Index

abathandazeli 3
abduction marriage 118
accreditation
procedure 22
system 127
accusation narratives 88
acupuncture 4 , 7 , 10 , 146
adversarial engagement 17 , 98
aetiology 23 , 42 , 146 , 162 , 223 , 232
African
concept of health viii , 3 , 25 , 160 , 221 , 236
cultural traditions 1
custom or tradition 85 , 119
diseases 51 , 160 , 162 , 230231 , 237
independent Churches 110
Indigenous Religion (air) 59
personality 1 , 117
pharmacy 67 , 135
problem 1 , 27 , 82 , 221
quinine 56
Renaissance project 98
solution 1 , 27 , 82 , 221 , 239
traditional healers 3 , 145 , 164165 , 169
traditional medicine 18 , 22 , 30 , 51 , 55 , 130 , 159 , 183 , 196 , 235
traditional religion 197
African National Congress (anc) xvi , 1 , 40 , 76 , 84 , 128
aids 1 , 13 , 25 , 27 , 4445 , 7780 , 8284 , 8688 , 90 , 92 , 9496 , 98102 , 107 , 110 , 112 , 114 , 120 , 124 , 128 , 131 , 136 , 140141 , 144145 , 147 , 149 , 169 , 181 , 184 , 191 , 201 , 205 , 217 , 219 , 221 , 226 , 237
Activist Group 81
dementia 88
denialists 1 , 78
air 59
alcohol 88 , 94 , 112 , 116 , 217
alkaloid michellamine B 30
allopatic 4 , 19 , 21 , 94
alma ata 5 , 12 , 69
alternative 24 , 6 , 8 , 10 , 12 , 14 , 2324 , 41 , 43 , 49 , 52 , 66 , 68 , 70 , 75 , 83 , 91 , 96 , 100 , 132 , 141 , 149 , 151 , 159 , 184185 , 191 , 205 , 212 , 222 , 224 , 236
amagqirha xiv , 3 , 89 , 173
amagumbi okuxilongela 36
amakhubalo 171
amaXhwele 3
Anankungwi in Malawi 144
ancestors 3 , 16 , 18 , 2829 , 32 , 80 , 89 , 92 , 110 , 126 , 156 , 162 , 167168 , 173177 , 185 , 189 , 193 , 195 , 198 , 200 , 202 , 226 , 228
Ancient Chinese 53
Ancistrocladus korupensis 30
Anopheles mosquitoes 64
anthropology 15
anti-colonialism 4142
antimalarial therapy 70 , 86 , 9192
antiretroviral
agents 83
drugs 1 , 4445 , 77 , 191 , 221
therapy (art) 1 , 87
anti-witchcraft ordinances 61 , 73
apartheid 6 , 14 , 2325 , 4344 , 4649 , 52 , 55 , 60 , 6365 , 75 , 7778 , 8082 , 8586 , 96 , 99 , 103104 , 106107 , 117 , 119120 , 122 , 128 , 147 , 159 , 191 , 209
Apicynum erectum 42
apprenticeship 127 , 156 , 171 , 175 , 185 , 212
Arab doctor 54
archaeological studies 54
art 1 , 7879 , 83 , 87 , 9192 , 9495 , 98 , 102103 , 125 , 131 , 206
arv 79 , 8384
Avicenna 54
Ayurveda 4 , 50 , 53
bacteriological 122 , 125 , 160 , 219
Bamako Initiative 12 , 122
belief-sensitive 159 , 160 , 199
belief system 144 , 159 , 205 , 221 , 229
benevolence of colonialism 60
Berlin Medical Papyrus 53
bewitchment 86 , 88 , 163 , 202 , 216 , 221
Bill of Rights 81 , 84 , 123
biological knowledge 56
biomedical 1 , 35 , 9 , 1221 , 2325 , 2728 , 3031 , 3435 , 4044 , 47 , 4950 , 52 , 58 , 67 , 7172 , 7475 , 77 , 8183 , 87 , 8992 , 9597 , 99100 , 102103 , 121122 , 124129 , 131133 , 135136 , 140 , 144 , 146 , 148 , 151153 , 155 , 159160 , 172 , 183185 , 187188 , 190191 , 194 , 197 , 202203 , 205 , 209 , 211 , 215219 , 221223 , 228 , 232 , 236 , 238240
Capitalism 48
education 28 , 172
healthcare system 1 , 5 , 6 , 27 , 31 , 76 , 127128 , 153 , 159160 , 211 , 222
hegemony 96
model 14 , 17 , 4243 , 239
biomedicalize 12 , 14 , 154
biomedically-oriented Randomized Controlled Trials 11
biomedical model, biomedical ontology 51
biomedicine 15 , 7 , 10 , 12 , 1418 , 2123 , 2728 , 40 , 4243 , 45 , 4752 , 60 , 6667 , 69 , 74 , 83 , 87 , 8991 , 93 , 9697 , 99 , 110 , 122 , 124125 , 132135 , 139140 , 145146 , 149 , 152154 , 157 , 159160 , 171 , 178 , 184185 , 187188 , 190191 , 201 , 204 , 207 , 212213 , 216 , 218 , 220222 , 226 , 230231 , 234240
