Index

Chinese names of cities and people are indexed according to “Notes on Names and Spellings”, p. VIII; thus e.g. Mao Tse-Tung is to be found as Mao Zedong.

Achtelik, Aleksandra 317n
Adas, Michael 307
agriculture in China 250–51, 306–7
Alatas, Syad Hussain 18, 339
Alexandrowicz, Antoni 23
ancestor worship 165, 307–8, 331, 346
Ang, Ien 91
anti-conquest 120, 140, 175–76
term described 14
army and soldiers, Chinese 137, 281, 349–50, 352–53
arrival scenes 1, 139–40, 154, 286
art, Chinese
lack of perspective 300–1
travelers’ views of 194–95, 243–46, 266–67, 298–300 architecture; temples; theater
authenticity 16, 122, 199, 272, 315, 348
Babylon
as metaphor of degeneration 113–14, 132–33, 323, 325
as symbol of antiquity 20, 123, 172–73, 329
Balandier, Georges 17
Banaś, Zachariasz 35
bandits 105–7, 215–16, 257, 259, 262, 352–53 China: as land of turmoil
Bandrowski, Jerzy 32–33, 78, 84, 98, 126, 129, 131, 142–43, 149, 302, 366
Beijing, city 18, 158–76, 184, 202, 260, 347
Beller, Manfred 7–8
Belloc, Hilaire 281n56
Benyowsky, Maurice Auguste (Beniowski, Maurycy) 24, 48–49, 151–52, 273–76, 322, 366
Berbecki, Leon 45, 100, 357, 366
Bethencourt, Francisco 79, 85
Bethmann-Hollweg, Theobald von 278
Bhabha, Homi 287
Bird, Dúnlaith 285
Bird, Isabella 4, 197
Blue, Gregory 10, 123
Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich 80
Boglewski, Antoni 100, 367
Borm, Jan 12
Boxer RebellionYihetuan Movement
braids (hairstyle) 286
as symbol of Manchu rule 166 Chinese people: appearance
Bryła, Stefan 27, 53, 121–22, 172, 176, 180–81, 294, 331, 337–38, 354, 367
Budrewicz, Tadeusz 33–34
Bujakowska, Halina 57, 124, 127–28, 203–4, 210–11, 214–16, 293, 356, 367
Bujakowski, Stanisław 57, 124, 137, 318, 349–50, 367
Cameron, Nigel 9
Camões, Luis de 152
Canton, cityGuangzhou
capitalism 96, 108–9, 156–57
colonial 18, 143–46, 153, 218–19, 323
critique of 113, 128, 130–34
Catholic perspective on China 26–27, 33–38, 85–89, 115, 132–33, 136, 145–46, 154–56, 165, 200, 215–16, 254–55, 298–99, 324–25, 349 missionaries
Chakrabarty, Dipesh 20, 106
Changde, city 267–68
characters, Chinese (writing system) 99, 228, 302–6
China
as land of miracles 20, 61, 105, 122, 139–40, 170, 241–46, 358
as land of otherness 190–91, 194, 279, 282–83, 301, 305–6, 353–58
as land of turmoil 105–7, 216, 257–58, 261–62, 351–53
despise for 129–30, 190–93, 315
general image of 9–10
incomprehensive 99, 106, 182, 337, 347, 355
mysterious 106, 122, 212, 244, 304, 344
stagnant, changeless 67, 69–70, 123, 175, 191–95, 291, 305, 313, 329–32
Chinese Eastern Railway 92–93, 95, 103 railway
Chinese people
appearance 285–91
clothes, typical 285–87
national character 96, 123, 179–80, 190, 307–8, 335–51
Chmielewski, Henryk 46, 77, 99–100, 103, 120, 164–65, 290n, 298, 307, 357, 367
