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Index“1,112 and Counting.”Larry Kramer2 Become 1.Tian sheng yi dui“828–3886.”Annabelle GurwitchAbé Kōbō (1924–1993)Kangarū nōto (Kangaroo Notebook, 1991)397n20Suna no onna (Woman in the Dunes, 1962)304Abé Sada Incident (1936)343n36abortionglobal gag rule384, 385in China237n11, 363n62in Japan237n11, 371n74in Korea362, 364n64, 379in Pakistan376, 385in the United States342n34, 384, 385Abrahams, Lionel (1928–2004)36n14The Celibacy of Felix Greenspan (1977)36n14Abuelaish, Izzeldin (ʿIzz add-Dīn Abū al-ʿAish, 1955–)234I Shall Not Hate: A Gaza Doctor’s Journey (2011)234abuses in medicineincompetent/impaired physicians in literature238n12medical abuse of vulnerable groups438n88unethical medical research/experimentation437n88A Call to Arms.Lu XunAchebe, Chinua (1930–2013)51n21Things Fall Apart (1958)51n21Acquah, Asabea (1967–)169n57“Yaw” (2004)169n57Adalla, Carolyne95, 96, 116n51, 129, 138, 140, 142, 143n26, 145Confessions of an aids Victim (1993)95, 96, 116n51, 129, 138, 140Admissions: Life as a Brain Surgeon.Henry MarshThe Affair (2014–2019)401n29, 477n4Afghanistan450, 451specific conditions, films, writersliterature451African Delights.Siphiwo MahalaAge of Iron (1990)260n41, 261n41“Aghwee the Sky Monster.”Ōe Kenzaburōaging populations,482n11, 489n18, 490statistics482n11See also elderlyaids.hiv/aidsAidsafari.Adam Levinaids literature.hiv/aidsaids Sutra: Untold Stories from India.Negar AkhaviAkashi Kaijin (1901–1939)71n63Akhavi, Negar98aids Sutra: Untold Stories from India (2008)98Alameddine, Rabih (1959–)543Koolaids: The Art of War (1998)543al-Aswānī, ʿAlāʾ(1957–)“AwrāqʿIṣāmʿAbd al-ʿĀṭī” (The Isam Abd el-Ati Papers, 1989)481, 528Chicago (2007)212n28, 235n7Alice and Oliver.Charles BrockAliceheimer’s: Alzheimer’s through the Looking Glass (2016)187“Aliyo Silimu” (There Is aids)112Allen, Jimmy (1927–2019)150n34Burden of a Secret: A Story of Truth and Mercy in the Face of aids (1995)150n34Allen, Paula Gunn (1939–2008)328n1“Dear World” (1988)328n1Allende, Isabel (1942–)La casa de los espíritus (House of the Spirits, 1982)575n43La ciudad de lasbestias (City of the Beasts, 2002)575n43Paula (1994)542, 567, 574, 575, 577, 579Almanac of the Dead.Leslie Marmon SilkoAlone No Longer: The Story of a Man Who Refused to Be One of the Living Dead.Stanley Steinals.amyotrophic lateral sclerosisal-Saʿdāwī, Nawāl (1931–)al-Marʾah wa-al-ṣiraʿ al-nafsī (Woman and Psychological Conflict, 1976)271n54al-wajh al-ʿārīlil-marʾah al-ʿArabiyyah (The Hidden Face of Eve: Women in the Arab World; lit. The Naked Face of the Arab Woman, 1977)270censorship of274“Creative Women in Changing Societies” (1997)279n64and feminist debates269, 270, 272in English translation269n50, 272274in Japanese translation274Mudhakkirātṭabībah (Memoirs of a Woman Doctor, 1963)225, 240, 269and shame275, 280Taʾallamtu al-Hubb (I Learned Love, 1957)269“Women and Health in the Arab World” (1997)269n51, 274Alterra, Aaron498n27The Caregiver: A Life with Alzheimer’s (1999)498n27al-ʿUjaylī, ʿAbd al-Salām (1918/1919–2006)269n51al-wajh al-ʿārīlil-marʾah al-ʿArabiyyah (The Hidden Face of Eve: Women in the Arab World; lit. The Naked Face of the Arab Woman, 1977).Nawāl al-Saʿdāwī“Always Tell Me the Truth.”Lynn KaridisAlzheimer, Alois (1864–1915)190n21Alzheimer My Love.Cécile HugueninAlzheimer’s disease.dementia; end-of-life carecare facilities/ care homes for402, 501challenges of care42, 191n24cost of care/financing care183n3dementia villages186and depression 468and end-of-life care389n5and end-of-life debates564and family care partnerships183, 184, 494, 501and feeding tubes389n5in Austria187in Japan41, 185n8, 195n34in Pakistan195n34in South Korea195n34in Sweden186n12in the United Kingdom41, 183, 191n23, 195n34, 389n5, 479, 498in the United States41and literature25, 41, 42, 93, 193, 479statistics499stigmas against25, 184, 185n8, 195, 455and zombies93, 184, 184n6, 185, 188, 190n21, 194Alzheimer’s: How Will I Continue to Live–How Will I Die? See Ruth Schäubli-MeyerAlzheimer’s story494496, 501Amenábar, Alejandro (1972–)541, 562, 563, 566Mar adentro (The Sea Inside, 2004)541, 563“Amends in Halak-Proot.”Ignacio PadillaAmerican Revolutionary War (1775–1783)501n117American Women’s Christian Temperance Union (est. 1872)356357Among the Lepers.Paolo Zappaamyotrophic lateral sclerosis (als, Lou Gehrig’s disease)and assisted suicide 540n4in Japan540n4in the United States 540n4Anam, Tahmima394The Good Muslim (2011)394Anand, Geeta99n9The Cure: How a Father Raised $100 Million–And Bucked the Medical Establishment–In a Quest to Save His Children (2006)437n87Anand, Mulk Raj (1905–2004)48n15, 238n11, 516Untouchable (1935)48n15, 238n11Anatomy Lesson.Philip RothAn Anthropologist on Mars: Seven Paradoxical Tales.Oliver SacksAnderson, Susan (1870–1960)341Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes.Tony KushnerAnimal’s People.Indra SinhaAnorexia544, 545in Korea545n12Another Name for Madness.Marion Roachapartheid.South AfricaArchbishop of Constantinople John Chrysostom (c. 349–407)46Archbishop of Constantinople Gregory of Nazianzos (329–390)46Argentina23, 117specific conditions, films, writersAriyoshi Sawako (1931–1984)Fukugōosen (Compound Pollution, 1975)439n90Hanaoka Seishū no tsuma (The Doctor’s Wife, lit. The Wife of Hanaoka Seishū, 1967)392, 438in English translation439n91in French translation439n91Kōkotsu no hito (Person with Dementia, 1972; trans. The Twilight Years)480, 481The Art of African Shopping.Adam LevinThe Art of Death: Writing the Final Story.Edwidge Danticat“The Art of Healing.”W.H. Audenarts and healing7, 216n36, 366literature and healingarts in medical training21L’Ascension du haut mal.David BeauchardAs Is.William M. HoffmanAśka, Upendranātha (Upendranath Ashk, 1910–1966)Falling Walls (Girtī Dīvārẽ, 1947–1996)239n13“Hats and Doctors” 238n13“Mi. Ghaṭpāṇḍe” (Mr. Ghatpande, 1950)238n13At Risk.Alice HoffmanAuden, W.H. (1907–1973)“The Art of Healing” (1969)216n36“Miss Gee” (1940)40Auschwitz: A Doctor’s Eyewitness Account.Miklós NyiszliAusten, Jane (1775–1817)14Emma (1815)14Australia6, 40n23, 47, 48n15, 49, 50n19, 70n60, 102n18, 103, 125n72, 212n27, 221n48, 267, 430n78, 430n79, 447, 449specific conditions, films, writersAustria187specific conditions, films, writersAutism37n16, 38n16, 291n16, 463n9and literature291n16autoimmune diseases/disorders328n1, 329n1, 332n10specific diseasesAmerican Autoimmune-Related Diseases Association332n10Awakenings.Oliver SacksAway from Her.Alice MunroAxelrod, David B. (1995–)567n37“Consent” (2011)567n37Baghban (Gardener, 2003)473n26Baiev, Khassan (1963–)234The Oath: A Surgeon under Fire (2003)234Bakker, Gerbrand (1962–)472n26Boven is het stil (It’s Quiet Upstairs, 2006; trans. The Twin)472n26The Ballad of Narayama.Fukuzawa Shichirō, Imamura Shōhei, Kinoshita KeisukeBalzac, Honoré de (1799–1850)336n19Le Médecin de campagne (The Country Doctor, 1833)336n19Bambanani Women’s Group110n37Long Life: Positive hiv Stories (2003)110n37Banda, Hastings Kamuzu (1898–1997)110n36Bangladesh394specific conditions, films, writersBarrett, Andrea (1954–)235n7Ship Fever (1996)235n7Bauby, Jean-Dominique (1952–1997)225, 240, 256261, 268, 282, 284Le Scaphandreet le papillon (The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, 1997, 2007)225, 240, 256Bayley, John (1925–2015)189Elegy for Iris (1998)189The Beast 1.Sekundu MorganBeauchard, David (1959–)212n27L’Ascension du haut mal (The Rise of the High Evil, 1996–2003)212n27Beauty’s Gift.Sindiwe MagonaBeck, Martha (1962–)464n10Expecting Adam: A True Story of Birth, Rebirth, and Everyday Magic (1999)464n10Being Mortal.Atul GawandeBeing with Rachel.Karen BrennanBelgium46, 404, 430n79specific conditions, films, writersBernlef, J. (Hendrik Jan Marsman, 1937–2012)190n21Hersenschimmen (Out of Mind, 1984)190n21Béroul (12th c.)60Tristan (ca. 1160–1170)60Berry, Wendell (1934–)22n43, 541, 567570, 574, 579“Fidelity” (1992)567, 574, 579Bérubé, Michael (1961–)Life as Jamie Knows It: An Exceptional Child Grows Up (2016)37Life as We Know It: A Father, a Family, and an Exceptional Child (1996)37Best Boy.Eli Gottlieb“Beware of aids” (Jihadhari na Ukimwi)138140Beyond the High Blue Air.Lu SpinneyBhutan212n27specific conditions, films, writersBi Shumin (1952–)50n19, 308n33Zhengjiurufang (Save the Breast, 2003)50n19bias3n5, 9, 18, 24, 31, 162, 164, 165, 210n24, 335, 475, 584particular conditions, groupsBiederwolf, William Edward (1867–1939)56, 57bioethics8n15, 261n41, 431n80biomedical model of disease206biopsychosocial model of disease206Birth of the Clinic.Michel FoucaultBlack Rain.Ibuse MasujiThe Black Swan.Thomas MannBlackwell, Elizabeth (1821–1910)334, 334n13, 341, 342Pioneer Work in Opening the Medical Profession to Women (1895)341Bland, Tony (1970–1993)572Blinding: The Left Wing.Mircea CărtărescuBlue Water, White Water: A True Story of Survival.Robert C. SamuelsThe Body Papers.Grace TalusanBolaño, Roberto (1953–2003)575n43A Book of American Martyrs.Joyce Carol OatesThe Book of the Dead.Kgebetli MoeleBorn a Crime: Stories from a South African Childhood.Trevor NoahBorrowed Time: An aids Memoir.Paul MonetteBotswana102n16, 152, 290n13specific conditions, films, writersBrazil44n5, 47n14, 70n60specific conditions, films, writersbrca mutation199n1Breaking Bad (2008–2013)520, 521Brennan, Karen (1941–)463Being with Rachel: A Story of Memory and Survival (2002)463Brennert, Alan (1954–)6870Moloka‘i (2003)6870Brock, Charles (1969–)208n18Alice and Oliver (2016)208n18“Broken Beads.” See Joana Emily ObengBrown, Jerry (1938–)406Brown, Molly Mc Cully237The Virginia State Colony for Epileptics and Feebleminded: Poems (2017)237Brotherson, Moetai (1969–)37Le Roi absent (The Missing King, 2007)37Buchanan, Patrick (1938–)123, 130n3Büchner, Georg (1813–1837)237n11Woyzeck (1837)237n11Buck, Pearl S. (1892–1973)234n7“The Enemy” (1942)234n7Bulawayo, No Violet (1981–)151n36We Need New Names (2013)151n36Bulgakov, Mikhail (1891–1940)238n12“Morfii” (Morphine, 1926)238n12Burden of a Secret: A Story of Truth and Mercy in the Face of aids.Jimmy Allen“A Burst of Light: Living with Cancer.”Audre Geraldine Lorde“But Have Some Art with You”279n64Bye Bye Africa (1999)105n27“Bye Bye Natalia.”Michel FaberThe Calcutta Chromosome:A Novel of Fevers, Delirium and Discovery.Amitav GhoshCambodia.specific conditions, films, writershuman rights310n38literature about120n62Cameron, Edwin (1953–)151, 152n39Witness to aids (2005)151Campbell, Glen (1936–2017)186n10, 191n24I’ll Be Me (2014)191n24Campo, Rafael (1964–)15Canada100n11, 118n57, 235n7, 334n15, 404, 409n47, 430n79specific conditions, films, writerscancer.specific writersbreast cancer and mastectomy12, 12n24, 15, 50, 199, 200n3, 201n2, 232n3, 432, 440, 441, 444, 459, 468, 476, 523, 525, 526, 528breast reconstruction199, 200, 202, 203n7, 220and literature40, 50n19, 189, 394stigmas against195Cancer