biopiracy 6 , 37 , 56
bio-prospecting 56
black townships 62
bodily wastes 61
Book of Healing 54
breach of taboos 163
bubonic plague 63
Bushmen 29
Caesarian section 57
Cameroon vine 30
Canadian Complementary and Alternative Medicine 172
cannabis 116 , 202
Canon of Medicine 54
Cape colony 56
capitalism 12 , 40 , 4850 , 52
care cascade 205
Cartesianism 50
Cartesian medicine 157
Catholic Women´s Association xvi, 198
causative agent 86 , 88 , 160 , 162
cge xvi, 73
charlatanism 130
chemical properties 38
Children’s Act in South Africa 119
Child Rights Convention 85
Chinese traditional medicine 230
Christian Bible 53
Christianity 58 , 110 , 113 , 177 , 197
Christian missionaries 60 , 199
church hierarchy 199
civil and political rights 81
civilizing 52
civilizing health policy 61
clinical
development 31
encounter 30 , 202
reasoning 202
clinics 9 , 69 , 72 , 95 , 97 , 107 , 129 , 202 , 206 , 213 , 215216 , 226
codification 137
co-existence 13 , 16 , 28 , 67 , 153
collaboration 13 , 21 , 24 , 30 , 35 , 68 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 81 , 89 , 9899 , 128 , 140141 , 145 , 153 , 157 , 184 , 190 , 203 , 206 , 209 , 211 , 215216 , 218219 , 221 , 232233 , 235238
colonial civil service 58
enterprise 49
era 55 , 58 , 68 , 75 , 238
imperatives 60
medical apartheid 48
mentality paradigm 136
colonialism 6 , 24 , 40 , 47 , 52 , 5557 , 6061 , 75 , 77 , 85 , 96 , 99 , 104 , 119 , 138 , 149
colonialists 20 , 52 , 56
colonization 52 , 55 , 66 , 136 , 183
coming-of-age rituals 81
commercial farming sector 104
Commission on Gender Equality xvi , 73
common remedies 202
communication 18 , 127 , 142 , 165 , 175 , 217
communitarian 188 , 228
community xv , 3 , 6 , 15 , 17 , 24 , 31 , 35 , 39 , 44 , 51 , 57 , 84 , 88 , 9193 , 9899 , 112 , 115 , 119120 , 126128 , 136137 , 140143 , 145146 , 160 , 164 , 167 , 169170 , 187188 , 201 , 208 , 210 , 213214 , 217 , 219 , 225 , 228231 , 234235 , 239
counsellors 215
health workers 95 , 143
participation 116
competing policies 221
Concept of Health 221
confidentiality 36
congregation 58 , 199
conservation 7 , 9 , 151
conspiracy theory 88
Constitution 3 , 81 , 84 , 123124 , 128
consultation lodges 36
contextual Christianity 110
conventional medicine 2 , 27 , 30 , 135
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (cedaw) 85
convergence 24
corruption 104 , 150
cosmopolitan medicine 55 , 67
cost effectiveness 203 , 219
counter-blame theory 88
critical eclecticism 40
critical medical anthropological approaches 40
Crossopteryx febriguga 56
cryptoccal meningitis 88
cultural acceptability 127 , 203
cultural
complex 56
practices 22 , 44 , 55 , 58 , 61 , 78 , 86 , 111 , 120 , 199
rights 84
culture as harm argument 144
culture as ignorance framework 136
culture-bound syndromes 51 , 190
culture, place and health 45
Cure and a Curse for hiv 86
curfew laws 63
curriculum 2223 , 28 , 67 , 125
dangerous masculinity 94
data collection 3537
democracy 73 , 7778 , 8485
democratisation 239
democratic values 84
demon 88
denominations 37 , 110 , 200 , 234
dependency 44 , 108
dialogue 24 , 40 , 75 , 77 , 140 , 188 , 200 , 203 , 221 , 235
discourse 12 , 51 , 63 , 99 , 157 , 193
discrimination 85
diseases of shame 209
Di Stefano 15 , 22 , 28 , 30 , 48 , 5152 , 54 , 67 , 134136 , 146 , 159 , 178 , 222223 , 238
