Chapter 17 The Rise of the Finnish Comprehensive School in the 1960 and 1970s

The Same School for All

In: Exploring Textbooks and Cultural Change in Nordic Education 1536–2020
Author: Janne Varjo

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Abstract

The 1960s and 1970s brought remarkable changes in the architecture, functions and procedures of the Finnish welfare state. The state’s sphere of operations expanded in, for example, education, healthcare and social insurance. The rapid growth in the number of civil servants and administrative bodies indicated a new phase of national and institutional development. This chapter elaborates on the comprehensive school reform in the 1960s and 1970s, within the framework of the expansion of the Finnish welfare state. The objective is to contextualise the formation of a universalist and non-selective education system. The analysis emphasises how textbooks became a vital part of the comprehensive school project.

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