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Subject Index

1 Enoch 9, 34, 181
2 Enoch 1, 9, 25, 27, 29, 3435
2 Baruch 1, 83, 97n6, 107, 116, 121, 128130, 150, 153, 154, 190
as nonsectarian 162
overview of 144149
relationship to 4 Ezra 136137
3 Baruch 25, 32, 47n5, 136
4 Baruch 18, 25, 31, 32
4 Ezra 1, 18, 83, 107109, 121122, 123, 129, 136, 148, 150, 153, 154, 167, 168n2
as nonsectarian 161162
overview of 137144
relationship to 2 Baruch 136137
70 ce 1, 106107, 109, 123, 150155. See also destruction of the temple
Aaron 182
Abel 131
About All Creation 26
About the Ark 27
Abraham 1, 72, 73, 77, 79, 8187, 8999, 104, 109123, 126, 129135, 142, 157, 163, 168169, 180187, 189192
Abram 81, 120, 126, 186
Adam 24, 26, 3940, 42, 46, 9395, 107, 110111, 131, 138, 147, 150
Adam Octipartite 26
Africanus, Julius 25
afterlife, the 125, 128, 141, 146, 190
Aggadah 167168
Ahiqar 15, 25
Akedah, the (Aqedah) 115, 169
Akiba, Rabbi 152
Alexandria 192n
allegory 11, 41, 66
alphabet
Cyrillic 14, 15n4, 30
Glagolitic 1415, 30, 35, 66
altar. See sacrifice
amoraim 170
angels. See also Hadarniel, Uriel, Yahoel
in 1 Enoch 181n
in 2 Baruch 121, 145, 148, 153
in 3 Baruch 32
in 4 Ezra 121, 137138, 139n, 141142, 153
in Bogomil theology 38, 39, 42
in the Apocalypse of Abraham 82, 86, 8991, 110, 114115, 118119, 134, 153
in the Pseudepigrapha 2122
in rabbinic literature 181182
anthropomorphism 116, 190
antichrist, the 22, 96
Apocalypse of Abraham
as exegesis of Gen 1581–84, 134, 183187, 194
cohesion of 7981, 8588, 154
dating of 9, 179, 191, 192, 193
discovery of 7
element of fire in 8586, 115
emendations of 89105, 189
function of 157, 167170, 190
idolatry in 8687, 112114, 133, 163
Jewish features of 1011, 191192
manuscripts of 7981
original language of 7076
overview of 12, 189190
rabbinic parallels with 180187, 190, 193
Sitz im Leben of 156, 163, 178179
structure of 7781
Apocalypse of Elijah 18
Apocalypse of Sedrach 18
Apocalypse of Zosimus 25
apocalypticism, Jewish
and exegesis 5, 183185, 187
and sectarianism 160163, 193
and Torah observance 146, 152, 154155
as compared with midrash 164
function of 156159
method of 156159
social setting of 156160, 164
Aramaic 33, 7073, 76, 137, 188
Arians 16
Aristotle 61
ark of the covenant 140
Apocrypha, the 1617, 47, 95
apostasy (apostates) 87, 99, 103, 106, 112113, 124, 133, 135, 147, 154, 163, 171, 176, 182, 190
Armenia (Armenians) 1314, 37n6, 137
Artaxerxes ii 177
ascension, of Abraham 79, 115, 119, 120, 126, 134, 157, 180, 181, 190
Ascension of Isaiah 25, 3132, 47
Ascension of Moses 24
asceticism. See also fasting
Bogomil 45
in 2 Baruch 148
in 4 Ezra 142
in the Apocalypse of Abraham 120122, 142
astrology 34
astronomy 17
Athanasius (the Great) 16n5, 24
atonement 107n
Azazel 7779, 82, 8687, 9296, 98104, 109111, 113, 117119, 124, 132135, 163, 181182, 184