Chojecki, Karol Lubicz 39
Chongqing 254, 262–63, 332
chopsticks 310, 312–13 cuisine
chronotope 15
Ciecierski, Faustyn 47, 189–90, 336, 367
civilizing mission 20, 68–69, 74, 96, 126, 140–42, 144n21, 234, 276–78, 314, 321–22, 331 colonialism; imperialism; modernity and modernization
Cixi (Qing dynasty empress) 271
cliché 18, 43, 106, 243, 245, 283, 290, 344, 347, 355
term described 7–8
Clifford, Nicholas R. 15–16, 43, 90, 127, 272, 314–16, 348
Cohen, Erik 74
colonial encounter 17–18, 130–31
colonial rhetoric 131, 140, 259–60, 274, 286, 314 colonialism; imperial rhetoric
colonialism 84, 94, 210–11, 218–19, 322
British in Hong Kong 143–48
critique of 63, 122, 134, 144–45, 264, 278
French in Yunnan 259–60
German in Qingdao 233–34
Japanese in Qingdao 235–36
Polish and Serbian situation 3–5, 75–79
Portuguese in Macau 151–55
Taiwan 276–77 colonial rhetoric; imperial rhetoric; imperialism
communist movement in China 269–72
comparison of urban districts 112, 120–21, 129, 148–50, 157, 217, 219–20, 238–39, 320–21
Confucius and Confucianism 187, 240, 244–46, 303, 330, 344, 356
and New Life Movement 334
contact zone 73, 95–99, 120–21, 125–30, 151, 187, 196, 217, 220, 233, 246–47, 251–52, 273, 281, 320
term described 14, 17
cuisine, Chinese 187, 281, 309–14
Cyrzyk, Leszek 6
Cywiński, Henryk 60, 100, 103–4, 131, 136, 367
Czermińska, Małgorzata 13
Darwinism 192–93
Dawson, Raymond 9, 362
DeFrancis, John 306
Despot-Zenovitsch, Aleksandr 186n38
Diklić, Slavko 28–29, 95, 98–99, 102, 112, 114, 120, 228, 294–95, 300, 303, 365
Dimitrijević, Jelena 53, 365
dirt 112, 130, 168–69, 217, 314–16
domestication 212, 286, 310
term described 18–19
Donald, William Henry 225
Dowbor-Muśnicki, Józef 45n30
Drace-Francis, Alex 4
Dragon Boat Festival 35–36
Đurić, Aleksandar 28–29, 102, 111–12, 114, 303–4, 365
Dzwonkowski, Anzelm 60, 288, 304, 337, 367
Elliott, Mark C. 93
Emei, Mount 264–65
emigration, Chinese 68, 80, 90–91, 155, 215 yellow peril
Enlightenment
as synonym to civilized 73
influence on travelers 9, 47, 65, 151, 190, 250, 273, 276, 328
enumeration (figure of speech) 169, 205, 245, 295, 311
ethnographic present 119, 336
Eurocentrism 115, 129–30, 135–36, 141–42, 155, 165, 175, 226, 280–81, 332–33, 341, 354
as general attitude 66, 68
rejection of 72, 74, 356
European identity
manifested in travelogue 200, 354
of Polish and Serbian travelers 70–75 Eurocentrism; Western triumphalism
excess (category of description) 161–62, 178, 205, 216, 243, 255–56, 310–11
term described 16 exotic, exoticism, exoticness; marvel
exile to Siberia 47–49
exotic, exoticism, exoticness 69–70, 106–7, 122–23, 134, 148, 168–71, 174–75, 203–4, 207, 212–13, 241–44, 260, 276–77, 293–94, 333, 353–58
term described 18–19 China: land of miracles; China: land of otherness; modernity and modernization
