Index

Aangzoo (military officer) 194
Abd al-Karim (Al-Hajj) 168
Abd Allah bin Datu Panglima Taupan (Al-Hajj, from Zamboanga) 906
Abd al-Qadir al-Said al-Rasul (Sayyid) 840
Abd al-Qadir bin Ahmad al-Bahr (Sayyid) 827
Abd al-Qadir bin Ali al-Shawi (Shaykh) 790
Abd al-Qadir bin Husayn al-ʿAydarus (Sayyid) 817
Abd al-Rahman b. Hisham (Sultan of Morocco r. 1822–1859) 4n9
Abd al-Rahman bin Abu Bakr Jafri (Sayyid) 827
Abdas Shaykh bin Mubarak al-Tahimi 542
Abdul Ghani bin Syaikh Muhammad Zain (from Banten) 12, 665
Abdul Hamid (Sharif, Sultan of Pontianak r. 1855–1872) 12n32
Abdul Rahman Istanbul bin Muhammad Saman al-Jawi al-Kalantani (scholar from Kelantan) 12
Abdul Rahman bin Malim Air Alang (al-Haj) 671
Abdul Rauf bin Hasan al-Asyi 198, 670
Abdul Salam bin Jamaluddin al-Asyi 670
Abdulkarim (Pangiran Temenggung Perdana Menteri al-Hajj, first vizier of the government of Bandar Aman) 163, 168
Abdulkhalil (Hatib, from Zamboanga) 908
Abdullah (Imam, from Zamboanga) 907
Abdullah bin al-Haj Sirah (from Aceh) 671
Abdullah bin Muhammad Zabidi (Shaykh) 665
Abdullah bin Teuku Perang Asyi 672
Abdullah al-Attas Efendi (Sayyid, Hadrami from Java) 708–9
Abdullah al-Saʿid Raʾis al-Hadrami (Sayyid) 839
Abdullah bin Amr al-Junaid (Sayyid) 422, 426
Abdullah bin Shamil (Ottoman citizen in Java) 871
Abdullah Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 717
Abdullah Nuño (Haji, Antonio de la Cruz, local Muslim intellectual in Zamboanga) 881, 877–78, 880–85, 887–899, 906–907, 914, 927–28, 931
Abdullah Paşa (Sharif, Emir of Mecca) 149, 151
Abdullah Rabaki (Ottoman citizen in Java) 871
Abdullah Yusuf Paşa 165, 167
Abdulmuttalib (Factory Manager in Batavia) 875
Abdulwahhab (detainee in Yozgat) 763
Abdurrahim bin Mahmud (detainee in Adana) 768
Abdurrahman (al-hajj, from Zambonga) 907
Abdurrahman bin Abdullah (One of the chief of the Arabs in Bogor) 716
Abdurrahman bin Ebubekir Cefrî (Es-Seyyid) 826
Abdurrahman (Director of Galatasaray Imperial School) 745
Abdurrahman (Hacı, Ottoman citizen on Celebes) 654–55
Abdurrahman (Ottoman ship) 980
Abdurrahman (Raja of Surakarta) 326
Abdurrahman (Sidi) 771
Abdurrahman bin Abdülmecid (merchant residing in Mecca) 845–855
Abdurrahman al-ZahirHabib Abdurrahman al-Zahir
Abdurrahman Gayfan 542
Abdurrahman Han (Minister from Johor) 413
Abdülaziz (Ottoman Sultan r. 1861–1876) 195, 276, 502
Abdülaziz Baghdadi Efendi (Sayyid, Ottoman citizen and Consul General in Batavia) 778–789
Abdülfettah Efendi (son of Abdülaziz Baghdadi, Ottoman citizen in Batavia) 778–788
Abdülhamid II (Ottoman Sultan r. 1876–1909) 8, 29, 242–43, 258, 264, 287, 291, 294–302, 305, 308, 313, 319, 322–24, 327, 363, 383, 386–78, 392, 394, 571, 714, 805, 835, 885 fn25
Abdulhamid Mas Agus (Al-Hajj, resident of Palembang) 604
Abdülmecid (Ottoman Sultan r. 1839–1861) 4, 6, 8, 13, 15–16, 82–84, 88, 90–92, 95, 100, 101–106, 143–145, 155, 171, 292–295, 303, 307, 311, 313, 324, 664–65, 810–11, 892
Abid bin Mubarak (Arab resident of Batavia) 827
Abinales, Patricio 882
Abu Bakar (Sultan of Johor r. 1862–1895) 328, 363–67
Abu Bakar bin Muhammad al-Asyi 670
Abu Bakr (Caliph) 44, 805, 816
Abu Bakr al-Habashi 266
Abu Said (Shahbandar of Tembusai in Singapore) 249
Abu TuwayraqBadr bin Abdullah
Abubakar (Hatib, from Zamboanga) 908
Abubakar Sungkar 717, 723–24
Aceh
Aceh campaign 484
Aceh region 490, 506–507
Aceh war 223–26, 493, 498, 517
Acehnese chronicle 322
Acehnese cloth 89
Acehnese envoy 9–10, 14, 91, 97–8, 111–12, 115–19, 125, 140–41, 205–06, 212–13, 217–19, 231
Acehnese epics 2
Acehnese government 223, 229–30, 238–40, 502–03
Acehnese people 99–100, 197, 506, 667, 669
Adana 701, 762–68, 798
Aden 46, 48–9, 58–9, 67, 188, 384, 463, 559, 761, 995
Aden (governor of) 59, 761
Aegean Islands 736
Afghanistan 573, 634, 961
Afghans 961
agila wood 89, 95
Ahmad (Hatib from Zamboanga) 907
Ahmad bin Abdurrahman al-Zahir (Sayyid) 242–43
Ahmad Bashir (Maranao Muslim scholar) 901
Ahmad bin Ali Yamaki (Sayyid) 801
Ahmad bin Isa al-Muhâjirîn (Sayyid) 805, 816
Ahmad bin Uthman al-Khalida al-Naqshbandi al-Sambawi 147
Ahmad Efendi (Sayyid, envoy of Riau) 151
Ahmad Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 149
Ahmad Kanda Kerinci 671
Ahmad Khatib bin Abdul Ghaffar Sambas 665
Ahmad Khatib Efendi (Shaykh, Shafiʿi imam in Mecca) 604
Ahmad Said Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 717
Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah (Sultan of Kedah r. 1803–1843) 75–78
Ahmed (Shaykh from Jawa) 147
Ahmed Adnan Paşa (son of Sharif Abdulmuttalib Efendi, Emir of Mecca) 580
Ahmed Ali Paşa 358
Ahmed Ataullah Efendi (Consul General in Singapore) 445–48, 450
Ahmed bin Salim Ba-wazir (a resident of Buitenzorg) 613
Ahmed Cevdet Paşa 363, 688, 695
Ahmed Daud Efendi (Medenî Molla) 458–59
Ahmed Efendi (son of Abdülaziz Baghdadi, Ottoman citizen in Batavia) 786–88
Ahmed Muhtar Paşa (Gazi) 708
Ahmed Paşa 359, 361–62, 981
Ahmed Ratıb (Governor of Hijaz) 443
Ahmed Rıfkı (Consul General in Batavia) 490, 492, 494, 803
Air Naik (on Sumatra) 173
Akantopolides (Doctor at Kamaran quarantine) 689, 691
al-Akwân family 739
Alauddin Ibrahim Mansur Shah (Sultan of Aceh r. 1838–1870) 6, 8, 15, 81–87, 90–139, 168–170, 179–84, 205, 207, 214, 222, 229, 238, 288, 295, 305, 307, 313, 892
Alauddin Jauhar al-Alam Shah (Sultan of Aceh r. 1795–1824) 275
Alauddin Mahmud Shah (Sultan of Aceh r. 1870–1874) 9, 19, 195, 205, 214, 230, 264, 282–83, 306, 312
Alauddin Muhammad Daud Shah (Sultan of Aceh r. 1874–1903) 6, 8, 19, 275, 277, 287, 289–90, 294–306, 312, 314–15
Alauddin Riayat Shah (Sultan of Aceh r. 1597–1615) 23
Alauddin Riayat Shah al-Kahhar (Sultan of Aceh r. 1537–1571) 27–29, 33, 38, 52–56, 63, 66
Alawi sayyids 834, 78, 721, 774, 834
Aleppo 543–45, 798
Alexander II (Russian Emperor r. 1855–1881) 385
Alexander III (Russian Emperor r. 1881–1894) 385
Alexandria (in Egypt) 53, 55, 57, 63, 67, 74, 188–89, 464
Algeria 798
Ali (Caliph) 44
Ali (Hajji, Raja Ali’s brother) 143
Ali bin Lankutah 669
Ali al-Mergaz (Shaykh Sayyid) 283
Ali bin Abdullah bin Tubigh al-ʿAmiri al-Hamdani (Shaykh) 291, 294
Ali bin Abdurrahman bin Sahl Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 740–43
Ali bin Emir Jaʿfar (Raja, Yang Dipertuan Muda of Riau) 7, 142–45, 149, 151, 152, 153
Ali bin Hasan bin Umar al-Habashi Jamal al-Layl al-Alawi (Sharif) 153, 155, 264–66, 268–270, 278–80, 282–83, 285–86, 399, 580
Ali bin Sayyid Alawi al-Jafri Efendi (Sayyid) 158, 155
Ali bin Sharif Ismail (from Aceh) 278, 282–83
Ali bin Shihab (Sayyid) 817
Ali bin Umar al-Junaid Ba Alawi 168–70
Ali Daniş Bey (Ottoman Diplomat) 439
Ali Efendi bin Sahl (Javanese student in Istanbul) 737–38
Ali Galib Beg (Ottoman consul in Batavia) 472, 706, 811
Ali Haidar (son of Haidar, Ottoman prisoner-of-war in Thayetmyo) 973
Ali Hajji Ibrahim (Sayyid) 995
Ali Masʿud (chief of Honoured Mecca Club) 629
Ali Muhsin al-Shibli (Shaykh) 646
Ali Oglou Ismail (Ottoman prisoner-of-war in Thayetmyo) 966
Ali Polat (son of Ali, Ottoman prisoner-of-war in Thayetmyo) 973
Alim (Maharaja) 908
Allehanda (Swedish newspapers) 564
Ally Ghaza (Hadjee, Ottoman citizen in Burma) 194
Alrato Aʿisha (Sayyida al-Sharifa) 266
Amarapura (Historical Capital of Burma) 187
ambergris (commodity) 46, 76, 171, 174
Ambon 526
Ament (Landlord on Java) 653
America 421, 443, 460, 516, 531, 559, 650, 900, 909, 912, 934, 936–37, 957, 958, 960, 966–68
American
American customs and laws 896, 910
American Embassy 468, 958–60, 966–68
American subjects 570, 937
American warship 529
American-Spanish war 934
Amr bin Said bin Talib 827
al-Amudi (in Hadramawt) 810
amulet 24–26, 92
Amumatam bin Pam (from Aceh) 670
Anatolia 617, 835
Andalusia 816, 832
Anglo-Burmese War 186, 189
Aniyya (Imam from Zamboanga) 907
Ankara (in Anatolia) 762–63, 797–98
Annamese 348
Antasari (Imam from Zamboanga) 907, 928
Antonio de la CruzAbdullah Nuño
Antuvan Peyanki[?] (Chief deputy of Prince Chakrabongse) 400
al-Aqsa mosque 16, 143
Arab
Arab clothes 278, 527, 556
Arab community 614, 718, 723–24
Arab compatriots 659
Arab horse 402, 404
Arab lute (gambus) 628
Arab Mosque 485
Arab preachers 600
Arabia 667, 676, 792, 817
