IndexIndexabductive approach32abstract objectivism9, 10acting subject15, 16action learning3, 74action learning circle18, 19, 127action-oriented knowledge12activity system6, 13–16, 18–22, 24, 89, 104, 109, 127analytical categories114, 115, 129analytical unit13, 14, 109anonymity118appropriate sample37, 51, 125asking questions7, 45, 57, 74, 77, 78, 99–100, 108, 132assumption32, 36–38, 59, 60, 69, 80, 81, 88, 111, 119, 128auto-ethnography63axial coding90, 91, 93, 95axiology6, 34, 36bedrock57, 126, 128behaviourism8bracket59bricolage33bricoleur33case studiescollective case study52instrumental case study52internal case study47, 52single case52clarification question77cognitive theory9cognitivism8, 10collaborative action research28collective activity14, 15community15, 17, 20, 35, 46, 71, 109comprehensive theories8, 29, 97, 98, 122confidence40, 43, 45, 118consent47, 127, 135–136consent form47, 118, 136constant comparisions7, 51, 59, 66, 86–96, 99, 103–109, 116, 129, 131constructivism8, 10, 11constructivist theory8, 11context2, 6, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15, 19, 21, 24, 30, 33–35, 38, 41, 42, 44, 45, 52, 53, 56, 57, 59, 60–64, 67–70, 72, 77, 79, 83, 89, 93–96, 98, 102, 110–112, 115, 117, 119, 121, 123, 126–128, 133contextual information69, 83, 127contextual knowledge112contingency matrix98continuous analyses18, 40contradictionprimary16secondary16tertiary16, 21quaternary16, 21conversation analysis7, 20, 22, 51, 66–67, 86, 125core category91, 95–97, 102credibility111, 113, 115, 116cultural portrait55, 56data analysesanalysis of documents65categorical aggregation54chronological analytical method65constant comparative analysis method86–96, 103conversation analysis66–67cultural analysesm57D-analysis103–109dialogic/performative analysis65direct analysis53–54Stevick-Colaizzi-Keen method61structural analysis65text analysis65–66thematic analysis62, 65three-dimensional analytical approach65visual analysis65data collectionaudio recording82, 83development interview79focus-group interview78–79follow-up interview74, 78, 83intervening focus-group interview79–80observation68–69observation book80participatory observation69–71semi-structured interview73structured interview72unstructured interview72–73video recording82, 83deductive approach32dependability111descriptive analysis59, 85, 102, 129descriptive categories128descriptive psychological phenomenology58descriptive text37, 40, 55, 125development process1, 3, 5, 12, 13, 16, 19–24, 30, 40, 42, 43, 46, 50, 94, 97, 98, 100, 101, 112, 116. 117, 123, 127development question2, 3, 17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 30, 38–39, 43, 49, 76, 98, 103, 116development tool50, 117development work research (DWR)1, 2, 5, 6, 12, 16, 24, 29, 30, 37–39, 41–47, 49–51, 72, 79, 86, 87, 98, 103–105, 109, 111, 112, 114–118, 121, 127, 128, 130developmental transfer21diagrams96–97dialogic intersubjectivity110dimensions66, 94, 96, 97, 99–101, 114division of labour15, 20elementary actions13emic perspective27, 32–33, 35, 56empirical approach8enlightenment26epistemological8, 51, 68epistemology6, 34–36epoché59etic perspective27, 33, 35, 57, 69ethical principles7, 35, 41, 110, 115, 117–119, 128ethnographic studies7, 20–22, 27, 36, 42, 51, 55–58, 69, 73, 76, 77, 80, 86, 118, 126expansive learning cycle12, 16, 17, 19, 22–24, 45, 126expressionism28externalization12far-out comparisons100–101first-order description61first-person perspective121fish in the water56flip-flop strategy101formative intervention12formative interventionist researcher12Geisteswissenschaften26general theory96goal-directed actions11, 15, 22, 94, 98going native56grounded theory86, 87, 119hermeneutic phenomenology58, 60, 62heterogeneous group60idealism8IGP method3impressionist31individual action15inductive approach32informed consent118, 132innovative circle18intermediary aid15intermediate theories29, 37inter-mental level12internalization12interpretation32–34, 54, 57–59, 65, 80, 86, 87, 89–91, 96, 114–116, 128, 129intersubjective60, 69, 110–111intersubjectivity110intra-mental level12in-vivo codes102knowledge-based