Fabian, Johannes 119
Fairbank, John King 66, 151, 345
Fajans, Roman (pseud. Czerw, Edward) 3, 41–43, 76, 80, 83–84, 86–87, 110–11, 116, 125–28, 132, 134–38, 142, 146–47, 156–57, 174–75, 184, 201–3, 206–13, 217–19, 224, 238–41, 246–48, 250–54, 256–60, 264, 271, 292–93, 301, 321–22, 324, 331–34, 341, 347, 353, 355, 367
Fałat, Julian 54, 148, 275, 367
familiarizationdomestication
Farrère, Claude (Bargone, Frédéric-Charles) 341
Fiećko, Jerzy 193–94
Fiut, Aleksander 78
Fleming, Peter 189n
Fogel, Joshua 16
food, Chinesecuisine
foot binding 287–88
Forajter, Wacław 77, 84, 99, 155, 244, 296, 315
Forman, Ross 313, 315
Forsdick, Charles 36, 281
Francis Xavier, Saint 216
Frederick II (king of Prussia) 343
Fredrickson, George 79
French, Paul 41–42, 69
Freyer, Hans 113
Fritzsche, Sybille C. 15, 18–20, 67, 75–76, 160, 164n, 178, 195, 307, 316, 330, 336
Frycz, Karol 41, 54, 96, 131, 140, 146, 188–89, 230–32, 290, 299, 301, 304, 367
funeral customs in China 307–9
Fussell, Paul 11–12
Gago, Dora 155
Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand 37, 325
Gansu, province 269n, 279
Genghis Khan (Temüjin) 80, 82, 159
Gieysztor, Józef 21, 50, 104, 112, 113, 117–21, 311–12, 317, 367
Giller, Agaton 48, 88, 187–88, 190, 193–95, 291, 298–301, 313–14, 330, 332, 341–42, 348–49, 367
Giżycki, Kamil 32, 102, 104–5, 128, 142, 149, 234–36, 283, 285–86, 295, 310, 327, 348, 367
glottophagy 95
Gobineau, Joseph Arthur de 82, 340
Golovkin, Yuri 39, 66, 327
Górski, Kazimierz 45, 100–2, 368
Grąbczewski, Bronisław 5, 64, 77, 280–83, 309–10, 322, 348–49, 355, 368
Grand Canal 257
Great Wall 21, 176–85, 247, 257, 279, 337
Greenblatt, Stephen 19–20, 182, 200, 244, 357
Grgurić, Hrvoje 24, 30–31, 88, 110, 113–14, 125, 172, 222, 252, 290–91, 295, 300, 306, 308, 337, 346–47, 350–51, 356, 365
Grochowski, Kazimierz 62, 94, 108, 114, 322–23, 368
Guangdong, province 213–16
Guangxu (Qing dynasty emperor) 161, 271
Guangzhou, city 80, 86, 197–213, 293, 299, 331
Guilin, city 267
Gulik, Robert van 211
Guomindang 42, 70, 197, 221, 225–26, 271
Gvozden, Vladimir 13, 15, 56, 285, 296
Gvozdenović, Anto 44n27
Hameršak, Filip 29–31
Hangzhou, city 221, 228–33
HankouWuhan
Hannaford, Ivan 79
Harbin, city 30, 61–63, 110–17, 129, 323
Healy, Róisín 93n5
Hebei, province 34, 257–58
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, and Hegelian views on China 47, 194, 305, 330
Henan, province 263, 265
Herder, Johann Gottfried, and Herderian views on China 8, 47, 195, 330
Hildebrandt, Eduard 54
historicism and historicizing 106–7, 282, 329, 331, 352
term described 20
history of China
as context 65–70
travelers’ views on 72, 85–86, 93–97, 172–74, 223, 327–35
Hłasko, Florian 59–60, 86–87, 101, 130–31, 164–65, 323, 328, 335, 368