Arabian Peninsula 228, 482, 815, 832, 834
Arabic language 130, 511, 817
Arabs 15, 44, 76, 102, 295, 315, 324–25, 370, 375–76, 446, 481–82, 485, 516, 518, 541–42, 592, 634, 654, 658–60, 696, 707, 714–16, 769, 771, 773–74, 776–77, 786–87, 791–792, 800–01, 810–13, 817–18, 820–21, 824–25, 834, 854, 864, 866–68, 872–74, 959, 961
Arafat 573
Ârâm Efendi (Ottoman diplomat) 439
Arif Bey (private chamberlain) 268
Armenian 5, 631n21, 961, 963, 979
Arnavud Hasan Ağa (First chief warder) 691
Asahan (on Sumatra) 12, 12n31, 169, 173–74
Ashfaq Efendi (Hadrami Sayyid, a prominent rich Arab) 636
ashrāf (the Prophet’s descendants) 171, 174
Asım Bey (Ottoman diplomat) 452
Asian rulers 4, 31, 75, 328, 368, 769
Asians 3, 9, 10, 15, 31–2, 471, 700, 862–64
Asîr issue 211
Aşiret Mektebi (The School for Tribes) 701
Atâî Efendi (Qadi of Medina) 750
Atay (Panglima, from Zamboanga) 908
Athens 358–59, 361–63
atlas (silk fabric) 23
al-Attas family 810, 817
Augustin, Basilio 529
Austria 22, 68, 330–32, 384, 464, 591, 595, 634, 648, 698
Austrian Consul 591, 595
autocracy 385
Ava (Historical Capital of Burma) 187
Awn al-Rafiq (Emir of Mecca) 443, 678
Aydın (city in Anatolia) 797
al-Aydarus family 812, 817
Ayn al-Zubayda 679
Ayn Bamaʿbad (in Yemen) 805
Aynan (in Yemen) 816
Azaryan Efendi 982
Aziz Efendi (Lieutenant) 409
Ba Junaid (Shaykh, Leader of the Arab community Bogor) 718, 723–24
Bab el-Mandeb 125, 675, 676
Babakır (Indian merchant) 276
Bade Wun (Minister of Metalworks of Burma) 186
Badr bin Abdullah (Abu Tuwayraq, Emir of Hadramawt) 805, 810
Baghdad 24, 89n13, 125, 482
Baghlan 294
Baginda Omar (Sultan of Terengganu r. 1839–1876) 429
bags (commodity) 977
Bahoban Mosque 626
bajalushka (siege cannons) 49
Balangingi-Samal diaspora 880–81
Balhaf (in Yemen) 805, 816
Bali 88, 90
Balkan Wars 646–47
Baltic Sea Company 339
Bandung 826
Bangkok 248, 348, 384–85, 496, 615, 616, 632
Bangkok Islamic Committee, The 632
Bangta Muda Tuanku Hasyim (Acehnese minister) 288
Bani Hajar 816
Bani Hamdan 816
Bani Kinda 816
Bani Quraysh Makhzam bin Habul Makhzami 482
Bani Tamim 816
Banjarmasin (on Borneo) 537–38
Banta bin Selamat (from Aceh) 669
Bantala Ajad (from Zamboanga) 908
Barat 207
al-Barat (on Sumatra) 173
Baring, Evelyn (Lord Cromer) 804
Basilan 879, 881, 888, 890n45, 894–95
Basra 125, 876, 798, 805, 816, 972
Batavia 167, 292, 294, 306, 317, 425, 430, 433, 449, 456, 464, 466, 469, 484–85, 488, 512, 557, 562, 571, 588–89, 602, 604, 607, 638, 641, 643, 648, 706, 713, 716–17, 720–21, 723, 735, 769, 771, 774, 780, 786–87, 789, 791, 800–01, 804–12, 820, 821, 826, 833, 839, 841, 843, 852, 854, 875–76, 980, 982, 985, 987, 989
Batavia Handelsblad (newspaper) 556
Batavian Hadramis 369
Bates, John C. (General) 897
Batu al-Besar Kerinci (Mualim) 671
Batu Bara (in north Sumatra) 12
Batu Licin 791
Batua Kerinci (Mualim) 671
Baxter (Captain) 969–70
Bay of Bengal 128, 348
Bayan bin Mansyan 670
Baydawi, Qadi 621–23
Bayram Oglou Mazhar (Ottoman prisoner of war in Thayetmyo) 966
Bayugi (Hatib from Zamboanga) 907
beeswax (commodity) 275
Beirut 721, 798, 822, 989
bejewelled rings (commodity) 995
Bekir Sami Efendi 623
Belgium 385, 419
Benghazi 798
Bengkalis 248, 252
Bengkulu 99, 105, 129, 429
benzoin, fine (commodity) 169 white benzoin
Van Den Berg, L.W.C. (Dutch Scholar) 526
Berlin 328–32, 336, 460, 533–34, 593, 595–96, 633
Betel 169, 349
Van Den Biesen, Jacob W. (Dutch Catholic Politician) 526
Biʾr Ali (Abar Ali, port of Hadramawt) 805, 816
Bilal Aram (from Zamboanga) 907
Bilal Asmail 908
Bilal Hasan 907
Bilal Musa 908
Bilal Tu[w]pan 908
Bintala Ummar 907
Bismarck Archipelago 534
Bitlis (in Anatolia) 798
Blanco, Ramón (Field Marshal) 530
Bliss, Tasker B. (Governor of the Moro Province) 884
Van Blokland, Frans Beelaerts 867
Bodrum (in Anatolia) 70
Boeroe (island) 526
Bogor 554n12, 614n14, 714–16, 718, 723–24
Bombay 89n13, 433, 439, 441, 476, 486, 773, 803–04, 822, 981, 994
Bonaparte, Louis-Napoleon (President of the French Republic from 1848 to 1852) 91, 832
Borneo 12, 88, 90, 100, 102, 105, 128, 264, 312, 317, 320, 443, 482, 486–88, 516, 518, 537–38, 791, 816
Bosnian 5
Botanical Garden of Batavia 982
Boworadet (Siamese Prince, Minister of Defence 1928–1931) 414–17
Braginsky, Vladimir 470n1, 322n118, 470n1
Brahmanists 482
brass (commodity) 49
Brindisi 188
Bristol, Mark Lambert (Admiral) 468
Britain 162, 186, 188, 195, 276, 320, 363, 385, 429, 463, 472, 484, 490, 493, 516, 567, 634, 636, 695, 758, 804, 833, 958
British
British colonial rule 189
British colony 248, 418, 429, 506, 571
British consul 248, 319–20, 438, 562
British Consulate General 464, 638, 644
British government 147, 321, 438, 461–62, 557, 567, 624, 803, 810, 959, 967, 972
British governors 247
British Library 189n48, 383n11
British officials 462, 465–66, 557, 804
British paper factories 562
British police 994
British political agent 189n48
British power 186
British Residency 320
British ships 466
British state 114, 147, 246, 508, 624, 761
British territory 466
British towns and cities 188
British troops 960–61
Brooke dynasty 320
Brooke, Charles (Rajah of Sarawak) 320, 324–25
Brunei 6, 8–9, 11, 18, 319–22, 324n120, 325
Buddha 349
Buddhism 349
Bugis 88, 90, 100, 142
Buitenzorg 554, 613, 980
Bulgarian government 570
al-Buni, Ahmad (13th-century Egyptian Scholar) 26
Burma 29, 185–89, 194, 349, 384, 496, 630, 958–60, 966, 969–70
Bursa (in Anatolia) 798
Burum (in Yemen) 805, 816
BuruBoeroe
Buyuk (Panglima, from Zamboanga) 907
Byzantines 4
Byzantium 2
Cairo 67, 74, 188–89, 277, 367, 700, 957
Calais 188
Calcutta 186, 187n37, 634, 637, 804
Calicut 48, 67, 584
Calicut (qadi of) 27
Caliphate 15, 43, 66, 102, 124, 132, 162, 167, 200, 222, 229, 239, 268, 282, 294, 313, 372, 375, 425, 434, 446, 459, 463, 506, 557, 559, 576, 582, 587, 588–89, 619, 622, 634, 636, 644, 659–60, 714, 716, 719, 723, 736, 744, 746, 771, 805, 816–17, 834, 836, 934, 939–40, 944, 946, 981
Cambodia 348
camphor (commodity) 47, 89
Çanakkale (in Anatolia) 639
cannon 47, 49, 67, 88, 99, 123, 129, 162, 171, 229, 247, 255, 275, 291, 294, 306, 312, 476, 505
Cape Town 446, 448
Carnelian mines 130
Caroline Islands 534
Carpenter, Frank 887
carpets (commodity) 979
Casale, Giancarlo 27, 29, 33–4
Çatalca 798
Catalonia 795
Catholic party (Netherlands) 526
Caucasian 464
Cavalrymen 476
Cavite (on Luzon island) 529, 881
Celebes 518, 655, 706, 822
Cemal Paşa 955, 957
Cemil Paşa (Ambassador in Paris) 424–25
Central Asia 588
Central Europe 516
Central Powers 632
Ceram (island) 526
Cevad Paşa (Grand Vizier) 344, 708, 710
Cevher Abdullah Ağa 691
Ceylon 47–8, 67, 188, 559
Chakrabongse Bhuvanadh (Siamese Prince) 382–83, 386, 390, 392, 394–96, 400–05
Chang Siam (in Thailand) 348
Charles II (King of England r. 1660–1685) 29
China 10, 123, 348–49, 463, 493, 559, 573, 589, 620, 981, 988
Chinese profiteers 552–53
Chingiz Han 47
Chirapravati Voradej (Siamese Prince) 341, 386
Cholera 527, 661, 675–77, 687
Christian
Christian Europe 589
Christian government 527–28, 658, 835
Christian sovereigns 5
Christianisation 527
Chulalongkorn (King of Siam r. 1868–1910) 29, 328, 352n5, 381–87, 397–98
cinchona (commodity) 484, 547–48
cinnamon (commodity) 47, 130
Circassian 363, 855
Cirebon (on Java) 867, 482, 867, 979–80
Civan Ilyas (Ottoman subject) 796
cloth (commodity) 22–3, 89, 92, 95, 97, 278, 349, 527, 536, 552, 556, 739, 792, 796–97, 833, 928, 960, 963–64, 971, 977, 989
cloves (commodity) 47, 130
Cobb, Francis 29, 30
coconut (commodity) 169
coconut trees (commodity) 46
coffee (commodity) 130, 275, 484, 547–48, 961–62, 974–76, 979
coffee beans (commodity) 169
Cojuangco, Margarita delos Reyes 880, 881n8
Colombia 650
Colombo 384
Constantine Phaulkon 349
ConstantinopleIstanbul
Copper (commodity) 56, 58–9, 67, 99–100, 130
Cotabato (district of Moro Province) 882, 893n56
Cremer, Jacob Theodoor (Dutch Minister of Colonies) 527
Crete 588, 798
Crimea 334n1, 385–86
Crimean War 386
crystal (commodity) 349
Cuba 530, 793–98
Cuban volunteers 530
cumin seed (commodity) 961
Currie, Philip (British ambassador in Istanbul) 804
Dagestani Ahmed Efendi 317
Dahob 791
Dahomey (Kingdom of) 497
