Following the examples of Sybille Fritzsche and Nicholas R. Clifford, a list of authors in the corpus is added as a quick reference for the reader. In some cases full biographical information was unavailable. Authors are given in alphabetic order.
Serbian Travel Writing
Diklić Slavko (1883–1951)—A soldier, who defined himself as Yugoslavian, and was a member of the Serbian army in Russia. After the collapse of the Russian Empire, he traveled together with other soldiers via Siberia to East Asia and from there by ship to Thessalonica.
Dimitrijević Jelena (1862–1945)—A famous writer, traveler and feminist, during the years 1926–1927 she traveled around the world. The Chinese part of her journey is not described in the form of a travelogue, and there are only unpublished notebooks.
Đurić Aleksandar (1891–1975)—A soldier and a member of the Serbian army in Russia. After the collapse of the Russian Empire, he traveled together with other soldiers via Siberia to East Asia and from there by ship to Greece in order to join the war there.
Grgurić Hrvoje (1893–1981)—A Croatian writer who joined the Serbian Army while in Russian captivity during the First World War. He eventually travelled to East Asia where he stayed for a few years.
Ivelić Vlado (1855–1940)—A Serb from Boka Kotorska and a sailor who was first a captain on sailing ships and later on Austrian Lloyd steamers.
Jovanović Milan (1834–1896)—Highly-educated doctor and prolific writer, worked in 1878–1882 as the ship doctor on Austrian Lloyd steamers sailing to East Asia, and later a member of the Serbian Academy of Science.
Mihajlović Ariton (1893–1971)—A writer and soldier. He escaped from Bulgarian captivity during the First World War and sneaked into Russia to join the Serbian army there, before following other soldiers to East Asia.
Milanković Jovan (1869–1936)—A Serbian Consul in Russia during the First World War. After the collapse of the Russian Empire, he spent two years in Russia and East Asia trying to help Serbian refugees.
Petrović Pavel (1818–1887)—A painter who spent most of his adult life moving from one place to another, he worked in Europe, Asia, the Americas, Australia, Hawaii, as well as stayed for a short period in Hong Kong in 1850.
Rajčević Milorad (1890–1964)—A globetrotter; in the first four decades of the 20th century, he traveled around the world, including a trip in 1910–1911 around Asia.
Stanišić Stevan (first half of the 20th century)—An author of a rather short travelogue about his journey by the Trans-Siberian Railway in 1903.
Stanojević Vlada (1886–1978)—A doctor, soldier, and member of the Serbian army in Russia. After the collapse of the Russian Empire, he traveled together with other soldiers via Siberia to East Asia and from there by ship to Greece.
Subotić Ozren (1873–1951)—A Serbian soldier in the Russian Army during the first decade of the 20th century (took part in Russo-Japanese war), and a student of the Far East Institute in Vladivostok. His brother Dejan was a general in the Russian army.
Velimirović Borisav (1880–1944)—A bacteriologist who, after studying veterinary in Russia, moved to East Asia and lived there for 19 years, achieving the position of director at the Institute of Bacteriology in Harbin. His daughter Ljalja was born in East Asia and his brother Milutin also stayed in China for some time.
Velimirović Ljalja (Jelena) (1912–1943)—born in in Blagoveshchensk on the Amur river, she spent her whole youth in East Asia, mostly in Harbin, where her father was director of the Institute of Bacteriology. In 1930, she moved to Europe, and the trip she then made along the coast of Eastern China was described in a series of five short newspaper articles.
Velimirović Milutin (1893–1973)—A doctor and writer who joined the Serbian army during the First World War. Because of sickness, he could not follow his units which were transported from East Asia to Europe, so he stayed there for more than a year. Thanks to his brother Borisav, he worked in a trade mission, traveling extensively in China, Mongolia, and Japan.
Vladislavich Sava (1668–1738)—A diplomat, trader and military man in the Russian diplomatic service who led a mission which negotiated a treaty with the Qing Empire in 1725–1728. He is also known as Raguzinski for having spent his youth in Dubrovnik (Ragusa).
Polish Travel Writing
Bandrowski Jerzy (1883–1940)—Writer, translator, and political activist. As a vice-chairman of the Polish War Committee in Russia, he was dispatched to Europe in 1918 to receive orders from the Polish National Committee.
Benyowsky Maurice Auguste (1747–1786)—An adventurist from Hungary who, after taking part in the Bar Confederation Uprising (an association of Polish nobles which rose up against Russian influence in 1768), was exiled to Kamchatka, from where he escaped in 1771, and on the way to Europe, he visited China’s coast.
