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IndexAthenaeum, The (London periodical)95Adams, Brooks182Adams, Charles Kendall178Adams, Henry26, 42, 178, 180–98The Education of Henry Adams193Essays in Anglo-Saxon Law185History of the United States180, 186, 191–92, 196“Letter to American Teachers of History, A”180Thermodynamic history of182, 183, 187, 188, 189, 190–92, 194–95, 196, 198, 200Adams, Herbert Baxter4, 157–58, 178, 179–80, 181Life and Writings of Jared Sparks, The4Adams, John27–30Agassiz, Louis163Allen, Thomas M.8American Antiquarian Society142American Apollo (periodical)39American Ethnological Society123American Historical Association4, 4–5, 41, 179, 200American history182, 186, 187, 189Atemporality of112–16Geography and23, 97–116, 102n12, 117, 126, 201Newness in1, 3, 202Professionalization of178–79Spatiality of119, 136, 201American Renaissance8, 213American Revolution; American Revolutionary War5, 6, 57, 71, 199History of27–30Anderson, Benedict43Arbuthnot, John57Aristotle10Atlantic Monthly, The144Auerbach, Erich143, 165n19Historical perspective in depth167Balaam, Peter150Bancroft, George4, 5, 80, 81, 92American Geographical Society and102n12Geology and157Barlow, Joel138The Columbiad138Bartram, John58Bartram, William137Bassett, John Spencer4, 79Beard, Charles A.“That Noble Dream”183, 197Becker, Carl197Belknap, Jeremy4, 22, 22–23, 35–41, 45–75, 178, 189, 199, 201American Biography (series)47, 54Descriptive style of50–55Discourse, A (honeybee essay)64Election Sermon, An60–61Federalist view of56, 60–61, 68Foresters, The47, 56, 57–66, 68, 73–74, 117, 211–12Foresters, The, 2nd ed.74–75Hazard and35, 35n23History of New-Hampshire, The45–56, 57, 66–68, 69–71, 73, 97, 123, 201Life of47Natural history and51–54, 55, 73Prince and35, 35n22, 39n33Scientific rationalism of47–49, 74, 200Biography80, 85, 91, 93–94, 206, 207Braudel, Fernand145Bryant, William Cullen57Buckley, Jerome Hamilton8Butler, FrederickElements of Geography and History Combined104–5Byron, Lord216Capelle, Birgit8Carlyle, ThomasOn Heroes207Carr, Edward Hallett7n18Cartography100–1, 119, 128, 130, 168, 202Abstraction and128, 129, 132, 134See also geography; mapCheng, Eileen Ka-May7Cole, ThomasCourse of Empire, The146–47Collinson, Peter58Commager, Henry Steele1Cooper, James Fenimore5, 216Craigie house, The90Crèvec÷ur, J. Hector St. John de137Letters from an American Farmer58, 62, 137Cult of facts6, 7n18, 21, 35, 183Cuvier, Georges14Geology and16Cyclopædia of American Literature57Danielewski, Mark Z.House of Leaves95Darwinism159, 179, 180, 182Davis, Natalie Zemon198Dear, Peter200DeductionInduction and10, 26, 187, 190Democratic Review (periodical)95DeVoto, Bernard97Dimock, Wai Chee154Documentary fact21, 22, 25, 85, 91, 185, 188, 189, 190Theoretical framework and22, 83–84, 89–90, 186, 201Documentary history; documentary historian22, 23, 34–35, 54, 78, 85, 86, 186, 213Comprehensiveness of54–55Cooperative system of41Objectivism of23, 189Document hunting; document hunter6, 21, 22, 34, 41, 54, 77, 78, 80–81, 119Donovan, Timothy Paul188Dunn, MarkIbid: A Life95Doughty, Howard215Emerson, Ralph Waldo24, 25, 80, 163, 165, 167, 203–9Deep analogy; universal identity153–56, 157, 167, 173, 204Geological imagination of148–50, 150–56Nature153, 205“Philosophy of History, The” (lecture series)150, 203“Progress of Culture”149Representative Men207“Self-Reliance”205Wide