Baal 171
Babylonians, the (Babylon) 60, 125126, 137, 140, 142, 172n, 182
Balkans, the 13, 5657
Baptist, John the 48, 177
Basil i 57
Basil, the Bogomil 45, 46
Basil, of Caesarea 16
Basil, Saint 21n5
Biblical Antiquities (Pseudo-Philo) 83, 119n
birds
in the Apocalypse of Abraham 8283, 118119, 134, 168, 170, 178, 193
in Gen 15 82, 118119
in rabbinic literature 184
blessing(s) 126, 146, 150
Bogomils
and emendation of the Apocalypse of Abraham 9295, 100, 104105, 189
and the Pseudepigrapha 22, 4647, 49, 6768
as heretics 23
doctrine of 3742, 47
in Rus 54
lifestyle of 45
literary activity of 4549, 6769
spread of in Bulgaria 4245
books, non-canonical 16, 2122, 2427, 31, 53, 66
Boris, Prince (Khan) 1415, 18, 20n3, 4243
Bulgaria, medieval
Bogomils in. See Bogomils
Christianity in 1315, 37n6, 4243, 64
Jews in 5657, 62
literacy in 8, 1416, 69
literary activity in 1820, 2428, 3536, 49, 50, 56, 62, 64, 66
paganism in 21, 4243
resistance to Byzantium in 20, 4344, 65
the Pseudepigrapha in 2124, 5354, 6566, 68, 189
transmission of texts to Rus from 5052
Byzantium
and the Pseudepigrapha 1618, 6566
anti-Judaism in 57
Jews in 5960
missionary activity of 1315
takeover of Bulgaria by 14, 20, 37, 4243
transmission of religious texts (to Bulgaria) from 8, 13, 16
Cain 40, 131
canon, the. See books, non-canonical
Cathars 21, 37, 49
Catholics 14, 27, 43, 62, 141, 157
Caucasus, Jewish presence in 5657
Chaldeans (Chaldees) 79, 81, 84
cherubim 181
Childhood of Christ 23
Christ. See Jesus
Chronicle, Nestor (Povest vremennyx let) 52, 58
Chronicle, Primary 59
chronicles 16, 25n4, 26, 55, 66, 189
chronographs (chronography) 17, 25, 25n4, 189
Chrysostom, John 16, 24, 56, 62
Clement (missionary) 1819, 30, 35, 6566
Clement of Alexandria 56
commandments 11, 114116, 124, 133, 169, 191
Comnena, Anna 45
compatibilism 133
compilation(s) 21, 2426, 29, 3435, 49, 54, 6668, 189
Cosmas, the Priest (Patriarch Cosmas) 37, 41, 4346
cosmogony 21, 42, 4749
cosmology 27, 34, 46
covenant 115116, 129, 133134, 138140, 142, 150151, 155, 163, 186, 190191
creation 1718, 2122, 2629, 3839, 4647, 49, 111, 122, 130132, 141142, 148, 151, 172, 174, 176, 188, 190
Crimea 13, 57, 6061
cross, the 4, 2223, 26, 41, 48, 67, 169
cult. See ritual
Cyril (missionary) 14, 15n4, 18, 26, 2829
Cyril, of Cappadocia 1415
Cyrillic 14, 15n4, 30, 61
Damascus, John of 53
Daniel 93
Daniel, Book of 122, 141, 152, 160, 161, 182, 187
David 26, 27
death 41, 53, 59, 103104, 125, 127, 140141, 147, 152, 161, 169, 175176, 193
Debate of Christ with the Devil 23
demons 2122, 35, 42, 78, 119
determinism 132133, 151, 154
Deuteronomy 117118, 151, 171
Deuteronomy Rabba 181
Devil, the. See also Satan 21, 23, 38, 4042, 47, 103
Diaspora, the 9, 130, 144, 162, 192
Discourse against the Bogomils 37
Discourse of the Three Hierarchs 26
divination 171172
docetism 41