Damrong Rajanubhap (Siamese Prince, king’s half-brother 1862–1943) 328, 335–39, 341–43, 351–55, 357, 359–63, 370, 377, 381–83, 385, 386n19, 387
Danish East India Company 11
Dardanelles 648–49, 798
Darfur (sultanate of) 15, 24
Dâruşşafaka (Orphans’ School) 700
Datto Mandi 907
Daud bin al-Haj Sirah (from Aceh) 970
Daud (Syaikh, from Lung Tujuh) 200
Daud bin Ismail bin Mustafa Rumi (Shaykh Scholar) 894
Daud Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 716
Dawud bin Tanun (from Aceh) 670
Davao 882
Daver Efendi (Adjutant Major) 409
Deir ez-Zor 798
Deli 493, 600
Denmark 385
Derviş Paşa 283
Desnitskaya, Yekaterina (Siamese Prince Chakrabonse’s wife) 386
Detention Camp 958, 960, 964, 966–67, 969–70
Devawongse Varoprakarn (Siamese Prince, Minister of Foreign and Internal Affairs) 351–52
Deykerhoff, Christoffel (Dutch General) 503
Dhofar 720, 961, 805
diamond (commodity) 88, 130
Dickinson, Jacob M. (U.S. Secretary of War) 884
Dikarun bin Janjah (from Aceh) 669
Diki-Diki (Panglima, hereditary chief of the island of North Ubian) 928
Diyarbekir (in Anatolia) 798
Doprenis 985
Dorsets (British regiment) 972
Dutch
Dutch aggression 502, 575
Dutch Cabinet 848–49
Dutch Christians 106, 258
Dutch colonial rule 90, 147, 153, 537, 777, 851
Dutch colonies 242, 246, 315, 318, 370, 419, 456, 462, 470–73, 476, 481–82, 486, 500, 506, 516, 541–42, 546, 548, 554n12, 557, 558n13, 562, 564, 566, 569–70, 574, 588, 612, 631, 758, 772, 774, 777, 781, 785, 786, 788–90, 810–11, 813, 824, 827, 834, 844–48, 862–64
Dutch consulate 101, 276, 559, 667–68, 672–73, 694, 698, 759, 764, 787, 801
Dutch Embassy 155–56, 168, 223–26, 228, 318–19, 368, 425, 539–40, 542, 607, 666, 682, 764, 766, 785, 787, 867, 969, 979–80, 993
Dutch Government 163, 165, 167, 174, 179–80, 184, 222, 229–31, 234–36, 238–40, 247, 249, 255, 258, 287, 294, 315, 369, 375–76, 419, 421, 424–25, 429, 433–34, 454, 456, 462, 466, 471, 483–86, 490, 493, 502–03, 506–08, 512, 516, 519, 528, 536, 538, 541, 559, 570, 576, 603–05, 608, 611, 624, 631, 706, 761, 772–73, 777, 781, 786–89, 810–11, 817, 821–22, 824–27, 832–35, 841, 847, 850–52, 862, 864, 871, 873, 980, 993
Dutch infidels 308
Dutch invasion 295, 306n100
Dutch King 306, 484, 567
Dutch language 471
Dutch mail ships 464
Dutch National Assembly 631
Dutch Navy 484, 566
Dutch occupation 287
Dutch officials 287, 466, 538, 868–69, 871–73
Dutch oppression 249n63, 252–53, 256–63, 318, 623, 835
Dutch parliament 523, 566, 570, 605, 725
Dutch Post 464
Dutch Protestant 512, 601
Dutch scholars 511
Dutch settlers 517
Dutch soldiers 535, 500, 503, 508, 535
Dutchmen 484
East India Company 11, 29, 429n8, 429n10
East India Trade Company 832, 484
Eastern Ocean 128, 168–69
Eastern Telegram Company 562
Edirne (in Anatolia) 797–98
Egypt 2, 48–9, 53–4, 57, 59–61, 63, 67, 71, 73–4, 78, 99, 133, 189, 564, 708–09, 712, 804, 855, 887, 987, 995
Egypt (governor of) 49, 54, 63, 71, 73, 78
Egyptian Janissaries 67, 464
Eid al-Fitr 619, 626, 629, 641
elevatio 10–15, 17, 31, 143, 155, 171, 174, 205, 250, 665
Elizabethan England 21
Emin Bey (Ottoman Consul General in Batavia) 444, 607
Emin Efendi (Lieutenant) 409
Encik Ismail (aide of Encik Mustafa) 413–14
Encik Mustafa (Minister of the Sultan of Johor) 413–14
English 4, 6, 18, 27, 29–31, 33, 92–3, 129–30, 155n25, 186–89, 243–44, 288n81, 321, 328, 382–83, 386–87, 423, 429n10, 482, 494–96, 556, 561–62, 616, 623, 632, 634, 636, 760–61, 877–78, 890–91, 893–95, 897–98, 902n73, 909, 912, 962, 971, 994
Entente States 660
Equator 77, 128, 168–69, 552
Ertuğrul Fırkateyni (Ottoman frigate) 14, 243–44, 248–50, 252–53, 256, 258–64, 275, 372, 488, 578–84, 588
Erzurum (in Anatolia) 798
Ethiopia 3, 19, 662
Ethiopian documents 14
Euphrates River 958
Europe 186, 188, 194, 288, 328, 332, 349, 363, 384, 390, 411–12, 419, 441, 475, 482–84, 493, 516–17, 558, 589, 786, 788, 832, 835, 897
European
European civilisation 589
European Markets 990
European powers 4, 30, 82, 469
European States 114, 139, 158
Europeans 5, 10, 242, 349, 375, 382, 418, 456, 471, 481–82, 484–85, 492, 509, 516, 528, 541, 552–53, 556, 636, 657, 660, 769–80, 786–87, 810–11, 817, 824, 826, 835, 842–44, 847
Eutong Meliki 653
Facundo Mandi (Datu Sama-Spanish mestizo and influential leader of Zamboanga) 884
Faik Paşa 408
Fakih Kerinci 670
Fakih Tunku Kerinci 671
Far East 321, 446, 471, 483, 496, 588
Fatah Kerinci (Mualim) 671
Fatıma İsmet 875–76
Fatima (daughter of the Prophet) 266, 275, 701
Fazlullah Paşa (Sayyid) 77
Feindel, C. (German Consul General in Singapore) 460
Fekete, Ludwing 20–21
Fener Baghtché [i.e. Fenerbahçe] 968
Ferman 3
Fethi Bey (Ottomn Diplomat) 439
Feyzullah Bey (Director of the translation office of the Ministry of War) 417
Finley, John P. (governor of Zamboanga in Philippines) 877, 878n4, 881n10, 882–90, 892–93, 896–97, 899, 909–10, 912–14, 926–53
Firearms 268, 349
Fîrûz Ağa neighbourhood (in Tophane) 278, 282
Fishing 46, 307
florin (Dutch curency) 435–36, 512, 557, 560–61, 566–67, 643–44, 646, 648–49, 826, 980–81
France 22, 91–2, 186–87, 195, 349, 385, 387, 463, 493, 496–97, 516, 632, 634, 642
Franco-Siamese War 384
Frankish lands 68
Franks 46, 68, 356
Fraser Street 994
French 4, 6, 20, 84, 89, 91, 92–3, 95, 100, 106, 108, 129–30, 164, 171, 174, 180, 248, 288, 349, 384–85, 418, 419n1, 440, 471, 496–97, 511, 526, 559, 564, 612–13, 615, 636, 644, 654, 673, 700n1, 704–6, 721, 739–41, 744–46, 761, 772n1, 776n2, 780, 822, 844, 961, 982
French Indochina 384
fruit tree seeds (commodity) 983
fruit trees (commodity) 275
Fuad Paşa 419
furs (commodity) 349
Galata 278–79
Galatasaray Imperial School 700n1, 710, 733, 737–39, 741–43, 746, 748–49
Galib Bey (Ottoman Consul General in Batavia) 432–34, 436, 439–41, 585, 801, 868
Gallipoli peninsula 639
Galvani, Antonio (Paper producer in Pordenone) 92
Gary, Henry (East India Company servant) 29
Gascoyne-Cecil, Robert (Lord Salisbury) 437–38
gee (commodity) 961
General Staff Academy (in St Petersburg) 386
Geneva 464, 958
George (Prince of Greece and Denmark) 359
German
German Cabinet 593, 596
German Capitalists 493
German Consul 413, 459–60, 633, 643, 871
German engineers and technicians 385
German Red Cross 642–44
Ghalib al-Kathiri (Emir of Hadramawt) 774
Ghazi 16, 76, 195, 242, 258, 291, 294, 296, 303–04, 323, 639–40, 714, 798, 805, 811
Gilan 22
Girvan, William 890, 893, 897, 908, 912, 914
glass (commodity) 349
Gogo (Datu) 928
Gold 5, 12, 22, 48, 66, 73, 88, 92, 130, 275, 560
gold dust (commodity) 130
Gonder (in Ethiopia) 14
Governor-General (of Dutch Indies) 7, 14, 318–19, 811
De Graaf (the director of foreign affairs) 554
Greek 5, 76, 79n1, 349, 985, 987
Greek community 990
Greek Orthodox School 543
Grey, Edward (British Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1892–1895) 496
Gujarat 47, 50
Gulf of Siam 348
Gum (commodity) 23, 130
Gundam Shah (Sultan of Muko-Muko r. 1728–1752) 428–29
Habashi family 812
Habib Abdurrahman al-Zahir (Sayyid, Hadrami, minister and envoy of Aceh) 8, 9, 14, 17, 19, 195, 198, 202, 204–08, 211–219, 222, 229, 233, 240, 243, 276, 502, 610
al-Haddad family 812, 817
al-Hadi al-Ghalib (Imam of Sanaa) 4n9
Hadi bin Iwad (Arab in Batavia) 827
Hadi bin Salih bin Talib (Arab in Batavia) 827
Hadith (traditions of the prophet) 896, 910
Hadramawt 317, 512, 712, 760, 769, 773–74, 792, 805, 810, 815–18, 834, 867–68
Hadrami
Hadrami authorship 258
Hadrami envoys 2, 14
Hadrami immigration 769
Hadramis 258, 369, 370, 373–76, 769, 771–73, 769, 793, 798, 800–02, 805–09, 811–12, 816, 813, 824, 826, 828, 849, 868
Hafız Osman Calligraphy 617
al-Hajarayn (in Yemen) 816
Haji Abdul Rahman bin Malim Air Alang 671
hajj (pilgrimage) 2, 211, 268, 426, 518, 526–27, 572–73, 577, 661, 759, 937–38
Hajjis 258, 418, 527, 661, 697–98
Halil Bey (Ottoman Foreign Minister) 564, 566, 648, 650
Halim Djavid (Captain) 977
Halkalı Zirâʿat Mektebi (Halkalı Agriculture School) 700, 731, 737–38
Hamid Efendi (Sayyid) 445, 447
Hamzah Kerinci (Sayyid) 670
Hanafi school 44n4, 129
Hannema, Sjoerd (Dutch Secretary-General for Foreign Affairs) 461
Harida (in Yemen) 810
Harput 798
Harrison, Francis B. (Governor General of Philippines) 887–89, 899