World, The (journal)155Empiricism10, 23, 51, 155, 187, 194, 200, 202American history writing and21, 78, 82, 178, 184Baconian10Empirical science7, 11n26, 21Subjective interpretation and20, 77, 197See also historical objectivity; induction; scientification of history; scientific history; scientific objectivityEnlightenment14, 19, 159, 199Everett, Edward79, 88Federalism; federal government system46, 66, 68–73, 75Honeybee symbolism of60, 62, 64–66Problem of the individual in56, 66–68, 71–73Federalist Papers, The62n33, 68–69, 71–72Footnote; footnoting85, 91, 92–96Force, Peter4, 35, 88Foucault, MichelOrder of Things, The11–12, 13–16Freneau, Philip65Fuller, Margaret151Gallatin, Albert124Geographic history, American23, 44, 97–116, 119, 213School education and102–8Timelessness and stasis of112–6, 135, 202Visualization and spatialization of23, 97, 98, 105, 108, 111–16, 126, 135, 202GeographyAmerican history and23, 97–116, 102n12, 117, 126, 201Geological deep time15–16, 19, 24, 116, 136, 145, 149, 154, 159, 163, 167, 175, 202, 213Geology15–20, 44, 136, 140, 146, 200America and116, 146–50Catastrophism and17, 17n47Deep connection153, 154, 173, 174Earth sciences16, 149, 155Fine art and18, 18n52Historicizing influence of18–19, 25, 149, 159, 172, 202History in depth15, 25, 116, 135–36, 149, 157–77Parkman’s histories and116, 157–77, 178Popularity of, in the nineteenth century17–19, 146–50, 175Scale enlargement by149, 151, 153, 154, 155, 156, 158, 163, 175, 208Uniformitarianism in17, 17n47, 24, 150–56, 159, 173, 208See also Hutton, James; Lyell, CharlesGoodman, James198Goodrich, Samuel G.105First Book of History, The103, 104Gordon, William51Guthrie, James R.8, 156Hamilton, Alexander69Harris, JohnPre-Adamite Earth, The164–65Harrisse, Henry35, 100Harvard College; Harvard University4, 23, 31n10, 79, 100, 117, 160, 184, 185Harvard Natural History Society160, 160n7Hazard, Ebenezer32, 34, 99, 199Historical Collections2, 33Jefferson and32–33Historical association143, 175, 202Imagined in depth142, 171–72, 174Historical change159, 216Dynamics of3, 4, 9, 10, 172, 177, 199, 202Historical consciousness8, 198Historical document28, 29, 30, 76–77, 80, 89, 92, 95, 99, 213Historical narrative and77, 85–86Overload of84, 85, 92Physical precariousness of30–31, 31n10Preservation of31–33Historical evidence21, 49, 77, 84, 85, 91, 187Historical objectivity6–7, 21, 26, 76–96, 178, 183, 189, 197, 200, 201, 215Authorial subjectivity (interpretive imagination, theoretical generalization) and7, 77–78, 83–84, 85–86, 89–90, 91, 93, 201See also empiricism; scientification of history; scientific history; scientific objectivityHistoryAncient and modern ideas of9–11, 14Atemporality of10Historia and10, 11n26, 199Inductive knowledge and10Laws of180, 182, 183, 184, 186, 190, 196Natural sciences and178, 179, 184–85, 189, 190, 198Order and14Theory-free objectivity and10Philosophy and10Hitchcock, Edward146Religion of Geology, The164Hoffer, Peter Charles7Hubbard, Oliver P162Hutton, James17Individual, The13–15, 46–47, 56, 59–60, 141, 153, 156, 184, 185, 186, 190, 192, 194, 196, 203–9Individualism20, 59, 63, 75, 115, 189, 191, 207Individuals-thinking, species-thinking, and13Masses and74, 191Problem of46, 56, 66–68, 71–73, 74, 83–84, 183–89, 190, 201, 203, 208Rise of14, 15, 19, 46Romanticism and14Type and188, 189, 193–94, 196Induction187, 200Deductive reasoning and10, 