Ho, Virgil 201, 203, 206, 209–10
Hong Kong, territory 66, 90, 138–51, 215, 318, 321
houses, descriptions of 294–96
Huang Taiji (Qing dynasty emperor) 121
Hubei, province 253–54
Hübner, Alexander von 26, 201, 325n
Huigen, Siegfried 15, 94
Huzarski, Łukasz 35, 262
hybridity 23, 73, 311–12
term described 16–17 transculturalism
image, auto-image, hetero-image, meta-image, terms described 7–8 China; cliché; imagology; stereotype
imaginative geography and history 184–85, 190, 326
term described 8
imagology, term described 7–8
imperial rhetoric 14, 147, 180, 281
aestheticization 106, 109
appropriation 82, 108, 131, 192
debasement 289, 317–18, 340, 355
idealization 179–80, 190, 250, 296
insubstantialization 170, 358
surveillance 43, 345 colonial rhetoric, imperialism
imperialism 125–26, 153, 155, 276
and railways 120, 175–76, 259
British in Hong Kong 143–48
critique of 74, 180, 278, 326
Polish and Serbian situation 75–79
Russian 45, 194, 271
traveler as agent of 280, 322 colonialism, imperial rhetoric
inexpressibility, topos of 161–62, 198–99, 243, 245, 301
Inkster, Ian 152, 273
Ivelić, Vlado 58–59, 141, 365
Jabłoński, Witold 51–52, 157–58, 181, 215n, 256, 263–69, 293, 296, 310–11, 319, 323, 329, 333, 350, 352–53, 368
Jagniątkowski, Władysław 5, 22, 27, 45–46, 71, 77, 86, 89, 123, 162–65, 169, 173–74, 216–17, 304–6, 324, 331, 337, 346, 356, 368
Janion, Maria 71, 93
Jankowski, Mieczysław 44, 110, 118–19, 291–93, 295, 306–7, 314–15, 323, 336, 338, 368
Janta-Połczyński, Aleksander 41–43, 79, 81–82, 94n7, 99, 103, 105–7, 109–111, 133, 146, 230–31, 246–47, 251–52, 271, 275–78, 294–95, 302–3, 307–8, 351–53, 357, 368
Jęczmionka, Wacław 34–35, 257, 348, 368
Jiang Jieshi 43, 76, 225, 262, 271
Jovanović, Milan 62–63, 71, 76, 89, 144, 148, 179–80, 287–88, 296–97, 309, 316, 321–22, 324, 326, 337–41, 356, 365
Kajdański, Edward 6, 24, 49n38, 62, 92n4, 115n13, 116
Kalgan, city 246–53
Kałuski, Marian 6
Kapitańczyk, Kazimierz 76
Kaps, Klemens 315
Kashgar, city 280–83
Keevak, Michel 79–80
Kerr, David 16, 20, 69, 162
Kieniewicz, Jan 153
Kierbiedź, Stanisław 93
Kipling, Rudyard 98, 259–60
Kobyłecki, Józef 48, 190–91, 194, 368
Kołos, Anna 152, 194
Kosko, Stanisław 58, 125–26, 130, 132, 297–98, 301, 368
Kowalewski, Józef 51, 74, 93, 149, 160–62, 195–96, 202, 246, 249–52, 259, 306, 330, 338, 368–69
Królikiewicz, Grażyna 183
Krzesiński, Andrzej 37, 72, 200, 325, 347, 369
Krzyżak, Franciszek 34–35, 257, 303, 369
Kubina, Teodor 36–37, 78, 85, 89, 125, 132–33, 140, 145–46, 156–57, 322, 325, 369
Kuehn, Julie 16, 20, 69, 162
Kulleschitz, Fryderyk 58, 125, 130, 132, 142, 215, 290, 296, 305, 344n, 369
Kunming, cityYunnanfu
Kuźma, Erazm 8, 71n
Kyakhta, city 39, 47–48, 63, 185–97, 336, 341–42