Dogmatic Panoply 46
Domitian 100, 137
dualism 9, 14, 38, 43, 4647, 49, 67
earthquakes 124, 127
Eden, garden of 32, 39, 93, 110
education 1819, 30, 35, 46, 65, 69
Egypt 38, 57, 84, 126127, 182184, 186187
Egyptians 126127, 182, 184
Eldad 24
election 140, 151
Eliezar 93
emperor, the Roman 73, 75, 8788, 96, 98100, 103, 147
Empire, the Roman 16, 88, 123, 141142, 166167
Enoch 24, 49
Ephrem, 11n4, 56
Epiphanes, Antiochus iv 161
Epiphanius, of Salamis 103
Erigena (Johannes Scotus Eriugena) 29
eschatology 46, 122125, 136, 147, 149, 151
Esther, Book of 15, 6364
Ethiopic 34, 137
Euphrosynos 24
Eve 3940, 46, 9395, 110111, 131, 147
evil 3841, 44, 48, 53, 8687, 92, 9495, 110114, 117, 122, 124, 130131, 138, 143144, 147148, 150151
Exarch, John the 21n5, 29, 35, 43n3
Ezekiel 171172, 174
Ezra 83n2, 111, 121122, 125, 137155, 162
fasting. See also asceticism 45, 115, 118, 121122, 142, 148, 151, 169, 180
feudalism 20, 4344, 5455
fire 7475, 77, 79, 81, 83, 8587, 8990, 93, 112115, 118120, 124, 126, 129, 138, 171, 177, 181, 184
folklore 6, 7, 21, 28, 35, 40, 43, 51, 53, 6566, 72, 80
Folk Biography of Ivan Rilski, 35
Fragment about the Flood 26
Fragment about the Two Tablets 26
fruit 48, 9395, 105
Gamaliel, Rabbi 152
Gaon, Saadiah 57
garment 110, 181
Gedaliah 172
Gehenna 183184, 187
Genesis, Book of 2728, 33
Genesis Rabba 94, 94n, 180n, 185n3, 186, 186n
Genizah, Cairo 25, 33, 58
Gentiles 103, 137, 145, 147
Glagolitic. See alphabet
glory 8991, 114, 123, 139140, 145, 147, 172173
Gnosticism 12, 37, 39, 41, 78
goat(s) 82, 119, 168
God 19, 21, 23, 26, 29, 3739, 4142, 44, 4648, 7375, 7779, 8189, 9293, 9799, 101, 104, 106116, 118128, 130134, 136143, 145151, 153, 155156, 162163, 166170, 173184, 186187, 189193
Gospel of Bartholomew 47
Gospel of Nicodemus 53
gospels, the 15, 29, 41, 46, 5253
grapes 9395, 105, 110
Greek Apocalypse of Ezra 18
Gregory, the Presbyter 35
Gregory, the Theologian 16n5
grief 125, 129130, 138141, 146147, 150
Hexaemeron (of St. Basil) 21n5
Hadarniel 181
Hades 26, 70
Hadrian 100, 152
halakhah 10
Hamartolos, George 25
heaven 1, 3839, 42, 46, 7779, 8286, 8991, 110, 113115, 119122, 126, 132, 134135, 142, 157158, 168169, 171, 180182, 185187, 191
Hebraisms 7172, 97, 144
Hebrew 12, 8, 1011, 15, 2527, 33, 3839, 50, 58, 6061, 6364, 67, 7073, 7576, 8183, 97, 101, 137, 144145, 171, 184, 188, 191
Helios 33, 75
hell 22, 42, 86, 115, 124, 133, 184
heresy 1617, 21, 23, 3741, 4446, 48, 54, 61, 63, 67
hermeneutics 158
Hexaemeron 21n5
Hilarion 55, 61
Homily of Adam in Hades to Lazarus 26
Horeb 77, 115116, 118, 134, 180, 190
How Jesus Was Made a Priest 23
humor 72, 74, 76, 135, 189
idolatry. See also Apocalypse of Abraham, idolatry in 10, 27, 75, 77, 8687, 89, 9293, 99, 104, 109, 112117, 119, 128, 130135, 150151, 154, 157, 163, 169174, 176, 179, 182, 189190, 193
impurity. See purity
