223, 225, 278, 286cardinal160, 180n229, 199, 268, 310, 389, 462, 477, 479, 480, 596characteristics xxxi3, 102105, 112, 127, 128, 131, 177, 229, 317, 405, 433, 586parametersexistence of25, 48, 49n102, 50, 53, 61, 89, 96, 110, 123, 125, 136, 137, 140, 144, 145, 151, 157, 163, 168, 194, 195n6, 200n40, 201n47, 205, 216n119, 218n124, 219, 236, 237, 271, 277, 296, 327, 343, 380, 522, 593fundamental54, 5760, 60n52, 64n85, 76, 92, 93, 95, 101, 118, 121, 131, 140n42, 142, 144n62, 150, 156, 157n134, 174, 182, 187, 196, 199, 201, 206n67, 234, 242, 292, 313, 318, 319n214, 361, 375, 376, 380, 381, 388, 414, 420, 450, 466, 476, 484, 496498, 500502, 504, 506, 518, 528, 574, 582, 594, 617, 627general76, 77, 173interpretative xxix, xxx, xxxi4, 103106, 108112, 134135, 146, 170, 193, 219, 220, 223225, 229236, 264272, 274, 276, 278, 281283, 305324, 342, 360, 571634not specific to treaty interpretation110, 161, 264, 267268, 307, 309316, 591605obsolete165166, 174of domestic law43, 54, 86, 88, 131of international law1n3, 23n93, 33n16, 43, 54, 58n37, 59n40, 83n191, 88, 94n265, 95n269, 105n3, 108n15, 119, 124n94, 127, 129131, 133n5, 137n29, 148, 155, 157n133, 196n12, 200n40, 201n47, 202n53, 211, 235, 235n4, 247n79, 341n2, 364, 420of treaty interpretation72, 7880, 154, 159, 160, 165, 224, 264procedural xxix, xxx, xxxi4, 103108, 110111, 129, 157, 167, 170, 178, 214, 220, 223225, 229, 231233, 236, 245, 255263, 277, 280282, 291305, 318, 327, 330, 342, 358359, 488571, 641, 642prominent xiv26, 195, 223225, 227, 228, 231, 324, 343recurrent xxx119, 121, 219221, 235, 277279related to evidentiary proceedings301305related to the Parties’ standing258261specific7678, 205substantive xxix, xxx, xxxi103106, 111, 129, 146, 170, 193, 222223, 225, 229231, 233, 236, 241255, 265, 278281, 286290, 342, 351, 362487that regulate non–State actors241, 249255that regulate State conduct105, 241250types xxxi88, 102, 105112, 223224, 236underpinning xxxi3, 102105, 112127, 129131, 137, 146149, 156, 162, 176, 188, 193, 210, 214, 216, 222, 225233, 238245, 251255, 258, 260, 262266, 268, 271, 274, 284288, 291, 297, 302, 305, 313, 315, 318, 327, 330, 337n54, 342, 351vague71, 128, 213, 214, 408variations on the term128, 206good faith (general principle of)19, 59n46, 62, 76, 95, 112, 118, 128, 220, 281282, 306, 317323, 368375, 518, 571584hierarchy15, 128, 133, 133n6, 134humanity (general principle of)68, 69, 93, 182, 442icj StatuteArticle 36108, 121122, 139, 151, 256257, 262, 275, 284, 291292, 295, 298299, 312, 315, 321, 333Article 37275n2, 293Article 3814, 910, 1517, 15n37, 20n70, 22, 26, 26n109, 31, 31n3, 33, 35, 39, 39n60, 4243, 45, 46, 48, 49, 52, 5456, 55n3, 55n7, 56n13, 6163, 61n60, 61n65, 6567, 70n116, 71, 73, 74, 77, 78, 81, 82, 8890, 92, 102, 103, 110, 117n54, 118120, 119n66, 122, 123n90, 126n102, 127, 127n106, 131133, 135138, 143, 146149, 151, 153154, 160162, 165, 175, 178179, 181187, 189, 193194, 196200, 196n12, 198n22, 198n23, 200n42, 203206, 208211, 213, 218, 218n121, 233, 235n4, 241, 241n37, 241n38, 262, 274, 312, 319, 340346, 341n2, 344n5, 351, 489, 508, 538, 545Article 5332n7, 300, 477, 490, 491, 516, 538Article 5916, 31, 4347, 293, 513, 609, 611, 612, 