development30lesson study3, 74life phase63, 65lifeworld34, 59logbook35, 44, 70, 80, 86, 90, 111, 128main categories91, 94, 95, 97, 103, 129, 131main research question37–39, 73, 76, 112, 113, 123–125, 131, 133making comparisionsmaster’s thesis7, 29, 35, 50, 121, 126, 131, 133–134mediating artefact11–13, 15, 20, 21, 103, 109member checking97, 113–115memos96–97, 116meta-cognitive attitude22meta-cognitive competence22meta-learning23meta-text124meta-view46, 111micro-ethnographic study20–22, 76, 77, 80, 86, 118mind3, 8, 10, 27, 31, 48, 56, 71, 85, 112, 115, 128mirror data12, 43, 46methodological8, 36, 37, 77–78methodology6, 12, 20, 34–36, 51, 52, 86, 133model questions76moderator78narrative study7, 20, 42, 51, 62–65, 73, 77, 86naturalistic33, 68naturalistic generalization34, 54, 116natural setting32–33, 37, 68Naturwissenschaften26neutral36, 64, 72, 80, 111neutral object13object11, 15–18, 20, 21, 43, 59, 98, 103, 104, 109object is the true motive21, 43objectivity69, 111objectivity principle56, 69, 111observer rolesactive membership role70, 71active participant role71balanced participant role70complete observer69, 70complete membership role70, 71complete participant69–71observer-as-participant69, 70, 82participant-as-observer69, 70passive participant role70peripheral membership role70, 71peripheral participant role70ontology6, 34, 36ontological8, 34open coding90, 91, 93open coding phase91, 93, 95paradigm8–10, 29, 34, 37, 51, 57, 69, 93–95, 114participants’ perspective32, 73, 131participatory action research28phenomenological study77, 109, 125phonemic33phonetic33positivism8, 10primary circle23, 46probing questions73–77, 83properties20, 21, 34, 94, 96, 97, 99–101proximity35, 44, 67pseudonyms118psychoanalytic theory9psychological phenomenology58–60psychological stimulation9psycho-analytical perspective27qualitative method1, 6, 25–40, 51–67, 86, 127quotations7, 56, 82, 120, 121, 131, 132R&D model6, 22, 23, 46, 127rationalism8realism8reflection4, 9, 18, 20, 21, 23, 24, 50, 80, 101, 106, 108, 109, 130, 132reflexive110reflexive process29, 110reflexivity122reliability111–115, 119replicate112research instrument30research questions5, 20–22, 24, 29, 30, 37–39, 46, 48, 49, 53, 55, 59, 66, 68, 71, 73, 74, 76, 80, 88, 102, 110, 112, 113, 116, 120, 123–125, 131, 133research report78, 110researcher’s eye24, 29researcher’s gaze29researcher roledistance44insider33, 44, 70on the sidelines42, 47–49, 72outsider33, 35, 44, 70proximity44the interacting researcher42–45researcher’s plateau24responseresponse categories72retro-spective description60rules15, 21, 26, 27, 53, 109secondary circle23, 24, 46, 127second-order description60, 61selective coding90, 96selective coding phase91, 95, 96,self-regulated22sensitising concepts89socio-cultural theory10–12, 15, 89, 129stimulus13, 14sub-categories91, 93–95, 97, 102–104, 131subjective individualism9subjectivity29, 32, 37, 38, 56, 59, 69, 80, 83, 110–112, 121, 122, 128substantive theories29, 30, 37, 96, 116, 122, 129sub-question37–39, 73, 112, 123, 124, 131, 133surveys72–80tabula rasa8teacher researcher70tension6, 15, 16, 19–21, 26, 59, 63, 109, 127text analysis7, 51, 65–66, 86theoretical analysis102, 129theoretical comparisons100theoretical models10, 29, 37, 52, 122, 126theoretical sensitivity87, 88the other25, 27, 28thick descriptions25, 33, 34, 54, 56, 90, 116, 126, 128thin descriptions7, 34, 121, 126thinking tool33, 34, 110, 117, 125timetable4, 109traditional qualitative methodologies1, 25–40traditional qualitative research1, 13, 25, 28, 29, 32, 34–37, 39, 68, 69transcribe77, 83transcription61, 64, 65, 91transferability111, 113, 116triangulation113, 114trustworthiness112, 113unit of analysis15, 19, 89units of meaning61universal knowledge110validation97validityinternal validity111external validity111wave the red flag101, 102world8–11, 26, 28, 29, 32, 36, 66, 67, 71, 87zone of proximal development17, 29, 60, 89

Research and Development in School

Grounded in Cultural Historical Activity Theory

Table of Contents
Index Card
References
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