Harun al-Rashid 698
Harun bin Abdul Rahman Asyi 669
al-Hasa 834
Hasan bin Ahmad (from Aceh) 670
Hasan bin Ibrahim (Jawa resident of Mecca) 679
Hasan bin Muhammad Salih Asyi 669
Hasan Hüsnü Paşa (Minister of the Navy) 258, 579, 584
Hasan Tahsin Binbaşı (Ottoman emissary to Burma) 186, 194
Hashemite clan 171
Hashim (Shaykh, uncle of Mahmud Daud Shah) 283
Hashim Abdullah Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 711
Hashim Jalilul Alam Akamuddin (Seri Paduka Bawah Duli Yang Dipertuan Sultan of Brunei, r. 1885–1906) 319, 322–24
Hasyim (Teuku, Regent of Aceh) 19, 287–89, 295
havayi (siege cannons) 49
al-Hawr 805, 816
Hawrah (in Yemen) 810
Hegira 622
Helfferich, Karl Theodor (German Finance Minister) 643
Hendrik (Prince, husband of the Queen Wilhemina) 651
Herbert, Patricia 185
Herring (merchant in Sumatra) 590–91, 593–97
Hewett, Godfrey (British consul in Brunei) 319–21
Hidayatullah Shah (Sutan of Muko-Muko r. 1816–1832) 429n9
Hijaz
Hijaz (governor of) 442–43, 678–80, 697–98, 750
Hijrayn (in Yemen) 810
Hikayat Aceh 321, 322n116
Hikayat Iskandar Zulkarnain 5
Hikayat Johor 363
Hikmet bin Moustapha (Ottoman prisoner of war at Thayetmyo) 959
Hilal (Turkish newspaper) 970
Hindu 306, 835
Hindustani 637, 962
Hira (the cave) 664
hisalbend (commodity) 47
Hızırzâde Aziz Efendi (Sayyid from Baghdad) 430–31, 434
Holland 99, 102, 276, 419, 516–17, 567, 695, 758, 811, 834–35, 844
Holy Shrines 16, 44, 76, 93, 99, 105–06, 143, 662, 805
horses 49, 51, 55–6, 58–9, 62, 67, 476
House of Chakri 382, 384n14, 393–94
House of Osman 522, 599, 628
House of the Prophet 205, 242
Hudaydah 684–85, 687–88, 761, 984
Hukm (tribe) 184–85
Hungarian 5, 564, 643
Hungary 384
Husain (al-Hajj, Second vizier of Taha Saifuddin) 163
Husain bin Alah (from Aceh) 669
Husain bin Ali (notable of Aceh) 670
Husain bin Umar (from Aceh) 670
Husayn (Sayyid) 151
al-Husayn al-Yamani al-Jadidi (from Surabaya) 873
Husayn bin Muhsin al-Attas (Sayyid) 817
Husayn Efendi (Sayyid, envoy of Riau) 149
hussars 386, 476
Hüsameddin Efendi bin Şerif 821–22
Hüseyin (Acehnese envoy to Istanbul) 72
Hüseyin Paşa (Governor of Hijaz) 180
Hyderabad 804
Hymans, Martin (consul of the Grand Duchy of Baden in Semarang) 424, 425
Hyogo (Japanese port) 584
Ibbang (from Zamboanga) 908
Ibrahim (Imam from Zamboanga) 907
Ibrahim (Sayyid, secretary of the Islamic school in Bangkok) 615–16
Ibrahim Al Masyhur Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Al-Khalil Ibrahim Shah (Sultan of Johor r. 1895–1959) 411–14, 449n17–50
Ibrahim al-Khulusi bin Wuddin 665
Ibrahim Kerinci (Mualim) 671
Idi (on the northeast coast of Aceh) 276
al-Idris (tomb of, saint in Jakarta) 602
Idris bin Abdul Rauf (from Aceh) 671
Idrus Alawi Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbull) 711
Ilkhanid chancery 3
Illana Bay 879
Imam al-Shafiʿi 97
Imam Muda (Seri, Acehnese minister) 202, 204–05, 207
Imperial Dockyard 162, 688
Imperial Ship 246
Imperial Treasury 125, 133, 139, 341, 402–404
India
Indian Buddhist 312
Indian cotton (commodity) 46
Indian Islands 239, 315, 318, 375–76, 47–72, 481–486, 488, 505–06, 511, 517, 520, 548, 558, 566, 588–89, 592, 600, 627, 706, 736, 763, 785, 816–17, 832, 851
Indian Muslims 582, 611, 647
Indian Ocean 1, 27, 168, 184, 188, 287, 426, 483, 516, 582, 677, 683–85, 687
Indies 45, 51, 474, 484, 536, 582, 599, 821
Indios 879
Indo-China 620
Indochina Bank 632
Indonesia 12n31, 26n62, 240, 248, 295, 512, 523, 539, 545, 563, 580, 590, 665, 805, 812, 813, 818, 828, 894, 979
Ioannia 798
Iranun 879
Iraq 16, 44, 143, 667, 834
Irrawaddy River 960
Isabela (in northern Luzon) 881
Ish (island) 286
Iskandar Muda (Sultan of Aceh r. 1607–1636) 23, 29n71, 295, 303, 306, 321–22
Iskandar Zulkarnain 5, 322
Islamic
Islamic chanceries 3
Islamic courts 756
Islamic Endowments 158
Islamic languages 187
Islamic law 91, 173, 896
Islamic policy 659
Islamic reformists 902
Islamic revivalist ideas 370
Islamic schools 541, 658
Islamic unity 149, 573
Islamic world 14, 20, 22, 24, 247, 519, 588, 599, 647, 714, 817, 836, 900–01
Islamic zeal 155, 659
Ismaʿil bin Abdallah al-Khalidi (Shaykh) 106, 665
Ismail Bey (Commissioner for Serbia) 439
Ismail Efendi (Shaykh) 7, 135, 147
Ismail Kerinsyi 671
Istanbul 1, 3–4, 6, 9, 11–5, 18, 20, 29–31, 33, 61, 69n27, 71, 75–6, 81, 88, 91, 95, 97, 100–01, 105–10, 114, 119, 143, 147, 153, 156, 162, 165, 167–68, 184, 187, 189, 194–95, 211–12, 223–26, 228, 238, 243, 248–49, 252, 255, 264, 275, 277, 282, 287–88, 295, 305–08, 318–21, 324, 328–29, 333–35, 337–39, 363, 367–71, 377, 381–83, 386, 403, 405, 414–16, 418, 427, 434, 463–64, 466–68, 490, 573, 584, 592, 607, 613, 649, 666, 700, 703, 706–08, 710–12, 714–17, 720–21, 723, 725, 727, 735–36, 741, 769, 785–86, 820, 844, 852, 853, 872, 875–78n4, 885–88, 892n53, 900–01n71, 934, 958–60, 965–69, 973, 975–76, 989
Italian
Italian paper 92
Italian parliament 985
Italy 186, 188, 330–32, 384, 464, 984
Ivan IV (Russian Tsar r. 1547–1584) 30–01
Iwad bin Umar al-Qatifi al-Himyari (governor of Hijrayn) 810
Izmit (in Anatolia) 798
Izzet (son of Haidar, Turkish prisoner-of-war in Thayetmyo) 973
İbrahim Bey (Director of the Ottoman Foreign Ministry Translation Office) 408
İbrahim Celil Bey (vice-undersecretary of Ottoman General Directorate of Political affairs) 764, 767
İçel (in Anatolia) 765, 768
İkdâm (newspaper) 872
infantry battalions 476
invocatio 10–11, 20, 28–29
İsa Meslul Ağa (Warder) 689, 691
Jabal Asad (mountain) 816
Jabal Qamar (mountain) 816
Jabbi 908
Jacobs Hymans Company 425
Jafar bin Amr bin Said 827
Jahangir (Mughal emperor) 17
Jakat (Consul General in Batavia) 559
Jamal al-Din (Shaykh) 704, 707
Jamal al-Layl al-Alawi 265–66
Jamal ul-Kiram II (Sultan of Sulu 1894–1936) 893n55, 897–98
Jamaluddin bin Baik 670
Jambi 1–2, 6–9, 11, 13, 22, 24, 153–57, 161n26–65, 167
James I (King of England r. 1603–1625) 17, 23, 29n71
Japan 14, 167, 243, 248, 275, 493, 582, 584, 589, 844
Japanese people 589
Jasbi family 812
Jauhar Zillul-Shah 275
Java 88, 90–91, 100, 102, 105, 115, 128, 142, 147, 149, 184, 246–47, 255, 313, 384n16, 424–25, 427, 430, 433–34, 453–55, 482–84, 491, 516, 518, 522, 526–27, 537, 542n9, 547, 548, 551–553, 555, 558–62, 564, 567, 573–74, 579–80, 588, 612–14, 616, 618, 635, 637, 653, 700n1–04, 706–08, 712, 714, 716, 717–18, 721, 723–732, 734–44, 746–49, 760–764, 766, 768–69, 791–92, 800–02, 804, 810–11, 816–17, 819–20, 822, 832–35, 837, 839, 854, 864, 866–68, 871, 873–75, 980, 981–82, 992
Java coffee 484
Java, muslims of 255, 258–64, 614–615, 618, 624, 627, 646–47, 716, 722, 726–27, 736, 765
Java, people of 77, 258, 456, 482, 484–85, 518, 527, 552, 556, 558, 592, 623, 646, 651, 675, 800, 821, 874
Java, pilgrims from 666, 675, 682, 694, 696, 698, 759
Javanese language 469, 472
Javanese epics 2, 258
Javanese Rajas 615
Java-bode (newspaper) 555, 612, 654
Jawa 80–81, 90, 107, 109
Jawa Muslims 242
Jawa pilgrims 661–63, 677, 680, 683, 692, 694, 875
Jeddah 48–50, 58, 67, 108, 113–14, 180, 240, 268, 276–77, 471n2, 511–12, 666–68, 672–74, 678–79, 681–82, 685, 687, 694–97, 699, 758–59, 764, 801–03, 871, 873
Jeddah (governor of) 59, 74, 107–09, 114–16, 662, 681
Jepara region 491
Jerusalem 798, 956
Jesuits 881
Jews 835, 961
jihad 99, 101, 106, 558, 634, 638, 956
jizya (poll tax) 810
Johor 2, 16, 247, 328, 363–67, 411–14, 449–50, 636
Johor medals 414
Jolo (island) 443, 879, 881n10
Journal Du Rotterdam 607
Jouslain, M. (French consul in Batavia) 440, 706–07
al-Junaid family 817
Juramentado 937
Juwana 491
Kaaba 167, 662, 664, 694
al-Kaf family 817
Kafir (i.e infidel) 319
Kamil BeyMehmed Kamil Bey
Kamran (island) 661, 685
Kandung (Hatib from Zamboanga) 908
Kapitan Taradju 908
Karabıyık Reis 70
Karalis (Doctor at Kamaran quarantine) 689
Karamanlıoğlu Abdurrahman (Vizier in Gujarat) 50
Karbala 834
Kareans 383, 387
Karenni 387n23
Karens (Karen communities in Eastern Siam) 387
Kari Kerinci 671
Kashgar 219
Kastamonu (in Anatolia) 798, 989–91
Kastellorizo Island 987
Kasyi Kerinci (Khatib) 671
Kathiri family 812
Kedah 1–2, 6–9, 11, 13–16, 19, 22–24, 75, 77–79, 384n15
Kedah (Sultan of) 7n18, 75–77, 79–81, 370
Kelantan 12, 384n15
Kengtung 387n23