614616in abstracto33in foro domestico21, 22, 51, 119domestic lawin limine litisxxii291, 534individual judges96, 212, 212n97, 213, 218n121, 637intention of the Parties is decisive (general principle of)80, 109, 173, 173n198, 265266, 591592international community xx, xxi, xxiii, xxviii, xxx4, 2325, 23n93, 31, 39, 40, 428, 5254, 63, 65, 68, 71, 87, 9296, 101, 105, 107, 111, 112, 118, 128, 139, 141, 144, 163, 166, 177, 181, 198200, 202, 205, 212, 237238, 241, 278, 290, 325, 341, 344347, 406, 407, 477, 483, 637international instruments44n77, 97, 109, 120, 122123, 126, 146, 161, 229, 230, 236237, 239241, 240n36, 264, 273, 274, 287n25, 299, 307, 312, 317319, 324, 328, 339, 342, 377, 386, 489, 629international judicial law–making3, 3153international jurisprudence4, 9, 11, 14, 17, 26, 39, 95, 126n100, 127, 194197, 201, 237, 238, 263, 283, 313, 594International Law Commission1n5, 41, 71, 107n10, 120, 122, 159, 306, 319n217, 329n10, 335n42, 339340, 344, 363, 398, 399, 437, 550, 573, 634international law prevails over national law (general principle of)110, 110n23, 269271, 270n204, 626627international law–making xxviii, xxix, xxxi20, 3140, 51, 15n97, 345international organizations24n104, 83n194, 211n94, 211n95, 262, 319n217, 443, 445, 496, 573, 586international responsibility (general principle of)62, 241, 245248, 274, 279, 294, 393401, 421, 425, 430, 449, 495, 512, 629State responsibility (general principle of)international underpinning xxviii, xxix, xxxi103105, 112, 113, 119123, 125, 129, 131, 137, 146147, 156, 193, 210, 216, 226232, 238, 241244, 248, 251252, 254, 255, 258, 261, 263, 264, 271, 285287, 291, 305, 337n54interpretationauthoritative39, 48, 271272, 271n213, 585, 633of customary international law42, 80, 108110, 606, 643of international decisions268, 606626of international law xxix14, 32, 36, 37, 39, 48, 83, 92, 99, 100, 105, 108, 111, 115, 275, 317, 325, 637of treaties37, 72, 7780, 108110, 134, 154, 159161, 160n151, 163165, 167, 194, 195, 224, 236, 264268, 273, 306316, 324, 585605, 642, 643of other international instruments109, 110, 161, 264, 267268, 274, 307, 309, 324, 591605ordinary method268, 596intertemporal law (general principle of)208, 631634investors254, 448, 551islands290, 290n53, 373, 374, 402, 403, 408, 409, 411413, 454, 469, 471judges’ individual opinions61, 100, 212, 298judgment (vs. decision)4546judicial creation xxviii, xxix, xxxi4043, 123judicial discretion102, 139, 228, 326judicial process52, 514534, 560, 567, 568judicial underpinning xxviii, xxix, xxxi102, 103, 112, 113, 119, 120, 123127, 130, 146, 176, 214, 226230, 232, 238, 241, 243245, 251, 253, 255, 258, 260, 264266, 268271, 274, 284286, 291, 292, 296298, 302, 305, 307, 309, 310, 313, 315, 318, 327, 330, 332, 342jura novit curia (general principle of) xxii35, 35n32, 36, 4748, 96, 99, 99n301, 111, 542543jurisdiction.consent to jurisdiction (general principle of)of the Court97, 106n7, 109, 109n19, 173, 173n198, 177, 179, 208, 220, 235, 235n4, 240n36, 255257, 265, 265n176, 265n177, 276, 280, 280n9, 291296, 296n78, 310311, 315316, 315n186, 315n187, 316n198, 356, 357, 360, 362, 457, 490, 492514, 522, 525, 526, 528, 538, 578, 590, 594, 595, 597, 