Lanckoroński, Karol 19, 55–56, 72, 86, 140, 143, 146, 152–55, 199–201, 243, 266, 288, 296, 301, 313, 345, 369
landscapenature
language, Chinese 302–6
Laozi 246
Larsen, Jonas 21, 52, 55, 167n, 183–84, 212
Leerssen, Joep 7–8, 16, 18, 204, 335, 353, 358
Lerski, George (Lerski, Jerzy Jan) 155
Li Bai 266
Linnaeus, Carl 79
Litewski, Jerzy 116
Locke, John 84
Longmen grottoes 266–67
Longyu (Qing dynasty empress) 165
Lovell, Julia 177
Lü Yanzhi 224
Lukin, Aleksandr 10
Luoyang, city 265–66
Macartney, George 66
Macau, city 150–58
MacCannel, David 20
Mackerras, Colin 9
Maćkowiak, Sadok 34–35, 85, 87, 138, 201, 215, 254–55, 259, 261–62, 332, 349, 369
Manchu dynastyQing dynasty
ManchuriaNortheast China
Mao Zedong 24, 42–43, 269, 271–72
Marković, Miodrag 61
marvel 100, 182, 200, 244, 357
term described 19–20 excess; exotic, exoticism, exoticness
materalities of travel 285–319
term described 15, 21, 285
Mei, Lanfang 301
Meissner, Tadeusz 58, 130, 133, 369
Mickiewicz, Adam 51, 167
Mihajlović, Ariton 29–30, 338, 365
Milanković, Jovan 30, 41, 87, 93, 111, 278–79, 323–24, 365
Milutinović, Zoran 71, 76, 80n
mimicry 287
Ming dynasty 177, 221–23, 226
Missionaries 33–36, 80, 136, 152, 320, 324–25, 352
critique of 88
Polish Dominicans 35, 261–62
Polish Franciscans 35
Polish Vincentians 34–35, 257–58
views on China 26, 33–36, 78, 165, 215–16, 331–32, 347 Catholic perspective on China
modernity and modernization 69–70, 95–96, 104–5, 112, 120, 153–54, 175, 206–9, 224, 233–34, 260–62, 311, 327–35, 359
monarch-of-all-I-survey 183
Moniak, Paulina 35, 85, 124, 299, 369
Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat 74, 356
Mukden 102–3, 117–24
Müller, Gotelind 101n
Mungello, David 320
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban 54n
music, Chinese 301–2
Mussolini, Benito 47, 146, 157, 334
Nanjing 70, 135–136, 221–27, 329
Nasiłowska, Anna 135
natural scenery, descriptions of 107–10, 254–55, 259, 262–65, 275–76, 318
Nenadović, Ljubomir 167
New Life Movement 208–9, 334
Nicholas II (emperor of Russia) 104
Niedziela, Andrzej 33, 114–15, 135, 234, 369
Niemojowski, Ludwik 48, 189, 300–1, 305, 308, 341–44, 347, 354–55, 357, 369
Northeast China, region 92–110
Nowotny, Bogumił 59, 76–77, 169, 271, 291, 293, 348, 369
Nurhaci (Manchu khan) 71, 121
Opium Wars 66–67, 73, 125, 144n21
opium 37, 68, 157, 250, 305, 318–19, 326
trade 143–44
Orientalism 8–9, 274, 290, 315
Orliński, Bolesław 60, 108, 115, 117, 369
Orthodox Christianity 85–89
Ossendowski, Ferdynand Antoni 31–32, 49, 135, 211, 252, 279–80, 288n, 335–36, 348, 369
Osterhammel, Jürgen 68, 109, 112, 321, 332–33
othering 204, 212, 283, 310, 353–58
term described 18–19
Pallas, Peter Simon 187
Petelenz, Czesław 59, 146, 155–56, 214, 221–22, 233–34, 253, 255, 293, 306, 309, 317, 320, 330, 333, 370
Petrović, Pavel 60–61, 72–73, 325–26, 330, 365