kepala surat (i.e letter heading) 9, 92, 249
Kerinci (Imam) 671
Kerinci (Khatib) 671
Keumala 283, 287n75–89
Key islands 526
Khalifa 2, 811
Khanate of the Crimea 10
Khedival Company 685
Khidir (Prophet) 5
Khilafa 173, 176
khutba 27–28, 195, 600, 640
King Abud 5
Kinwun Min-gyi U Gaung (Chief Minister 1822–1908) 186, 187n38–189
KiSwahili 24
Kitab Subh al-aʿasha fi sinaʿat al-insha 3
kitab terasul (guides to letter-writing) 8, 18, 22
Klang 247
Koca Nişancı Bey 66
Kohaydan, Henri (First scribe) 691
Kolodziejczyk, Daniel 31
Konstantinos Mousouros Bey (Ottoman diplomat) 426
Konya (city in Anatolia) 798
Kos 70
Kosovo 798
Kostaki Karaca Paşa (Ottoman Foreign Minister) 419, 421, 776–77
Kota Keumala (in Aceh) 287, 289–91, 294–95
Kozan (in Adana) 765, 768
Kulais 907
Kurd Kethüda 70
Kurdoğlu Hızır (Admiral and governor in Alexandria in Egypt) 52–56, 68
kuruş (i.e piaster, Ottoman currency) 552, 617, 667
Kut 965
Kutaraja (Banda Aceh) 486
Kut-el-Amara 970–71
Kuwasa Shaykh (?) Ahmad (Datu) 907
Kuyper, Abraham (Leader of Dutch Protestant party) 526
Kütükoğlu, Mübahat 22
Lake Lanao 879
Lake Mohonk Conference 885
Laksamana Akil 908
Lambourn, Elizabeth 27–28, 33–34
Lanao (in Moro Province) 878–79, 882, 893n56, 899
Lancers 476
Lands below the Winds 45, 47, 49
Langgars 526
Lankutah bin Lamburuh (from Aceh) 669
Lanna kingdom 387n22
Lao Chiang (the region of Chiang Mai/Northern Thailand) 387
Lao Kao (the Lao in Northeastern Thailand/Isan) 387
Laos 348, 383, 387
lapis lazuli (commodity) 995
Latin 5–6n15, 31, 886n32, 907–08, 983
Layla Hamale Sultan (daughter of Sultan Gundam Shah) 428
Leipzig 593
Leo XIII (Pope) 534
Lesbos Island 987
Limbang 319–20, 325
Lincoln, Abraham 884, 927
lingua franca 5, 31
lira (Ottoman currency) 269, 403–04, 484, 617, 688, 692, 699, 714, 739, 839, 955, 966, 987–88
Livadiya (in Crimea) 334–36, 385
London Straits Convention 386
Lord Beaconsfield 496
Lord ClarendonVilliers, George William Frederick
Lord CromerBaring, Evelyn
Lord LansdownePetty-Fitzmaurice, Henry
Lord SalisburyGascoyne-Cecil, Robert
Louis Phillipe I (King of France r. 1830–48) 84n6
Louis XIV (King of France r. 1643–1715) 349
Luang Sunthorn Kosa (Official at the Department of Legal Advice at the Siamese Foreign Ministry) 341
Luang Wichit Worasart (Minister of Siamese Prince Shira) 341, 354
Lund (Missionary) 928
Lutfi (Ottoman envoy to Aceh) 27, 30, 34, 47–51, 55, 57, 67
Luzon (in Philippines) 529, 879, 881, 895, 898–99
Lütfullah Antaki (teacher at the Greek Orthodox School in Scandrona) 543
Maʿlumat (newspaper) 539, 541–42, 615
Maʿmûretü’l-azîz (Elazığ in Anatolia) 617–18
Maʿruf al-Karkhi (Sufi shaykh) 24–25, 94, 106
Madras 804
Madrid 474–75, 528–31, 534, 794–96, 798, 985
Madura 312, 816
Maghreb 816, 879
mag-sabil 937
Maguindanao 879
Maha Chakrakri (Order) 384, 386, 390
Al Maha (On the Arabian peninsula) 184
Maha Min Hla Kyaw Htin 186
Maharaja 105, 198, 202, 204, 219
Maharaja Diraja (Ruler of Minangkabau) 97
Mahmud bin Abdulkadir 768
Mahmud Gawan (Mughal author of Manazir al-Inshaʾ) 4
Mahmud II (Ottoman Sultan r. 1808–1839) 4n9, 13, 88, 90, 106, 155, 664
Mahmud Malfar Shah (Sultan of Muko-Muko) 428
Mahmud Muhtar Paşa (Ottoman Ambassador in Berlin) 460
Majallah Ahkam Johor 363
al-Majdaha (in Yemen) 805, 816
Majul, Cesar 879
Makassar 105, 706, 822
Mahkota AlamIskandar Muda
Malacca 67n26, 128, 246–47, 348–49, 372–73, 375, 377, 482, 493, 506
Malacca Straits 506
Malay
Malay archipelago 5, 20
Malay books 623
Malay epics 2
Malay kingdoms 1, 4, 320, 369, 384
Malay language 249, 469, 490, 623
Malay norms 322
Malay peninsula 75, 80n2, 142, 328
Malay rulers 4, 319
Malay world 1–2, 9, 12, 23, 31, 80n2, 425n4, 889, 891, 893–94
Malaya 165, 384n15, 425
Malayan women 518
Malays 142, 383, 387, 518
Maldives 46
Malezyan Efendi (doctor at the Hudaydah quarantine) 685, 687
Maluku 312, 492, 833
Mamluk chancery 3, 21
Mandalay (Historical Capital of Burma) 187–89n48
Mandi (Datu, from Zamboanga) 884, 907, 928
mangrove (commodity) 169
Manila 320, 456–57, 571, 650, 879, 887–88, 891n51, 989, 991
Manila Bay 320
Mansur (descendant of Badr Abu Tuwayraq al-Kathiri) 810
Mansur (Emir of Hadramawt) 774
De Manterola, Vincente (Spanish Admiral) 795
Marʿi bin Muhammad bin Talib 827
Maranao 879, 901
Marawiʿa 264, 282, 894n57
Margosa Tubig (in Zamboanga) 897
Maria Theresa dollars 100, 105
Mariana 534
Marsden, William 7
Marshall Islands 534
Martini (rifle) 276
Masʿa (in Mecca) 573
Mashaleha (tribe) 184–85
Mataram Empire 482
Mawlana Ḥakim Yusufi 4
Mawlid (Poem describing the birth of the prophet) 628
Mazid Abdullah al-Maʿmuri (Descendant of the Caliph Umar) 871
McArthur, M.S.H. (British consul in Brunei) 320–21
McKinley, William (US President 1897–1901) 934
Mecca 2, 4n9, 9, 12, 14–15, 17, 44, 46–47, 61–62, 67, 88, 92, 100, 106, 114–17, 124, 147, 149, 151, 167, 171, 179, 181, 183–85, 195, 197, 204, 211, 216–17, 268, 274–75, 288, 291, 294, 317, 369, 427, 429, 443, 486, 502, 511, 512, 526–27, 536, 556, 573, 576, 601n9, 604, 623, 629, 661, 664, 676, 678–80, 682, 695–99, 701–04, 750, 758–61, 787, 798, 800–02, 841, 851, 854, 867, 875, 882, 885n25, 887, 895, 898, 900–01 Two Holy Shrines and Two Sanctuaries
Mecelle 363
Mecidi medal 151–52, 313, 399, 436–37, 474, 490, 578, 592–93, 595, 596, 597, 616, 628, 737, 747, 887, 953
Meclis-i Vâlâ 120–21, 123–24, 126–27, 130–31, 132, 139, 141
Medina 2, 15, 44, 80, 88, 92, 117–18, 268, 274–75, 311n107, 325, 443, 459, 573, 661, 694, 696, 699, 701, 750, 759, 761, 763–66, 768 Two Holy Shrines and Two Sanctuaries
Mehmed Ebusirem Ağa (Warder) 691
Mehmed Esad (Chargé d’affaires at The Hague) 876
Mehmed Kamil Bey (Ottoman Consul General in Batavia) 451–53, 519, 613, 735
Mehmed Kemal Ağa (Warder) 691
Mehmed Rasim Efendi (Ottoman Consul General in Batavia) 841
Mehmed Raşid (Ottoman Consul General in Batavia) 845
Mehmed Said (Ottoman Foreign Minister) 944
Mehmed Şemdin Efendi (Lieutenant) 409
Mehmed Tahir (Sayyid, publisher and chief editor of the newspapers al-Maʿlumat and Servet) 613
Mehmed Tevfik (Es-Sayyid, Director of Consular Affairs) 736
Mehmed V (Ottoman Sultan r. 1909–1918) 877
Meier (Austrian Consul in Batavia) 591
Meiji Emperor 243
Mekong 349, 384
Mekteb-i Hukûk-ı Şahane (Imperial School of Law) 700n1, 749
Mekteb-i Mülkiye-i Şahane (Imperial Civil Service School) 700
Mekteb-i Sultani (Imperial School) 700, 738, 745
Ménage, Victor 4n8, 10–11, 13
Mendenyazah (Burmese asst. secretary) 194
Mesopotamia 965–66, 970, 978
Messageries Maritimes Company 615, 719, 723–24
Meşhed Ahmed 674
Meulaboh 173, 176
Meyiz Bey (Ottoman Consul General in Barcelona) 452
Middle East 1, 661, 900
Midori, Kawashima 877, 902, 909, 930
Mihraja (Shaykh) 283
Mimu (Imam from Zamboanga) 908
Min Htin Yaza 187
Mina 573
Minangkaba 8, 88, 90, 97, 99, 105
Minangkabau (ruler of) 88, 100
Mindanao 25, 878–80, 882, 886n32–90, 893, 895, 898–99, 901, 914
Mindon (King of Burma 1853–1878) 29, 185–89
Misamis 880
missionaries 552–54, 589, 658–59, 879
Mocha 46, 180, 984
modernisation 384–86, 700n1
Mojokerto (on Java) 542
Moluccas Islands 7, 482, 832
Monastir 798
Mongkut (Rama IV, King of Siam r. 1851–1868) 387n23, 414n24
Moniteur Oriental (newspaper) 607
Monotheist 78, 99, 168, 170, 233, 242, 246, 602, 817
Monthon system 384
Moro Amat (from Zamboanga) 908
Moro Hilario (from Zamboanga) 908
Morocco 4, 15, 23, 573
Moros 878n4–79, 881n10–86, 896–98, 906n82, 908n88, 913, 927–28, 930
Moro Wars 879
Moscow 386
Moskides (Doctor at Kamaran quarantine) 691
Mosque of Abraham (in Mecca) 573
Mosul 798
Mount Lebanon 796, 798
Mozambique 24
Muʿtazilis 659
Mughal chancery 3
Mughal India 4n6
Mughal tughras 92
Mughals 4, 187
Muhamad bin Awn (Sharif) 171, 174
Muhammad (Datu, from Zamboanga) 908
Muhammad (Prophet) 44, 46, 50, 76, 87, 93, 95, 102, 106, 153, 171, 205, 240, 266, 274, 311n107, 324, 454, 482, 517, 588, 592, 599–00, 628n19, 658, 664, 701, 714, 762, 771, 805, 812, 818, 832, 894, 896, 910, 912–14, 949
Muhammad bin Abdullah al-Zabidi 665
Muhammad bin Hajat (from Aceh) 670
Muhammad bin Husain (from Aceh) 670
Muhammad bin Muhammad Amin (from Aceh) 669
Muhammad bin Said (from Aceh) 670
Muhammad Abdullah Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 711
