General Index

Aaron 114–116, 240, 241, 256, 257n69
ʿAbd al-Raḥmān II 68
ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Ḥabīb 69
Abdəyu 325n31
Abetohun (Amh.) 327
Abiathar (priest) 30, 216, 464
Abijah 114
aḇiḇ (Heb. “barley grain”) 142
Abigail 1, 11, 363, 382n66, 387, 390, 392, 396, 406n14, 428, 526n17, 527, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 568–571, 572, 575n107
Abimelech (king of Gerar) 409, 457, 514
Abishag, the Shunammite 11, 95, 363, 381, 393–395, 406n14, 425
Abital 570
Abner, son of Ner 28, 533, 536, 558, 570, 571
Aboli 325n31
Absalom 1, 2, 192, 227, 228, 375, 394, 406n14, 423n10, 434, 457n13, 461n27, 528, 533, 536, 537, 538, 570
Abraham 58, 78, 128, 140, 171n58, 319, 322, 440, 446, 480n16, 482, 514, 516
Abraham Cardoso 514
Abraham of Tiberias 243n14
Abū al-Dardāʾ 69
Abū Ḏarr 80, 82
Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī 485
Abū Hurayra 55, 493, 498, 499
Abū Ṣaḫr 487, 490
Abū Ṣāliḥ 80
Achilles 28, 371n27, 377n45, 386, 395
Achish of Gath (king) 2, 34
Adam 23, 49n41, 61n92, 74, 79n41, 83, 137, 197, 209, 226n77, 246, 263, 287, 288, 290, 319, 322, 429, 512–514
Addis Ababa 324
Adiyaman 455n5
Adonijah, son of David 394, 425, 457n13, 536, 570
Adriel 559, 579, 580
Adullam 569
adultery 2, 273, 275, 276, 278, 286, 287, 288, 289, 292–295, 375, 406, 429, 433–435, 440, 446, 454, 463, 465, 467
Advent (liturgical season) 524n6, 525n15, 528n33, 546n133
Afewerk Tekle 313, 315
afterlife 73, 81, 282, 296, 422,554
ʿAǧab 68
Agur 234
aḥadīṯ banī Isrāʾīl (Ar. “the tales of the Children of Israel”). See Isrāʾīliyyāt
al-aḥadīṯ al-isrāʾīliyya (Ar. “the Israelite tales”). See Isrāʾīliyyāt
Ahasuerus 174, 514
Ahimelech 527
Ahinoam 456, 568–570, 571n81
Ahithophel the Gilonite 423n10
ahl al-ḥadīṯ (Ar. “scholars of Tradition”) 141
ahl al-kitāb (Ar. “People of the Book”) 3, 5, 478n2, 482, 483, 489, 496, 499, 503, 504
ahl al-raʾy (Ar. “people of [legal] opinion”) 141
Άιθιοπία (Gr. Ethiopia) 313
Aindaba 455n2
Ajax 28, 377n45
Aksum 313n9,
ʿAlī al-Riḍā 435n36, 442
ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib 483n13, 490, 495
Al-Andalus 17, 67, 68, 104, 105, 109, 119, 135n32, 147, 243n13
Alcmaeonidae 22n23
Alcmene 393
Alcuin of York 154
Aleppo 305, 306, 383, 455n2, 494
Alexander III, pope 160
Alexander the Great 144n63
Alexandria 212, 242n12, 459
Alhambra 106n5
Almoravids 106
Amasa, son of Jether 536
Amharic, language 310n2, 312, 316, 324
Amis and Amiloun (the story of) 196
Ammon 478n2
Ammonites 432, 433
Amnon, son of David 192, 198–202, 394, 434, 457n13, 570
Amoraim (sing. Amora) 47n24, 77n57
amphimemuken (Gr. from amphimukaomai “to roar all around”) 371
analogy. hēqēš
Anas b. Mālik 480, 484–487, 488n38, 490, 492–497, 500, 503
angel(s) 53n58, 58, 59, 61n92, 80, 81, 84n50, 93, 94, 95, 114, 214, 259, 287, 291, 320n16, 322, 330, 339, 340n21, 341, 350, 352, 355, 433, 447n48, 485, 487, 492
Annunciation (feast) 525n15, 528n33, 542
anṣār (Ar. “[Medinan] supporters [of the prophet]”) 479
Anti-Chalcedonian Church(es) 302, 458, 460n27
Anti-judaism, in Christianity 534n77
Antioch 222, 225, 228, 242n12, 243n14, 245, 446n46, 455n5, 457, 458n15, 463, 470, 473
its school 222, 225, 228, 463, 473
anthropomorphism(s) 258, 259, 260, 265
Aphrahat 467, 472n76
apocrypha 319, 320n16, 529
Apostles (of Jesus) 155, 217, 221, 253n56, 304, 305, 461, 524n6, 540
Arabic, language 6, 7, 9, 10, 16, 56, 57n76, 58, 68, 73n21, 87, 89n10, 90, 94, 97n46, 108, 111, 126n1, 127, 130n17, 136, 144n63, 200, 209, 210, 212n21, 213, 229, 239, 240, 242, 243, 244n15, 246, 248n29, 252n50, 253, 254, 259n82, 261n87, 262, 268, 273, 280n26, 299, 300, 302, 316, 320, 322, 357n71, 417n1, 422n8, 437, 440, 455n2