Peyrefitte, Alain 66n67
philosophy of history 194, 223, 329
Pieniążek-Marković, Krystyna 30n5
Piotrowski, Gerard 13, 35–36, 115, 253, 286, 296–297, 370
Podemski, Krzysztof 12, 316n12
point of view (narrative and anthropological category) 13
Polo, Marco 228, 231
Popović-Lipovac, Jovan 44n27
Posadzy, Ignacy 36–37, 76, 82, 89, 115–16, 131, 136–37, 168, 173, 217–18, 224–25, 257–58, 287, 293, 298, 307–8, 317–19, 329, 351, 357, 370
postcolonialism 8–9, 13–15, 93, 204, 322
Potanina, Aleksandra 188n
Potocki, Jan 39–40, 66, 327–28, 346, 370
Pratt, Mary Louise 14–15, 17, 108, 122, 170, 183, 213
prejudice 7–8 cliché; image; stereotype
prison 201, 348
Pušić, Radosav 6, 38n14
Puyi, Henry (Xuantong emperor of Qing dynasty) 43, 103, 166, 271
Pyasetsky, Pavel (Piasecki Paweł) 24, 187n41
Qianlong (Qing dynasty emperor) 65
Qin Shi Huangdi (Qin dynasty emperor) 174, 177–78, 268
Qing dynasty
and Beijing 159–60
and Mukden 121–23
and Northeast China 93–97
and Xinjiang 280–82
fall of 165–67, 173, 335
historical outline 65–69
Qingdao 233–40
Qufu 244–46
queues (hairstyle)braids
race, racism and racial thinking 68, 79–85, 98, 102, 130–31, 147, 192, 260, 321
and Catholicism 85 white race; yellow peril; yellow race
Radkowski, Tadeusz 36, 76, 89, 127, 129, 134, 147, 228–31, 286, 293, 304, 311–12, 370
Radliński, Tadeusz 53, 97, 102, 107, 125, 312, 370
Radulović, Nemanja 63
Radziwiłł, Krzysztof 41, 87, 98, 301, 336, 370
railway
as symbol of modernity 95, 175–76, 287, 311, 333
imperialism 120, 175–76, 259
Yunnan—Haiphong 258–59, 264 Chinese Eastern Railway
Rajčević, Milorad 56–57, 76, 78, 83, 97–98, 102, 104, 108, 119, 126, 130, 135, 149, 168–69, 172, 184–85, 219, 234, 288, 305, 316, 330, 337, 341, 354–55, 365
Rejchman, Bronisław 48, 53–54, 82n, 187–89, 192–95, 286, 289, 295, 298–99, 315–16, 330, 336, 338, 340–41, 350, 353–54, 370
relativism 2, 82, 135, 281, 291, 302, 309–10, 312–13, 317, 355
term described 20
Republic of China
historical outline 69
travelers’ views of 165–67, 203, 221, 262–63
Ricci, Matteo 216
rickshaw 296–98
Rock, Joseph 264
Rokiciński, Zbigniew 58, 129–30, 132, 320, 370
role of traveler, term described 26–28
Russell, Bertrand 213
Russo-Japanese war 43–45, 60, 69, 83, 97–98, 100–2, 113
Rutkowski, Szczęsny 53, 133, 138, 321, 370
Saičić, Aleksandar 44n27
Said, Edward 8, 75
Salazar, Antonio de Oliveira 156–57, 334
Sapieha, Paweł 41, 55–56, 77, 80–83, 86, 131, 142–43, 182–84, 195–96, 198–201, 209, 246–47, 289–90, 302, 316, 323, 325n, 340, 343, 346–48, 370
Saussy, Haun 305
Savković, Nada 56
Semyonov, Grigory 30
Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky, Pyotr 322
Shaanxi, province 263–64
Shandong, province 240–46, 292
Shanghai, city 17, 124–38, 217–18, 226–27, 321
Shantou, city 214–15
ShenyangMukden