Muhammad Abid bin Sulaiman 671
Muhammad al-Fiqhiyya 266
Muhammad Ali (Haji, from Cut Badar) 200
Muhammad Ali bin Abdullah al-Syaikh al-Sha(?) 665
Muhammad Ali Paşa (governor of Egypt) 78
Muhammad al-Saqqaf (Sayyid, doctor and nephew of Sultan Abu Bakar of Johor) 364
Muhammad Amin bin Muhammad Said (from Aceh) 200, 670
Muhammad Arif (Al-hajj) 907
Muhammad Arsyad (Syaikh, a Bugis from Wajo) 665
Muhammad Asadullah 266
Muhammad Azhari bin al-hajj Abdullah 704
Muhammad b. Hindu Shah Nakhchiwani (Jalayirid writer) 21
Muhammad bin Abdullah Efendi 712
Muhammad bin Ahmad Ba Junaid (Shaykh, Hadrami) 168, 171, 174, 179
Muhammad bin Aydarus al-Bahr (Sayyid) 868
Muhammad bin Hasan Babhir (Shaykh) 811
Muhammad bin Saqqaf Efendi (Sayyid) 802
Muhammad bin Sultan Yusuf (Sharif, Sultan of Pontianak) 317
Muhammad Fakhruddin (Sultan of Johor r. 1821–41) 153
Muhammad Ghauth (Hajji, son of Abdul Rahim, Acehnese envoy to Istanbul) 9, 14, 19, 90–94, 101, 106, 118–20, 126, 128, 222, 229, 295, 303, 307, 469
Muhammad Hasib Paşa (Sayyid, Governor of Hijaz) 14, 97, 97–98, 107–09, 113, 115–17, 661–63, 665, 774
Muhammad Ibrahim (Minister of Johor) 414
Muhammad Id bin Saʾid (From Palembang) 665
Muhammad Nur (From Zamboanga) 908
Muhammad Rashid Rida 900n69
Muhammad Said Efendi (Local dignitary in Naban) 621
Muhammad Salih bin Abdul Rahim (one of the ulema of Aceh) 198, 670
Muhammad Salih bin Muhammad Murid al-Rawi al-Samman 664–65
Muhammad Salih Asyi 669–70
Muhammad Saman bin Ali (from Aceh) 12n32, 670
Muhammad Shah (from Asahan) 12, 93, 95
Muhammad Shahab (Sayyid) 840
Muhammad Sinjan (shaykh in Rabita) 283
Muhammad Tahir bin Syaikh Abdul Karim 672
Muhammad Wajih Zayd al-Kilani Efendi (Sayyid, the Shaykh al-Islam of the Philippines) 886, 900, 954–55
Muhammad Yunus bin Abdul Rahman al-Khalidi 12
Muhammad Zainal Abidin (Sultan of Tembusai r. 1887–1916) 14, 243, 248, 250–52, 255, 258, 368–69
Muhammadan religion 76, 102, 197, 230, 268, 294, 320, 486, 714, 885–86, 913
Muharrem Alikaki (Ottoman citizen in Philedelphia) 650
Muhsin Ali Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 711
Muhsin Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 734
Muhyiddin Bey (Doctor Captain at Kamaran quarantine) 691
mujahids 602
al-Mukalla (in Yemen) 180, 184–85, 805, 810, 816
Munawwar al-Saqqaf (Sayyid) 839
Murad III (Ottoman Sultan r. 1574–1591) 30–31
Musa bin Nyak Putih (from Aceh) 672
Muscat (Imam of) 7, 14, 24
Muslim
Muslim children 446, 616, 713, 726, 736, 834
Muslim clothes 536
Muslim communities 589, 601
Muslim fishermen 294
Muslim soldiers 554, 632, 634, 636
Muslim sovereigns 23, 249, 255, 307
Muslim women 519, 874
Muslims in Southeast Asia 2, 571
Muslims of Zamboanga 25
Mustafa bin Hussan 975
Mustafa bin Hamza Reis 71
Mustafa Çavuş (messenger accompanying Acehnese embassy to home) 52–53, 55, 57, 62–63, 68, 72, 74
Mustafa Paşa (Governor of Yemen) 124–25, 138–39
Mustafa Salim (Deputy of the Governor, and Provincial Treasurer of Hijaz) 217
Mustafa Şükrü (Member of the Committee of Religious Examinations) 620–21
mustard (commodity) 961
mutawalli (governor) 170
münşeats (compilations of official documents) 3
mütemayiz (rank in Ottoman civil officialdom) 434
Naban 620
Nabi Sulaiman 322
Nagasaki (Japanese port) 584
Najd 834
Najran 805, 815
Nasır Bey (Descendant of Sharif Abdulmuttalib Paşa) 804
Nasir al-Din Shah (of Persia) 328
naskh (script) 7
Natal 99, 105
Necib Hacı Efendi (Ottoman Consul in Manila) 456–57
Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij Bank 649
Nei-myo Min Htin Thurein (Burmese envoy) 187
Neratja (newspaper) 569
Netherlands 156, 158, 162, 195, 385, 418, 424, 429n10, 558, 567, 582, 706, 776, 958
New York 650, 955
New-Guinea 516, 518, 534
Ngabehi Kerinci 671
Nganda Kerinci (Mualim) 671
Nganta Kerinci (Khatib) 671
Nias 159–61
Nicholas Aleksandrovich 385–86n20
Nicholas II (Emperor of Russia r. 1894–1917) 385–86
Nieuwe Courant (newspaper) 654
Nieuwe Rotterdamse Courant (newspaper) 611
Nisab 895
Noradounghian Efendi (Ottoman Armenian statesman) 631
Norfolks (British regiment) 972
Nyak Kam (Haji, from Teluk Nga in Aceh) 198
Nyawung (Imam from Zamboanga) 908
Obolensky, Ivan Mikhailovic (Russian Prince) 334
oil (commodity) 169, 569–70
Olçanski (Doctor at Kamaran quarantine) 691
Omar al-Attas (Javanese student in Istanbul) 711, 733–35, 745–46, 748–49
onion (commodity) 961
Orientals 541, 769
Orthodox Christian church 385
Osman Alawi (Sayyid, Mufti of Java) 626, 628
Osman b. el-Mükerrem es-Seyyid Mehmed Zeyn er-Rodosî [Zain al-Qudsi?] el-Medenî (Es-Seyyid) 80
Osman bin Abdullah el-Attas (Javanese student in Istanbul) 711
Osman Emin Paşa (Commander of the Ertuğrul Frigate) 250, 252, 264
Osman Nuri Paşa (Governor of Hijaz) 511, 678–79
Osman Zeki Bey 575
Osmani (Medal) 400–01, 414–15
Ottoman
Ottoman alphabet books 615, 617
Ottoman Army 527, 641, 961
Ottoman attitude 700
Ottoman Bank 396, 403–04
Ottoman banner 101, 229, 582
Ottoman chancery 4, 10, 15, 23, 31–2, 78–9
Ottoman citizenship 418, 730, 751, 753, 756, 758, 769, 777, 785–87, 818, 836–37, 871
Ottoman consul(ates) 264, 295, 316, 333, 370, 418–20, 440, 462, 465, 468, 532, 566, 578, 637, 650, 956, 989
Ottoman craftsmen and merchants 446
Ottoman dignitaries 377, 405, 415–16
Ottoman diplomatics 1, 3–4, 20, 31
Ottoman dynasty 15–6, 143, 170, 200, 661
Ottoman epistles 7, 29, 31, 91–2, 295, 322
Ottoman flag 114, 155, 195, 228, 256, 317, 582, 588, 653, 674
Ottoman Government 2, 22, 24, 75–77, 119, 130, 132, 139, 153, 167–68, 229, 264, 287, 418–19, 434, 463–64, 469, 474, 557, 559, 583, 666–68, 769, 773, 797, 821, 841, 959, 964–69, 972–73, 979
Ottoman identity card 730, 787, 841, 847, 854–55
Ottoman law 363
Ottoman medals 167, 232
Ottoman military schools 266
Ottoman Nationality Law 776
Ottoman navy 67, 72, 161, 246, 582, 684, 687
Ottoman parliament 502
Ottoman Press 575, 617–18, 621–22
Ottoman printing houses 571, 621–22
Ottoman prisoners of war 958, 960–61, 963, 965, 967–71, 973, 975, 977
Ottoman School (in Cape Town) 446
Ottoman seals 17
Ottoman seamen 980
Ottoman subjects 418, 434, 446, 456, 459–60, 557, 643, 769, 772, 776, 778, 781, 793–96, 798, 811, 827, 835, 842–43, 849, 866, 872, 874, 979
Ottoman suzerainty 19, 153, 170, 184, 195–96, 199
Ottoman warriors 294
Ottoman women 873–74
Ottoman-Greek war 598–99
Özay, Mehmet 894
Pacific Ocean 534
Padang 99, 105, 129, 771
Paden Woon (Burmese Secretary) 194
Padishah of Portugal 46
Padishah of Rum 46
Pagans 129, 881n10, 883n17
Pagar Ruyung (capital of Minangkabau) 97, 105
Page Corps 386
Pahang 247
Pahud, Charles Ferdinand 527–28
Pakhangyi Myosa Min-gyi Min Thado Min-gyi Maha Min Hla Sithu (Burmese minister) 186
Palau 534
Palawan (island) 878
Palazzo Quirinal 381
Palembang (in Southeast Sumatra) 22, 86, 90, 99, 105, 129, 291, 320–21, 526, 603–04, 665, 840–41
Palkasa Gubatun (From Zamboanga) 908
palm tree 983
Panas (Doctor at Kamaran quarantine) 690
pan-Islamism 418, 571, 607, 859
para (ottoman currency) 552, 617, 981, 988
Pariaman (port) 99, 105, 173
Paris 89, 188, 377, 396, 424–25
Paris conference (1916) 564
Paris Treaty (1898) 880
Pasai 5n12
Pasisir Barat Shah (Sultan of Muko-Muko 1752–1798) 428
pearls (commodity) 701, 987–88, 995
Pedir 283
Pekojan (Arab quarter in Batavia) 839
Pelenk-i Derya (Ottoman torpedo gunboat) 162
Penang 7n18, 75–6, 384n16, 493, 634, 674
pencil (commodity) 92, 288, 977
pepper (commodity) 47, 89, 95, 97, 130, 168, 275, 349, 961
Perak 2, 636
Pershing, John (governor of the Moro Province) 884
Persian
Persian epistles 7
Persian Gulf 187, 958
Persian monarch 328
Persian script 187
Persians 15, 44, 102
Pertev Efendi (Governor of Massawa) 184–85
Peterhof Palace 385
Petty-Fitzmaurice, Henry (Lord Lansdowne) 624, 888, 981
Pezenî Bey (Consul General at Syros) 452
Philadelphia 650
Philippines 25, 443, 474–75, 528–31, 534, 793, 796–98, 821–22, 877–83, 885–91, 894, 899–01, 933–40, 944, 946–48, 951, 953–56, 983
Phra Suriyanuwat (Siamese Charge d’affaires in Berlin) 341, 354
Phraya Thewet Wongwiwat (Director of the Siamese Royal stables) 341, 354, 399