Berbecki Leon (1874–1963)—An officer in the Russian army, later a general in the Polish army, his memoirs contain information about his stay in East Asia during the Russo-Japanese war.
Boglewski Antoni (1863–1905)—A colonel in the Russian army during the Russo-Japanese war, killed during the war, and his letters were published posthumously.
Bryła Stefan (1886–1943)—An outstanding architect and university professor who traveled extensively and visited East Asia in 1912.
Bujakowska Halina (1907–1971)—In the 1930s, Bujakowska and her husband Stanisław made a trip on a motorbike from Poland via the Balkans, West Asia, India, Southeast Asia, all the way to Shanghai. She stayed in Shanghai for some period before returning to Poland at the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese war.
Bujakowski Stanisław (1906–second half of the 1960s)—In the 1930s, together with his wife Halina, he travelled on a motorbike from Poland to Shanghai, and later sent some correspondences about the Sino-Japanese war.
Chmielewski Henryk (1874–after 1914)—A Polish non-commissioned officer in the Russian infantry, served in East Asia (Dalny) from 1898, and left behind an unpublished manuscript with memoirs and notes.
Ciecierski Faustyn (1760–1832)—A monk who was exiled to Eastern Siberia in 1797, lived on the border with China in the years 1798–1801.
Cywiński Henryk (1855–1938)—A Polish sailor in the Russian Imperial Navy who attained the rank of vice-admiral and took part in three sea voyages to East Asia.
Dzwonkowski Anzelm (1764–1850)—A soldier and sailor who served as a junior officer on a Dutch vessel which sailed to Southeast Asia in the years 1788–1793.
Fajans Roman (1903–1976)—A journalist and author of books about Libya, the Second Italo-Ethiopian War and revolutionary Spain; in 1938, he traveled around China, observing political turmoil and the Sino-Japanese War.
Fałat Julian (1853–1929)—A famous painter from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1885, he traveled around the world, coming into contact with the East Asian art tradition, which influenced his future use of watercolors.
Frycz Karol (1877–1963)—An artist, scenographer, and writer. He was an attaché to the Polish diplomatic mission that was sent to East Asia in the aftermath of the First World War (1919–1921).
Gieysztor Józef (1865–1958)—An economist and engineer who did research on the economic potential of Northeast China and Eastern Mongolia in 1903.
Giller Agaton (1831–1887)—A writer and historian who was exiled to Siberia (1854–1860), and became one of the important figures in the Polish independence movements in the second half of the 19th century. He visited the border town of Kyakhta twice in 1858–1860.
Giżycki Kamil (1893–1968)—A writer and adventurist, who fought for the Austro-Hungarian army in the First World War before being captured by the Russians and sent to Siberia. During the revolutionary turmoil, he escaped to Mongolia where he had many adventures, eventually ended up in Northeast China but returned to Poland in 1923.
Górski Kazimierz (1863–1943)—A doctor in the Russian army during the Russo-Japanese war who wrote a book about his travels and experience during the war in Northeast China.
Grąbczewski Bronisław (1855–1926)—A Pole who made a significant career in the Russian army and administration. After a long service in Turkestan (which included expeditions to the western fringes of the Qing Empire), in 1896–1903 he served in the administration of the Amur region, including being a civil commissary of the Kwantung Leased Territory.
Grochowski Kazimierz (1873–1937)—A geologist, explorer, and activist who spent many years in East Asia. He was a promoter of Polish cultural life in Northeast China, as well as a researcher who published articles in newspapers in Poland and Harbin.
Hłasko Florian (1865–1921)—A medic and sailor who, as the ship’s doctor on a Russian Navy vessel stationed in East Asia, took part in the intervention against the Yihetuan (Boxer) Movement and in the Russo-Japanese War (Siege of Port Arthur), where he was taken prisoner by the Japanese but later returned to Europe.
Jabłoński Witold (1901–1957)—A sinologist and translator who was professor at the University of Warsaw and Chinese universities. Published extensively on China. In 1932, he made a trip to Central-West and Southern China, covering large distances on foot.
Jagniątkowski Władysław (1856–1930)—An officer in the French Foreign Legion, military engineer and topographer. Posted in various regions of the world including Vietnam, he also participated in the war against the Yihetuan (Boxer) movement in 1900.
Jankowski Mieczysław (second half of the 19th–first half of the 20th century)—A soldier in the Russian army during the Russo-Japanese war of 1904–1905 who wrote a travelogue about Northeast China.
Janta-Połczyński Aleksander (1908–1974)—a journalist, poet, and writer who traveled extensively in Asia, Africa and America in the 1930s, sending correspondences to Polish newspapers. He published two books about travels in East Asia.