indices, of forbidden books 16, 2124, 48, 53, 65, 67
interpolations 4, 18, 28, 37, 4849, 55, 67, 69, 89, 9193, 95, 97, 99, 101, 103105, 189
Ishmael 182
Izbornik of 1073 (the Sviataslav Izbornik) 2324
Izbornik of 1076 (the Shcherbatov Izbornik) 24
Jaazaniah 172
Jambres 182
Jannes 182
Jaroslav’s Charter 58
Jeremiah 145, 172n
Jeremiah (Bulgarian priest) 21n1, 23, 23n4, 53
Jerusalem 51, 59, 100, 106, 107, 136, 145, 148, 152, 161, 171, 174, 192n
Jesus (Christ) 11, 18, 23, 28, 38, 4142, 4649, 60, 9697, 99100, 102104
Jewish Antiquities 18, 27, 67
Jewish Wars
Jonathan (priest) 177
Joseph 25, 31, 93, 126
Joseph and Asenath 25, 31
Josephus 18, 2527, 48, 57, 67, 72, 78, 106, 133, 143, 175180, 193 Jubilees
Jubilees 9, 16, 118, 140
Judaea 56
Judah 83, 94, 171172, 174, 176, 185
Judaism 1, 3, 59, 34, 57, 61, 65, 69, 78, 84, 89, 106, 134, 140, 143, 151152, 155, 160, 162163, 165166, 175176, 180, 187, 191192, 194
Judaizers 9, 11, 61, 63
Judas 103
Judean Chronograph 25
Julius Africanus 25
kabbalah 78
Khazaria 5658, 62
Kiev 50, 5759, 61, 63
Kievan Letter 57, 58
Kokhba, Bar 153
revolt of 5, 152153, 192193
Ladder of Jacob 1, 11, 25, 27, 3334, 80
law 10, 16, 38, 101, 114117, 120, 134, 138141, 143144, 146152, 162163, 191
Leo iii 57
Legend of the Tiberian Sea
Legend of the Wood of the Cross
Life of Adam and Eve (Vita Adam et Evae)
Life of Moses
liturgy 18, 41, 52, 63
Logothete, Symeon 25
luminaries 81, 89, 114, 130
Macedonia 2, 13, 57
magic 22
Maimonides 61
Malalas, John 25
Manassas, Constantine 25
Manasseh 171172, 174, 176
Manichaeans (Manichees) 37, 39, 41, 45, 4849
Marcionites 38
martyrs 119, 174175
Martyrdom and Ascension of Isaiah 18
Massalianism 37
Matthew, Book of 159
Melchizedek 2627, 34
Merilo Pravednoye (Just Balance) 25
Messiah 77, 9698, 100105, 113, 123125, 128, 135, 140141, 143, 147150, 153154, 163, 167, 182, 184185, 187, 192
Methodius 1415, 1819, 26, 29
midrash 5, 27, 33, 62, 79, 81, 8384, 101, 164168, 170171, 178, 182, 185186, 190, 193
Mishnah 136, 170
monasteries 1, 78, 13, 1820, 30, 5152, 54, 60
monotheism 1, 85, 89, 113114, 117, 134
Molech 171, 173174
Mongols 50, 58
morphology 156, 162
Moses 11, 21, 2425, 27, 31, 38, 40, 59, 61, 115116, 122, 180182, 184
murder(s) 8687, 109, 113, 124, 126, 130131, 172177, 179, 193
mysticism 1, 12, 78, 122, 130, 134, 150
Naum 1819, 30, 6566
Nestor 55
Okhrid (Ohrid) 1819
Onias 177
Origen 1617
Orthodox Church, Greek 1, 26, 4344, 68, 188
orthography 29, 70, 76, 79
paganism 1415, 21, 4243, 53, 65, 75, 93, 104, 152, 166, 175, 192
Palaea, historica 2628
Palaea, chronographica 2526
Palaea, interpretata 2628, 49, 56, 62, 66, 68, 80
Palaeas, as a group 21, 2526, 5253, 8081
paradise. See also Eden, garden of 22, 39, 4748, 145
parallels 94, 115116, 116n, 119n, 125126, 137, 176, 180187, 190194
patriarchs, the 24, 28, 120, 146
Paul, the Apostle 17, 103