Piaster 133, 158–59, 404, 430, 433–34, 436, 442, 447, 449, 453, 552, 561, 617–18, 648, 651, 678, 687–88, 736–37, 642–43, 957, 981, 987–88
pilgrims 45, 48–9, 92–3, 99, 124, 139, 173, 275–76, 485, 518, 526–27, 533, 556, 573, 661–64, 666–68, 672–85, 687–88, 692, 694–96, 700, 759–60, 789, 800–01, 875, 887
Piraeus 359, 362
Po Cut Haji bin Abdul Rahim 202
Poland 22, 31–2
Polem Cut Banta (Panglima, head of the XXIImukim) 20
Poles 4, 92
Pontianak 12, 105, 816
Port Said 464, 771
Porter, Venetia 26
Portugal 22, 53, 55, 385
Portuguese 4–5, 24n59, 33, 38, 48–9, 52, 54, 321, 476, 482–83, 516, 832
Poseidon (Lloyd Company’s steamboat) 803
pounds (British currency) 560, 803, 994–95
precious gems (commodity) 47
Prince of Wales 429
Prompong (Siamese Prince) 341, 354
Prostestant Church 518
Pulangi River 879
Pulau Pinang 78
Punjab 634
Qadi 27, 255, 258, 288
Qaitbay (Mamluk Sultan r. 1468–1496) 21
Qajars 4
al-Qalqashandī (15th century Egyptian scholar) 3
Qasim bin Abd al-Rahman bin Hussein al-Qadri Jamal al-Layl al-Alawi (Sharif, Sultan of Pontianak) 266
Qurʾan 45, 153, 282, 541, 552, 571, 574, 590–93, 595–97, 612–18, 621–22, 630–31, 664, 672, 805n5, 817, 886, 895–96, 910, 938, 950
Quraysh 660
Qushashiyya district (in Mecca) 573
al-Qatn (in Yemen) 810, 816
rafida 659
Raja AliAli bin Emir Jaʿfar
Raja Keumala 283
Raja Rum 2, 88, 321
Rakhine (Arakanese) 187
Rakhine State 187
Rangoon 188, 349n3, 458–59, 637, 958, 960, 963, 966, 968, 994
Rasim Ali (Ottoman prisoner-of-war in Thayetmyo) 973–74
Rasulid (Ruler of Yemen) 27
Raşid Paşa (Minister of Foreign Affairs) 238
Rattanakosinsok 382
Reʾfet Bey (Ottoman consul in Batavia) 457–58, 466–68, 557, 645–46, 648, 653, 852
real (Spanish currency) 443
Reat, Samuel C. (US Consul in Ragoon) 960
Red Crescent Society 632, 624–48, 650, 964
Red Sea 89n13, 189, 264, 275, 278, 282n74, 286–87, 463, 661, 676, 983, 985
Reispas 786, 810
Rhodes 61, 70, 74
Riau 1, 6–9, 11, 13–15, 19, 23–4, 142–43, 145, 147–53, 247, 248n59, 249, 306
rice (commodity) 130, 168, 275, 349, 485, 517, 522, 561, 961
De Richelieu, Andreas Du Plessis (Siamese minister of Navy) 341
Ridwani oath 706
Rıfkı Bey (Ottoman Consulin Batavia) 441, 582–83
Rifle 99, 255, 276
rigging drills (commodity) 255
riqʿa script 7
De Rivera, Fernando Primo (Field Marshal, Governor of Philippines) 531
Riyu Kerinci 671
Rıza Efendi (First Lieutenant) 417
Rıza Paşa (Ottoman Minister of War) 417
Rockhill, William W. (U.S. Minister in Istanbul) 886
Rogers, P. D. (Secretary of the Moro Province) 884–85
Rokan Kiri River 252
Roman Empire 2
Romanian government 457
Rooseboom, W. (Governor-General of the Dutch Indies 1899–1904) 319
rope (commodity) 46n8, 47, 307, 974–77, 989–91
Ropt, Ernest (second scribe at Kamaran quarintine) 691
rosary (commodity) 977
Rotterdam 421, 666
Rum 2, 5, 46, 88–90, 97, 187, 291
Rum (sultan of)Raja Rum
Rumelia 835, 845
Rûmî 311, 509, 625, 894
Rupiah 810–11
Ruqayya Hanum (Circassian slave-girl) 363
Russia 30, 328, 330–32, 339, 383–86, 390, 396, 463, 564, 859
Russian czar 22
Russian Muslims 858
Russian subjects 858
Russian Transport Company 408
Russian war ships 386n20
Russians 4, 564
Russian-Siamese Declaration of Jurisdiction, Trade and Navigation 385
Sabda 288
Sabit Ahmed Ağa (Warder) 691
Sabri (son of Emin, Ottoman prisoner-of-war in Thayetmyo) 973
Saddan Elephant (formal titles of the Burmese monarch) 186
Sadık Beliğ Efendi (Ottoman Consul General in Batavia) 443–44, 450–51
Sadık Bey (Adjutant Major) 409
Safa 512
Safavids 4
Safiyya Hatun (Sayyida Sharif, daughter of Sharif Sayyid Abdurrahman bin Husayn bin Ahmad al-Alawi (Sultan of Pontianak) 266
Sagasta, Práxedes Mateo (Spanish Prime Minister) 529–30
Saha (Panglima, from Zamboanga) 907
Sahl (Son of Sayyid Fazıl Paşa) 836
Sahl bin Abdullah (Sayyid) 840
Saiʾun (town) 816
Said al-Sharʿi 827
Said Baghdilah (Shaykh) 840
Said bin Hamid Abid (Shaykh) 826–27
Said Efendi 118, 621, 717, 740
Said Halim Paşa (Ottoman Foreign Minister) 460–61, 465, 557, 646, 851
Said Paşa (Grand Vizier) 287
Saint George 414
Saint Michael 414
Sakaluran (Datu from Zamboanga) 907, 928
Sakili, Abraham 891n48, 902, 909
Salani (Panglima, from Zamboanga) 908
Salim (Hatib from Zamboanga) 907
Salim (Shafiʿi Sayyid, in Yemen) 161
Salim bin Abdülhamid (descendant of the Caliph Umar) 871
Salim bin Ahmad al-Sarwa 791
Saliman (Imam from Zamboanga) 907
Salman Efendi (Javanese student in Istanbul) 717
Salonica 798
salt (commodity) 961
Salween (mountain) 349
Sama 879–81, 884, 890, 895, 898
Samadi (ship name) 47
Sambas (port) 105
Sâmi Efendi (Sefâizâde Hâfız) 623, 875
Samos 798
Samuri (Ruler of Calicut) 48
Sanaa 805
Imam of Sanaa 4n9
Sandeman, A. (Officer at Thayetmyo detention Camp) 974–77
Sangbud (Maharaja) 907
Sanitary Corps 961
Santiago 530
Santili Jikirani 907
al-Saqqaf (Sayyid) 615, 839
al-Saqqaf family 669, 812, 817
Sarawak 320, 816
Sarekat Islam 548, 551, 553–55, 567–69
Sattiya Luhino 907
Sayhun 805
Sayhut (port in Yemen) 816
sayyids 78, 242n58, 317, 512, 533, 600, 659, 721, 771, 774, 792, 805, 810, 812, 816–18, 834–35
Sazonov, Sergey (Russian Foreign Minister 1910–16) 858n9
Schaepman, H.J.A.M. (Chatolic priest and politician 1844–1903) 607
Schmidt, Jan 700
School of Military Science 268
Scouts 476
Sea of China 348
Seeds (commodity) 982–83
Seifullah Bey (Lieutenant) 963
Sekar Kerinci (Mualim) 671
Selim I (Ottoman Sultan r. 1512–1520) 99, 102, 222, 229, 274–77
Selim II Khan (Ottoman Sultan r. 1566–1574) 99, 102, 105, 119, 123, 129
Semarang 423–25, 492, 739, 810, 817
Semaun bin Zaid (from Aceh) 669
Serâser (commodity) 22
Serbia 439
Serbian 5
Server Ağa (Warder) 692
Servet (newspaper) 612–13
Setia Ulama (Seri, Acehnese Commander) 214
Setkya Yin-byan (royal vessel) 188
Sevastopol 333–34, 337, 403–04
Shafiʿi imam 604
Shafiʿi school (of Islam) 46, 517, 604
Shahada 12, 889, 895, 902n72
Shahbandar 14, 249, 255, 258
Shaiba 972, 975
Shakib Arslan 900
Shams al-Maʿarif 26
Shanghai 584
Shaqr (in Yemen) 816
sharīʿa (Islamic law) 76, 143, 197, 518, 706, 780, 812, 931
Sharif of Mecca 4n9, 14–5, 61–2, 171–72, 174–75, 195, 443n14
Sharifat (company) 875
shayka (siege cannons) 49
Shaykh al-Azhar 701–04
Shaykh al-Islam 113–14, 344–45, 620–23, 695, 756, 874, 877, 886, 899, 900, 935, 937–41, 944, 946–47, 954–56
Shaykh Jamal al-Din al-Qadiri (Sayyid) 707
Shaykh of Jawa (Shaykh) 147, 680
al-Shihab family 817
Shibam (in Yemen) 810, 816
al-Shihr (in Yemen) 180, 184–85, 805, 810, 816
Siam 75, 147, 246–48, 256, 328, 346–50, 369, 382, 384–87, 496–97, 543–46, 616
Siamese
Siamese delegation 339–40, 399, 400
Siamese royal family 328
Siamese stones 995
Siamese waters 987
Sidoarjo (On Java) 542, 820
Silk 22–3, 47, 92, 644
silk cloth 95, 97
Silsilah raja-raja Berunai (Genealogical account of the rulers of Brunei) 322
Silver 22, 48
Simana (son of Shalem, prisoner-of-war in Thayetmyo) 973
Sinan Paşa (governor of Yemen) 99–100, 102, 105, 123, 129, 229
Singapore 14, 165, 167, 246–49, 255, 258, 265–66, 275, 319–22, 324, 372, 384, 411–14, 418, 422–43, 426–27, 429, 431, 437–38, 445–53, 453, 459–60, 462, 465, 468, 488, 490, 506, 508–10, 557, 562, 580, 615, 619–20, 628–29, 632, 634–38, 667, 674, 720, 801–02, 804, 810, 841, 871, 887, 980–81, 987
Sivas (in Anatolia) 798
Snouck Hurgronje, C. 288, 294, 308, 510–11, 519, 535–36, 601, 604n11, 700
soap (commodity) 963, 977
Sokullu Mehmed Pasha 27
Solo 517
Somali 984
Somali Arabs 518
Soubhi Bey (prisoner of war at Thayetmyo) 959–60, 963
Southeast Asia 1–2, 6–7, 11, 15–6, 19, 23–7, 30, 75, 168, 243–44, 319–20, 328, 384, 418, 469, 571, 661, 769, 958, 979
Southeast Asian envoys 3, 8
Southeast Asian Muslims 243, 256–57, 571, 642
Spain 22, 385, 443, 475, 530–31, 533–34, 793, 880, 892n53, 985
Spaniards 879–881, 898
Spanish
Spanish armies 475
Spanish colonies 483, 794–95, 798
Spanish Government 530, 534, 793–94, 796, 798
Spanish troops 474–75
Spanish-American War 880
spinning (yarn) 46
St. Petersburg 386, 390, 403, 408, 411, 439, 855, 857–58
Stanley, Edward Henry (British Foreign Minister) 422
Stemfoort, J.W. 503
Stimson, Henry L. (US Secretary of War) 885–86
Stockholm 440, 563, 578, 788
Straus, Oscar S. 885, 934
De Sturler, Jacques Edouard (b.1855) 470
Sudan 5, 14
Suez (port of) 53, 67