Aramaic, language 16, 21, 22, 48n29, 134, 259n82, 306, 316, 456
Ark of the Covenant / of God / of the Lord 15, 30, 157, 159, 163, 167, 170, 173, 179, 180, 325, 431, 456, 485, 487n37, 492, 518, 519, 528, 530, 555, 563, 574, 576, 578
Arke greetings (Eth.) 325
Artemisia Gentileschi 443
Asaph (Assaf) 118, 123, 220
Aṣbaġ b. al-Faraǧ 68
asceticism (islamic). zuhd
ʾAsmāt-prayers (Eth.) 324
Assaf. Asaph
Assir 118, 123
Athalya 429
Athens 22n23
atonement 528, 546
Auxerre 159
Avishai 465, 537, 538
Al-Awzāʿī 67, 72
Baʿal 365n9, 457
Badīs 106
bägäna (Amh.; Ethiopian musical instrument) 10, 312, 313, 316, 319, 320
al-Baġdadī, Abū Naṣr Muḥammad 494n46
Baghdad 481, 493, 494n46
Balak 22
balambaras (Amh.) 327
baptism 249, 304, 445, 509, 510, 515
Baruchya Ruso 511, 520
Bathsheba 2, 11–13, 74, 75, 78, 82, 95n33, 126, 159, 179, 286, 289, 292–295, 363, 364, 368, 374, 375, 382, 394, 395n99, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 412, 413, 417, 421–423, 424–431, 432–434, 435, 436, 437, 440, 442–444, 445–447, 454, 456, 457n13, 461, 465, 466, 467, 468, 472n76, 473, 478n2, 479n9, 481, 482, 485, 495, 528, 529, 531, 535, 536n86, 556, 557, 578
her first child 75, 374, 375, 405, 411, 531
Bat Shua bat Ammiel 423n10
Belial 113
ben-ʾādām (Heb. “mortal”) 366
biblical Hebrew. Hebrew
biblical interpretation 462
Benjamin (tribe) 6, 36, 365n6
Ben Sira. Sacred Scriptures: Sirach
bēt David. David’s House
Beth Gubrin 49n38
Bethlehem 35, 322
Bet-Shean 35
Berthe of Blois, queen of France 159
Bible 2, 9, 11, 12, 15, 22, 24, 34, 43, 54n63, 87, 88, 94, 97, 106, 108, 109, 116, 126–130, 136, 140, 141, 146, 147, 189, 196, 197, 209, 210, 213, 214, 215n37, 217–219, 221, 222, 225, 229, 230–232, 241, 242, 243n14, 246n22, 255, 256, 259, 260n86, 261, 262, 265–268, 277, 281, 287, 291, 333, 405, 409, 410, 413, 417n1, 421, 425n14, 428n16, 455, 457, 459, 515, 518, 524n6, n7, 542, 547, 548, 554, 578. Index of Sacred Scriptures
Hebrew xvii, xix, 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 11, 13, 19, 23, 25, 27–29, 33, 101, 126, 127, 132n24, 137, 146, 192, 231, 254, 261, 267, 302, 334, 342, 363, 365, 384, 385, 388, 397, 406n14, 407, 411, 418, 420, 422, 432, 454, 455, 472, 561
Christian 13, 222, 239, 242, 454, 529
New Testament 1, 9, 217n40, 221, 224n71, 247, 252n54, 253n56, 256, 259n81, 299, 302, 425, 454, 455n5, 524n11
Old Testament 9, 13, 155n4, 175, 177, 196, 224n71, 233, 239–241, 245, 247, 248, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257–259, 263, 267, 310, 454, 472, 510, 524, 525n13, 527n24, 546, 547n137
bird(s) 54, 56n72, 60n91, 370, 372, 378, 394n93, 435, 440, 442, 485
as shielding David from the Sun 55, 60, 61
as joining David’s singing 57n76, 61n92, 74, 283, 285, 291
bisexuality. sexuality
blamelessness of messengers. tanzīh
bloodguilt 532, 541
Boniface VIII 160, 161
Book of Jasher (Heb. Sēp̄er ha-yāšār) 24
Book of Psalms. Psalter
bothros (Gr. “technique in consulting the dead”) 375n39
Breviary 14, 524, 525, 526, 527n22–n29, 528n30, n32–n39, 529n40, 530, 531, 532, 534, 536, 537, 539–541, 544, 545, 546n132, n134, 547, 548
British Library (London) 168, 201n49, 301, 445
Byzantium 8, 172
Byzantine empire. Byzantium
Cades (desert) 305
Caesarea 49n38, 228
Cain 50n42, 54n63, 179
Cairo genizah 105n4, 139
calendar 16, 139, 142, 143, 144, 145, 148, 179
caliph 276, 280, 281, 485, 492
Calypso (Gr. kalypsō) 11, 363, 366, 368, 373, 374, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381