Journals.Audre Geraldine LordeCancer Spirit.Yamauchi ReinanCancer Ward.Aleksandr SolzhenitsynCanguilhem, Georges (1904–1995)37n16Le normal et le pathologique (The Normal and the Pathological, 1966)37n16Cara: Growing with a Retarded Child.Martha Moraghan Jablowcardiovascular diseases2, 332caregiving.care partners/care partnershipsburdens on caregivers14burdens on women468, 469, 481desperation of caregivers300, 460disparities in gender, race among caregivers3n5and gender469, 478home health aides, difficulties faced by469n18and race3, 37n16, 236, 240vs. care partners/care partnerships17, 21, 27, 465, 470, 477, 484, 491, 505, 508, 540, 583vs. family care partners / family care partnerships14n29, 20, 27, 183, 184n5, 460, 470, 471, 473475, 477, 480, 494, 501, 502, 520, 540The Caregiver: A Life with Alzheimer’s.Aaron Alterracaregiver narrative471, 495care partners/care partnerships17, 21, 27, 465, 470, 477, 484, 491, 505, 508, 540, 583family care partners/family care partnershipsCarer469n18, 470n22Cărtărescu, Mircea (1956–)36n14Orbitor: Aripastângă (Blinding: The Left Wing, 1996)36n14A Case of Exploding Mangoes.Mohammet HanifThe Celibacy of Felix Greenspan.Lionel AbrahamsCensorship121, 122n65, 171n59, 274, 290Ceremony.Leslie Marmon Silko“Chanhui.”Tuluhan TuohutiCharon, Rita.narrative medicineChasing Miracles: The Crowley Family Journey of Strength, Hope, and Joy.John CrowleyChatterjee, Bankimchandra (1838–1894)516n45Chauhan, Subhadra Kumari (1904–1948)339n29Chay Yew (1965–)122n65Ten Little Indians (As If He Hears, 1988)122n65Chekov, Anton (1860–1904)514, 515n41“Palata No. 6” (Ward No. 6, 1892)514“Chen Duoshou and His Wife.”Feng MenglongChen Kaige (1952–)266n46Bian Zoubianchang (Walking and Singing at the Same Time, 1991)266n46Chicago.ʿAlāʾ al-AswānīʾChicago Tylenol scandal131Childhood of Jesus (2013)289n9Child of All Nations.Pramoedya Ananta ToerThe Children of the Gods All Dance.Murakami HarukiChile5, 575specific conditions, films, writersChina.specific conditions, films, writersGoddess Nüwa179one-child policy237, 363n62, 363n63and South Africa25, 41, 98, 291n14South AfricaYellow River174, 175Chira.Marjorie Oludhe MacgoyeCho Kun-je (Cho Geun-Jae)56n33chosen family470The Chosen Ones.Steve Sem-Sandbergchronic disease/illness/conditions.specific conditionschronic respiratory disease332diabetes1, 2, 309, 332, 492healing328, 331, 332n9, 345346, 359managementvs. treatment330stigmas against49n18, 103n20Chronicles of a Blood Merchant.Yu HuaChronicle of My Mother.Inoue YasushiChurchill, Winston (1874–1965)18, 133City of the Beasts.Isabel AllendeClark, Brian (1932–)391, 410, 563Whose Life Is It Anyway? (1972, 1978, 1981)391, 410, 563cleft lip/cleft palatein China288n7in South Africa287, 288n7, 291, 292n19Close to the Knives: A Memoir of Disintegration.David Wojnarowicz“The Clubhouse.”Duke DubuqueClutha, Nene Janet Paterson (Janet Frame, 1924–2004)Faces in the Water (1961)495n25The Edge of the Alphabet (1962)495n25Coetzee, J.M. (1940–)Age of Iron (1990)260n41, 261n41Childhood of Jesus (2013)289n9Diary of a Bad Year (2007)260n41Disgrace (1999)111, 289n12Dusklands (1974)289n9Elizabeth Costello (2003)111n39, 260n41, 262n44, 303n27“Hitobito no seikatsunihairikomi, nichijō o kanjitotta Nihon hōmon no nishūkan” (Inserting Oneself into the Lives of the Locals, Taking in the Everyday in a Two-Week Visit to Japan, 2008)289n9in Chinese translation289n11, 293, 301, 303, 305In the Heart of the Country (1977)289n9in Japanese translation293, 305in Korean translation289, 293, 305in Malayalam translation289in Tamil translation289in Thai translation289in Urdu translation289Life and Times of Michael K (1983)215n34, 226, 284, 287The Lives of Animals (1999)262n44, 303n27Slow Man (2005)225, 240, 260, 262, 263, 265, 267n47, 268, 282, 284, 287Cold Summer, Hot Summer.Yoshimura AkiraCollard, Cyril (1957–1993)113n44Colombia37n16, 47n12, 404, 430n79specific conditions, films, writerscommunities of care2, 3n5, 4, 6, 8n15, 28, 33, 42, 94, 583comparative literature914compassion15, 26, 32, 40, 52n23, 124, 131, 149, 185, 194, 196, 199229, 234, 239n13, 247, 248n24, 259, 268, 273n58, 278, 281, 307, 310, 353, 378, 406, 427, 440, 462, 463, 465, 472n26, 486n14, 492Compound Pollution.Ariyoshi SawakoConfessions of an aids Victim.Carolyne AdallaConley, Frances K. (1940–)334n14Walking out on the Boys (1998)334n14“Consent.”David B. Axelrodcontraceptionin China363n62in Japan371n74in Korea364n64, 371n74in the United States371n74Contreras, Gonzolo (1958–)575n43“Convalescent.”Han KangCornell, Virginia341n33Doc Susie: The True Story of a Country Physician in the Colorado Rockies (1991)341n33The Count of Monte-Cristo.Alexandre Dumas, pèreThe Country Doctor.Honoré de BalzacA Country Doctor.Sarah Orne JewettA Country Doctor.Franz Kafka“The Country of the Blind.”H.G. WellsCowart, Donald Herbert (Dax Cowart, 1947–2019)413n53Cox, Elizabeth125n71, 149n33Thanksgiving: An aids Journal (1990)125n71, 149n33Crohn’s disease1, 17n33Crowley, John (1967–)437n87Chasing Miracles: The Crowley Family Journey of Strength, Hope, and Joy (2010)437n87Cruzan, Nancy (1957–1990)399n26Csáth, Géza (József Brenner, 1887–1919)238n12“The Surgeon”238n12Cuba15n31, 113n44, 450specific conditions, films, writerscultural competence/cultural sensitivity211, 212n27, 213cultural humility210218cureconundrums of391, 436438functional cure436n86imperative of37, 38n17obsession with438, 442, 444sterilizing cure436n86vs. care251vs. management219, 392The Cure: How a Father Raised $100 Million–And Bucked the Medical Establishment–In a Quest to Save His Children (2006).Geeta Anandcuringvs. healing215, 362372The Curse, Bhutan Epilepsy Project (2014)212n27Cutting for Stone.Abraham Verghesecystic fibrosis551n17Dabbu Bhale Jabbu (1992)473Dad’s Not All There Anymore.Alex DemetrisD’Amato, Alfonse (1937–)200n2Daniels, Maja193n29“Into Oblivion” (2015)193n29Danticat, Edwidge (1969–)18The Art of Death: Writing the Final Story (2017)1718D’Arblay, Frances (1752–1840, née Frances Burney)440n95, 441n96Dar es Salaam by Night.Ben MtobwaDavalu or Pain.Rafael Argullol MurgadasDawn of Reality.Sekundu MorganDawn of the Dead.George RomeroDawood, Yusuf (1928?–)116n51Water under the Bridge (1991)116n51Dax’s Case (1984)413n53Dayan, Moishe (1915–1981)201Day of the Dead.George RomeroDear Ramon, A Testimony of Love.Ramona Maniero“Dear World.”Paula Gunn Allendeath-affirming544“Death from aids.”Clemence MerinyoDeath Fugue.Sheng Keyi“The Death of Ivan Ilyich.”Leo Tolstoy“Death without Dignity.”Annabelle GurwitchDe Baggio, Thomas (1942–2011)190n21Losing My Mind: An Intimate Look at Life with Alzheimer’s (2002)190n21de Beauvoir, Simone (1908–1986)233n5, 505n33Une mort trèsdouce (A Very Easy Death, 1964)233n5, 505n33de Klerk, F.W. (1936–)154dementia.Alzheimer’s diseasedementia villages186in Japan184n4, 185n8, 469n19, 481, 482in literature42in the United States186n9, 191n23, 389n5, 498Lewy body dementia222n51, 435statistics465, 499stigmas against185n8Demetris, Alex435n84Dad’s Not All There Anymore (2015)435n84Denmark620, 649specific conditions, films, writersdental care236n10Desai, Kishwar (1956–)238n11review of Malgudi Days516, 517Witness the Night (2009)238n11The Destiny of Me.Larry Kramerde Veuster, Father Damien (1840–1889)50De Vita, Vincent T. (1935–)386389After Fifty Years on the Front Lines of Medicine, A Pioneering Oncologist Reveals Why the War on Cancer Is Winnable-and How We Can Get There (2015)386diabetes1, 2, 160n46, 309, 330n5, 332, 492, 551n17Diary of a Bad Year.J.M. Coetzee“Diary of a Madman.”Lu Xun; Nikolai Vasilievich GogolDidion, Joan (1934–)473The Year of Magical Thinking (2004)473The Year of Magical Thinking: The Play (2007)473disability3n5, 5n10, 18, 25, 32, 35n14, 36, 38n16, 38n17, 52, 171n58, 256n36, 261, 266n46, 287, 288n7, 291, 311n39, 364n64, 403, 408n46, 414, 466n13disability studies261n42disclosure/medical truth-telling27, 156, 421n62, 480, 503n31, 504n31, 504n32, 505n32, 506n34discrimination32, 34n8, 39n20, 43, 44n6, 50n19, 52, 54, 55n33, 58, 59, 70, 82, 97, 116, 119, 120, 127, 142, 149, 150, 155, 191n23, 195, 261, 291, 335, 415n54disease and illness/disease vs. illness5, 83n78, 209Disgrace.J.M. CoetzeeDittrich, Luke323n51, 324n51Patient H.M.: A Story of Memory, Madness, and Family Secrets (2016)323n51, 324n51The Diving Bell and the Butterfly.Jean-Dominique BaubyDoc Susie: The True Story of a Country Physician in the Colorado Rockies.Virginia CornellDoctor Breen’s Practice.William Dean HowellsDoctor Glas.Hjalmar SöderbergDoctor Stories: From the Island Journals of the Legendary “Dr. Koto.” See Setoue KenjirōThe Doctor’s Wife.Ariyoshi SawakoDoctors Without Borders.Médecins Sans Frontières“The Doctor’s Word.”R.K. NarayanDoctor Zay.Elizabeth Stuart Phelps WardThe Dogs of Riga.Henning MankellDonne, John (1572–1631)285n3Down syndrome37n16, 38n16, 462n6, 464n10Do You Remember Me? A Father, a Daughter, and a Search for the Self.Judith LevineDream of Ding Village.Yan LiankeDreuilhe, Alain Emmanuel (1949–1988)113n44, 128, 180n67Corps à corps: Journal de Sida (Mortal Embrace: Journal of aids, 1987)113n44, 128Dr.Kotō’s Clinic.Yamada TakatoshiDr.Setoue’s Outlying Islands Clinic Diary.Setoue KenjirōThe Dry Stump.Aldin MutembeiDubuque, Duke128n1“The Clubhouse” (1988)128n1Dukakis, Kitty (1936–)39n19The Healing Power of Electroconvulsive Therapy (2006)39n19Dumas, Alexandre, père (1802–1870)256n36Le Comte de Monte-Cristo (The Count of Monte-Cristo, 1844)256n36“During Three Days of that Autumn.”Pak WansŏDusklands (1974)289n9Dutt, Michael Madhusudan (1824–1873)516n45Dying, A Memoir.Cory TaylorDying in a Hospital.Ichikawa Jun; Yamazaki FumioEbola39n20, 42n25, 122n65, 281, 283, 384, 451, 453455Echoes of Heartsounds: A Memoir.Martha Weinman LearAn Echo of Heaven.