Paulicianism 37
period, Second Temple 108, 131, 152, 153, 160, 164, 176n2, 179, 185, 193
Peter, Tsar 37, 43, 44
Petersburg, St. 7
Pharisees 46, 133
Philo 72, 78, 119, 133, 175, 180, 185
plagues 97, 123124, 127, 153
the ten 124, 127
Pliska 19
polemics 1011, 154, 163
against Christians 103104, 154
against idolatry 10
against Roman Catholics 62
against the Romans 193n
against sectarians 162, 193
prayer 22n1, 34, 40, 73, 75, 136, 172173
Prayer, of Jacob 33
Prayer, the Lord’s 40
Preslav 1819, 30, 51
priests 23, 4445, 140, 144, 171, 177
Pseudepigrapha, the
and anti-Judaism 6163, 67
and the Bogomils 22, 4647, 49, 6768
and sectarianism 160161
comparison between Greek and Slavonic versions 3234, 68
distinguishing between Jewish and Christian 812, 69, 189, 191192
distribution in Bulgaria 2124, 53, 6566, 68, 188189
exegesis in 84n, 134n2, 164165
in Byzantium 1618, 6566, 188
in Rus 5154
preservation of 188
preserved by Christians 6
Slavonic 15, 69, 21, 2526, 26n1, 27, 29, 31, 37, 47, 51, 56, 65, 188
Slavonic-only 2, 6, 7, 11, 25, 33, 34, 66, 68, 69
translation into Old Church Slavonic 16, 1920, 3031, 6667, 188189
Pseudo-Messiah 96, 100101, 103
pseudonymity 157
purity (impurity) 10, 93, 117121, 132134, 175, 177, 180, 191
Questions of Bartholomew to God’s Mother 23
Questions of Ezra 18
Questions of John the Theologian to the Lord and to Abraham the Patriarch 23
Qumran 3334, 78, 133, 158
rabbinic Judaism 57, 152
rabbinic literature 1, 5, 27, 72, 77, 83, 106, 164166, 175n1, 180187, 190, 193194
parallels with the Apocalypse of Abraham 180187
Recognitions (Clementine) 85n
retroversion 31, 7276, 104, 144
Revelation, Book of 160
Revelation of the Holy Trinity 23
revelation(s) 77, 79, 83, 112, 115116, 121122, 126, 134, 140, 146, 149, 157, 182, 183
ritual (cult) 1011, 2122, 4045, 54, 116120, 190191
Romans, the 8788, 100, 104, 107, 123128, 130, 133, 137, 142143, 146, 148, 151, 153154, 167, 177, 184, 191192
Rome 15, 20, 73, 75, 100, 122, 140141, 143, 147149, 182
Rus, medieval 8
Christianization of 50
Jews in 5862
literature of 2325, 5055, 6566
paganism in 53
the Pseudepigrapha in 5254, 66
scribal culture of 5455, 6667, 6869, 81
translation in 51, 54, 6364, 66
Sabbath 10, 152
sacrifice(s) 77, 79, 82, 85, 93, 105, 107n1, 115, 115n1, 118123, 125126, 130, 134, 142, 168169, 171174, 180, 183, 191
salvation 135, 162, 164, 192
Samaritans 9
sanctuary 140, 175, 177, 193
Satan 3840, 42, 44, 4649, 92, 99, 103104, 107, 150, 153, 182
Satanael, 38, 48n1
Sataniel Text 26
scapegoat 119n2
Schechter Letter 57
scribalism 141, 153
scribes 18, 28, 3031, 3536, 46, 54, 65, 6769, 79, 81, 89, 134, 141, 189
Scrolls, Dead Sea 34, 159
Second Temple 152, 174, 179
destruction of 1, 9, 84, 8687, 106109, 126, 129, 136, 151, 171
response to destruction of 106109, 149151
Secret Book 48, 49, 49n1, 67