diviners 3 , 14 , 20 , 34 , 127 , 156 , 168 , 173 , 175177 , 212
divinership ix , xixxx , 167168
doctor-patient relationships 8
domination 3 , 13 , 48
draconian law 63
draughts 57
Dr Rath Health Foundation 1
Dr Ronald Ross 64
drug interactions 90 , 131 , 206
Eastern Cape viii , xiv , 3 , 9 , 13 , 23 , 25 , 27 , 3033 , 3940 , 4344 , 46 , 48 , 77 , 83 , 87 , 91 , 102107 , 109 , 111115 , 117 , 119120 , 147148 , 170171 , 181 , 208 , 221
Ebers Papyrus 53
economic recession 65 , 171
Edwin Smith Papyrus 53
efficacy 1 , 5 , 78 , 11 , 1618 , 20 , 22 , 38 , 40 , 45 , 56 , 69 , 71 , 86 , 100 , 124125 , 127 , 141 , 156 , 183 , 185 , 191 , 195 , 197 , 202 , 215 , 219 , 231 , 238 , 240
Egypt 5354 , 70
embeddedness 103 , 135
emotional wellbeing 41
Empire 42
empiricism 176 , 157
employment 4 , 8 , 65 , 112 , 120 , 208 , 221 , 226
enculturation 223
ene 108
entanglement 25 , 45 , 49 , 80 , 154 , 161 , 235
environmental degradation 57
epidemics 10 , 57
epistemology 11 , 15 , 41
erasure 25 , 27 , 42 , 52 , 137 , 151152
Estimate of National Expenditure 108
ethics 39
ethnic identity and personhood 117
ethnobotanists 53
ethnography 9 , 21 , 32 , 34 , 77 , 89 , 169
ethnomedicine 6 , 15 , 51 , 6667 , 92
definition 15
ethno-pharmacopoeia 208
Euro-American 52
Eurocentric science 51
Europe 8 , 12 , 13 , 4142 , 55 , 56 , 60 , 62 , 63 , 139 , 159 , 165 , 197 , 224
European Union (eu) 8
evangelization 61
evidence-based medicine 1
experimentation 51 , 115 , 125 , 199
exploitation 42 , 60 , 185186 , 206
extended multiple case study method 34
extramarital concurrent partnering 111
Ezekiel 53
face-to-face interviews 23 , 35 , 211 , 230
fainting fits 231
faith xix, 3 , 16 , 34 , 51 , 90 , 96 , 124 , 126 , 128 , 150 , 165 , 177 , 197 , 199200 , 205 , 213 , 219 , 233
faith healing 126 , 177
fake healers 206 , 235
female fertility 115
female-headed 106
folk
healing 6
medicine 47 , 138 , 230
systems 12
theories 101 , 146
theories of disease causation 147
Food and Agriculture Organization (fao) 7
formalisation 13 , 153
Foucault 49 , 122 , 235
friends of the community 3
Galen 55
Galileo 51
Galioungou, Paul 54
Gender-Based Violence viii , 84 , 114
gender norms 94
General Household Survey 9 , 108 , 129
germ theory 42 , 146
ghs 9 , 108 , 129 , 202
global ethnography 44
global hegemony 52
Global South 9 , 150
gold mines 49 , 109
good health 1617 , 26 , 50 , 125 , 157 , 159 , 161 , 168 , 188 , 218
green economy 4
haart 8991 , 93 , 102
head diviner xix , 176
healers 2 , 16 , 27 , 34 , 58 , 65 , 87 , 95 , 127 , 138 , 144 , 154 , 165 , 185 , 188 , 199201 , 206 , 219
Healing Agencies 166
health 12 , 69 , 7174 , 8183 , 9193 , 9697 , 102103 , 106107 , 109 , 113114 , 121 , 123 , 127 , 129 , 133 , 139 , 154156 , 180 , 185 , 190 , 217219 , 229 , 237
definition 3
healthcare 1 , 36 , 811 , 1315 , 17 , 21 , 2324 , 2728 , 3031 , 35 , 43 , 4546 , 4849 , 52 , 55 , 60 , 6669 , 78 , 8082 , 87 , 89 , 91 , 9394 , 9697 , 99100 , 107 , 109110 , 114 , 116 , 120122 , 124 , 127135 , 137 , 139 , 141143 , 145 , 147148 , 154 , 156161 , 170 , 172 , 177 , 179 , 181 , 183184 , 186189 , 202203 , 205 , 207209 , 211 , 213 , 215216 , 218219 , 221 , 224226 , 231238 , 240
health supplements 38
health worlds 205
Hearst Medical Papyrus 53
hegemony 3 , 1315 , 24 , 30 , 42 , 4748 , 52 , 60 , 66 , 75 , 77 , 96 , 101 , 122 , 151 , 153 , 160 , 219