602605, 608, 617of the former European Commission106, 250of the former International Commission of the river Oder111n30, 244n56, 250, 250n96, 250n100, 266n182, 380, 456, 590, 591established on the date of filing the application (general principle of)208, 280, 357, 509511jus cogensxxiii, xliii3, 62n72, 132, 169, 182183, 294, 390, 399, 477, 504justice xx15, 19, 20, 28, 29, 32n7, 36, 37n48, 59, 68, 69, 76, 87n217, 99, 128, 186187, 189, 200, 204205, 234, 319, 356, 358, 359, 449, 461, 482, 515516, 537540, 569, 570, 572Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes329kompetenz–kompetenz (general principle of)8081, 9798, 121, 122, 125, 142, 143n54, 255256, 280, 291, 298301, 356, 488492land dominates the sea (general principle of)52, 78n168, 204, 204n62, 208, 277, 355, 468470Latinmaxims xxi, xxv35, 91, 92origins71, 274League of NationsAssembly15, 16, 24, 183, 216n118, 239Council30, 216, 242, 251, 257, 547CovenantCovenant of the League of NationsMembers29, 216n118, 234, 258, 258n141, 258n142, 261, 262, 328, 354, 358, 445, 446, 545, 559, 560lex posteriorxxiv169, 174lex specialis derogat legi generali (general principle of)19, 80n174, 168n172, 268, 268n193, 360, 605lifting of the corporate veil284local custom.bilateral customlump sum payments (general principle of)354, 437, 438majority (general principle of)197, 202, 223, 226, 227, 274, 283, 292, 305, 342, 354, 446447Mandate for Palestine259Maps301, 358, 410, 560maritime delimitation xxxviii32n3, 36n33, 37n45, 66, 66n94, 72n124, 149n94, 153n118, 162, 162n155, 163, 163n157, 213n105, 303n121, 308n148, 312n165, 355, 370, 374, 385, 409, 412, 454, 460, 464465, 469, 470, 473475, 500, 564, 570, 588, 600, 613, 622623Mavrommatis model200202maxims13, 27, 28n121, 9092, 90n237, 274, 306n139Latin maximsmethods2n9, 3, 31, 42n69, 55, 55n8, 63, 70, 75, 101, 110, 175, 193n2, 194, 197, 265, 268, 417, 418, 437, 461463, 505, 596597, 599, 637minority xxxiii50n109, 60n56, 96, 97n281, 111, 111n32, 140n40, 171n188, 207, 207n72, 207n76, 235, 235n3, 235n9, 239n30, 239n31, 252253, 252n110, 253n113, 256n132, 256n134, 257n135, 292n138, 294n66, 451453, 493, 632mixed underpinning xvii, xxviii, xxix, xxxi112, 113, 126127, 226230, 232233, 241, 255, 256, 262, 288, 298, 305, 391modality (‘principles’ and ‘rules’) xxviii, xxix, xxx6372, 75, 90, 101, 107, 116, 131, 149, 155, 162, 175, 180, 183, 185, 204, 205, 235, 235n4, 240, 241, 336, 505, 508, 637Monetary Gold principle294, 294n70, 357, 512513municipal law.domestic lawnationality x, xxiii, xxxiii86, 98, 114, 116, 126n99, 178, 178n219, 202, 218, 218n123, 249, 249n92, 252, 283n10, 287, 326, 330335, 337339, 366, 405, 417, 484, 546, 547, 550551, 558, 559bond of nationality (general principle of)  x107, 126, 202, 283n10, 326, 328, 330, 330n15, 331, 331n18, 332, 338, 339, 358, 546, 557559nations2225, 23n94, 24n97, 25, 27, 44, 51, 89, 100, 128, 182n240, 197, 344346natural meaning591natural prolongation (general principle of)78, 466468ne bis in idem (general principle of) xxiv212negotiations in good faith (general principle of)62n74, 305n138, 320, 352, 368375, 566, 581, 582, 621non ultra petita (general principle of) xxiv111, 111n31, 157, 157n137, 277, 