Verbs Incorporating Themes, Pseudo-Agent Verbs and Verbs Displaying an Ambiguous Behaviour

in Towards a Theory of Denominals
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In Chapter 5, I try to account for verbs incorporating Themes, verbs seemingly incorporating Agents, and weather verbs both in English and Romanian. The basic insights of this endeavor are that:(i) Theme incorporation may depend on lexico-pragmatic factors, such as how predictable the canonical action is (??to apple may involve picking, eating, cutting, while to dance clearly involves doing a dance), (ii) “Agent” incorporation should be treated as Manner incorporation, given that to spy does not entail being a spy, but behaving like one, (ii) weather verbs are ambiguous crosslinguistically (in that their subject seems to act as an Agent sometimes, but as a Patient/ Theme in other cases). I also provide representations in the previously discussed major accounts of denominals, opting for a spanning analysis.