hegemonic biomedical discourses 238
hegemonic system 14
hepatitis B 117 , 131
herbal 12 , 4 , 6 , 8 , 11 , 38 , 5355 , 59 , 6768 , 70 , 89 , 92 , 121 , 123 , 125 , 131 , 133 , 140 , 144 , 146 , 155156 , 167 , 170172 , 180 , 189 , 211213 , 222 , 224 , 233
herbalists 3 , 14 , 34 , 127 , 130 , 156 , 165 , 169171 , 173 , 189
herbal medicine 11 , 53 , 55 , 67 , 123 , 125 , 141 , 212 , 222 , 224
herbal remedies 1 , 38 , 54 , 67 , 131 , 140 , 170171 , 211
herbarium labels 55
herbs 21 , 38 , 4748 , 53 , 59 , 95 , 141 , 144 , 161 , 163 , 165 , 167 , 170171 , 174175 , 179 , 181 , 196 , 210 , 212 , 215 , 225227
Hindu pilgrimage 61
Hippocrates 55 , 139
historico-spatial view 43
hiv/aids 1 , 5 , 7 , 10 , 1213 , 18 , 23 , 25 , 27 , 30 , 40 , 4344 , 64 , 6970 , 72 , 7683 , 85103 , 105120 , 123 , 125 , 128131 , 136 , 139145 , 147 , 149 , 154 , 159 , 167 , 169 , 172 , 175 , 179 , 181 , 184185 , 191 , 201 , 203 , 205 , 208 , 215218 , 221 , 230 , 233 , 237239
holistic 14 , 4344 , 5051 , 67 , 90 , 92 , 103 , 128 , 132 , 134 , 149 , 152 , 167 , 179 , 183 , 188 , 217 , 219 , 224225 , 229
hospital-based biomedical 148
hospital-centered 122
hospitals 9 , 12 , 16 , 42 , 60 , 69 , 74 , 95 , 97 , 109110 , 129 , 138 , 144 , 152 , 202 , 212213 , 215216 , 233 , 240
human behaviour 200
human development index 25 , 109
human development indicators 43 , 103104 , 120 , 191
humanitarianism 52
human progress 199
Human Resources 82
human security 50
hygiene and sanitation 57 , 58
hygienic practices 54
hymen 118
identity 39 , 45 , 55 , 82 , 94 , 100 , 111 , 113 , 120 , 124
ideology of colonial 52
idliso 141 , 212 , 231
ignoramuses 56
immunity 174
imphepho 9
impilo 2 , 121 , 221
income inequalities 148
incorporation 28 , 89 , 91 , 111 , 123 , 157 , 236
indigenous 48 , 1315 , 1920 , 23 , 27 , 30 , 38 , 42 , 47 , 5152 , 5458 , 6162 , 6467 , 69 , 7174 , 83 , 99 , 121 , 132 , 145 , 149151 , 154157 , 160161 , 163 , 165 , 172173 , 180 , 183 , 185 , 192 , 197 , 203
ontologies 3738
peoples 42 , 52 , 99
individual and community level factors 25
industrialism 49
inequalities 25 , 44 , 47 , 50 , 64 , 78 , 86 , 94 , 104 , 114 , 116 , 147148 , 159
inferior 42 , 48 , 64
informal settlements 108
informed consent 36 , 39
ingcibi 117
initiation rituals 117
inkciyo 118119
integration 4 , 5 , 7 , 10 , 11 , 13 , 14 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 46 , 52 , 66 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 75 , 81 , 89 , 120 , 121 , 122 , 123 , 124125 , 127 , 130 , 131 , 137 , 152 , 153 , 156 , 157 , 159 , 181 , 184 , 188 , 189 , 191 , 192 , 219 , 221 , 222 , 238
integrative medicine 10 , 28 , 41 , 67
intellectual property rights 7 , 22 , 38 , 6970 , 152 , 186
intergenerational relationships 112 , 114 , 120
interlocutors 35 , 40 , 192 , 195196 , 200 , 202 , 207
intermediaries 42 , 127 , 188 , 200
interpreters 36
inter-professional 28
interracial marriages 63
inyanga 58 , 59 , 165166 , 80 , 86 , 175
isiwasho 233
izangoma xiv , 14 , 59 , 65 , 73 , 169 , 176177
izinyanga 14 , 59 , 65 , 169
jealousy sickness 88
Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus 53
know-all doctor 130
Kolz, Ludwig 60
laboratory tests 67 , 125
labour
related migration 44 , 109 , 112 , 191
reserves 106
taxes 106
Land Appropriation 48
large-scale forces 43
law enforcement officers 133 , 202
lay sector of healthcare 202
lay therapy managing group 67 , 171