291, 297298, 297n85, 358, 535537non–appearance before the Court300, 491, 516non–intervention (general principle of)59, 59n48, 144, 353, 378, 380, 385387non–legal principles185, 345non–State actors, ix241, 249255Nottebohm (Mr) xxxviii81, 81n181, 107, 107n11, 116, 116n45, 122, 122n83, 123, 123n90, 125, 126, 126n98, 126n99, 142, 142n53, 151, 151n108, 201n45, 202n50, 208, 283, 283n10, 284, 284n13, 295, 295n72, 295n74, 299, 299n98, 330, 331, 331n18, 488, 494, 506, 507, 509, 512, 547, 558, 559omitted general principles106n6, 166, 213216, 274, 298n93onus probandi incumbit actori (general principle of) xxiv,276, 291, 302303, 302n112302n113, 303, 303n123, 358, 561568opinio jurisxxiv41, 50, 54, 96, 100, 112, 144, 145, 145n68, 147, 163, 164, 167, 339, 386, 461, 637other rules xxviii, xxx3, 132, 174180, 182, 209n81, 234, 273, 276, 323324, 343, 505Outer Space Treaty65, 65n90pacta sunt servanda (general principle of) xxv59n46, 62, 95, 112, 212, 282, 317, 317n199, 359, 571, 573, 576, 582584parameters222, 283characteristics, Court categories, types and underpinninggenerally accepted23, 114, 124, 125, 127, 237, 243, 249, 254, 270, 283, 284, 382, 385, 400, 401, 409, 445, 446, 448, 451, 506, 570, 582, 626628universally accepted xxiii95, 140n42, 143n59, 237, 245, 263, 456, 523well–recognised91, 93, 124, 125, 284, 390, 442Parties’ consent238, 255, 291, 292, 294, 295, 505pcij StatuteArticle 3435n28, 258, 258n142, 328, 559Article 36262Article 38 xiii,925, 10n226, 26n109, 43, 45, 63, 183, 200, 235n4, 241, 241n37, 241n38, 258n142, 274, 346n22Article 4195n272, 140n42, 238, 263peoples23, 93, 94, 346peremptory norms of international law.jus cogensPhillimore xxiii, xxviii, xlii913, 17, 1923, 23n89, 23n91, 29, 60n50, 63, 93, 94n262, 123n87, 173n195, 173n196, 132, 146, 187, 346, 354, 383, 384, 392, 421, 438443, 476political questions535537positive international law28, 8285, 90, 90n237, 100, 290, 344, 344n11, 407, 408, 606precedent xxix40, 42, 113, 123125, 156, 174176, 228230, 277, 299, 302, 391, 488, 491, 498, 510, 522, 542, 583, 592, 603preparatory work 7979n173, 109, 180, 219, 276, 281, 282, 307309, 307n144, 307n145, 359, 587588, 600drafting historyprinciplesas a matter of principle209considerations of principle518mentioned in abstract70, 214, 324n245, 361, 611, 613, 630moral xxi27, 130, 131, 183184, 184n253, 188n275, 196, 211n96, 345, 425, 431, 476non–legal184, 185, 211, 345prefix204, 207, 209, 209n81, 222in principle19, 69n107, 119, 126, 157, 162, 177, 178, 202, 209, 210, 284, 369, 394, 412, 417, 457, 498, 566, 567, 592State–invoked49, 213Prize Court xli16, 37, 37n48, 186, 186n261procedure before the Court105107, 111, 170, 202, 245, 262, 281, 324, 328n9, 357, 514534, 569provisional measures (general principle of)95, 95n272, 127, 216n119, 246, 263, 263n166, 357, 418, 428, 523524, 533, 538, 562, 617proximity (general principle of)78, 78n166, 355, 466, 472473reasoning xx31, 40, 4546, 51, 59, 59n42, 94, 96, 99, 105, 129, 134, 136, 136n23, 137, 146, 149, 155, 156, 167, 171, 179, 183, 185, 199201, 109n81, 210214, 285, 297, 298, 328, 337, 387, 520, 532, 537, 578, 598, 612, 614616, 625, 633rebus sic stantibus (general principle of) xxi9192, 