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1 Tan Kah Kee and Mao Zedong, at the CPPCC Preparatory Committee, Beijing, 15 June 1949. Source: The Tan Kah Kee Memorial Museum 45

2 The Standing Committee of the CPPCC Preparatory Committee, Beijing, 15 June 1949. Source: The Tan Kah Kee Memorial Museum 45

3 Images of the Land Reform depicting ‘struggle sessions’, public shaming, and executions in a qiaoxiang in Mei County, Guangdong Province, circa 1952. Source: Xinwen tiandi, No. 247, 8 November 1952 89

4 ‘The qiaosheng returnees and youths from Guangzhou dancing and singing together happily.’ Source: Wen Suping (ed.), Xingfu de guiguo huaqiao xuesheng (Guangzhou: Huanan renmin chubanshe, 1953) 111

5 ‘Let us write our friendship on a new page: A qiaosheng and a Young Pioneer writing in each other’s autograph books.’ Source: Wen Suping (ed.), Xingfu de guiguo huaqiao xuesheng (Guangzhou: Huanan renmin chubanshe, 1953) 112

6 Marshal Peng Dehuai, and the Overseas Chinese delegates to the first National People’s Congress, Beijing, September 1954. Source: The Tan Kah Kee Memorial Museum 131

7 Zhou Enlai greeting delegates to the OCAC’s Fourth Expanded Conference, Beijing, June 1956. Source: Dagong bao, 23 June 1956 167

8 Tan Kah Kee at the inauguration of the first ACFROC, Beijing, 5 October 1956. Source: The Tan Kah Kee Memorial Museum 172

9 The Committee of the first ACFROC, Beijing, October 1956. Source: All-China Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese (ed.), Zhonghua quanguo guiguo huaqiao lianhehui: chengli dahui tekan (Beijing: Zhonghua quanguo guiguo huaqiao lianhehui, 1956) 173

10 Commendation silk banner awarded by the OCAC and ACFROC to guiqiao, qiaosheng, and/or qiaojuan organisations/units [danwei] for their achievements in the struggle for socialist construction, circa 1958–59. Source: All-China Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese (ed.), Guiqiao qiaojuan guiguo huaqiao xuesheng xianjin shiji huibian (Beijing: Zhonghua quanguo guiguo huaqiao lianhehui, 1959) 210

11 Commendation certificate awarded by the OCAC and ACFROC to guiqiao, qiaojuan and/or qiaosheng individuals for their achievements in fulfilling the General Line of socialist construction, circa 1958–59. Source: All-China Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese (ed.), Guiqiao qiaojuan guiguo huaqiao xuesheng xianjin shiji huibian (Beijing: Zhonghua quanguo guiguo huaqiao lianhehui, 1959) 211

The Price and Promise of Specialness

The Political Economy of Overseas Chinese Policy in the People’s Republic of China, 1949–1959

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