legalization 40 , 96
less developed 2 , 24
liberalism 42
Limpopo 9 , 80 , 104 , 108109 , 208 , 216 , 219
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine 64
lobola 111 , 115 , 118
local health narratives 7 , 226
local history 51
London Medical Papyrus 53
machine metaphor 50
macroeconomic 24
macro-level 4445
magic 14 , 28 , 60 , 65 , 88 , 158 , 161 , 163 , 169170 , 174 , 189 , 199 , 208 , 235
mainstream 6 , 13 , 2324 , 68 , 81 , 99 , 121 , 123 , 131 , 135 , 160 , 178 , 183184 , 192 , 211 , 219 , 236237
malaria 56 , 61 , 64 , 70 , 143 , 145146 , 150 , 161 , 209 , 238
male circumcision 78 , 96 , 144
malevolent 29
management methods 41
marginalization 43 , 82 , 118 , 150151
maritime routes 63
Marlise 2 , 51 , 122 , 223
masculine virility 113
masculinity 9394 , 101 , 111 , 113 , 117 , 120
materialism 15
material medica 49
Mbeki, Thabo 1 , 45 , 78 , 8283 , 86 , 92 , 191
Mbiti, John 3 , 16 , 145 , 174 , 228
mdgs 67 , 12 , 143
mechanism 15 , 21 , 24 , 61 , 68 , 70 , 78 , 85 , 106 , 119120 , 133 , 158
mechanistic 50 , 136
medical aid 74 , 109
medical anthropology 6667
medical arsenal 179
medical education 172
medical pluralism 1314 , 17 , 23 , 25 , 44 , 67 , 90 , 150 , 152 , 180 , 190 , 205 , 219
medical pluralism 4 , 11 , 67 , 90
medical practice 14 , 60 , 65 , 72 , 74 , 82 , 124125 , 138 , 164 , 187 , 222 , 230
medical practices 4 , 14 , 22 , 24 , 53 , 55 , 59 , 61 , 69 , 72 , 74 , 77 , 90 , 100101 , 103 , 122 , 127 , 131 , 136 , 139 , 145 , 149 , 153155 , 183 , 185 , 223 , 233234
medicinal plants 5 , 78 , 1820 , 30 , 40 , 5556 , 6869 , 135 , 138 , 149 , 151 , 171 , 174 , 197 , 208 , 212 , 227
medicinal products 8
Menketi 3 , 16
mental illness 59 , 97 , 180
metaphysics 16 , 22 , 188 , 228
methods 3 , 11 , 1617 , 18 , 19 , 32 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 58 , 70 , 73 , 130 , 142 , 150 , 152 , 157 , 159 , 165 , 169 , 188 , 195 , 197 , 198 , 199 , 218 , 222 , 224
migrant labour 49 , 104 , 111 , 118 , 148 , 208
Millennium Development Goals (mdgs) 6 , 143
mind-body dichotomy 66 , 160 , 184
miscegenation 14 , 63
misdiagnosis 137
misfortune xix , 18 , 2829 , 80 , 88 , 103 , 110111 , 160 , 163 , 166
mismanagement 107
missionaries 60
modern medicine 5 , 12 , 52 , 57 , 59 , 75 , 77 , 124 , 127 , 139 , 145 , 149 , 157 , 189 , 197 , 200 , 207 , 219 , 222
modern Western scientific cosmology 38
mono-causal model 42
Mpumalanga 9
Mqanduli 109 , 225
Mthatha xiv , 3133 , 104 , 109 , 213 , 225
multicausality 146 , 204
multigenerational families 106
multiple case study 13 , 34
multiple partnering 111 , 113 , 120
multi-scalar 44
muthi 59 , 86 , 179
National Quality Framework 127
native medicine 58
naturalization of biomedicine 157
Natural Product Alert database (napralert) 9
networks of solidarity 228
New Partnership for Africa´s Development (nepad) 71
Nguni 4 , 13 , 28 , 3132 , 162 , 168 , 190 , 223
nobodies 229
nonconventional therapies 121
non-European technologies 41
non-timber forest products (ntfps) 7
nurses 2728 , 32 , 3435 , 40 , 124 , 188 , 191 , 209 , 211 , 215218 , 225 , 238
ontology 17 , 28 , 41 , 50 , 103 , 132 , 232
opportunistic infections 70 , 98
oracle 198
oracular consultation session 199
oral traditions 54
overcrowding 47 , 104
paganism 52 , 60
pandemic 1 , 5 , 10 , 12 , 23 , 25 , 27 , 30 , 40 , 4445 , 64 , 69 , 7780 , 8283 , 8586 , 90 , 94 , 98100 , 102103 , 107 , 118 , 123 , 128129 , 139140 , 143 , 145 , 149 , 217 , 221 , 239