Sheppard, Richard 276n
Shunde, city 257–58
Siberia 47–48, 53–54, 74
Sichuan, province 261–65
Sienkiewicz, Henryk 75
Sieroszewski, Wacław 49–50, 71, 74, 77, 96, 98–100, 111–12, 121–23, 130, 135, 168, 174, 187n41, 269n, 291n, 293, 295, 305n5, 315, 318, 327, 342–43, 370
sight 173, 176, 242, 285
term described 20–21
Simon, Eugène 331
Sino-Japanese War 83, 136–37, 147, 211, 240, 324, 341
Skalica, Tomo 24
smells 21, 112, 156, 179–80, 316–19
Smolik, Przecław 33, 73–74, 112, 121, 144–45, 179–81, 186–87, 293, 318, 321–22, 356, 370
Snow, Edward 270–71
Song Meiling 225
Song Qingling 262
Song Ziwen (T.V. Soong) 262
Sowa, Jan 70–71, 78
Spence, Jonathan 9, 70, 257
Spurr, David 14, 82, 106–8, 131, 170, 180, 317, 335, 345, 351, 355
Stanišič, Stevan 60, 314, 366
Stanojević, Vlada (Vladimir) 26, 28–31, 52, 64, 102, 111, 114, 296, 366
Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman 209n
stereotype, term described 7–8 China; cliché; image; prejudice
Stoff, Andrzej 18, 276
Strassberg, David 16
street life 112, 117–21, 126–29, 168–69, 198, 201–6, 228, 293–94
sublimity 181–84, 255–56, 265
Subotić, Dejan (Subotich, Deyan Ivanovich) 5, 23, 44n28, 77
Subotić, Ozren 23, 44–45, 83, 87, 100–1, 218–19, 247–48, 302, 308–9, 318, 321, 346, 366
Sues, Ilona Ralf 17, 23–24, 41–43, 133, 146, 205–9, 214, 224–27, 240, 254–56, 268–72, 297, 315, 334–35, 370
Sun Zhongshan 166, 224
Suzhou, city 227–29
Symonolewicz, Konstanty 13, 40–41, 93–96, 99, 105, 107–9, 113, 165–67, 169, 286–87, 290, 293–94, 296, 301, 303, 307, 310–13, 315, 323, 331–32, 341, 343–44, 346, 351–53, 355, 371
Szlachtowski, Cyryl 35, 262, 303
Szmigiel, Józef 44, 76, 87–88, 102, 105, 107, 371
Szwernicki (Szwermicki), Krzysztof 37, 48, 187–88, 299, 311, 342, 371
Szydłowski, Adam 114
Tai, Mount 243–44
Tai’an, city 243
Taiping rebellion 67, 221, 223
Taiwan 151, 272–79, 357
Talko-Hryncewicz, Julian 63, 186n38, 342, 371
Targowski, Józef 3–4, 40, 129, 144, 175, 221–22, 287, 290, 295–96, 333, 357, 371
tea 311–12
Temple of Heaven 18, 26–27, 37, 85, 170–72, 175, 298
temples, Chinese 48, 192–93, 243–46, 260, 263, 298–300, 318 art; Temple of Heaven
theater, Chinese 87, 191, 194, 300–2
theory of climate 274
Thompson, Carl 11–12, 20, 182
Thubron, Colin 213
Thurin, Susan 16
Tianjin, city 216–21, 293, 308
Timkovsky, Egor (Tymkowski, Jerzy) 24
Todorova, Maria 8n5, 14, 70, 154
Tokarski, Julian 50, 107, 289, 371
tombsfuneral customs in China
tourists
perspective of 26, 117, 134, 164, 183–84, 212, 231, 277
type of travelers 52–58
transculturalism 75, 97–98, 110–13, 187, 218, 220, 246–47, 323
term described 17 contact zone; hybridity
travel booktravel writing
travel literaturetravel writing
travel writing 11–13, 15
lyrical 106, 109, 139, 215, 238
methodology 14–21
sentimental mode 122, 170, 215