Ōe KenzaburōThe Edge of the Alphabet.Nene Janet Paterson CluthaEdson, Margaret (1961–)285n3Wit (1995)285n3Edwards, Kim (1958–)462n6The Memory Keeper’s Daughter (2005)462n6Egan, Elisabeth255A Window Opens (2015)255Egbuna, Obi (1938–2014)212n27, 307n33“The Medics” (1970)212n27, 307n33Egypt269, 270n51, 270n52, 272, 273, 449n113, 528specific conditions, films, writersEichmann, Adolf (1906–1962)133n8elderly, care ofby family members/friends184n5, 465, 482n9, 491, 502crisis conditions466n12, 482in China466n12in Japan71n62, 488in the United States466n12life expectancy vs. healthy life years466personal costs 497role of animals466n14social costs 466, 497statistics465technology (including exoskeletons)466Elegy for Iris.John Bayleyelephants136n12, 481, 528534death rituals530Elizabeth Costello.J.M. CoetzeeEllison, Ralph (1913–1994)237n11Invisible Man (1952)237n11“Emancipation.”Hasan ManzarÉmile; or, On Education.Jean-Jacques RousseauEmma.Jane Austenempathy17, 19n39, 20n40, 24n49, 26, 109n34, 161, 185, 194, 199229, 255, 281, 283, 367, 378, 485, 507Emperor Shaka the Great.Mazisi KuneneEmpire of Glass.Kaitlin SolimineEmpress Suiko (Suiko Tennō, 554–628)52End Game (2018)33n83end of life/end-of-life careand advanced directives16, 542assisted suicide404n35, 435criminalizing574death-prolonging care409and disability rights408easing death391, 394, 409, 426euthanasia (active, passive/indirect, double-effect/voluntary, involuntary, non-voluntary)391, 398, 403, 404n35feeding tubes and Alzheimer’s16, 389, 399, 400and hospitals388n3, 394396, 398, 399, 434in Australia430n79in Belgium394, 404in British Columbia402in Canada394, 404in China394in Colombia404n79in film398, 542in Finland430n79in France430n79in Germany394, 430n79in Ireland430n79in Israel430n79in Italy430n79in Japan398, 430in literature16, 391, 392in Mexico430n79in Luxembourg404, 430n79in the Netherlands404, 407, 430n79in New Zealand430n79in Norway430n79, 495n14in South Africa430n79in Soviet Russia405n39in Spain564in Sweden430n79in Switzerland404in the United Kingdom430n79in the United States388n3, 399in Zimbabwe430n79life-ending care391, 409, 424436, 541physician-assisted dying (physician-assisted death/physician-assisted suicide)403n35quality of life39, 44n6, 97, 120, 200, 202, 203n8, 322, 347, 387, 390, 416, 426, 429, 533and racial disparities3n5sedation (palliative/terminal)400, 404n35vsed (voluntarily stopping eating and drinking)404n38Endō Shūsaku (1923–1996)237n11Umi to dokuyaku (Sea and Poison, 1957)237n11England46, 70n60, 102n17, 132, 161, 235n7, 235n8, 307n33, 338, 394n14, 572n41specific conditions, films, writersThe Epidemic.Tony Marinhoepilepsyamong the Hmong212n27and memory323in Bhutan212n27Equations the Professor Loved.Ogawa YōkoER (1994–2009)124n70Erdrich, Louise (1954–)38n33Love Medicine (1984)38n33Ernaux, Annie (1940–)471n26Je ne suis pas sortie de ma nuit (I Remain in Darkness, 1996)471n26Erxleben, Dorothea (1715–1762)334n13Etō Jun (1933–1999)489n19Tsuma to watashi (My Wife and I, 1999)489n19expectations of care.specific conditionsamong health professionals24, 213, 227concerning women479in families490Expecting Adam: A True Story of Birth, Rebirth, and Everyday Magic.Martha BeckExplosion Chronicles.Yan LiankeExtraordinary Measures (2010)113, 437n87, 510Extremis.Dan KraussFaber, Michel (1960–)“Bye Bye Natalia” (2006)235“Finesse” (2002)235“The Ukraine: Are We Leaving Already?” (2010)102n16, 236n9Faceless Killers.Henning MankellFaces in the Water.Nene Janet Paterson CluthaFadiman, Anne (1953–)204n10, 212n27The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down (1997)204n10, 212n27Faggots.Larry KramerFalling Walls.Upendranātha AśkaFall of the Ming.Wang JingFalwell, Jerry (1933–2007)123n66familyas primary caregivers489definitions of470importance of27, 481, 537needs of157n43, 473, 474, 573, 582family care partners/family care partnershipschallenges facing27, 494importance of27Family Gene.Joselin LinderFamily Life.Akhil SharmaFamily Matters.Rohinton MistryThe Fancies, Chaste and Noble.John FordThe Farewell.Lulu WangFaulkner, William (1897–1962)516Feng Menglong (1574–1646)62“Chen Duoshou shengsi fuqi” (Chen Duoshou and His Wife, 1627)62Xingshi hengyan (Stories to Awaken the World, 1627)62Ferro, Robert (1941–1988)129n2Second Son (1988)129n2“Festival of Graves.”Zhu Lin“Fiction Caught in the Thicket.”Abba Kovner“Fidelity.”Wendell Berryfilm3n5, 10n19, 20n40, 20n41, 36n14, 39n19, 59, 63n49, 71n62, 105n27, 109n36, 120n61, 121n64, 122n65, 130n3, 151n37, 166n52, 184n6, 189191, 199n1, 202n7, 203n7, 212n27, 230n1, 238n12, 240, 245n20, 256260, 266n46, 285n3, 304n29, 312n44, 323n50, 336n19, 343n36398, 405n39, 410n50, 412, 413n53, 421n62, 432, 434n83, 437n87, 439n91, 459n1, 473n26, 476n1, 477n3, 479n6, 479n7, 482n9, 483n12, 489n18, 500n30, 508, 511, 515n42, 516n42, 530,535n1, 541, 542, 545, 563, 565, 566specific directors and filmsFinal Exit: The Practicalities of Self-Deliverance and Assisted Suicide for the Dying.Derek Humphryfinancing care27, 480Fin-de-Siècle Splendor.Zhu Tianwen“Finesse.”Michel FaberFirst, You Cry.Betty RollinFisher, Carrie (1956–2016)39n19Shockaholic (2011)39n19Flanagan, Richard (1961–)237n11The Narrow Road to the Deep North (2013)237n11Flower Burial.Watanabe Jun’ichiThe Folding Cliffs.W.S. MerwinFord, John (1586–ca. 1639)’Tis Pity She’s a Whore (1633)60The Fancies, Chaste and Noble (1637)60The Forgotten.Elie WieselForna, Aminatta (1964–)307n33The Memory of Love (2011)307n33Forster, E.M. (1879–1970)517n45“Fortitude.”Kurt VonnegutFoucault, Michel (1926–1984)Histoire de la sexualité (History of Sexuality, 1976–1984)533n63Naissance de la clinique (Birth of the Clinic, 1963)203n13Fracastoro, Girolamo (ca. 1476–1553)60n42Syphilis sive morbus gallicus (Syphilis or the French Disease, 1530)60n42France36n15, 103n21, 113n44, 117n52, 121n63, 193n29, 206n13, 256, 260, 334n14, 339n29, 405n39, 430n79, 440n95, 446, 504n32, 572specific conditions, films, writersFrogs.Mo YanFujita Masahiro (1979–)504n3199% Thank You: Things Even als Can’t Take Away (99% arigatō: als ni mo ubaenai mono, 2014)504n31Fukuzawa Shichirō (1914–1987)482n9Narayama bushikō (The Ballad of Narayama, 1983)482n9The Funeral.Itami JūzōThe Funeral Party.Ludmila UlitskayaThe Future of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia.Neil GorsuchGalli, Richard571n40Rescuing Jeffrey (2000)571n40Galut, Damon (1963–)The Good Doctor (2003)287n6Small Circle of Beings (1988)287n6Gandhi, Mahatma (1869–1948)51n20, 448n111Ganguly, Kadambini (1861–1923)340n30Gao Yaojie (1927–)171Gardener.BaghbanGarner, James (1928–2014)230n1Gawande, Atul (1965–)28, 218Being Mortal (2014)28, 218, 400Ge Fei (1964–)Chunjin Jiangnan (Southern Spring Played Out, 2011)122n65Jiangnan sanbuqu (Southlands Trilogy, 2004–2011)122n65Geiger, Arno (1968–)187, 188, 523n54Der alte König in seinem Exil (The Old King in His Exile, 2011)187Gemeinhart, Dan401n29The Honest Truth (2015)401n29gender3, 32n3, 35n13, 38n17, 105, 107n31, 108, 141n20, 213, 226, 236, 240, 273, 278, 280, 332, 333n12, 351, 353, 356, 359n57, 364n64, 365, 366, 372, 424n66, 469, 478women in medicine, subheadings under specific health conditionsgender bias3n5Genova, Lisa (1970–)Inside the O’Briens (2015)563n30Still Alice (2007)160n46, 189Still Alice (2014)189Germanyxi, 117n52, 143n26, 261, 334n13, 394n14, 430n78, 430n79, 437n88, 438n88, 446, 556Genova, Lisa (1970–)specific conditions, films, writersGerrard, Nicci (1958–)185The Last Ocean: A Journey through Memory and Forgetting (2019)185Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome437n87Get a Life.Nadine GordimerGeteria Wamugunda (1945–)116n51Nice People (1992)116n51, 145n28Ghana105n25, 105n26, 168n56, 308n33specific conditions, films, writersstigmas against mental illness105n25Ghosh, Amitav (1956–)13n28, 392, 438The Calcutta Chromosome: A Novel of Fevers, Delirium and Discovery (1996)392, 438The Great Derangement: Climate Change and the Unthinkable (2016)439n90The Hungry Tide (2004)439n90Gift of a Cow.Dhanpat Rai SrivastavaGive Me the Fatherland or Give Me Death.Alberto José Barrera TyszkaGlaser, Elizabeth (1947–1994)158n45In the Absence of Angels: A Hollywood Family’s Courageous Story (1991)158n45global literaturexii, 5, 914, 2527, 41, 42, 94, 97, 99, 128130, 182, 204, 237, 238, 240, 282, 284, 312, 327, 331, 391, 392, 394, 438, 471, 473, 479481, 540542, 583, 584global world literaturexii, 11n20Gods Own Land.Shaukat SiddiquiGogol, Nikolai Vasilievich (1809–1852)23“Zapiski sumasshedshego” (Diary of a Madman,” 1835)23Good Breasts, Bad Breasts.Itō Hiromi“Good-bye Jack.”Jack LondonThe Good Doctor.Damon GalgutThe Good Muslim.Tahmima AnamGordimer, Nadine (1923–2014)290n13, 467n15Get a Life (2005)467n15Gorsuch, Neil (1967–)405407The Future of Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia (2009)405Gottlieb, Eli (1969–)495n25Best Boy (2015)495n25Graboys, Thomas (1944–2014)222n51Life in the Balance (2008)222n51Grace and Grit.Ken WilberGraham, Jorie (1950–)24n49“Prying” (2017)24n49The Great Believers.Rebecca MakkaiThe Great Derangement: Climate Change and the Unthinkable (2016)439n90Greece333n12, 403n31, 540, 582specific conditions, films, writersGreene, Graham (1904–1991)517n45Gregory, Samuel (1813–1872)337n23Gubar, Susan (1944–)40, 392n11, 404n36Memoir of a Debulked Woman (2012)40“The Guest House.”RumiGuibert, Hervé (1955–1991)113n44Guillain-Barré syndrome132n7, 470n24Gundar-Goshen, Ayelet (1982–)234n7Leha’ir Arayot (Waking Lions, 2014)234n7Gurwitch, Annabelle (1961–)“828–3886” (2014)541, 560, 561, 562n27, 563“Death without Dignity” (2015)561, 562I See You Made an Effort (2014)560Haiti18, 101n13, 124n69specific conditions, films, writersHa Jin (1956–)194n32“A Pension Plan” (2009)194n32Hamilton (2015)287Hamlet.William ShakespeareHandler, Evan (1961–)225, 240255, 257, 258n38, 260, 268, 282, 284It’s Only Temporary: The Good News and the Bad News of Being Alive (2008)240n15, 248n24, 252, 253, 255Time on Fire: My Comedy of Terrors (1996)225, 240242, 245, 249, 251, 252n28, 255, 257, 258n38, 260, 268, 282, 284Han Ha-un (1920–1975)75n75Hanif, Mohammet (1964–)226, 284, 305, 306n31, 307, 308n35A Case of Exploding Mangoes (2008)306n31Our Lady of Alice Bhatti (2011)226, 284, 305, 306n32, 309, 327Han Kang (1970–)Ch’aesikchuŭija (The Vegetarian, 2007, 2009)541, 543“Hoebok hanŭn ingan” (Convalescent, 2011)544n8in Japanese translation543544“Monggo panchŏm” (Mongolian Monk, 2005)544n8Sonyŏn i onda (Human Acts, 2014)544n8Hansen’s disease (leprosy)and cannibalism64n51and Christianity4547and Hernán Cortés (1485–1547)47n14and imperialism4852and hiv/aids41, 42, 94, 96, 97, 183, 184, 196in Africa44, 45n9, 47n15, 51, 54in the Americas44, 47n14, 54in Asia5259in Biblical times45n7in Cambodia57n37in China45n7, 49n18, 50n19, 54n30, 62, 70n60in coastal colonies (Cape Colony, Australia)47in Colombia47n12in early Christian societies45, 47in Europe4547in Hawai‘i (Kingdom, Republic, Territory)4852in India43n1, 44n5, 47n15, 48n15, 51n20, 52, 71n62in island colonies (Caribbean, Pacific, Indian Oceans)47in Japan45, 49, 5254, 55n33, 65, 70, 71n61, 74in Korea45, 54, 55n33, 5659, 64, 65, 71n62, 76n71, 83n79in Latin America47n12, 88n85in New Zealand48n15, 50n19in Nigeria4852in North America47n14, 54in Norway47in Pakistan84in the Philippines48in Romania45n9in South Africa48n15in Southeast Asia47n15in the United Kingdom44n5in the United States44n5, 45, 47, 49, 51n20, 61, 70n60, 90n88and literature45, 50n19, 55n33, 59, 60, 62, 64, 65, 70, 71n61, 72, 74, 75n67, 82, 84, 93, 94leprosaria43n1, 43n2, 45, 46, 47n14, 49, 50n18, 54, 5658, 62, 6870, 9094prejudices and violence against5994and racism62and zombies93Hansen, Gerhard Henrik Armauer (1841–1912)47, 48n15, 264, 265Han Shaogong (1953–)122n65Ai: Zai xushu zhong lingting (Love: Listen While Telling, 2005)122n65Happiness is a Four-Letter Word.Nozizwe Cynthia JeleHarrison, Helen (1946–2015)465n10The Premature Baby Book: A Parent’s Guide to Coping and Caring in the First Years (1983)465n10Hatch, Steven281, 283, 284Inferno: A Doctor’s Ebola Story (2017)281, 283“Hats and Doctors.”Upendranātha AśkaHawaii.James MichenerHawai‘i (Kingdom, Republic, Territory)4852Hansen’s diseaseHead, Bessie (1937–1986)290n13, 338A Question of Power (1974)338n25healing2, 4, 69, 11, 1417, 21n42, 2228, 31, 33, 39, 40n23, 41, 42, 44, 46, 63, 82, 94, 97, 98, 100, 104, 105, 109, 115, 127, 129, 138, 149, 150, 157, 166, 182, 183, 195, 196, 199229, 232, 238n13, 240, 247, 249, 268, 281, 285, 299, 305, 308, 311n38, 313, 326385, 389, 390, 392, 394, 409, 435437, 455, 459475, 477n4, 494, 497, 502, 504, 520, 534, 542, 562, 570, 575, 583, 584curing vs. healingsaving vs. healing343362A Healing Family.