Abbreviations

AACHRD

African Advisory Committee for Health Research and Development

ADR

Adverse Drug Reactions

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AMA-PM

American Medical Association Physician Masterfile

ANC

African National Congress

ART

Antiretroviral therapy

AU

African Union

ATM

African Traditional Medicine

AVR

Antiretroviral

BMA

British Medical Association

CAM

Conventional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine

CNCR

Chief Native Commissioner’s Report

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna

CGE

Commission on Gender Equality

CWA

Catholic Women’s Association

DOH

South African Department of Health

EBM

Evidence Based Medicine

ECA

Economic Commission for Africa

ENE

Estimate of National Expenditure

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

GHS

General Household Survey

HAART

Highly active antiretroviral therapy

HIV

Human Immuno-deficiency Virus

HSRC

Human Sciences Research Council

IDP

Integrated Development Plan

IK

Indigenous Knowledge

IMF

International Monetary Fund

IMPD

Institute for Multi-party Democracy

IPR

Intellectual Property Rights

IIDMM

Institute for Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine

IMPD

Institute for Multi-Party Democracy

KSD

King Sabatha Dalindyebo

KZNTHC

KwaZulu-Natal Traditional Healer’s Council

MDGs

Millennium Development Goals

MRC

Medical Research Council

MINSANTE

Ministère de la Santé Publique (Ministry of Public Health)

NAPRALERT

Natural Product Alert database

NACOTHA

National Council of Traditional Healers and Herbalists Association

NCCAM

National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

NEPAD

New Partnership for Africa’s Development

MDI

Multidimensional Poverty Index

NIH

National Institute of Health

NTM

Natural and Traditional Medicine

NRCATM

National Reference Centre for African Traditional Medicines

NTFPs

Non-Timber Forestry Products

OAU

Organization of African Unity

PEPFAR

United States Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief

PrEP

pre-exposure prophylaxis

PHC

Primary Health Care

PLHIV

People Living with HIV

PRC

People’s Republic of China

RCTs

Randomized Controlled Trials

RDP

Reconstruction and Development Plan

RSA

Republic of South Africa

SAHPRA

South African Health Product Regulatory Authority

SAP

Structural Adjustment Programme

SSA

Sub-Saharan Africa

SAHSMI

South African Herbal Science and Medicine Institute

SDA

Sustainable Development Agenda

Stats SA

Statistics South Africa

STD

Sexually Transmitted Disease

STIs

Sexually Transmissible Infections

TAC

Treatment Action Campaign

TasP

Universal Treatment as Prevention Strategy for HIV

TBAs

Traditional Birth Attendants

THCPs

Traditional Health Care Practitioners

TCAM

Traditional, Alternative and Complementary Medicine

TCHM

Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine

TCM

Traditional Chinese Medicine

TK

Traditional Knowledge

UN

United Nations

UNCTAD

United Nations Industrial Organization

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Organization

US

United States of America

UNAIDS

United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

UNAIDUnited Nations Agency for International Development
UNESCO

United Nations Economic Social and Cultural Organization

VCT

Voluntary Counselling and Testing

WHO

World Health Organization

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Rights Organization

WSU

Walter Sisulu University