papyrus 53
parental authority 85 , 119
parenthood 116
Partnership for Africa’s Development (nepad) 12
Pastorian revolution 60
pathogens 29 , 49 , 223
pathology-focused 17
patrilineal ethnic groups 31
patriny 111
Pentecostal churches 178 , 199
people-centered 122 , 150
people living with aids 84
perceptions 3 , 23 , 28 , 30 , 38 , 42 , 45 , 134 , 140 , 154 , 179 , 191193 , 207 , 209210 , 218 , 232 , 236 , 239
personalistic 29 , 57 , 126 , 160161 , 223 , 230 , 232
personalized care 126
pharmaceutical companies 1 , 6 , 11 , 38 , 53 , 224
pharmaceuticalization
pharmaceutization 57 , 9 , 27 , 52 , 133
philanthropy 7
philosophical contradictions 184
physiological
development 116
principles 125
symptoms 205
phytochemical 9 , 19 , 21
phytomedicine 38
phytopharmacological 9 , 1819
pilot study 35
placebo 5 , 50 , 90 , 150 , 157 , 167 , 176 , 197 , 216
placebo-controlled trial 157 , 197
Placide Temples 228
plantation 41
plants 2 , 9 , 1819 , 21 , 5356 , 70 , 74 , 130 , 144 , 151152 , 156 , 163 , 171172 , 175 , 180 , 183184 , 187 , 189 , 197 , 199 , 208 , 213 , 223
pluralistic management of aids 89
policy 1 , 7 , 11 , 2528 , 45 , 48 , 6263 , 69 , 71 , 7475 , 77 , 8283 , 100 , 120 , 122 , 128 , 132133 , 139 , 142 , 150 , 157 , 183184 , 190 , 192 , 218219 , 221 , 225
political
economy 40 , 43 , 49 , 60 , 103
economy of colonialism 49 , 60
pollution 2829 , 32 , 58 , 80 , 144
polycultural amalgam 13
polymath 54
post-apartheid 44 , 76 , 104 , 120 , 122
postcolonial 6 , 41 , 75
poverty 1 , 3 , 67 , 4344 , 50 , 65 , 80 , 89 , 103106 , 108109 , 111112 , 114116 , 120 , 129 , 148 , 163 , 178179 , 191 , 193 , 206 , 225
poverty-related diseases 47
power 11 , 1617 , 22 , 24 , 29 , 39 , 44 , 47 , 49 , 6162 , 6566 , 73 , 81 , 86 , 111 , 113 , 119 , 133 , 136 , 149 , 151 , 153154 , 161 , 165 , 187 , 213 , 235 , 238
practitioners 4 , 5 , 78 , 10 , 12 , 13 , 1617 , 18 , 20 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 28 , 30 , 35 , 39 , 40 , 46 , 47 , 51 , 59 , 65 , 67 , 70 , 71 , 72 , 74 , 75 , 77 , 78 , 80 , 81 , 82 , 86 , 87 , 89 , 91 , 96 , 97 , 99 , 101 , 102 , 117 , 123 , 124 , 126 , 127 , 129 , 130 , 131 , 132 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 139 , 143 , 145 , 146 , 149 , 153 , 154 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 160 , 164 , 168 , 175 , 180 , 184 , 185 , 187 , 189 , 190 , 195 , 203 , 204 , 205 , 206 , 209 , 213 , 218 , 226 , 232 , 237 , 238
preclinical development 31
priest xiv, 3 , 54 , 168 , 173 , 175 , 199 , 212
priest diviners (amagqirha) 3
primitive 6 , 136 , 187
primitive traditional therapeutics 52
product development 180
professional community 48
professionalization 191
professional sector 161 , 202 , 230
profit making venture 48
promotion of behaviour change 218
prophylaxis xvii , 56 , 79
proscription of the practice of indigenous medicines 65
prostitution 107
protection 22 , 29 , 38 , 69 , 70 , 79 , 85 , 86 , 110 , 117 , 119 , 124125 , 133 , 175 , 226 , 227 , 233
protective amulets/charms 171
proximate cause 89 , 98
pseudonyms 39 , 211
pseudo-scientific 62
psycho-socio-environmental model 4243
public health officials 30 , 149 , 154
purposive sampling 34
Qokolweni ix, xiv, 4 , 13 , 2327 , 31 , 3334 , 36 , 38 , 40 , 44 , 46 , 109 , 190191 , 202 , 209 , 211213 , 219 , 221222 , 224226 , 230232 , 235