Ōe KenzaburōThe Healing Power of Electroconvulsive Therapy.Kitty Dukakis and Larry Tyehealth29, 10n20, 11, 1416, 1823, 2528, 3133, 36, 3842, 44, 46n11, 49, 52, 56n35, 69, 91, 92, 94, 97, 100, 101n14, 102, 105, 107, 109n35, 115, 116, 120, 124, 127n76, 132, 139, 145n28, 153, 155, 156n42, 158, 164n50, 166, 169n57, 171n58, 172, 180n66, 181, 183, 184n5, 187n14, 189n18, 194n300–32, 196, 199, 200n3, 201206, 208213, 215n34, 216229, 231, 233, 235n7, 236242, 244n20, 245n20, 246, 247, 251, 252, 255, 256n36, 257, 260, 262n41, 263, 264, 267269, 275, 279288, 291, 294, 295, 299, 300, 305, 309, 311n38, 312314, 316, 317, 322, 323, 324n53, 327329, 331, 332, 335n18, 336, 341, 347, 356, 358, 360, 363n62, 365, 365n64, 366, 370, 371n71, 372, 376, 384, 385, 387, 388, 390393, 395397, 398n20, 399n25, 400, 402, 406, 408412, 414n54, 415, 417, 423, 424, 429, 431, 436, 439n90, 445n104, 448n111, 452, 454, 455, 459461, 463466, 468471, 474, 476, 480566, 568, 570, 574, 575, 578, 579, 581584health humanities4, 8, 1425, 208n16The Heart of Redness.Zakes MdaHeartsounds: The Story of a Love and Loss.Martha Weinman LearHeller, Joseph and Speed Vogel470n24No Laughing Matter (1986)470n24“Hello Darling.”Siddharth Dhanvant ShanghviHetata, Sherif (1923–2017)270n51, 273n58Higashida Naoki (1992–)37n16Jiheishō no boku ga tobihaneru riyū: Kaiwa no dekinai chūgakusei ga tsuzuru uchinaru kokoro (The Reason I Jump: One Boy’s Voice from the Silence of Autism, 2007)37n16Hillsborough stadium stampede (1989)572Hippocratic corpus/Hippocratic Oath234, 367, 389, 404n37History of Sexuality.Michel Foucaulthiv/aids (aids)and the African diaspora126n73and the arts112, 128and gender35n13, 108, 115, 133, 141n20, 146global epidemic100106, 180and hemophilia101n14, 158n45, 162and the Holocaust96n5, 125n72, 132, 133in Africa25, 97, 100n11, 109, 112, 113n44, 115, 117n53, 122n65, 143146, 150, 161n48, 181specific nationsin Australia125n72in Brazil44n5, 47n14, 70n60in Botswana102n16, 152in Cambodia120n62in the Caribbean157n43in China39n21, 41, 98, 101, 117122, 127, 171n58, 174, 184n4in Eastern Europe102n16specific nationsin Europe112, 115, 118n57, 119, 146in France113n44, 117n52in Germany117n52, 143n26in Ghana105n26, 308n33in Great Britain125n72in Haiti101n13, 124n69in history9599in Holland538in India97n5, 98, 99, 101, 108n33in Indonesia31n2, 127n78in Jamaica157n43in Kenya98, 112116, 127, 142, 146, 166in Malawi106, 109n36in Nigeria108n32, 181n68in Singapore118n57, 171n58in South Africa106116in the Soviet Union101n12, 117n52in sub-Saharan Africa23, 98, 100, 102, 105, 106, 108, 117, 157n43specific nationsin Swaziland102n16in Taiwan118n57, 171n58, 530, 531n61in Tanzania98, 109n36, 112116, 127, 129, 136, 145, 531n61in the Ukraine102n16in the United States98, 100n11, 101, 102n18, 103, 104, 105n24, 113n44, 115, 119, 122127, 130, 131n3, 137, 160, 183in Venezuela480in Vietnam120n62in Zimbabwe141n20and literature9799, 106n29, 109, 110, 121, 122, 125, 127130, 145n28, 168n56, 180, 182and the natural world171, 176, 177and sexual abuse143n26and sexuality98, 122n65, 133, 135, 533n63stigmas against97, 98, 103, 104, 108, 116, 117, 126, 127, 129, 131, 135n10, 137, 138, 144, 145, 149, 166, 172, 455and syphilis124n69, 453and theater109, 110, 116, 125n72, 150n35treatments for98, 102, 104, 107, 113n44, 115, 116, 119, 120n62, 121, 126, 127, 129, 145n28, 151157and womenhiv/aids and genderHoffman, Alice (1952–)125n71, 129130, 157, 158n45, 163, 189n19At Risk (1988)125n71, 129130, 157, 158n45, 159, 160, 163, 164, 189n19Hoffman, Amy471n24Hospital Time (1997)471n24Hoffman, William M. (1939–)130As Is (1985)130Hōjō Tamio (1914–1937)71“Inochi no shoya” (Life’s First Night, 1936)72“The Holocaust.”Stuart MlumbeHolt, Terrence100n10, 415n56, 416, 417, 422, 568, 569, 579, 580Internal Medicine: A Doctor’s Story (2014)391, 415417, 542, 567569, 579, 581In the Valley of the Kings (2009)415n56The Honest Truth.Dan GemeinhartHopes of the Living Dead: A Drama of Struggle.Ola Rotimihospicein Japan395, 395n17, 398in the United States388n3, 389n5, 393n13, 395n17, 399vs. palliative care388, 392n11, 393, 398, 399, 434, 471“The Hospital.”Li ShijiangHospital Time.Amy HoffmanHosseini, Khaled (1965–)16, 292n18The Kite Runner (2003)16, 292n18“House of Pride.”Jack LondonHouse of Pride.Jack LondonHouse of the Spirits.Isabel AllendeHowells, William Dean (1837–1920)340n31, 506n35Doctor Breen’s Practice (1881)340n31How to Forget.Kate MulgrewHua Tuo (ca. 140–208)440Hu Fayun (1959–)121Ru Yan@sars.come (Such Is This World@sars.come, 2006)121Hugo Chavez without Uniform: A Personal History.Alberto José Barrera TyszkaHuguenin, Cécile187n13Alzheimer mon amour (Alzheimer My Love, 2011)187n13Human Acts.Han KangHumphry, Derek (1930–)410, 538, 539n3, 540, 541, 546, 557, 558, 560563Final Exit: The Practicalities of Self-Deliverance and Assisted Suicide for the Dying (1991)538540, 546in German translation320, 538Jean’s Way (1978)541, 557561, 563Hungary207n15, 237n11, 238n12, 343n36specific conditions, films, writersThe Hungry Tide.Amitav GhoshHunt, Harriet (1805–1875)213n30, 334n13Ibuse Masuji (1898–1993)36n15Kuroi ame (Black Rain, 1965)36n15Ice-Candy-Man.Bapsi SidhwaIchikawa Jun (1948–2008)398Byōin de shinu to iu koto (Dying in a Hospital, 1993)398I Don’t Want It to Be Confidential/Secret.Bitungi Matundura“I Hate to Disappoint You.”Puseletso MompeiIkebe Yoshikata (1861–1923)555I Learned Love.Nawāl al-Sa‘dāwīI’ll Be Me.Glen Campbellillness (definition).disease vs. illnessImamura Shōhei (1926–2006)482n9Narayama bushikō (The Ballad of Narayama, 1983)482n9India.specific conditions, films, writersthe Parsis324n53Partition (1947)324Indonesia31n2, 44n5, 127n78, 357n52specific conditions, films, writersstigmas against mental illness31n2inequality1, 2, 34, 42, 107n31, 137n15, 393informed consent421n62Inheritance from Mother: Newspaper Novel.Mizumura Minae“In the Recovery Room.” See Mai Kim Ngọc“Inserting Oneself into the Lives of the Locals, Taking in the Everyday in a Two-Week Visit to Japan.”J.M. CoetzeeInside the O’Briens.Lisa GenovaInside Out (2015)323n50insurance.financing careInternal Medicine: A Doctor’s Story.Terrence HoltInterpreting the Heart Sutra.Itō Hiromiintersectional/intersectionality34, 35n13, 39intersex38n17, 189n18In the Absence of Angels: A Hollywood Family’s Courageous Story.Elizabeth GlaserIn the Heart of the Country.J.M. CoetzeeIn the Valley of the Kings.Terrence Holt“Into Oblivion.”Maja DanielsInvisible Man.Ralph EllisonIran450specific conditions, films, writersIraq16, 450specific conditions, films, writersI Remain in Darkness.Annie ErnauxIris (2001)189191Isei (Regulations on Medical Practice, 1874)348n44I See You Made an Effort.Annabelle GurwitchI Shall Not Hate.Izzeldin AbuelaishIshiguro, Kazuo (1954–)237n11Never Let Me Go (2005)237n11Ishimure Michiko (1927–2018)73Story of the Sea of Camellias (Tsubaki no umi no ki, 1976)73Ishinpō (984)52Israel201, 232n3, 252n29, 430n79, 450, 521n51specific conditions, films, writersI Swear by Apollo.Margaret A. OgolaItami Jūzō (1933–1997)398Daibyōnin (Seriously Ill Patient, 1993)398, 421n62Osōshiki (The Funeral, 1984)483n12Tanpopo (1985)398n21Italy46, 408n46, 430n79, 524specific conditions, films, writersItō Hiromi (1955–)490, 491“Kanoko goroshi” (Killing Kanoko, 1985)490n21Onna no zetsubō (A Woman’s Despair, 2008)490Togenuki: shin Sugamo Jizō engi (Thorn Pulling: New Chronicles of the Sugamo Jizō, 2007)490n21Yoi oppai, warui oppai (Good Breasts, Bad Breasts, 1984)490n21Yomitoki “Han’nya shingyō” (Interpreting the Heart Sutra, 2010)490n21It’s Only Temporary: The Good News and the Bad News of Being Alive (2008)240n15, 248, 252, 253, 255“It’s Over, Debbie” (1988)391, 407, 424, 435It’s Quiet Upstairs.Gerbrand BakkerI Want It to Be Confidential/Secret.Peter KirumbiIweala, Uzodinma (1982–)181, 182n69, 195, 216Our Kind of People: A Continent’s Challenge, A Country’s Hope (2012)181Iyengar, Masti Venkatesh (1891–1986)517n45Izumi Kyōka (1873–1939)441n95“Gekashitsu” (The Surgery Room, 1895)441n95Jablow, Martha Moraghan37n16Cara: Growing with a Retarded Child (1982)37n16Jackson on a Jaunt.Eleanor WongJamaica157n43, 474n28specific conditions, writersJamison, Kay Redfield (1946–)211, 284n2An Unquiet Mind (1995)284n2Japan6, 35n14, 38n17, 41, 45, 49, 5256, 58, 65, 70, 71n61–62, 73, 74, 76n71, 168n55, 184n4, 185n8, 195n34, 226, 227, 270n52, 274n64, 289n9, 290, 291n14, 305n30, 311, 331, 335n16, 343347, 348n44, 352, 356, 357n52, 358360, 364n64, 371n74, 394, 395, 397n20, 398, 403n31, 404n37, 420n61, 421n62, 422, 423, 429n76, 430, 431, 437n88, 438n89, 440, 441, 449, 460, 469n19, 480, 481, 482n9, 487n15, 487, 489n19, 490n20, 504n32, 506n34, 540n4specific conditions, films, writersand South Africa289291South AfricaJapan Christian Women’s Organization (jcwo, Nihon Kirisutokyō Fujin Kyōfūkai, est. 1886)356Japanese literature70n60, 344n36and aging481n8Jaswal, Balli Kaur31Sugarbread (2016)31Jean’s Way.Derek HumphryJele, Nozizwe Cynthia459, 460Happiness is a Four-Letter Word (2010)459n1The Ones with Purpose (2018)459, 460Jenner, Edward (1749–1823)449Jewett, Sarah Orne (1849–1909)333, 335, 336n19, 337, 342A Country Doctor (1884)333, 335337Jewison, Norman (1926–)515n42Send Me No Flowers (1964)515n42Jia Pingwa (1952–)122n65Ai: Zai xushu zhong lingting (Love: Listen While Telling, 2005)122n65“Jihadhari na Ukimwi” (Beware of aids)138, 139Jin Ping Mei (The Golden Lotus, 17th century)504n31Johns Hopkins Hospital204, 241, 242, 247, 249252Jolie, Angelina (1975–)199Jones, Mary Dixon (1828–1908)337n22Jones, Nalini99“Love in the Time of Positives” (2008)99n9Jones, Thom (1945–2016)307n33“Way Down Deep in the Jungle” (1995)307n33Kafka Country Doctor 336n19Yamamura KōjiKafka, Franz (1883–1924)288n8, 335n19“Ein Landarzt” (A Country Doctor, 1919)336n19Der Process (The Trial, 1925)288n8Kalabari tribe90n89Kalanithi, Paul Sudhir Arul (1977–2015)217When Breath Becomes Air (2016)217Ka Mo‘olelo Oiaio o Kaluaiko‘olau (The True Story of Kaluaiko‘olau as Told by His Wife Pi‘ilani, 1906)6566Kangaroo Notebook.Abé KōbōKanzawa Teikan (Tōkō) (1710–1795)555Karidis, Lynn503“Always Tell Me the Truth” (2011)503karmic punishment/retribution346Kasan ogwangdae (Kasan Five Jesters)64n50Kathigasu, Sybil (1899–1948)233n5No Dram of Mercy (1954)233n5Kawabata