Suez Canal 188, 384
sugar (commodity) 130, 168, 349, 484, 561, 961, 995
sugarcane (commodity) 484
Sukabumi 569
Sulaiman bin Jal (?) (of Aceh) 670
Sulaiman Sharif Alauddin (Sultan of Patani, r. 1890–1899) 369, 370, 372–73
Sulawesi 516, 538
Süleyman I (Ottoman Sultan r. 1512–1566) 99, 195
Süleyman Paşa Khan 575
Sulu 442–43, 878–80, 882, 885n25–94, 897–99, 901–01, 914
Sumerpur (in Burma) 958, 968
Sunda Islands 102, 516, 582, 584
Sundanese 472, 518
Sunnah 518
Surabaya 425, 553, 646, 810, 817, 833, 867–69, 871, 873
Surain (Hatib from Zamboanga) 907
Surat 29, 288
Surigao 880
Suriyanuwat, Phraya 341, 354, 399
Süreyya Paşa (Chief secretary of the Ottoman Sultan) 331, 337, 474, 578, 580, 598
Suwayri 816
Sweden 11n29, 13, 385, 958
Swedish collections 23
Swedish Embassy 973, 978
Swedish milk 561
Swedish Minister 973, 978
Swettenham, Frank (Consul General in Singapore) 321
Switzerland 384
Sword 16, 44, 49, 76, 102, 129, 143, 171, 207, 229, 255, 276–77, 307, 313, 812, 818
Syria 762–63, 798
Syrian Tripoli 543, 545
Szigetvar 68
Şahin-i Derya (Ottoman cruiser) 162
Şakir Paşa 408
Şems Efendi (legal consultant) 434
Taft, William (US President 1909–1913) 885–86
Taha (Prophet Muhammad) 102
Taha bin Harun (from Aceh) 670
Taha bin Ahmad al-Haddad (Sayyid) 817
Taha Saifuddin (Sultan of Jambi r. 1855–1903) 153–155, 159–61, 163, 167
Tahir Efendi (First secretary at Kamaran quaratine) 691
Tahsin Paşa (Chief secretary of the Ottoman Sultan) 166
Taj al-Alam Saifyyat al-Din (Sultanah of Aceh 1641–1675) 29
Takhir (Imam from Zamboanga) 908
Takil Alemshah (Sultan of Muko-Muko) 428
Taksin (Somdet Phra Chao Taksin Maharat 1734–1782) 349
Talʾat (Chargé d’affaires of the Imperial Embassy at The Hague) 462, 466, 557
Taliʾa (imperial steamboat) 358
Taluksangay 881, 885, 888, 890–92, 895, 901, 907n82, 910–11, 913, 926–29, 931, 937, 949–50
Taluksangay Mosque 893, 899, 938
Tambuyung (Datu from Zamboanga) 907
Tamiang 168, 173
Tamim 805
Tan, Samuel 878, 882n11, 890–91
Tanîn (newspaper) 872
tarakata (royal decree) 288
Tarhan, Abdulhak Hamid (Ottoman Ambassador to The Hague) 502
Tarim (town) 810, 816
tariqa 706
Tartar 23
Tauhid 893–95
Taupan (Panglima, Chief of the Balangingi Sama) 881, 906
Tausug 879, 889–97, 902, 907, 909, 918–20
Tausug language 25, 878, 890, 896–98
tea (commodity) 484, 547–48, 961
Tebing-Tinggi 526
Telegram 529, 246, 283, 330–34, 336–38, 351–52, 359–61, 364, 366–67, 381, 397–98, 450, 464, 476, 496, 500, 529–30, 545, 562, 567, 578–79, 619, 629–30, 632, 639–40, 646, 674, 685, 688, 696–97, 718, 720, 768, 901, 837, 844, 847, 873, 934, 947, 978, 984–85
Tembusai 6, 248, 250, 252, 255, 258
Tembusai (sultan of) 9, 248n59, 252, 368
Tenakaluk bin Balik (from Aceh) 669
Tenasserim 387n23
Terengganu 429
Terumon (town) 174
Teuku Abas bin Teuku Haji Ahmad Lam Badar 198
Teuku DjohanTeuku Umar
Teuku Imam Lam Kerak 198
Teuku Imam Silang 202
Teuku Jerung Lam Pajang khadam raja Aceh 198
Teuku Muhammad Arifi 427–29
Teuku Muhammad Napit[?] Bubun 200
Teuku Nyak Abdullah Lam Siul (Treasurer of Aceh) 198
Teuku Nyak Muhammad Leung Bata (the keeper of the youths of Aceh) 198
Teuku Pasaraya bin Seri Imam Muda (Commander of the Twenty Six) 204
Teuku Umar (Toekoe Djohan) 500, 502–03, 505, 507, 520–22
Tevfik (Ottoman Ambassador in Berlin) 330
Textiles 792, 979, 989
Thai aristocracy 386
Thai language 382–83, 387
Thai royal family 386
Thailand 129n21, 382, 384n14, 387, 571, 620n16; Siam
Thayetmyo (in Burma) 958–60, 964–66, 968–74, 978
The Hague 239, 419, 421, 430, 433–34, 455–56, 460, 462–64, 466, 498–500, 502–03, 505, 508, 512, 519, 523, 525, 540, 552, 556–57, 567, 569–70, 578, 580–582, 584, 603, 605, 607, 631, 639–41, 649, 651, 654, 725–26, 776, 785–86, 788–90, 801, 820–21, 828, 847–52, 860–62, 864, 867, 875–76
Thibaw (King of Burma r. 1878–1885) 189
thuluth (script) 14–15
Tibang (Palingma, Acehnese minister) 295, 306
Tiblani (Panglima, from Zamboanga) 907
Tiku Pariaman 173
Timbaung 908
Timur 207, 276n73
Tjondet Batoe Ounfar 653
Torno, Nicolo (Venetian Doge) 21
Townshend, Charles Vere Ferrers 970–71
Trabzon (city in Anatolia) 798
Tranquebar (in south India) 11
Tripoli (in Libya) 543, 545, 647, 798
Tripolitania 631
Tuah bin Jim (from Aceh) 670
Tughra 11, 14, 17, 32, 92
Tuhfat al-Nafis 143
Tuneshki (Shaykh) 277, 283
Turhan Paşa 408
Turkey 30, 189, 194, 468, 877n1, 967
Turkish
Turkish documents 468
Turkish flag 188, 194, 964
Turkish government 194, 468, 965–66, 969, 973, 978
Turkish soldiers 312, 972
Turkish subject 194
Turkish text 33, 349n4, 482n4
Turkistan 425
Turks 15, 102, 306, 317, 611, 634, 659, 660, 959, 962, 972
Two Holy Shrines 16, 44, 76, 93, 99, 105–06, 143, 662, 805
Two Sanctuaries 117
U.S. Army 883–84, 914, 926–29
U.S. Army Signal Corps 882
U.S. colonial policy 877–78, 880, 888, 898–99
Ubayd Allah bin Ziyad bin al-Labid al-Ansari 816
Udur 895
Ujan Matuaraja (Imam from Zamboanga) 908
Ulangkaya Bassu (From Zamboanga) 907
al-Haj Umar bin Auf (from Aceh) 198
Umar al-Faruq 816
Umar bin Abdullah bin Faluqa al-Tamimi 454
Umar Rahman (descendant of the Caliph Umar) 871
Umma 242, 714
United States 195, 460, 877, 897, 909, 912, 930, 934, 936–37, 949, 960, 964–68
al-Uqbal family 817
Uthman 908
Uthman (Caliph) 44
Uthman (Sayyid, Hadrami, advisor to the Dutch Government) 519, 604n11
Uthman bin Bakit (from Aceh) 671
Utu Ujan 907
Üsküdar (Scutari) 798, 968
Van (in Anatolia) 798
Van Tseghem (Captain) 89n14, 100n19
Vangelis (son of Manolis) 987–88
Vayka (secretary at the Siamese Embassy in Paris) 354
vegetables 961–62
Venetian doge 21n47, 22
Venetians 4
Vetter, J.A. 503, 505
Victoria (Queen of Britain r. 1819–1901) 188n45, 429
Vienna 33, 363–66, 386n20
Villiers, George William Frederick (Lord Clarendon) 429
Visayas 879
Viscount Grey 964, 968
Vomen (Doctor, Quarantine Inspector) 685, 687, 690
Wadi al-Ahqaf 815
Wan Ali bin Abdul Rahman (?) (Chief of the fort of Aceh) 198
waqfa 573
Washington D.C. 25, 650, 877, 884–85, 887–88, 909, 912, 930–34, 944
weapons 45, 48–9, 56, 207, 307n106, 634, 880, 979
Weltevreden 837
Western colonialism 244, 320, 880, 898
Western civilisation 242, 880, 899, 902
wheat (commodity) 130
white benzoin (commodity) 89
white bezoin incense (commodity) 95
white camphor (commodity) 95, 97
White Elephant (Medal) 408–409, 417
white elephant 189, 349
white pepper (commodity) 89, 95, 97
Wilhelmsland 534
Wilson, Woodrow (U.S. President from 1913 to 1921) 887
wood (commodity) 349, 961
Wood, Leonard (U.S. Army Chief of Staff) 882, 884–85
World War I 418, 571, 642, 958
Yakan (community in Moro) 879, 890
Yakub (Haji, from Tanoh Abee, commander of the navy of Aceh) 198
Yakub bin Masud (al-Haj) 198
Yakub bin Abdullah (detainee in Anatolia) 768
Yanbuʿ al-Bahr 268, 696
Yang Dipertuan 12, 142–43, 296, 322, 324
Yav Hüsnü Ağa (Second chief warder at Kamaran Quarantine) 691
Yemen 4, 16, 27, 44, 48–49, 58–59, 64, 71–74, 125, 133, 139, 141–43, 161, 180, 184–85, 211, 264, 282, 678, 684–88, 761–62, 774, 791, 798, 805, 815
Yemen (Governor of) 67, 123–25, 129, 133–36, 138–39, 141, 162, 678, 774, 985
Yıldız Library 631
Yogyakarta 517
Yozgat (in Anatolia) 762–63
Yule, Henry (British envoy to the court of Ava) 187
Yumurtalık (in Anatolia) 768
Yun nation 186
Yunnan (Chinese realm of) 348
Yusuf bin Muhammad Arif al-Asyi 198, 671
Yusuf bin qadhi al-Asyi (?) 669
Yusuf Avad (Merchant in Rangoon) 995
Yusuf Hüsnü (Proxy of Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Shawi) 791
Yusuf Lam Kuyut (Teuku Syaik) 198
Zabid (in Yemen) 761
Zainal Abidin (Prince, in Muko-Muko) 429
Zainal AbidinMuhammad Zainal Abidin
zakat (i.e. alms-giving) 895
Zamboanga (in Mindanao) 25, 877–953
ZamorinSamuri
Zamzam 171
Zanzibar 810, 816
Zayn bin Husayn al-Mahghribi (Sayyid) 147–48
Zayn bin Sayyid Hussayin Muhzıri 148
Zeki Husni (Ottoman prisoner of war in Thayetmyo) 968
Zeki Hüseyin (Director of education in Aleppo) 543–44
Zeynelabidin Efendi (Resident of Mecca) 208
Zihni Efendi 631
Van De Zijp, Brantsen (Dutch Politician) 726
Zinovyev, Ivan Alekseyevich 396
Ziya Paşa (Ottoman Ambassador in Washington) 934
Zulkarneyn (Minister of war of Sulu) 443
Zuqar (island) 984–85
Zühdü (Ottoman Minister of Education) 732