The evolving societal, political and economic landscape has led to increased demands on higher education institutions to make their contribution and benefit to society more visible, and in many cases with fewer public resources. European and national policy developments call for the university to embrace a transformation process and to be more proactive in strengthening our critical stance and role as a knowledge institution and champion for truth, evidence and science. This book has offered a comprehensive review of the higher education sector’s responsibilities for the traditional university tri-partite mission: teaching and learning; research and scholarship; and public service and engagement. Three parts can be identified in the book. The first part discusses higher education’s students and staff; the second part discusses higher education systems; the third part focuses on higher education impact.