sectarian(s) 14, 42, 160163, 193
Sefer Hayyashar 27
semiticism (semitism) 67, 71, 76
Seventy Names of God 26, 29
Severianists, Paulist 13
Shestodnev 21, 28, 35
Sicarii 177
Sinai, Mt. 38, 115116, 118, 122, 180, 182184, 190191
sin 71, 107111, 113, 115116, 122, 133, 138, 140, 144145, 147151, 171, 176, 193
Sira, Ben 133
Sisinios 23
Sitz im Leben 156n3, 157, 159, 160, 178, 188
Slavonic, Old Church 1, 2, 3, 19, 24, 26, 35, 47, 52, 62, 63, 64, 70, 72, 80, 188, 189
Slavs 4, 6, 1314, 19, 21, 24, 40, 54, 6162, 6566, 70, 189
smoke 8283, 138, 145
social setting. See Apocalypse of Abraham, Sitz im Leben of
Song of Songs, Book of 64
Spirit, the Holy 42n5
Stoics, the 133
Story of God’s Creation of Adam 26
Struggle of the Archangel Michael with Sataniel 26
suicide 175
Symeon, Prince 18, 20, 35, 43
Syncellus, George 17, 25
syncretism 21, 43, 53
Synodikon of Orthodoxy 45
synagogue 56, 134
Syriac 1415, 64, 137, 144, 156
Syrians 13, 14, 37n6, 64
tablets 26, 141
tannaim 183
targums, Aramaic 71, 72
Terah 1, 27, 7174, 79, 81, 8487, 112, 132, 135, 157, 180, 190
Testament of Abraham 25, 161
Testament of Job 25, 31
Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs 25, 27, 31
theodicy 40, 44, 109, 111112, 129, 138139, 141, 150151, 155, 162, 191
theology 26, 52, 61, 116, 130n, 137, 153, 156, 161
Bogomil. See Bogomils, doctrine of
Deuteronomic 116, 151152, 169
Thessalonica 56
Thessalonican Legend (Thessaloniki Legend) 14, 35
Theodosius 60
Theophanes, 60
theophany 83, 119, 184
throne 43, 77, 8586, 9091, 134, 172, 181
Tiberian Sea (Sea of Tiberias, Sea of Tiberius) 26, 49
Torah. See also law, covenant 911, 34, 94, 115116, 125, 128, 133, 139, 141142, 146, 148149, 152155, 162, 170, 180183, 190
translation 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 15, 1920, 2223, 2631, 35, 37, 46, 48, 5051, 53, 6061, 6367, 81, 83, 97, 99, 104, 185, 188189
Triasavitsi (fevers) 35, 66
Tyrovsky, Cyril 55
Ur, of the Chaldeans (Chaldees) 79, 81, 84
Uriel 137139, 142, 162
Velikiye Cheti-Minei (Great Monthly Readings) 25
violence 124, 127, 143, 171174, 178179, 193
vision(s) 22, 77, 81, 86, 9091, 96, 98104, 122, 123, 126, 134, 136, 137, 139, 142143, 146, 149, 164, 171, 173174, 181184, 191
Vision of Elias 24
Vision of Ezra 18
Vladimir, Prince 19, 43, 58
war 14, 44, 100, 127128, 130, 150, 177, 181
of 6670 . 1, 123, 152
Jewish War 25, 26, 177
wine 41, 45, 4748, 74, 9395, 104, 118, 120121, 142
Walking of God’s Mother in Misery 23
Word About Abraham and Sarah 33
Word about Christ’s Birth 23
Word about Satanil, How the Archangel Defeated Him 49
Word of the Blessed Zerubabel 2526
Yahoel 7778, 8283, 85, 9495, 98, 115, 119121, 134, 168, 181
youths 15, 172174
Zealots 177
Zechariah 176178, 193
Zigabenus (Zygabenos), Euthymius 3742, 4546, 49
Zohar 183
Zonaras, John 25
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