Chapter 6 Megleno-Romanians in the Serbian Banat: Colonization and Assimilation

In: The Romance-Speaking Balkans
Author:
Mircea Măran
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Abstract

Until recently, the Balkan Romance-speaking populations colonized in the Banat region has not been the subject of historical, linguistic, ethnologic or anthropologic research. Their neglect both by the demographical statistics of the Yugoslav communist authorities and by the public opinion, the cultural stakeholders, the school authorities and the mass-media led to an almost complete disappearance of speakers of Romance varieties other than Romanian on this territory. In this chapter, I discuss some aspects regarding the colonization and the identity of the Megleno-Romanians living in the village Gudurica (Serbian Banat). The history of this population in this territory can be traced to colonization from North Macedonia (particularly the village Huma, close to Gevgelija), that started in 1946 as part of ample colonization activities initiated by the Yugoslav communist authorities. The 17 Megleno-Romanian families colonized at that time have either gone back to their homeland a few years later, or have been completely assimilated in the following decades and are now a hidden minority in the Banat region.

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