Chapter 4 Anticipating Reforms and Changes

Control, Representation and Participation in Textbooks in Denmark-Norway in the Late 18th Century: Balthasar Münter and Johann Andreas Cramer

In: Exploring Textbooks and Cultural Change in Nordic Education 1536–2020
Author: Merethe Roos

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This chapter will shed light upon two catechisms from late 18th century Denmark, written by Balthasar Münter and Johann Andreas Cramer. Münter’s catechism was written under the political reign of Ove Høegh-Guldberg, while Cramer’s work was introduced during Andreas Peter Bernstorff’s government. Høegh-Guldberg and Bernstorff carried out different views on theological matters. The chapter will address how control, representation, and participation are expounded differently in these works, and argue that the differences are related to the political contexts under which the texts were written.


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