Yasunari (1899–1972)72Kawagoe Kō395n17Yasuraka na shi: Gan to no tatakai–zaitaku no kiroku (Peaceful Death: Record of Fighting against Cancer at Home, 1994)395n17Kawase Naomi (1969–)71n62An (Sweet Bean, lit. Sweet Red Bean Paste, 2015)71n62Kawegere, Fortunatus141n19Mateso, mwathirika wa ukimwi (2007)141n19Kellendonk, Frans (1951–1990)113n44Mystiek lichaam (1986)113n44Kenya25, 41, 96n3, 98, 112116, 127, 142, 143n25, 145, 146, 166, 281, 448n111, 531n61specific conditions, films, writersKenyatta, Uhuru (1961–)116Kesey, Ken (1935–2001)39n19One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1962)39n19Kevorkian, Jack (1928–2011)546n14Khabzela: The Life and Times of a South African.Liz McGregorKhakpour, Porochista (1978–)328n1, 544n9Sick: A Memoir (2018)328n1Kil Chung-Hee (1899–1990)335n16“Killing Kanoko.”Itō HiromiKim Chŏnghan (1908–1996)74n67“Oksimi” (1936)74n67Kim Tongni (1913–1995)74, 75“Pawi” (The Rock, 1936)74Kincaid, Jamaica (1949–)157n43, 474n28My Brother (1997)474n28Kinoshita Keisuke (1912–1998)482n9Narayama bushikō (The Ballad of Narayama, 1958)482n9Kirumbi, Peter116n51Nataka Iwe Siri (I Want It to Be Confidential/Secret, 1971)116n51“Kitchen.”Sakagami HiroshiThe Kite Runner.Khaled HosseiniKizaki Satoko (1939–)481, 525Aogiri (Phoenix Tree, 1984)481, 525Kleinman, Arthur5, 14n28, 21n42, 32, 104, 117, 118n55, 119, 208n16, 212, 213n29, 228n62, 329n3, 330, 332, 466468, 469n18, 483n11narrative medicineand caregiving14, 465, 466, 468n17, 469, 470Kneip, Maggie126n74Now Everyone Will Know (2015)126n74Koch, Edward (1924–2013)132, 133, 135Koestler, Arthur (1905–1983)557Koizumi Jun’ichirō (1942–)227Kolata, Gina437n87Mercies in Disguise (2017)437n87Konar, Affinity237n11Mischling (2016)237n11Konjaku monogatarishū (Tales of Times Past, 12th c.)53Konpira556, 557“Konpira.”Mori ŌgaiKoolaids: The Art of War.Rabih Alameddine“Koolau the Leper.”Jack LondonKoop, C. Everett (1916–2013)104, 123, 124, 181“Surgeon General’s Report on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome” (1986)123, 124“Understanding aids” (1988)124Korea, North56n33, 58, 362n61, 450specific conditions, films, writersKorea, South.specific conditions, films, writersfamily planning/reproductive policies364n64Korean War (1950–1953)58, 76n70, 83n79, 331, 362, 364n64, 366n65, 372literature374Koven, Suzanne17, 205n12Kovner, Abba (1918–1987)252, 253“Habiduy ne’eẖaz basvakh” (Fiction Caught in the Thicket, 1987)253“Hanozlim meẖapsim lahem motze, gam hu” (Liquids Seek a Way Out, 1987)253n29“Shkifut ba’infusyah” (Transparent Infusion, 1987)253“Slon Ketering” (Sloan Kettering, 1987)252Slon Ḳeṭering–Po’Emah (Sloan Kettering–Poems, 1987)252Kramer, Larry (1935–)95, 96, 101n13, 111n39, 123n67, 129131, 133n8, 134n9, 135, 138, 157“1,112 and Counting” (1983)95The Destiny of Me (1992)130Faggots (1978)134n9The Normal Heart (1985)95, 96, 101n13, 111n39, 129131, 133, 135, 136, 138, 157, 160Krauss, Dan (1972–)542Extremis (2016)542Krishnamurthy, Rajagopalan “Kalki” (1928–1954)517n45Kübler-Ross, Elizabeth (1926–2004)396On Death and Dying (1969)396Kunene, Mazisi (1930–2006)290Emperor Shaka the Great (1979)290Kushner, Tony (1956–)130Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes (1991)130Kwan, Kevin (1973–)392n12Rich People Problems (2017)393n12Lalwani, Nikita99n9“Mister X versus Hospital Y” (2008)99n9Lambert, Vincent (1976–2019)400n26Landsman, Julie128n1Save Everything (1988)128n1The Language of Kindness: A Nurse’s Story.Christine WatsonLaos565n36specific conditions, writersThe Last Act of Love: The Story of My Brother and His Sister.Cathy RentzenbrinkThe Last Ocean: A Journey through Memory and Forgetting.Nicci GerrardThe Last Plague.Meja MwangiLast Wish.Betty RollinLaubenstein, Linda Jane (1947–1993)131n6Lear, Martha Weinman (1930–)230232, 248n23Echoes of Heartsounds: A Memoir (2014)231Heartsounds: The Story of a Love and Loss (1980)230Leavitt, Sarah500n30Tangles: A Story about Alzheimer’s, My Mother, and Me (2010)500n30Lebanese Civil War (1975–90)543n7Lebanon575n43specific conditions, writersLee, Min Jin (1968–)482n9Pachinko (2017)482n9“The Leper.”Sŏ Chŏngju“The Lepers of Molokai.”Jack Londonleprosy.Hansen’s diseaseLetters from Hell.Ramón SampedroLeukemia1n2, 100n10, 208n18, 227, 240243, 245n20, 248, 330, 387, 389n9, 401n29, 459n2, 557Level-Four Panic.Wang JinkangLevin, Adam106, 109n34Aidsafari (2005)106The Art of African Shopping (2005)106n29The Wonder Safaris (2003)106n29Levine, Judith (1952–)183, 187, 188n15, 462n7, 466, 467, 469, 471, 480, 494496, 498, 500n30, 501, 502Do You Remember Me? A Father, a Daughter, and a Search for the Self (2004)187, 467, 480, 494497, 501, 502Life, Above All.Oliver SchmitzLife and Times of Michael K.J.M. CoetzeeLife as Jamie Knows It: An Exceptional Child Grows Up.Michael BérubéLife as We Know It: A Father, a Family, and an Exceptional Child.Michael BérubéLife in the Balance.Thomas Graboys“Life’s First Night.”Hōjō TamioLike a Banjo String.Shi TieshengLinder, Joselin437n87The Family Gene (2017)437n87“Liquids Seek a Way Out.”Abba KovnerLi Shijiang’s (1974–)391, 409, 410“Yiyuan” (The Hospital, 2006)391, 409literature.comparative literature, global literature, world literature, and specific writers and textsdefinitions of5, 6, 9, 1425, 93, 121, 180, 193, 392, 409, 455, 474and healing4, 7, 9, 199229, 268, 281, 326, 328385, 459475, 504, 575, 583in medical training1425, 207, 336, 343literature and medicine1425necessity of studying26, 65, 99, 204, 282, 391Lithuania252n29specific conditions, writerslocked-in syndrome256258Lock In.John ScalziLoftin, Nikki401n29Wish Girl (2014)401n29London, Jack (1876–1916)61, 62, 66n57“Good-bye Jack” (1908)62“House of Pride” (1907)62House of Pride (1908)61, 62“Koolau the Leper” (1908)61, 66“The Lepers of Molokai” (1909)61Long, Crawford (1815–1878)444Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (1807–1882)17n34The Song of Hiawatha (1855)17n34The Long Goodbye: A Memoir.Meghan O’RourkeLong Life: Positive hiv Stories.Bambanani Women’s Group“The Lord.”Miguel TorgaLord Byron (1788–1824)60Marino Faliero, Doge of Venice (1821)60Lorde, Audre Geraldine (1934–1992)24, 201“A Burst of Light: Living with Cancer” (1988)24The Cancer Journals (1980)201Losing My Mind: An Intimate Look at Life with Alzheimer’s.Thomas DeBaggioLost Paradise.Watanabe Jun’ichiLove for Life.Yan Lianke“Love in the Time of Positives.”Nalini JonesLove: Listen While Telling.Han Shaogang, Jia Pingwa, Wang Anyi, Yan LiankeLove Medicine.Louise ErdrichLuxembourg403, 430n79specific conditions, writersLu Xun (1881–1936)23, 171n59, 279n64“Kuangren riji” (Diary of a Madman, 1918)23Nahan (A Call to Arms, 1923)279n64Lyme disease328n1, 436n86Macgoye, Marjorie Oludhe (1928–2015)142n22Chira (1997)116n51The Madonna of Excelsior.Zakes Mda“Mafengyuan.”Song XiangfengMagona, Sindiwe (1943–)Beauty’s Gift (2008)98, 107n31, 111n39“A State of Outrage” (1999)111n39To My Children’s Children (1990)307308n33Mahala, SiphiwoAfrican Delights (2011)156n42“Mpumi’s Assignment” (2004)109110n36“So Many Truths” (2011)156n42When a Man Cries (2007)96, 109110n36, 129, 151, 155, 156Mahmūd, Muṣtafā (1921–2009)269270n51Mai Kim Ngọc (Vũ Đình Minh, 1937–)410n49“Trong Phong Hoi Sinh” (In the Recovery Room, 1994)410n49“Major aids Transmission Routes” (Njia Kuu Za Ukimwi)138139Make Way for Tomorrow (1937)471473n26Makkai, Rebecca (1978–)130131n3The Great Believers (2018)130131n3malariadebates over cure438and empire/imperialism445, 448n11in Africa445n104, 448n111in Asia445n104, 447, 448n111in South America445n104and literature438, 445n104searches for cure438Malawi2122n42, 106, 109n36specific conditions, writersMalaysia21n42, 171n58specific conditions, writersMalgudi Days.Shankar Nag; R. K. NarayanMam, Somaly (1970/71–)310n38Le silence de l’innocence (Silence of Innocence, 2005)310n38Mamma’s Stake.Pak WansŏMandela, Makgatho Lewanika (1950–2005)106107n30Mandela, Nelson (1918–2013)106n30Maniero, Ramona566Querido Ramón: Un testimonio de amor (Dear Ramon, A Testimony of Love, 2005)566Mankell, Henning (1948–2015)Hundarna i Riga (The Dogs of Riga, 1992)502Mördare utan ansikte (Faceless Killers, 1991)502Den orolige mannen (The Troubled Man, 2009)186Wallander novels186, 501, 502Mann, Thomas (1875–1955)40n23Die Betrogene: Erzählung (The Black Swan, 1954)40n23Manzar, Hasan (1934–)369n70“Rahāʾī” (Emancipation, 1981)369n70Mapping Fate.Alice Wexler“Maradhi ya Fungi” (Fungi Disease)112Marinho, Tony (1949–)169170n57The Epidemic (1992)169170n57Marino Faliero, Doge of Venice.Lord ByronMarital Destinies to Awaken the World.Xizhou ShengMarsh, Henry (1950–)529n59Admissions: Life as a Brain Surgeon (2017)529n59Mary Kills People (2017–)409n47Masaoka Shiki (1867–1902)423, 462Byōshō no rokushaku (My Six-Foot Sickbed, 1902)423Mashal Books84, 312n45, 372, 525n56Masuzoe Yōichi (1948–)489n18Haha ni mutsuki o ateru toki: Kaigo tatakai no hibi (When I Put Diapers on My Mother: Days of Caregiving and Battle, 1998)489n18Mateso, mwathirika wa ukimwi.Fortunatus KawegereMatsudaira Sadanobu (Shirakawa Rakuōkō, 1758–1829)552553n18Matundura, Bitungi116n51Sitaki Iwe Siri (I Don’t Want It to Be Confidential/Secret, 2008)116n51Maugham, W. Somerset (1874–1965)516517n45Maynard, Brittany (1984–2014)406, 562Mbeki, Thabo Mvuyelwa (1942–)107, 108n32McGregor, Liz108n32Khabzela: The Life and Times of a South African (2005)108n32McKay, Kerrel (1984–)157n43“Transformed by a Touch” (2007)157n43McMath, Jahi (2000–2013/2018)417n58Mda, Zakes (1948–)The Heart of Redness (2000)111The Madonna of Excelsior (2002)111n40Sometimes There Is a Void: Memoirs of an Outsider (2011)157Ways of Dying (1991)111Measles449n115devastation of native populations449n115Me Before You.Jojo MoyesMédecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders)107108n30, 152, 154, 236, 281medical curriculum18tacit curriculum223, 282medical humanities4, 8, 20, 21n42in Africa8, 21“Medicine and Literature.”Watanabe Jun’ichi“The Medics.”Obi Egbuna“Meeting the British.”Paul MuldoonMelville, Herman (1819–1891)17n33Memento (2000)323n50Memoir of a Debulked Woman.Susan GubarMemoirs of a Woman Doctor.Nawāl al-SaʿdāwīMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterVisible Ink254, 255n33, 503Visible Ink254n32memory125n72, 178, 187, 194n32, 252, 256, 263, 267, 311323, 349, 369, 463, 496, 500, 501The Memory Keeper’s Daughter.Kim EdwardsMendelsohn, Daniel (1960–)184n6“An Odyssey” (2017)184n6Mengele, Josef (1911–1979)237n11mental illnesschanging definitions of23n47, 25, 89stigmas against128, 184n5Mercies in Disguise.Gina KolataMercy.Jodi Picoult“Mercy.”Richard SelzerMerinyo, Clemence113n44“Kifo cha aids” (Death from aids, 1988)113n44Merwin, W.S. (1927–2019)66n57The Folding Cliffs: A Narrative (1998)66n57Mexico47n14, 429n79specific conditions, films, writersMichener, James (1907–1997)67, 69Hawaii (1959)67, 68, 70Miller, Sue (1943–)192n25, 485n13The Story of My Father: A Memoir (2003)192n25, 