Jęczmionka Wacław (1886–1943)—A Vincentian missionary who stayed in Hebei Province from 1935 until his death in 1943 (according to some reports at the hands of Japanese soldiers).
Kobyłecki Józef (1801–1867)—A soldier in the Russian army. After being transferred to Siberia, he traveled there extensively in the years 1831–1834, also visiting the Russo-Chinese border town of Kyakhta.
Kosko Stanisław (1898–1939)—A sailor and captain who served as an officer during a voyage around the world on a Polish sailing ship called “Dar Pomorza” in 1934–1935.
Kowalewski Józef (1801–1878)—As a young man, he was exiled to Kazan for involvement in patriotic activity, where he was allowed to continue his philological studies. Sent to East Asia to continue his studies on the Mongolian language, he visited Beijing in 1830–31, and later became one of the leading specialists on the Mongolian language in Europe.
Krzesiński Andrzej (1884–1964)—A Catholic priest, philosopher, and professor of Jagiellonian University in Kraków. In 1936–1937, he made a trip around the world to research issues related to the Christian culture and missionary activity.
Krzyżak Franciszek (1910–1983)—A Vincentian missionary who stayed in Hebei in the 1930s and 1940s before moving to the US.
Kubina Teodor (1880–1951)—One of a number of Catholic priests who traveled to Manila in 1937 for the Eucharistic Congress. He used this occasion to visit China.
Kulleschitz Fryderyk (ca. 1910–after 1967)—a sailor and writer who served as a teacher of foreign languages during a voyage around the world on the Polish sailing ship “Dar Pomorza” in 1934–1935.
Lanckoroński Karol (1848–1933)—An aristocrat from Austro-Hungary, art historian, writer, and a significant figure in the intellectual life of Vienna in the second half of the 19th century. In the years 1888–1889, he traveled around the world, including parts of China.
Maćkowiak Sadok (1901–1991)—A Dominican missionary who worked in Sichuan from 1937 until 1952.
Meissner Tadeusz Wiktor (1902–1966)—A sailor and captain who served as the first officer during a voyage around the world by the Polish sailing ship “Dar Pomorza” in 1934–1935.
Moniak Paulina (end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century)—A nun who served in Shanghai. She sent some short letters to missionary journals in Poland.
Niedziela Andrzej (1883–1969)—A Pole in the German army who was taken prisoner by the Russians during the First World War. Later he joined the Polish army in Siberia, and was eventually repatriated in 1920, crossing Northeast China and traveling by ship around Asia.
Niemojowski Ludwik (1823–1892)—Exile-turned-writer to Siberia who described the Russo-Chinese border in newspaper correspondences and books. His family name was also written as Niemojewski.
Nowotny Bogumił (1872–1960)—A Polish officer in the Austro-Hungarian navy who travelled to China at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1903–1905, he was commandant of the guards at the Austro-Hungarian Consulate in Beijing.
Orliński Bolesław (1899–1992)—A pilot who flew from Warsaw to Tokyo and back in 1926.
Ossendowski Ferdynand (1876–1945)—a Polish writer who was born in Russia, and served on various positions in the Russian Empire. In the aftermath of the revolution, he escaped via Mongolia to China, experiencing many adventures on the way, later became a popular writer.
Petelenz Czesław (1879–1949)—A sailor, navy officer, and political activist. As a junior officer on an Austro-Hungarian vessel, he traveled to East Asia in 1900.
Piotrowski Gerard (1885–1969)—A Franciscan missionary who lived in East Asia (Hankou, Harbin, Sakhalin, Shanghai, Japan and other places) from 1911 to 1969.
Posadzy Ignacy (1898–1984)—One of the Catholic priests who traveled for the Eucharistic Congress in Manilla in 1937. He returned to Europe via China and the Soviet Union.
Potocki Jan (1761–1815)—Famous writer, historian, explorer, and a member of the Russian diplomatic mission to China in 1805–1806.
Radkowski Tadeusz (1880–1947)—One of the Catholic priests who traveled for the Eucharistic Congress in Manilla in 1937. He used this occasion to visit China.
Radliński Tadeusz (1875–1952)—A geographer who traveled around the world in 1913 and sent correspondences from East Asia.
Radziwiłł Krzysztof Mikołaj (1898–1986)—An aristocrat, politician, activist, and diplomat. In 1919–1921, he served in the first Polish mission to East Asia, headed by Józef Targowski.
Rejchman Bronisław (1848–1936)—An entrepreneur, ethnographer, and science popularizer from the Russian part of the country. One of first popularizers of Darwin’s thought in Poland. In 1878–1879, he traveled to Siberia, including the border areas with China.