91n246, 218n123, 236, 241, 248249, 248n87, 286288, 287n25, 287n26, 352, 366367reciprocity (general principle of)48, 62, 94, 97, 97n286, 108, 108n13, 169170, 169n183, 170n184, 207n75, 236, 255, 261263, 262n162, 264, 280, 357, 380, 497, 524531, 603regulation of its own currency (general principle of)241, 243, 382reparation (general principle of) xxxix,39n56, 67, 76, 83, 83n190, 98, 98n290, 106, 106n6, 106n7125, 126, 142, 142n52, 154, 155, 155n125, 178, 178n220, 219, 236, 238n16, 241, 245248, 245n63, 245n65, 247n78, 248n85, 258n144, 259, 274, 279, 328, 336, 336n49, 337, 338, 354, 376, 396398, 417423, 426437, 444, 516, 544, 546, 547, 550, 552, 611, 616calculation247n77, 248, 259, 336, 423, 544for diplomatic protection98, 107, 248, 259, 328, 336338, 430, 544, 546, 550in kind246, 247, 259, 336, 419, 434, 435, 544restitutio in integrum (general principle of)237, 245248, 245n64, 354, 425, 427, 430, 434438res inter alios acta (general principle of)  xxv207n71, 286, 286n24, 352, 361res judicata (general principle of) xxvi19, 36, 49, 51n116, 80, 80n179, 91, 91n245, 110, 110n22, 118, 174, 174n200, 218, 218n124, 220, 235, 236, 268270, 269n196, 269n199, 269n200, 269n202, 274, 281, 360, 483, 516, 606626reservations xxxix24n102, 93, 93n256, 138, 142, 142n51, 153, 153n116, 161, 165, 185, 185n225, 198, 206, 206n69, 211n96, 294, 315, 316, 316n198, 362, 447, 476, 502, 528, 529, 594, 603, 605, 629resolutions13n23, 73, 80, 120, 120n75, 122, 181, 373, 393, 510, 575, 577, 578, 595General Assembly31, 73, 120n75, 122, 123, 123n87, 181, 286, 318, 380, 393, 439, 441Security Council44n77, 122, 172n194, 175n205, 251n103, 321, 321n229, 364, 368, 373, 384, 439, 443, 446, 484, 573, 577, 578, 593restitutio in integrum (general principle of).reparation (general principle of)restitution in kind.reparation (general principle of)retroactivity163Roman maxims.Latin maxims and maximsRoot914, 12n20, 17, 1921, 19n62, 21n81, 22, 29, 47, 63, 71, 90, 132n2, 523rules of procedure37, 42, 105, 107, 170, 261, 327San Francisco conference16scholarship2, 3n10, 2628, 63, 101, 112, 135, 167, 174, 178, 185, 193, 195, 196, 199, 343methodology193196, 199scope of the research196, 203, 209n81, 211213, 351self-determination of peoples (general principle of)44, 60n50, 93, 94, 123, 173n196, 197n21, 286, 354, 383, 403, 439441shareholders37, 90, 116, 284, 334, 335, 338, 339, 398, 548, 550, 551sound administration of justice (general principle of)68, 69, 189, 204, 205, 358, 516, 537539sovereign equality (general principle of)19, 59, 155, 173, 352, 379381, 387Special Agreement49, 72, 125, 132n1, 292, 297, 313, 315, 315n187, 328n9, 329, 413, 421, 489, 498, 499, 537, 542, 544546, 557, 584, 591, 592, 595stability of treaty relations288, 368standing before the Court236, 260, 281, 327, 330n14, 358, 543560State declarations239, 315State independence (general principle of)140n44, 241242, 352, 376378State practice32n3, 41, 59n44, 98, 99, 120, 144, 145, 147, 148, 164, 182n244, 237, 339, 474, 550State responsibility (general principle of)60, 66, 246, 279, 365, 393401, 425State sovereignty (general principle of)140n44, 241, 280, 352353, 376379, 411, 638State succession (general principle