485n13Milton, John (1608–1674)17n33Paradise Lost (1667)343344n36Mischling.Affinity Konar“Miss Gee.”W.H. AudenThe Missing King.Moetai Brotherson“The Missing Mail.”R.K. Narayan“Mister X versus Hospital Y.”Nikita LalwaniMistry, Rohinton (1952–)471473n26Family Matters (2002)471473n26Miyazaki Hayao (1941–)71n62Mononokehime (Princess Mononoke, 1997)71n62Mizumura Minae (1951–)14, 480, 491Haha no isan-shinbun shōsetsu (Inheritance from Mother: Newspaper Novel, 2012)14, 480, 491Mkapa, Benjamin William (1938–)113, 114n45Mlumbe, Stuart96n5“The Holocaust” (1990)96n5Mngazija, Shaaban140141n19Njia Panda (2004)140141n19Moele, Kgebetli (1978–)140n17The Book of the Dead (2009)140n17Moi, Daniel Toroitch arap (1924–)115Molaison, Henry Gustav (1926–2008)323324n51Moloka’i.Alan Brennert“Momma’s Stake.”Pak WansŏMompei, Puseletso141n20“I Hate to Disappoint You”141n20Monette, Paul (1945–1995)130131n3Borrowed Time: An aids Memoir (1987)130131n3“Mongolian Monk.”Han KangMoore, Mary Tyler (1936–2017)230n1, 535n1More, Thomas (1478–1535)404n31Utopia (1516)404n31Morgan, SekunduThe Beast 1 (2005)129, 138, 145, 146Dawn of Reality (2006)145n29Mori Mari (1903–1987)556n22Amai mitsu no heya (Sweet Honey Room, 1975)556n22Mori Ōgai (1862–1922)“Konpira” (1909)556, 557“Takasebune” (Takase Boat, 1916)541, 552“Morphine.”Mikhail BulgakovMortal Embrace: Journal of aids.Alain Emmanuel DreuilheMosher, Eliza (1846–1928)342n34Mourning the Breasts.Xi XiMo Yan (1955–)Hong Gaoliang Jiazu (Red Sorghum Family, 1987)63n49Wa (Frogs, 2009)237n11Moyes, Jojo (1969–)267n47, 405n39Me before You (2012)267n47, 405n39Mpe, Phaswane (1970–2004)108n32Welcome to our Hillbrow (2001)108n32“Mpumi’s Assignment.”Siphiwo Mahala“Mr. Ghatpande.”Upendranātha AśkaMtobwa, Ben (1958–2008)137n15Dar es Salaam Usiku (Dar es Salaam by Night, 1998)137n15Mugabe, Robert (1924–)96n3Muldoon, Paul (1951–)450n117“Meeting the British” (1987)450n117Mulgrew, Kate (1955–)402403n30How to Forget (2019)402403n30Munro, Alice (1931–)Away from Her (2006)500n30“The Bear Came over the Mountain” (2001)500n30Murasaki Shikibu (ca. 973–ca. 1014)349n46Genji monogatari (Tale of Genji, 1005)349n46Murgadas, Rafael Argullol (1949–)260261n41Davalú o el dolor (Davalu or Pain, 2001)260261n41Murakami Haruki (1949–)Kami no kodomotachi wa mina odoru (The Children of the Gods All Dance, 2000)18Noruuei no mori (Norwegian Wood, 1987)242n18, 536n2ufo ga Kushiro ni oriru” (ufo in Kushiro, 2000)18Mutembei, Aldin105n25, 109110n36, 112, 113n44, 115n48, 116n51, 129, 136, 138, 170Kisiki kikavu (The Dry Stump, 2005)129Mwale, MacGeo142n21“The Syndrome”142n21Mwangi, Meja (1948–)109n36, 130, 166, 170The Last Plague (2000)130, 136n12, 166, 168, 170Myanmar101n15, 530specific conditions, writersMy Brother.Jamaica KincaidMylan, Megan489n18“Taller Than the Trees” (2016)489n18My Own Country: A Doctor’s Story.Abraham VergheseMy Sister’s Keeper.Jodi PicoultMy Six-Foot Sickbed.Masaoka ShikiMy Stroke of Insight.Jill Bolte TaylorMy Wife and I.Etō JunNagi Keishi (1951–)391, 429“Kihada ni furete” (Touching the Bark of Trees, 1996)391, 429Nag, Shankar (1954–1990)517n46Malgudi Days (1987, 2006)517n46Naked Tree.Pak WansŏNarayan, R.K. (Rasipuram Krishnaswami Narayanaswami, 1906–2001)“The Doctor’s Word” (1942)480, 516, 517, 519in translation516517n45Malgudi Days (1942)516Malgudi Days (1987, 2006)517n46“The Missing Mail” (1942)519n48Swami and Friends (1935)516517n45narrative medicineRita Charon207criticisms against208n18Arthur Kleinman207208n16narrative competence207narrative humility207208n16Narrow Road to the Deep North.Richard FlanaganNative American writers.specific writersneonatology and “lifesaving” technology464465n10Nepo, Mark (1951–)390n10“While I Was There” (2007)390n10Neruda, Pablo (1904–1973)575n43Netherlands186n9, 394n14, 404, 405n39, 407, 430n78specific conditions, films, writersNever Let Me Go.Kazuo IshiguroNew Tales of the Mountain.Miguel TorgaNew Zealand4748n15, 50n19, 220, 430n79specific diseases, films, writersNgema, Mbongeni (1956–)109n35Sarafina ii (1995)109n35Ngozi, Ibrahim113n44, 115n48Ushuhuda wa Mifupa (The Skeleton’s Testimony, 1990)113n44, 115n48Nice People.Geteria WamugundaNietzsche, Friedrich (1844–1900)543n7Götzen-Dämmerung, oder, Wie man mit dem Hammer philosophiert (Twilight of the Idols; or, How to Philosophize with a Hammer, 1889)543n7Nigeria21n42, 41, 45, 4852, 65, 90, 108n32, 181n68, 212n27specific conditions, films, writersNight of the Living Dead.George RomeroNihon Ryōiki (822)52Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan, 720)52“Njia Kuu Za Ukimwi” (Major aids Transmission Routes)138, 139Njia Panda.Shaaban MngazijaNoah, Trevor (1984–)291n17Born a Crime: Stories from a South African Childhood (2016)291n17Nobody Ever Said aids: Stories and Poems from Southern Africa.Nobantu RasebotsaNo Dram of Mercy.Sybil KathigasuNolan, Christopher (1965–2009)3536n14Under the Eye of the Clock (1987)3536n14No Laughing Matter.Joseph Heller and Speed VogelThe Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression.Andrew SolomonNo One’s Perfect.Ototake HirotadaNordic Noir186n12norm/normalcydefinitions of37n16differences from36The Normal and the Pathological.Georges CanguilhemThe Normal Heart.Larry KramerNorway47, 394n14, 430n79specific conditions, films, writersNorwegian Wood.Murakami HarukiNotes of a Desolate Man.Zhu TianwenNot God.Marc Straus“No Time to Grow Up.”Su WeizhenNow Everyone Will Know.Maggie KneipNyiszli, Miklós (1901–1956)237n11Dr. Mengele boncolóorvosa voltam az auschwitzi krematóriumban (Auschwitz: A Doctor’s Eyewitness Account, 1947)237n11The Oath: A Surgeon under Fire.Khassan BaievOates, Joyce Carol (1938–)384385n92A Book of American Martyrs (2017)384385n92Obama, Barack (1961–)51n20, 123n67obasute481, 482n9Obeng, Joana Emily158n45“Broken Beads” (2004)158n45Object Lessons.Anna QuindlenO’Connor, Sandra Day (1930–)186Oduor, Dennis150n35“Kalamu Ya Kipekee” (The Special Pen, 2006)150n35“An Odyssey.”Daniel MendelsohnŌe Hikari (1963–)460Ōe Kenzaburō (1935–)Atarashii hito yo, mezameyo (Rouse Up, O Young Men of the New Age, 1983)461n5Jinsei no shinseki (An Echo of Heaven, 1989)461n5Kaifuku suru kazoku (A Healing Family, 1995)423n64, 460Kojinteki na taiken (A Personal Matter, 1964)460464, 557n24Kōzui wa waga tamashii ni oyobi (The Waters Have Come Unto My Soul, 1973)461n5Shizukana seikatsu (A Quiet Life, 1990)461n5“Sora no kaibutsu aguī” (Aghwee the Sky Monster, 1977)461n5“Warera no kyōki o ikinobiru michi o oshieyo” (Teach Us To Outgrow Our Madness, 1969)461n5Ogawa Yōko (1962)Hakase no aishita sūshiki (Equations the Professor Loved, 2003, 2006)226, 284, 305, 323in Catalan translation312in Chinese translation312in Dutch translation312in English translation312n45in French translation312, 313, 319in German translation312, 313in Greek translation312in Hebrew translation312in Italian translation312, 313, 319in Korean translation312, 313in Malay translation312in Persian translation312in Slovenian translation312in Spanish translation312, 313, 319in Swedish translation312in Vietnamese translation312Ogino Ginko (1851–1913)331, 341342n33, 344, 352, 358, 362“Honpō joi no yurai oyobi sono zento” (The Past and Future Prospects of Women Doctors in Japan, 1893)352n48Ogola, Margaret A. (1958–2011)9697n5, 367n67I Swear by Apollo (2002)9697n5, 367n67, 464n10“Old Doc Rivers.”William Carlos WilliamsOkinagusa (1776)555, 556n21“Oksimi.” See Kim ChŏnghanThe Old King in His Exile.Arno Geiger“O leproso.”Miguel Torga“On Being a Support Person.”Ken WilberOn Death and Dying.Elizabeth Kübler-RossOne Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest.Ken KeseyThe Ones with Purpose.Nozizwe Cynthia JeleOne True Thing.Anna QuindlenOn Parole.Yoshimura AkiraOon Paus (1954)471473n26“Open Heart.”Elie Wieselopioid epidemic393n13“Original Sin–Fate.”Shi TieshengO’Rourke, Meghan (1976–)222n49, 328n1The Long Goodbye: A Memoir (2011)330n5, 397n20, 516n43Orwell, George (1903–1950)17n33, 244Osler, William (1848–1919)204Ototake Hirotada (1976–)3536n14Gotai fumanzoku (No One’s Perfect, 1998)3536n14Our Kind of People: A Continent’s Challenge, A Country’s Hope.Uzodinma IwealaOur Lady of Alice Bhatti.Mohammet HanifOut of Mind.J. BernlefPachinko.Min Jin LeePadilla, Ignacio (1968–2016)88“Desagravio en Halak Proot” (Amends in Halak-Proot, 2001)88Pakistan84, 195n34, 305, 306n31, 307, 311, 324n52, 326, 372, 376, 379, 380, 385, 450specific conditions, translations, writersPak Wansŏ (1931–2011)“Chŏmun nal ŭi saphwa” (A Sketch of the Fading Sun, 1987)372373n75in English translation333, 372, 372373n75, 374, 382, 383in Urdu translation333, 372, 372373n75, 375377, 379, 380, 383, 384n91“Kkum kkunŭn ink’yubeit’ŏ” (Dreaming Incubator, 1994)363364n63“Kŭ kaŭl ŭi sahŭl tongan” (During Three Days of That Autumn, 1980)226, 331, 362Kŭ mant’ŏn singa nŭn nuga ta mŏgŏssŭlkka (Who Ate up All the Shinga, 1992)362363n61Namok (Naked Tree, 1970)362363n61Ŏmma ŭi malttuk 1–3 (Mamma’s Stake, 1980–1981, 1991)372373n75, 505506n34“Toduk majŭn kanan” (Poverty That Is Stolen, 1975)372373n75palliative care308n34, 388, 392n11, 393n13, 398, 399, 401, 402, 406408, 429, 434Paradise Lost.John MiltonParé, Ambroise (1510–1590)550Park Chung Hee (Pak Chŏnghŭi, 1917–1979)75, 76n70partnerships in living and dying476584“The Past and Future Prospects of Women Doctors in Japan.”Ogino Ginkopatient-centered care/patient-centered medicine204210, 215n34global resonance382Patient H.M.: A Story of Memory, Madness, and Family Secrets.Luke DittrichPaton, Alan (1903–1988)290n13Patriarch Cyril of Alexandria (ca. 376–444)46Patrimony: A True Story.Philip Roth“A Pause.”Marc StrausPeabody, Francis Weld (1881–1927)214Paula.Isabel Allende“A Pension Plan.”Ha JinA Perfect Life.Eileen PollackA Personal Matter.Ōe Kenzaburōperson-focused care7, 26, 196, 199229, 232, 239242, 258, 260, 268, 282, 285288, 305, 310, 312, 313, 318, 327, 328, 333, 362, 391, 406, 426n71, 470, 471, 474Person with Dementia.Ariyoshi SawakoPfau, Ruth Katherina Martha Pfau (1929–2017)8485n82Pharaoh Ramses V (d. 1157 B.C.E.)449Philippines4748n15, 199n1specific conditions, films, writersPhoenix Tree.Kizaki Satokophysician-writers12, 16, 17, 21n42, 23n47, 93n93, 157, 168n56, 215n35, 234, 238n12, 273n58, 292n18Picoult, Jodi (1966–)Mercy (1996)541n5My Sister’s Keeper (2004)401n29The Pinch Runner Memorandum.Ōe KenzaburōPioneer Work in Opening the Medical Profession to Women.Elizabeth Blackwellplague4748n15, 73, 93n95, 106n28, 152, 156, 167169, 173n60, 184n5, 371, 392, 453and zombies93planetaryplanetary consciousness12planetary health4n7planetary humanism12Please Let Me Die (1974)412n53Please Look after Mom.Sin KyŏngsukPleasure.Yan LiankePoland252n29specific conditions, writerspolio39n20, 131, 324Pollack, Eileen (1956–)437n87A Perfect Life (2016)437n87Portugal93n93specific conditions, writersPoster Child.Emily Rapp“Poverty That Is Stolen.”Pak WansŏPratchett, Terry (1948–2015)195The Premature Baby Book: A Parent’s Guide to Coping and Caring in the First Years.Helen HarrisonPremchand.Dhanpat Rai SrivastavaPrincess Mononoke.Miyazaki HayaoPrinsloo, Koos (1957–)109110n36Prognosis: A Memoir of My Brain.Sarah Vallance“Prying.”Jorie GrahamPu Songling (1640–1715)62Liaozhai zhiyi (Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio, 1740)503504n31Quartey, Kwei168n56, 307308n33Wife of the Gods (2009)168n56, 307308n33A Question of Mercy.David Rabe“A Question of Mercy.”Richard SelzerA Question of Power.Bessie HeadA Quiet Life.