quackery 59 , 220 , 235
quacks 189 , 204 , 206 , 219
racial domination 75
racial segregation 48 , 6263
Randomized Controlled Trials (rcts) 11 , 197
rapid effects 10
rational western medicine 52
reductionism 27 , 38 , 50 , 132 , 146 , 157 , 160
reduction-ad absurdum 12
reductionist 11 , 50 , 146 , 159 , 239
referral 67 , 9697 , 109 , 204 , 206 , 213 , 217218 , 234
reiki 38
religion 3 , 16 , 20 , 45 , 58 , 90 , 110 , 153 , 169 , 189 , 193194 , 197200 , 234235
reproductive age bracket 107
reproductive health and sexuality 31
research area 32 , 38
residential areas 62 , 64
retribution 199
return to tradition 1 , 64 , 77 , 86 , 117 , 120 , 123
re-valorization 25 , 81 , 239
rhino 92
ritual killings 80 , 86
Royal Botanic Gardens 42
rural-urban migration 65
sangoma 29 , 80 , 86 , 8990 , 92 , 165 , 177 , 209
sanitation syndrome 62
science-oriented medicine 11
science under capitalism 50
scientific 24 , 9 , 11 , 1516 , 1821 , 23 , 3839 , 4142 , 4749 , 54 , 58 , 62 , 66 , 74 , 89 , 121 , 125 , 131133 , 137138 , 146 , 150151 , 156157 , 180 , 182184 , 197 , 199 , 222 , 235
medicine 2 , 157
method 15 , 1920 , 48 , 222
sda 67 , 143
self-administered healthcare 67
self-proclaimed healers 47
self-proclaimed prophet 177
semen 144
sexual assault 119
sexual networking 111
shiatsu 38
shingles 88
silicosis 106 , 112
single parenthood 116
slow poison 149
Social Sciences Research Council (hsrc) 104
sociocultural context 28 , 4445 , 103
of hiv 110
socioeconomic development 43 , 103 , 106
disparities 49 , 122
soothsayer 198 , 228
Sopona small pox 61
sorcery 2829 , 32 , 80 , 88 , 90 , 132 , 149 , 161 , 164
sorcery-induced ailments 57
Sotho 31
South Africa, passim
political class 1 , 85
South African Health Product Regulatory Authority xvii, 123
spirits xix , 2829 , 57 , 80 , 132 , 141 , 149 , 161 , 165166 , 168 , 174 , 176177 , 187 , 199200 , 232 , 212
spiritual bath 127 , 233
spirit-world 132
staged elopements 118
stigmatization 18 , 78 , 79 , 87 , 95 , 98 , 107 , 117 , 194
stochastic experiments 16
stratified random sampling 35
subaltern health narratives 7 , 24 , 26 , 28 , 41 , 45 , 192 , 225
subjugated knowledges 132
Sub-Saharan Africa 5 , 134 , 143
substance abuse 88 , 112 , 116117 , 120
substances 2 , 47 , 51 , 71 , 117 , 152 , 175 , 179 , 187 , 224
sugar daddies 114
supernatural 15 , 17 , 28 , 45 , 97 , 110 , 124 , 132 , 137 , 158 , 161 , 165 , 175 , 179 , 182184 , 187 , 189 , 208209 , 211 , 218 , 220 , 228230
supernatural intercession 1617
superstition 1518 , 20 , 51 , 52 , 5859 , 60 , 66 , 124 , 196 , 235
Suppression of Witchcraft Act 47 , 81
Supreme Being 57
surgeons 57 , 156
surgical interventions 146
suspicious 52
Sustainable Development Agenda (sda) 6
sutherlandia 157 , 182
Swanson, Maynard 62
syncretism 13 , 23 , 59 , 67 , 71 , 91 , 110 , 135 , 157 , 197198 , 230231
auto-medication 13 , 135 , 157 , 230 , 231
Christians 110 , 198
tcam 2 , 45 , 78 , 1012 , 14 , 2324 , 2728 , 30 , 3738 , 4142 , 50 , 52 , 97 , 131 , 133134 , 146 , 157 , 172 , 194 , 224 , 238
Technological developments in navigation 42
technology 21 , 58 , 93 , 130 , 134 , 160 , 196 , 203 , 222 , 239
teenage 43 , 106 , 111112 , 114 , 120
Teenage Pregnancies 114
theocentrism 51
Theoretical framework 40
therapy seeking group 5 , 23 , 25 , 157 , 190 , 218 , 226
Thomas Aquinas 42
tinkering mechanic 51
tm 8 , 55 , 70 , 81 , 97 , 123
tmcam 96