26, 187, 190History and10, 20, 44, 77, 82, 178, 187Natural sciences and20, 155, 186Problem of187, 187n26, 201Irving, Washington88, 171Jay, John69Jefferson, Thomas1, 3, 27–30, 191, 196Americana collection of30Copying devices and42Notes on the State of Virginia32, 45, 53, 58, 64Jehlen, Myra114Knickerbocker Magazine118, 162Kraus, Michael5Levin, David213, 215History as Romantic Art5Levin, Jonathan8Linnaeus, Carl11, 52–53Literature of place24, 54, 136–37, 201Local history6, 46n1LocalismNationalism and6, 40–41Longue durée145Lovejoy, Arthur O.Great Chain of Being, The12–13, 14–15, 16, 51n11, 56n22Lyell, Charles17, 24, 170n29American tour of147–48, 153Arguments from analogy152–53Principles of Geology147, 150, 151, 152, 155See also geology; Hutton, JamesMcPhee, John16n42Madison, James3, 69, 191Mahon, Lord (Philip Henry Stanhope)86–88, 95Mandeville, Bernard65Map97, 98, 100, 105–8, 110, 111, 126–27, 129–32, 140Verbal map133–35, 168, 202See also cartography; geographyMarkham, Clements Robert101Marshall, John80Marshall, Orsamus H.100, 168n25Massachusetts Historical Society2, 22, 28, 54, 69Belknap and35–40, 47, 64, 64–65Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society22, 39Official seal of63n36Melville, HermanIsrael Potter78Morse, Jedidiah,99n3, 199American Geography, The2, 99, 102, 113American Universal Geography, The113Geography Made Easy102History of America, The2, 99Motley, John Lothrop1, 5, 80, 92, 215Mount Vernon81, 90, 90n40, 92Nabokov, VladimirPale Fire95Narrative history197–98Nationalism8, 37, 47, 175, 199Localism and6, 40–41Natural history10, 11–12, 16, 44, 51–54, 99, 137, 160, 213American history writing and45, 46, 53–54, 55, 58, 64, 128, 201Earth sciences and17Epistolary style of58Great Chain of Being and12–13, 51n11, 158Passion for details and53, 68, 73Timeless and static order of12, 13, 19, 55–56, 55n22, 158New-England Magazine, The146New-York Historical Society28, 37North American Review (periodical)79, 80Novak, Barbara138–39Novick, Peter7, 77Olson, Charles136Ortega y Gasset, José197O’Sullivan, John100Palfrey, John Gorham88Panorama119, 129, 132–36, 137, 144, 165, 167, 174Abstraction and24, 119, 134–36, 140, 141, 142–43, 165–66, 202Americanness and137–40Landscape painting and138Panorama (device)138Parkman, Francis5, 42, 92, 117–40, 200, 201Conspiracy of Pontiac, The118, 119, 120, 121–28, 129, 133, 137, 141, 168, 175, 176, 215Count Frontenac214Descriptive detailedness of141, 142Ethnology and122, 123–26, 128, 137“Forests and the Census, The”144–45France and England in North America (series)24, 100, 119, 122, 169, 213, 215Geographic history of23–24, 100, 117–18, 119, 126–29, 135, 202Geological imagination of24, 25, 135–36, 140, 145, 159, 161, 162–63, 174Half-Century of Conflict144, 214Historic Handbook of the Northern Tour142n2History of American forest117, 118, 126, 135, 141, 165, 201History of American rock141, 167, 175“Illinois Town, The”168–69Jesuits in North America, The122, 168, 214La Salle133, 134, 168, 214Map collection and mapmaking of129–32, 129–30n23, 130n24, 202Montcalm and Wolfe133, 134, 168, 214Native American tribes and118, 120, 125“New-Hampshire Ranger, The”173–74Old Régime in Canada, The214Oregon Trail, The118, 119, 120, 137, 166, 173Oregon trail trip of120, 125, 132, 140, 160, 173Pioneers of France134, 168, 214Vassall Morton124n14, 172Slow and retarding history of143–45Sparks and80, 