Ōe KenzaburōQuindlen, Anna (1952–)Object Lessons (1991)476n1One True Thing (1994, 1998)476, 477, 479, 481, 534, 543Quinlan, Karen Ann (1954–1985)399Rabe, David (1940–)541, 548550A Question of Mercy (1997)541, 550racism.specific conditions, films, writersand health1, 24racial disparities in care23n5Rangai (1770–1845)395Rao, Raja (1908–2006)237238n11Rapp, Emily (1975–)3536n14Poster Child (2006)3536n14Rasebotsa, Nobantu109110n36Nobody Ever Said aids: Stories and Poems from Southern Africa (2004)109The Reason I Jump: One Boy’s Voice from the Silence of Autism.Higashida NaokiReagan, Ronald (1911–2004)122, 123, 130“The Record of Blood Chamber.”Sim SungRed Sorghum Family.Mo YanReibstein, Janet (1946–)199n1Staying Alive: A Family Memoir (2002)199n1Rentzenbrink, Cathy (née Mintern)542, 567, 570574, 579The Last Act of Love: The Story of My Brother and His Sister (2015)542, 570Renu, Phanishwar Nath (1921–1977)238n12Mailā Ānchal (Soiled Border, 1954)238n12Rescuing Jeffrey.Richard GalliRibeiros, Gerald (1951–2002)103Rich People Problems.Kevin KwanRoach, Marion (1956–)498n27Another Name for Madness (1985)498n27“The Rock.”Kim TongniRollin, Betty (1936–)First, You Cry (1976)535Last Wish (1985)535, 536, 538, 539, 550Romania45n9specific conditions, films, writersRomero, George (1940–)Dawn of the Dead (1978)184n6Day of the Dead (1985)184n6Night of the Living Dead (1968)184n6Roosevelt, Franklin D. (1882–1945)133Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712–1778)462Émile; ou, De l’éducation (Émile; or, On Education, 1762)462Ross, Sir Ronald (1857–1932)438, 445447Roth, Philip (1933–2018)Anatomy Lesson (1983)507Patrimony: A True Story (1991)480, 505Rotimi, Ola (1938–2000)9094Hopes of the Living Dead: A Drama of Struggle (1985)9094Rouse Up, O Young Men of the New Age.Ōe KenzaburōRumi (13th c.)15“The Guest House,”15Russia113n44, 159160n46, 232n3, 234, 446, 450specific conditions, films, writersSacks, Oliver (1933–2015)An Anthropologist on Mars: Seven Paradoxical Tales (1995)204n10Awakenings (1973)216n36Sakagami Hiroshi (1936–)489n18“Daidokoro” (Kitchen, 1997)489n18Saks, Elyn R. (1955–)284n2The Center Cannot Hold: My Journey through Madness (2007)284n2Sakurai Tetsuo (1924–2011)71n62Salk, Jonas (1914–1995)324n53Sampedro, Ramón (1943–1998)Cando eu caia (When I Fall, 1998)563n29Cartas desde el infierno (Letters from Hell, 1996)563n29“Mar Adentro” (The Sea Inside, 1998)541, 562566, 565n33Samuels, Robert C.258259n38Blue Water, White Water: A True Story of Survival (2011)258n38Sarafina ii.Mbongeni Ngemasars (severe acute respiratory syndrome)105n24, 118and literature121, 455Saudi Arabia333n12specific conditions, writersemployment opportunities for women333n12Save Everything.Julie LandsmanSave the Breast.Bi ShuminScalzi, John (1969–)256n36Lock In (2014)256n36Schäubli-Meyer, Ruth187n13Alzheimer: Wie will ich noch leben-wie sterben? (Alzheimer’s: How Will I Continue to Live-How Will I Die? 2010)187n13Schiavo, Terri (1963–2005)400n26Schmitz, Oliver (1960–)151n37Life, Above All (2010)151n37School Master (1958)473n26science fiction256n36, 445, 447n109, 448, 449n112Sea and Poison.Endō ShūsakuThe Sea Inside.Alejandro AmenábarSecond Son.Robert FerroSecrets of a Woman’s Soul.Lutanga ShabaSelzer, Richard (1928–2016)“Mercy” (1980)391, 426, 427, 429, 436“A Question of Mercy” (1991)426n73, 541, 545“Whither Thou Goest” (1996)427n73Sem-Sandberg, Stever (1958–)237n11De utvalda (The Chosen Ones, 2014)237n11Send Me No Flowers.Norman JewisonSerbia6specific conditions, films, writersSeriously Ill.Itami JūzōServe the People.Yan LiankeSetoue Kenjirō (1941–)Dr. Setoue no ritō shinryōjo nikki (Dr. Setoue’s Outlying Islands Clinic Diary, 2006)391Doctor Stories: From the Island Journals of the Legendary “Dr. Koto” (2012)418n59Seven Touches of Music.Zoran Živkovićsexually transmitted infections (sti)gonorrhea331, 346stigmas against32n3, 41, 116, 126Shaba, Lutanga107n31Secrets of a Woman’s Soul (2006)123, 151n36, 160n46, 180Shakespeare, William (1564–1616)17n33Hamlet (1599–1602)9n17, 60Shanghvi, Siddharth Dhanvant97n5“Hello, Darling” (2008)97n5Sharma, Akhil (1971–)498n28Family Life (2014)498n28Sheng Keyi (1973–)279n64Siwang fuge (Death Fugue, 2009)279n64Ship Fever.Andrea BarrettShipwrecks.Yoshimura AkiraShi Tiesheng (1951–2010)Ming ruo qinxian (Like a Banjo String, 1985)266n46“Yuanzui suming” (Original Sin-Fate, 1987)266Shockaholic.Carrie FisherSick: A Memoir.Porochista KhakpourThe Sickness.Alberto José Barrera TyszkaSiddiqui, Shaukat (1923–2006)238n12Khudā Kī Bastī (God’s Own Land, 1957)238n12Sidhwa, Bapsi (1938–)284, 286, 324, 326, 327Ice-Candy-Man (1988; Cracking India, 1991)284, 286, 324, 327Silence of Innocence.Somaly MamSilko, Leslie Marmon (1948–)Almanac of the Dead (1991)237n11Ceremony (1977)308n33Simpson, James (1811–1870)444Sim Sung (Yi Ŭnsang, 1911–1960)Aesaenggŭm (The Tale of Love and Life, 1947).75n67“Hyŏllurok” (The Record of Blood Chamber, 1934)74n67Singapore40n23, 118n57, 122n65, 171n58, 171n59, 357358n52, 393n12specific conditions, films, writersSinha, Indra (1950–)297n24Animal’s People (2007)297n24Sin Kyŏngsuk (Shin Kyung-sook, 1963–)in translation521Ŏmma rŭl put’akhae (Please Look after Mom, 2009)481, 521The Skeleton’s Testimony.Ibrahim Ngozi“A Sketch of the Fading Sun.”Pak Wansŏ“Sloan Kettering.”Abba KovnerSloan Kettering-Poems.Abba KovnerSlow Man.J.M. CoetzeeSmall Circle of Beings.Damon Galgutsmallpoxas biological weapon100n12, 450, 451devastation of native populations448eradication of450n116in Africa1, 122n65, 449in the Americas449in Asia50in China450in Cuba450in Egypt449n113in Europe449in India450in Iran450in Iraq450in Israel450in Japan449in North Korea450in Pakistan450in Russia450in Somalia450in the Soviet Union450in the United States450and literature455Sŏ Chŏngju (1915–2000)64“Mundungi” (The Leper, 1941)64social death32Söderberg, Hjalmar (1869–1941)238n12, 371Doktor Glas (Doctor Glas, 1905)238n12, 371Soiled Border.Phanishwar Nath RenuSolimine, Kaitlin567n36Empire of Glass (2017)567n36Solomon, Andrew (1963–)3738n16The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression (2001)284n2Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr (1918–2008)160n46Rakovy Korpus (Cancer Ward, 1968)160n46Somalia13n28, 449specific conditions, writers“So Many Truths.”Siphiwo MahalaSometimes There Is a Void: Memoirs of an Outsider.Zakes MdaThe Song of Hiawatha.Henry Wadsworth LongfellowSong Xiangfeng (1776–1860)62“Mafengyuan” (Mafeng Hospices)62Sontag, Susan (1933–2004)39Sophocles (497/6–406/5 B.C.E.)541, 550552, 563Trachiniai (The Trachiniae, The Women of Trachis, 450s B.C.E.)541, 550551South Africa.specific conditions, films, writersapartheid106, 107n31, 108n31, 260n41, 287, 290, 291and Japan6, 290, 291n14literature22n42, 41, 109, 127, 290n13, 531n61Southern Spring Played Out.Ge FeiSouthlands Trilogy.Ge FeiSpain47, 564, 565, 578specific conditions, diseases, writers“The Special Pen.”Dennis OduorSpinney, Lu570n39Beyond the High Blue Air (2016)570n39Srivastava, Dhanpat Rai (Premchand, 1881–1936)Godān (Gift of a Cow, 1936)4748n15, 333in English translation333in Urdu translation333“A State of Outrage.”Sindiwe MagonaStaying Alive: A Family Memoir.Janet ReibsteinSteinberg, Jonny (1970–)107, 129, 151155Three-Letter Plague: A Young Man’s Journey through a Great Epidemic (Sizwe’s Test: A Young Man’s Journey through Africa’s aids Epidemic, 2008)106107, 151Stein, Stanley (1899–1967)65n53Alone No Longer: The Story of a Man Who Refused to Be One of the Living Dead (1963)65n53Stevenson, Robert Louis (1850–1894)61stigma.specific conditionscauses of42devastation caused by27, 93n93internal/internalized44n6, 104, 106n28, 114, 116, 152n39, 154, 164and intersectionality34, 35n13stigma trajectory34n8understandings of24, 34n10, 127Still Alice.Lisa GenovaStoddard, Charles Warren (1843–1909)61Stories to Awaken the World.Feng MenglongThe Story of My Father.Sue MillerStory of the Sea of Camellias.Ishimure Michikostory/stories8, 18, 23, 37n16, 50n19, 52, 6164, 66, 67, 7275, 83n79, 8384n79, 85n83, 88, 90, 96n5, 97, 105n25, 108n32Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio.Pu SonglingStraus, Marc (1943–)“A Pause” (1994)507n38Not God (2006)215n35Streams of Light and Time.Yan Liankestructural violence3, 4, 19, 25, 27, 31, 40, 42, 93, 583Such Is This World@sars.come.Hu FayunSugarbread.Balli Kaur JaswalSugita Genpaku (1733–1817)444Sukegawa Dorian (1962–)71n62An (Sweet Bean Paste, 2013)71n62Summer Capital Inferno.Zhu TianwenSummitt, Pat (1952–2016)186n10Suō Masasue (1885–1942)76n71“The Surgeon.”Géza Csáth“Surgeon General’s Report on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.”C. Everett Koop“The Surgery Room.”Izumi KyōkaSu Weizhen’s (1954–)459n2“Laibuji zhangda” (No Time to Grow Up, 1989)459n2Sweden186n12, 430n79specific conditions, films, writersSweet Bean.Kawase NaomiSweet Bean Paste.Sukegawa DorianSweet Honey Room.Mori Mari“The Syndrome.”MacGeo MwaleSyphilis or the French Disease.Girolamo FracastoroTaiwan54, 55n33, 63n49, 78, 118n57, 171n58, 171n59, 289n11, 291n14, 314, 418n59, 421n62, 529n60, 530, 531specific conditions, films, writers“Takase Boat.”Mori ŌgaiThe Tale of Love and Life.Sim SungTales of Times Past.Konjaku monogatarishū“Taller Than the Trees.”Megan MylanTalusan, Grace199n1The Body Papers: A Memoir (2019)199n1Tangles: A Story about Alzheimer’s, My Mother, and Me.Sarah LeavittTanpopo.Itami JūzōTanzania25, 41, 98, 109n36, 112116, 127, 129, 136, 137, 145, 531n61specific conditions, writersTasaka Shōko (1943–1992)395n17Taylor, Cory (1955–2016)430n79Dying: A Memoir (2016)430n79Taylor, Jill Bolte (1959–)230My Stroke of Insight (2016)230“Teach Us To Outgrow Our Madness.”Ōe Kenzaburōtelevision series.specific titlesTen Little Indians.Chay YewTenrei, Ōta (1900–1985)430Teshigahara Hiroshi (1927–2001)304n29Woman in the Dunes (1964)304n29Thailand189n17, 207n15, 289, 439n91specific conditions, films, writersThanksgiving: An aids Journal.Elizabeth CoxThemba.Lutz van DijkThérèse Raquin.