traditional ix , xv , 132 , 3440 , 43 , 44 , 4655 , 58 , 60 , 62 , 64 , 6675 , 77 , 78 , 8084 , 86 , 87 , 8992 , 94100 , 102 , 103 , 110 , 112 , 117 , 118 , 121147 , 149157 , 159165 , 167 , 169175 , 177 , 179181 , 183187 , 188 , 190213 , 215219 , 221227 , 229240
birth attendants 34 , 156
Chinese Medicine xvii , 53
cosmologies 99
Courts Bill 81 , 84
healers 3 , 5 , 1213 , 1617 , 20 , 21 , 23 , 25 , 30 , 32 , 3437 , 40 , 55 , 60 , 67 , 69 , 7073 , 7778 , 82 , 8687 , 89 , 92 , 9497 , 99100 , 110 , 122 , 126128 , 130 , 131133 , 135137 , 140145 , 149 , 153154 , 157 , 161 , 164165 , 170171 , 173 , 177 , 179 , 180 , 183 , 184 , 186 , 187 , 188 , 191 , 193 , 195 , 198207 , 209 , 211215 219 , 221222 , 226227 , 230237 , 239240
Healers Organization (tho) 81
health care systems 5
illness paradigm 98
knowledge systems 67 , 9 , 1112 , 24 , 151152 , 157
medicine ix , xv , 12 , 415 , 17 , 1828 , 3032 , 3444 , 4647 , 4956 , 58 , 60 , 64 , 6773 , 75 , 7778 , 8183 , 86 , 9192 , 9698 , 100124 , 126139 , 144147, 149150 , 152157 , 159160 , 164 , 170 , 171172 , 175 , 179 , 181 , 183 , 184 , 187 , 188 , 190197 , 200202 , 204210 , 212213 , 215 , 217219 , 221227 , 229 , 230240
Definition 2
fanaticism 210 , 220
traditional pharmacopoeia 21 , 164
traditional vaccination 144
transactional sex 94 , 107 , 115
Transkei 103 , 106
translators 36
Treatment Action Campaign (tac) 81
treatment regimens 9 , 38 , 40 , 83 , 87 , 90 , 126 , 131 , 164 , 202 , 205 , 210 , 230231
tropical medicine 61
Tshabalala-Msimang, Manto 81
tuberculosis 60 , 79 , 106 , 112 , 141 , 215 , 218
uBhejane 92
ubhekamna ndedwa 227
Ubuntu 16
Ukuthwala 81 , 115 , 118 , 120
ukuzila 81
unctad 7
underdevelopment 40 , 43 , 48 , 103 , 191 , 208
unemployment 25 , 65 , 72 , 105 , 107109 , 115 , 118 , 148 , 191 , 206 , 208
unep 78
unido 7
unsterilized 78 , 95 , 131 , 144
urbanization 147
urban planning 62
vaccination 49 , 60 , 144
Valley of a Thousand Hills 140
Vaughan 61
vct 107
Vincent Di Stefano 14
viral resistance 131
virginity testing 78 , 81 , 85 , 101 , 118119 , 120
festivals 118
virgins 86 , 118119 , 120
virucidal 141
Voluntary Counseling and Testing (vct) 107
Walter Sisulu University xiii , xviii , 36 , 39
Weber, Max 48
wellness 123 , 152 , 204
Western
imagination 52
medical models 38
medical paradigms 52
medicine 2 , 21 , 60 , 66
trained medical doctors 179
whistling diviner 177
whiteman’s invention 88
white reservations 65
widowhood rites 81
wipo 7
witchcraft 19 , 25 , 2829 , 32 , 40 , 45 , 48 , 55 , 61 , 7273 , 7678 , 8081 , 83 , 8689 , 92 , 98 , 101 , 110 , 121 , 136 , 146 , 149 , 161 , 163 , 165 , 174 , 189 , 191 , 197 , 199200 , 205 , 208 , 226227
poisoning 127
theory of hiv/aids 45 , 78 , 88
witchdoctors 25 , 58 , 170 , 228
witches 28 , 32 , 40 , 52 , 73 , 80 , 174 , 189 , 199 , 229
witch’s snake 88
wizards 32 , 52 , 170 , 189 , 229
Wolf, Eric 44
Women’s League 84
World Bank 6 , 11 , 24 , 28 , 109 , 133 , 147148 , 157 , 184 , 238
World Health Organization (who) 24 , 68 , 1112 , 18 , 2324 , 28 , 42 , 47 , 5152 , 6870 , 79 , 82 , 89 , 102103 , 123124 , 128 , 133 , 139 , 143 , 145 , 149 , 152 , 183185 , 190 , 209 , 223 , 238
World Intellectual Property Organization (wipo) 7
worldview 3 , 29 , 42 , 48 , 50 , 125 , 205 , 207 , 228229
Xhosa 31 , 109 , 117 , 118119 , 170 , 175
yoga 4
Zulu 31 , 59 , 84 , 85 , 91 , 118119 , 140 , 164 , 165 , 167 , 169 , 175
Zuma, Jacob 1 , 78 , 91 , 98