Rokiciński Zbigniew (first half of the 20th century)—As a candidate for the Sea School, he participated in a voyage around the world on the sailing ship “Dar Pomorza” in 1934–1935.
Rutkowski Szczęsny (1887–1940)—An art critic who traveled around the world in 1927–1928.
Sapieha Paweł (1860–1934)—A prince from a famous Sapieha house who was born in Austro-Hungary and worked in civil administration. In 1888–1889, he traveled around Asia.
Sieroszewski Wacław (1858–1945)—A famous writer, ethnographer, and political activist. Exiled to Yakutia in 1880, he stayed there for many years, married a Yakut woman, and conducted ethnographic research. He later returned to Poland and in 1900 was again arrested. In 1903–1904, he traveled on behalf of the Russian Geographical Society to East Asia, including China.
Smolik Przecław (1877–1947)—A doctor and writer who served in the Austro-Hungarian Army during the First World War before being captured by the Russians and exiled to Siberia. After a few years there, he returned home to Poland.
Sues Ilona Ralf (ca. 1900–second half of the 20th century)—A journalist of Polish origin, she worked in Geneva at the League of Nations and afterwards stayed in China from 1936 to 1938, gathering material for correspondence, while also being involved in political activity.
Symonolewicz Konstanty (1884–1952)—A diplomat and writer who graduated from the Faculty of Oriental Languages at the University of St Petersburg. He worked in China in the period 1912–1930 and shortly after the Second World War, first employed as a Russian diplomat and later as a Polish diplomat.
Szmigiel Józef (1874–1955)—A peasant conscripted into the Russian army during the Russo-Japanese war who later in life wrote memoirs about this experience.
Szwernicki Krzysztof (1814–1894)—Catholic priest who was exiled in 1852 to Eastern Siberia. After being pardoned, he decided to remain there to serve the local Catholics. He visited the Russo-Chinese borderlands in 1859. His family name was also written as Szwermicki.
Talko-Hryncewicz Julian (1850–1936)—A Polish medical doctor and physical anthropologist from Lithuania (then the Russian Empire), in the period 1892–1908, he lived in Kyakhta and traveled to Mongolia.
Targowski Józef (1883–1952)—A diplomat and politician who was delegated to East Asia in 1919–1921 as head of a Polish mission. There, he organized relief effort for Polish refugees and the first Polish diplomatic posts.
Tokarski Julian (1883–1961)—A geologist and university professor. In 1910, he participated in a research trip in East Asia, visiting Northeast China and Japan.
Urbanowicz Witold (1908–1996)—A fighter ace and hero from the Second World War, an author of a few autobiographical books. In 1943, he flew combat missions for the American Air Force in China.
Wajs Władysław (?–1905?)—A baker who was conscripted into the Russian army during the Russo-Japanese war where he was reported missing; his letters were published posthumously.
Walentynowicz Marian (1896–1967)—A graphic artist, architect, writer, and traveler who visited East Asia in the 1930s.
Wasilewski Wacław (second half of the 19th century)—In 1880–1882, he stayed in Ussuri, which was acquired by Russia from China 20 years earlier, mostly for hunting, but he also wrote some remarks about the Chinese people.
Wieczorek Teodor (1888–1957)—A Polish Salesian missionary, from 1921 till his death, he lived in Southern China in the Guangdong province, Macau, and Hong Kong.
Wielawski Józef (1905–1968), Winiarz Witold (1905–2004)—Two Polish doctors who made a trip around Asia in the 1930s, practicing and doing research in Iran, India, China, and Japan.
Wierzejski Robert (1880–1949)—A Polish Catholic priest from the Congregation of Marian Fathers who arrived in Harbin in 1927. He collected ethnographic material and published articles about Chinese customs.
Wilczyński Paulin (1881–1989)—A Franciscan missionary who worked in Harbin.
Wodzicki Jerzy (1865–1952)—An aristocrat and hunting lover who hunted in the Tian Shan mountains in 1913.
Zaleski Władysław Michał (1852–1925)—A Catholic missionary from a noble family who lived for many years in India (1886–1916), serving as the Apostolic Delegate to the East Indies. In this period, he travelled extensively, mostly in India, but also in Southeast Asia and China.
Zapałowicz Hugo (1852–1917)—A botanist, natural scientist, and military lawyer who served in the Austro-Hungarian army. In 1888–1890, he traveled around the world, visiting East Asia.
Żmijewski Eugeniusz (1816–1885)—an exile to Siberia during the years 1839–1856 who later became a writer. He visited the Russo-Chinese border in the 1840s.