Émile ZolaThe Year of Magical Thinking.Joan DidionThe Year of Magical Thinking: The Play.Joan DidionThings Fall Apart.Chinua Achebethinness, imperatives of216n38This Earth of All Nations.Pramoedya Ananta ToerThomas, Matthew (1975–)192, 193We Are Not Ourselves (2014)192, 193Thorn Pulling: New Chronicles of the Sugamo Jizō.Itō HiromiThree-Letter Plague: A Young Man’s Journey through a Great Epidemic (Sizwe’s Test: A Young Man’s Journey through Africa’s aids Epidemic).Jonny SteinbergTian sheng yi dui (2 Become 1, lit. Perfect Match, 2006)202n7Tianya xiayi (The Last Breakthrough, lit. A Chivalrous Doctor in the Remotest Corner of the World, 2004)281Time on Fire: My Comedy of Terrors.Evan Handler’Tis Pity She’s a Whore.John FordToer, Pramoedya Ananta (1925–2006)Anak Semua Bangsa (Child of All Nations, 1980)357358n52Bumi Manusia (This Earth of Mankind, 1980)357358n52Buru Quartet (1980–1988)357358n52and Japan357358n52Tō Kazuko (1929–2014)43n2Tokyo monogatari (Tokyo Story, 1953)473n26Tokyo Story.Tokyo monogatariTolstoy, Leo (1828–1910)and contemporary medical training218Smert’ Ivána Ilyichá (The Death of Ivan Ilyich, 1886)218Voina i mir (War and Peace, 1869)217n40To My Children’s Children.Sindiwe MagonaT’ongyŏng ogwangdae (T’ongyŏng Five Jesters)64n50Torga, Miguel Torga (Adolfo Correia da Rocha, 1907–1995)Novos contos da montanha (New Tales of the Mountain, 1944)93n93“O leproso” (The Leper, 1944)93n93“O Senhor” (The Lord, 1944)238n13“Touching the Bark of Trees.”Nagi KeishiTownship Blues.Lutz van DijkThe Trachiniae, The Women of Trachis.Sophocles“Transformed by a Touch.”Kerrel McKaytransgender38n17“Transparent Infusion.”Abba Kovnertrauma11, 39n19, 62, 66, 201n4, 211, 234, 307n33, 310n38, 324n53, 325n53, 331, 338n25, 343, 352, 353, 355, 362n60, 365, 368, 370372, 378, 545traumatic brain injury (tbi)40n23, 311, 313, 323, 463, 477n4Tristan.BéroulTristrant.Eilhart von ObergeThe Troubled Man.Henning MankellTrump, Donald J. (1946–)384385“A Tubercular Eligible for Treatment and Man of Letters.”Yehoashtuberculosis1n1, 17n34, 36, 39n20, 40, 44n5, 48, 65n53, 107n30, 117n54, 180n66, 215n34, 221n47, 239n13, 279, 341342n33, 423, 429n76, 432, 445, 526, 553n19stigmas against39n20, 40Tuohuti Tulahan (1964–)119“Chanhui” (Confessions, 2010)119Turkey89, 274, 521n51specific conditions, writersTu Youyou (1930–)308n33Twain, Mark (1835–1910)506n35“Was It Heaven? Or Hell?” (1902)506n35Twilight of the Idols; or, How to Philosophize with a Hammer.Friedrich NietzscheTye, Larry39n19The Healing Power of Electroconvulsive Therapy (2006)39n19Tyszka, Alberto José Barrera (1960–)La Enfermedad (The Sickness, 2006)480, 505, 510Hugo Chávez sin uniforme: Una historia personal (Hugo Chavez without Uniform: A Personal History, 2005) (with Christina Marcano)510n39Patria o Muerte (Give Me the Fatherland or Give Me Death, 2015)510n39ufo in Kushiro.Murakami HarukiUganda393n13specific conditions, writersUganda-Tanzania War (1978–1979)136Ukraine102n16, 235, 236specific conditions, writers“The Ukraine: Are We Leaving Already?.”Michel Faberul-Haq, Muhammad Zia (1924–1988)306n31Ulitskaya, Ludmila (1943–)232n3, 581Veselye pokhorony (The Funeral Party, 1997)581“Understanding aids.”C. Everett KoopUnder the Eye of the Clock.Christopher NolanUnited Arab Emirates 141n20specific conditions, writersUnited Kingdom20n40, 21n42, 44n5, 101, 226, 260n41, 415n55, 430n78, 430n79specific conditions, films, writersUnited States1n2, 2n4, 4, 6, 12, 14n29, 21n42, 24n48, 25, 33n7, 41, 44n5, 45, 47, 49, 51n20, 61, 70n60, 90n88, 98, 100n11, 101, 102n18, 103, 104, 105n24, 113n44, 115, 119, 122127, 130, 131n3, 133, 137, 151, 157, 160, 183, 186n9, 191n23, 195n34, 199, 200n3, 211, 218, 220, 222n50, 225n57, 226, 231, 234n6, 236, 255, 256n36, 260, 269270n51, 272n55, 285n3, 289n9, 307, 324n52, 333, 334, 336, 342, 371372n74, 384386, 388n3, 389n5, 393n13, 394n14, 395n17, 399, 403n31, 404, 410n50, 424, 426, 430n78, 430n79, 438n88, 450, 452, 465, 466n12, 474n29, 479, 480, 498, 505n32, 524, 527, 528n57, 531n61, 538, 578, 584specific conditions, films, writersUnlucky in Love.Tendayi WesterhofAn Unquiet Mind.Kay Redfield JamisonUntouchable.Mulk Raj AnandUtermohlen, William (1933–2007)193n29Utopia.Thomas MoreValentine’s disease437n87Vallance, Sarah311n41, 477n4Prognosis: A Memoir of My Brain (2019)311n41, 477n4van Dijk, Lutz (1955–)Themba (2006)143n26Township Blues (2000) (Eng. trans. Stronger than the Storm, 2000)143n26Varavu Nalla Uravu (1990)473n26Varma, Mahadevi (1907–1987)339n29The Vegetarian.Han KangVenezuela480, 510n39specific conditions, writersVerghese, Abraham (1955–)Cutting for Stone (2009)161n47My Own Country: A Doctor’s Story (1994)96n2, 130, 157A Very Easy Death.Simone de BeauvoirVietnam120n62specific conditions, films, writersviolence against health professionals221in China221The Virginia State Colony for Epileptics and Feebleminded: Poems.Molly McCully BrownVisible Ink.Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterVonnegut, Kurt (1922–2007)393“Fortitude” (1968)393von Oberge, Eilhart (late 12th c.)60Tristrant (ca. 1170–1189)60Waiting for the Barbarians.J.M. CoetzeeWaking Lions.Ayelet Gundar-GoshenWalking and Singing at the Same Time.Chen KaigeWalking out on the Boys (1998)334n14Walrath, Dana187, 188Aliceheimer’s: Alzheimer’s through the Looking Glass (2016)187Wang Anyi (1954–)122n65, 289n11Ai: Zai xushu zhong lingting (Love: Listen While Telling, 2005)122n65Wang Jing121n64Daming jie (Fall of the Ming, 2013)121n64Wang Jinkang (1948–)122n65, 392, 438, 448Siji konghuang (Level-Four Panic, 2015)122n65, 392, 438, 450452, 454, 455Wang, Lulu421n62The Farewell (2018)421n62War and Peace.Leo TolstoyWard, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1844–1911)333Doctor Zay (1882)333, 340“Ward No. 6.”Anton Chekov“Was It Heaven? Or Hell?.”Mark TwainWatanabe Jun’ichi (1933–2014)Hanauzumi (Flower Burial, 1970)226, 331, 343“Igaku to bungaku” (Medicine and Literature, 1969)343in Chinese translation343344n36, 359in English translation359in Indonesian translation359, 360in Korean translation343344n36in Spanish translation359Shitsurakuen (Lost Paradise, 1997)343344n36The Waters Have Come Unto My Soul.Ōe KenzaburōWater under the Bridge.Yusuf DawoodWatson, Christine (1976–)211n25The Language of Kindness: A Nurse’s Story (2018)211n25“Way Down Deep in the Jungle.”Thom JonesWays of Dying.Zakes MdaWe Are Not Ourselves.Matthew ThomasWelcome to our Hillbrow.Phaswane Mpewellbeing2, 3n5, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 14, 22n42, 22n43, 2328, 31, 33, 3942, 44, 82, 94, 97, 98, 100, 104, 105, 109, 127, 129, 150, 157, 166, 181183, 186, 196, 200, 203, 204, 205n12, 210n23, 215, 216, 225, 226, 229, 232, 240, 245, 255, 268, 285, 294, 299, 312, 325328, 331, 333, 343, 354, 355, 362, 372, 373, 381, 384, 385, 390, 392, 393n13, 394, 395, 398n20, 400, 444, 454, 455, 466, 468, 471, 473, 475, 477, 480, 494, 497, 502, 504, 506, 510, 520, 528, 534, 536, 564, 566, 583, 584Wells, H.G. (1866–1946)3738n16“The Country of the Blind” (1904)3738n16We Need New Names.NoViolet BulawayoWesterhof, Tendayi (1966–)96n3, 141n20Unlucky in Love (2005)96n3, 141n20Western appropriation of Asian medical discoveries437n87Wexler, Alice (1948–)437n87Mapping Fate (1996)437n87What They Had (2018)190n20When a Man Cries.Siphiwo MahalaWhen Breath Becomes Air.Paul Sudhir Arul KalanithiWhen I Fall.Ramón SampedroWhen I Put Diapers on My Mother: Days of Caregiving and Battle.Masuzoe Yōichi“While I Was There.”Mark NepoWhite, Ryan (1971–1990)158n45“Whither Thou Goest.”Richard SelzerWho Ate up All the Shinga.Pak WansŏWhose Life Is It Anyway?.Brian ClarkWhyte, Harcourt (1905–1977)9092Wiesel, Elie (1928–2016)Coeur ouvert (Open Heart, 2011)187L’oublié (The Forgotten, 1989)187Wife of the Gods.Kwei QuarteyWilber, Ken (1949–)Grace and Grit (1991)468n16“On Being a Support Person” (1988)468Wilder, Gene (1933–2016)186Williams, William Carlos (1883–1963)269270n51“Old Doc Rivers” (1932)238n12Winawer, Sidney J.308n33Healing Lessons (1999)308n33A Window Opens.Elisabeth EganWinnicott, Donald Woods (1896–1971)462n7Wish Girl.Nikki LoftinWit.Margaret EdsonWitness the Night.Kishwar DesaiWitness to aids.Edwin CameronWojnarowicz, David (1954–1992)126n72Close to the Knives: A Memoir of Disintegration (1991)126n72Woman and Psychological Conflict.Nawāl al-SaʿdāwīWoman in the Dunes.Abé KōbōA Woman’s Despair.Itō Hiromi“Women and Health in the Arab World.”Nawāl al-Saʿdāwīwomen in medicine.specific nations, writersbiases against335differences from male physicians277, 331335, 337, 340, 342, 352in Egypt269, 272, 273in Japan331, 335n16, 344, 345, 358in Korea335n16in the United States183, 199, 333, 334, 336The Wonder Safaris.Adam LevinWong, Eleanor (1962–)122n65Jackson on a Jaunt (1988)122n65world literature814, 233, 374Woyzeck.Georg BüchnerXi Xi (Zhang Yan, 1938–)202203n7Aidao rufang (Mourning the Breasts, 2003)202203n7Xizhou Sheng (lit. Scholar of the Western Zhou, 17th c.)62Xingshi yinyuan zhuan (Marital Destinies to Awaken the World, 17th c.)62Yamada Takatoshi (1959–)Dr. Kotō shinryōjo (Dr. Kotō’s Clinic, 2000–2010)417418n59in Chinese translation418n59in French translation418n59Yamamura Kōji (1964–)336n19Kafuka inaka isha (Kafka Country Doctor, 2007)336n19Yamauchi Reinan (1958–2011)50n19“Gan damashii” (Cancer Spirit, 2011)50n19Yamazaki Fumio (1947–)395398Byōin de shinu to iu koto (Dying in a Hospital, 1990)395Yan Lianke (1958–)Ai: Zai xushu zhong lingting (Love: Listen While Telling, 2005)122n65censorship121122Dingzhuang meng (Dream of Ding Village, 2006)122n65, 130in Japanese translation171n58Riguang liunian (Streams of Light and Time, 1998)50n19Shouhuo (Pleasure, 2004)171n58Wei renmin fuwu (Serve the People, 2005)171n58Zhalie zhi (Explosion Chronicles, 2013)179n66Zuiai (Love for Life, 2011)122n65Yasushi Inoue (1907–1991)482n10Waga haha no ki (Chronicle of My Mother, 1975)482n10“Yaw.”Asabea AcquahYehoash (Solomon Blumgarten, 1870–1927)17n34“A Literat-Kandidat” (A Tubercular Eligible for Treatment and Man of Letters, 1908)17n34Yi Ch’ŏngjun (1939–2008)in English translation76n71, 377n85in Urdu translation76n71, 78n72, 85n83Tangsindŭl ŭi ch’ŏnguk (Your Paradise, 1976)75Yoshimura Akira (1927–2006)Hasen (Shipwrecks, 1982)506n34Karishakuhō (On Parole, 1988)506n34Tsumetai natsu, atsui natsu (Cold Summer, Hot Summer, 1984)505n34Yosŏntamjŏn (Tale of the Origin of the Yo Family, 19th c.)64Yuasa Yō (1926–2016)55n33Yu Hua (1960–)122n65Xu Sanguan maixue ji (Chronicles of a Blood Merchant, lit. Chronicle of Xu Sanguan’s Blood-Selling, 1995)122n65Zai yiqi (Together, 2010)120n61Zappa, Paolo (1899–1957)47n14Fra i lebbrosi (lit. Among the Lepers; trans. Unclean! Unclean!, 1945)47n14Zhou Xiaowen (1954–)122n65Ermo (1994)122n65Zhu Lin (1949–)237n11“Guo le qingming hua bu hao” (Festival of Graves, 1987)237n11Zhu Tianwen’s (1956–)Huangren shouji (Notes of a Desolate Man, 1994)481, 529Shijimo de huali (Fin-de-Siècle Splendor, 1990)530n60Yanxia zhi du (Summer Capital Inferno, 1987)530n60Zika virus39n20, 42n25, 384Zimbabwe141n20, 430n79specific conditions, writersŽivković, Zoran (1948–)Sedam dodira glazbe (Seven Touches of Music, 2001)283Zola, Émile (1840–1902)256n36Thérèse Raquin (1868)256n36zombies93, 94, 184, 188Alzheimer’s disease; Hansen’s disease; plague