stereoscopic 36, 58, 130
traveloguetravel writing
Treaty of Kyakhta 38, 51n45, 66
Treaty of Nanjing 67, 125, 197
Trocki, Carl A. 144
TroitskosavskKyakhta
Trześniowski, Dariusz 75
Ungern-Sternberg, Roman von 32
Urbanowicz, Witold 1–3, 5, 12, 20, 23, 46–47, 78–80, 261–63, 267–68, 271, 288, 299, 310–13, 371
Urry, John 21, 52, 55, 167, 183–84, 212
Urumqi, city 283
Velázquez, Diego 290
Velimirović, Borisav 31, 61, 93, 110, 114, 178, 351, 366
Velimirović, Ljalja 13, 31, 61, 75, 80, 88, 105, 114, 126, 132, 139–41, 219–20, 234, 236–38, 257, 303, 318, 366
Velimirović, Milutin 1–3, 11–12, 17–19, 26–28, 31, 61, 64, 73, 80, 82, 83n, 88, 101, 120–23, 125, 126n, 131, 136, 141–42, 167, 170–72, 176, 181–82, 199, 204, 209–13, 219–23, 241–49, 255, 257, 286, 288–92, 299, 302–4, 308, 310–11, 317, 328–29, 334–35, 343–44, 357–58, 366
Visin, Ivo (Giovanni) 24
Vladislavich (Vladislavić), Sava 5, 22–24, 38, 41, 51n45, 66, 71, 77, 85–86, 159–60, 171, 178, 186, 211, 271, 281, 288, 292, 294, 319–20, 327, 342, 345–46, 349–50, 366
Wagner, Richard 82
Wajs, Władysław 18, 22, 44, 289, 353–54, 371
Waldron, Arthur 177
Walentynowicz, Marian 53, 171–72, 182, 298, 317, 371
Wang Xiaolun 232
Wasilewski, Wacław 48, 57–58, 286, 291, 306, 317, 345, 349, 371
Western triumphalism (travelers’ attitude) 121–22, 129–30, 135–36 colonial rhetoric; imperial rhetoric
Westernizationmodernity and modernization
Whigham, Henry James 104
white race 78–84, 130–31, 146–47, 260
Wieczorek, Teodor 19, 34–35, 85, 88, 138, 152, 215–16, 306, 325, 332, 344, 346, 351–52, 371
Wielawski, Józef 63, 124, 127, 135–36, 168, 226–30, 237, 288, 308, 321, 353, 371
Wierzejski, Robert 34, 85, 115, 299, 302, 371
Wilczyński, Paulin 17–18, 26, 35, 115, 169, 241, 298, 315, 351, 371
Wilhelm II (German Emperor) 82, 104
Winiarz, Witold 63, 124, 127, 135–36, 168, 226–30, 237, 288, 308, 321, 353, 371
Wiśniowski, Sygurd 77
Witte, Sergius 32
Wittgenstein, Ludwig 162
Wodzicki, Jerzy 57–58, 283, 371
wondermarvel
Wuhan, city 253–54
Xi’an, city 46–47, 268–69, 333
XingtaiShunde
Xinjiang, region 280–83
Xuanzang (Tang Seng, monk) 268
Yan’an, city 269–73
Yangtze River 125, 254–55
Yangzhou, city 228
yellow peril 10, 68, 80, 82–84, 96, 102, 187n40, 325–26, 339–40, 356 race, racism and racial thinking
yellow race 79–84, 98, 102, 288–91, 323, 340
Yellow River 242, 255–57
Yihetuan (Boxer) Movement 45–46, 68, 77, 99–100, 162–65
Yugovich, Aleksandr (Jugović Aleksandr) 92
Yunnan, province 258–61, 263–64
Yunnanfu, city 260
Zaleski, Władysław Michał 26, 36–37, 85, 140–43, 154–56, 197–98, 298, 324–25, 331, 338–39, 341, 351, 372
Zapałowicz, Hugo 54–55, 130, 143–44, 149, 286, 288–89, 291, 302, 304–5, 309n7, 372
ZhangjiakouKalgan
Zhou Enlai 271
Żmijewski, Eugeniusz 48, 188, 191–92, 300, 328, 330, 336, 341, 372