119, 128n19Starved Rock168–69“Studies of Nature” (unpublished essay)25, 161Travel (spatial migration) as a method for117, 118, 119, 121, 126–28, 129, 136, 137, 141–42Peale, Charles Willson53Pintard, John37Poovey, Mary11n26Porter, RoyMaking of Geology16–20Powell, ThomasLiving Authors of America, The80Pragmatic history7, 7n20, 183, 197Pratt, Mary Louise139Prescott, William Hickling4, 5, 42, 80, 92, 215Prince, Thomas34Chronological History of New-England34Puritans22, 199Historical view of48–49, 56, 74, 158, 189, 194See also typologyRanke, Leopold von21, 92, 178, 187Reed, William B.Life and Correspondence of Joseph Reed87Regis, Pamela53, 137Republic of Letters22, 29, 33, 34–43, 71, 73, 80, 178Epistolary correspondence in38, 69–70Federal republic and37, 69, 70, 72Rigney, Ann84Robinson, James Harvey197Romantic history; romantic historians2, 5, 77, 80, 92, 213Roosevelt, Franklin D.1Satire, as a style of history writing73Schama, Simon198Dead Certainties78Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe123, 124, 125Scientification of history20, 26, 185, 194Scientific history6, 26, 34, 44, 78, 80, 82, 109, 180, 182–83, 186, 188, 190, 194, 197, 198, 200, 201Laboratory method of26, 178–81, 200Scientific objectivity7, 22, 26, 77, 95, 178Literary imagination and20, 96Scott, Walter5, 216Scrope, George159Silliman, Benjamin146, 161Smith, Henry Nash97Smith, John E.4Smith, Samuel H.30Smyth, WilliamLectures on Modern History82Sparks, Jared4, 22, 23, 76–96, 80, 119, 128n19, 186, 200, 213Archival research of81Controversy with Lord Mahon86–88Diplomatic Correspondence, The84–85Document histories of34, 80Harvard College and4, 23, 79Library of American Biography, The4, 54–55, 85Life of79–80Life of George Washington, The4, 35, 78, 85Mishandling of the Washington Papers90–91Scientific method of80, 81–83Works of Benjamin Franklin, The4, 35, 78, 85Writings of George Washington, The4, 35, 80, 85, 86–94Squier, Ephraim George124, 170Stadial model of human civilization14Story, Joseph92Tebbel, John215Temporal consciousness1Temporality144, 145, 156, 158, 175, 202Geology and16, 25, 116, 143, 149, 150, 151, 156, 202History and8, 9, 157Mutability and2–3, 9, 13, 55, 135, 158, 159, 172, 199, 209New, reformed sense of8, 9, 19, 20, 148, 149, 157, 159, 163, 165, 199, 213Problem of2–3Spatiality and98, 129Western knowledge of159Temporalization8, 13, 14, 16, 19, 202, 203Geology and19, 25, 172Tocqueville, Alexis deComment on Belknap46n1Toulmin, Stephen and June Goodfield8Turner, Frederick Jackson97Typology22, 158, 189, 195, 200See also PuritansUlrich, Laurel Thatcher198Van Tassel, David D.5, 5–6Wade, Mason215Washington, Bushrod81, 90n40White, Hayden6, 73Willard, Emma23, 98, 102, 105–16, 202Ancient Geography105Atlas114–15Historic Tree, The98, 108, 109History of the United States105, 114Last Leaves of American History112Last Periods of the Universal History112Picture of Nations98, 108–10, 112Progressive maps98, 105–8, 112, 114–15System of Universal History, A108, 114Temple of the Time, The98, 108, 110–12, 113Troy Female Seminary (Emma Willard School)98Universal History in Perspective110Winsor, Justin41, 130n23, 179, 213Geographic history of100–2Mississippi Basin, The101–2Narrative and Critical History of America35, 101World’s Fair (London)111

American History in Transition

From Religion to Science

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