of)236, 239, 248, 248n86, 249, 288, 324, 353, 401404, 406State pleadings and/or submissions33n14, 4851, 96, 107, 108, 111, 152, 157, 177, 213, 219n132, 238, 265, 277, 292n61, 297, 302, 305, 393, 420, 422, 426, 493, 535537, 555, 561, 562, 569, 570, 609, 624States’ agreement.Special Agreementstatus quo ante bellum (general principle of) xxvi121, 250, 250n97, 356, 482supersession.canons of supersessionterritorial character of criminal law (general principle of)240, 383territorial integrity (general principle of)121, 140n44, 173, 242, 280, 320, 377, 379, 388, 389, 407, 580State sovereignty (general principle of)territory (cession of)289, 405thresholds.parameterstransboundary harm320, 391, 580581transplantation xxxi4042, 120, 267transposition.transplantationtreaty breach142, 245246, 245n65, 544Treatyof Neuilly266267, 266n184, 267n186, 589of Saint Germain xli242, 243, 245, 245n60, 252, 377, 456of Trianon xlii237, 249, 401, 405, 421of Versailles xlii111, 121, 141, 239, 249, 250, 267, 267n186, 272, 322, 322n40, 401, 456, 482, 571on the Non–Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons318, 370, 575types of general principles xxxi3, 58, 66, 88, 102, 103, 105112, 193, 223, 224, 229, 231, 237, 317, 351unanimity (general principle of)172, 172n193, 173, 237n14, 249, 251, 354, 365, 445446unclos iii152, 162, 170underpinning.general principlesunilateral acts/actions125, 144n66, 181, 202n55, 284n13, 295, 341n4, 356, 392, 506507, 523, 612unilateral declarations xxxiv37, 109, 161, 181, 238, 312, 314, 316, 317, 525, 573, 583, 594, 595United NationsAdministrative Tribunal211, 450, 543, 561, 568Charter16, 60, 65, 73, 99, 121, 122, 139, 165, 174, 184n253, 185, 285, 308, 318, 320, 321, 337, 378, 379, 381, 386, 388, 389, 439441, 477, 479, 484, 485, 561, 573, 576, 586, 617General Assembly31, 122, 181, 286, 441universally accepted.parametersut res magis valeat quam pereat (general principle of) xxvii,80n176, 109, 110n25, 313n170, 359, 592596effectiveness (general principle of) and appropriate effect (general principle of)uti possidetis juris (general principle of) xxvii50n108, 84, 86n212, 173, 286, 288290, 353, 405413validity of treaties.rebus sic stantibus (general principle of)vested rights (general principle of).acquired rights (general principle of)Vienna Conventionon Diplomatic Relations xlii121, 285, 330n14, 550, 557on Consular Relations xlii333, 549, 557, 601Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties xix, xlii41, 62, 95n271, 109, 121, 134, 159n145, 162, 163n158, 180n226, 224, 264, 278, 285, 306n140, 307n143, 310n155, 312, 317n201, 343, 364, 367, 368, 477, 575, 576, 578, 579, 583, 584, 586, 599603, 629, 630Article 26317318, 327, 576577, 579580, 584Article 2788, 629, 630Article 3141, 109, 111, 154, 159161, 164n160, 180, 306, 307, 310312, 587, 599601Article 32109, 165, 180, 307n145Article 53477Article 62287, 367, 368

General Principles of Law Recognized by Civilized Nations (1922-2018)

The Evolution of the Third Source of International Law Through the Jurisprudence of the Permanent Court of International Justice and the International Court of Justice

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