Local Words and Expressions

abathandazeli

faithhealer

amaXhwele

herbalists

Amagqirha or izangoma

priest diviners

amagqirha

priest diviner

Abathandazeli

faith healers

Amafufunyane

disease targeting girls and believed to be caused by a sorcerer(“isizwe”)

Amagqirha

priest diviners

Amagumbiokuxilongela

traditional healer’s consultation lodge

Amakhubalo

protective charms/amulets

EtaMandem

high god (Kenyang of Cameroon)

Idliso

poisoning by spirits (literally, “that which has been eaten”)

Impilo

medicine used for restoring health/a state of total well-being

Impundulu

lightening bird

Intawaso

animistic force responsible for psychiatric disorder

Intwaso or ukuthwasa

entry into, meaning initiation into priest divinership

Inanuse

diviners

Ilishwa

misfortune

Isimnyama

repulsiveness

Ingqongqo

cowhide

Imixube

herbal mixture

Izinyamazane

protective remedies

Izinyanga Ezixube Nolwazi ewabelungu

homeopathic herbalists

Isimnyama

disease caused by mystical force, which leads to intense suffering

Imihlanti

a goatskin bag

Inyanga (Zulu)

herbalist

Ixhwele (Xhosa)

herbalist

Iqgirha lentloko

“head diviner/chief”

Izangoma esichitha amathambo

diviner who uses bone throwing/ bone thrower

Igqirha lemilozi

“whistling diviners”

Marabou (French)

medicine man

Mwari

high god (Zezuru of Zimbabwe)

Ngaka

apprentice

Ochitha

herbal vendor

Omazala

mother-in-laws

Omakhulu

grandmothers

Siyavuma

to agree/especially with a diviner’s divination

Thwasa

a calling for priest divinership

Uganga

(Zaramo, Tanzania)

expertise in traditional medicine

Ukubhodla

acidicity

Ukukhutywa

uncontrollable hiccup

Umrhawule/umsamo

traditional healer’s shrine

Umvelingqangi

high god (Zulu)

Umlozi

whistling

Umthandazeli

faith healer