Canon, biblical 548
Catholic 524, 529, 546n135
Eastern Orthodox 529
Jewish 2, 529
Protestant 529
Canonical office 524n7
Canticles (prayers) 311
Capetians / Capetian kings 4, 5, 8, 159, 160, 167, 180n88
Carloman 154
Carolingians 4, 5, 155n4, 160
their epoch 8, 157n7, 168, 179
Catholics 301, 510n5, 546, 547, 548n142
census 528, 535
č̣əra (Amh.) 312
Charlemagne 154, 155, 160, 161
Charles the Bald 155, 156, 159, 160, 163
Chosen People 7, 136, 146, 155n4, 160, 166, 170
Christ 9, 13, 164–168, 193, 216, 217n40, 225, 240–242, 244, 246, 247, 248, 249, 251n44, 252n54, 253, 255–261, 263, 265, 266, 446, 454, 455n2, 459–461, 465n49, 473, 510n5, 525, 535, 543, 544
as the King 528n13, 535, 546n132
Christendom. Christianity
Christian Arabic 10, 243, 299, 300
Bible 239, 242
Literature 252n50, 262n94
Christianity 2, 3, 5, 14, 16, 17, 166, 171, 195, 197, 202, 203, 239n1, 246, 247, 249, 250, 252, 253n56, 267, 302, 310, 417n1, 422, 454, 523n1, 540n160
Christology 260, 264, 267, 302, 461
Chalcedonian 302, 458
Christological 14, 249, 302, 470, 525
controversy 13, 454
doctrine 459
interpretation 243, 535
principle 525, 526, 547, 548n146
Church (in general) 10, 13, 154, 155n4, 159, 164, 171, 213, 215, 225, 226, 231, 240, 244, 245, 253, 260, 261, 266, 268, 302, 310, 325, 446, 454, 455, 459, 509, 510n5, 523, 531n53, n54, 548
of Antioch 245, 470
East Syrian 13, 225, 242n12, 455, 462, 470, 472–474
Ethiopian 325
Father(s) 212, 220, 222, 225, 228, 229, 240, 241, 242n8, 245, 251, 253, 257, 266, 301, 454
of Gaul 164
Jacobite 211, 215, 222n61, 225–227, 231, 232, 300–302, 455, 473, 529
Latin. Church (Roman Catholic)
Melkite 9, 10, 243, 299–302
Nestorian 209, 222, 225, 227
Protestant 301, 548n142
Roman Catholic 158, 301, 510n5, 523, 524, 525, 526, 529, 530, 534, 546, 547, 548
Syrian Orthodox. Church (Jacobite)
West Syrian 455, 460n27, 470, 472, 474
Church of Abrəha and Aṣbəḥa (Tigray) 320, 321
Church of Däbrä Bərhan Śəllase 320
Church of Kidanä Məḥrät 323
Church of Maria Maggiore (Rome) 426
Church of Mika ̒el Tafäyto 314
Church of Saint-Antoine (Paris) 167
Church of Saint George (Qwaqwala) 326
Church of San Stefano (Bologna) 158
Church of Santa Maria Antiqua (Rome) 426
Church of Santo Sepulcro (Bologna) 158
Church of Täklä Haymanot 312
Church of the Virgin Mary (Amba Gəšen) 328
Church of the Virgin Mary (Däbrä Marqos) 327
Circe (Gr. kirkē) 11, 363, 366, 368, 370, 371, 372–377, 381, 387
circumcision 129
Cistercians 162n27, 174, 175, 192, 193
Clanvowe, Sir John (English knight) 196
Classical Ethiopic. Geʽez
commons of the Blessed Virgin Mary 525n15, 528n33
Constantine IX Monomachos 159
Constantine the Great 155, 173, 179, 261
Constantinople 8, 155, 157, 172, 179, 196, 242n12
convert(s) 77, 127, 137, 144, 464, 467n57, 468n61
convivencia 104, 105n3
Coptic, language 299
Cordelia 419
Cornelius 325n31
coronation of the Virgin 427
covenant 15, 114, 118, 157, 159, 167, 170, 173, 179, 180, 189, 193, 199, 212, 321, 322, 325, 327, 385, 392, 394, 404, 456, 461, 527, 531, 534n71, 538n95, 539, 555, 574
in Hebron 527
Cranach the Elder, Lucas 441
creation 5, 26, 30, 54n64, 83, 136, 137, 138, 174, 209, 241, 263, 283, 324, 340, 343, 348, 350n53, 442
ex nihilo 137
Crown of Thorns (relics) 160–168, 171–173, 177
Crusaders 147
Crusades 481
curse 55, 74, 468, 510, 528, 537, 538
of Adam and Eve 512
of Eve 512–514
Cush 313
Cyrillic 11, 333
Cyrus 46, 465n49, 467n57, 468n61, 473n83, 474
Al-Ḏahabī 494
Damascus 35, 404, 494
dancing 325, 326, 382, 519
Daniel 258, 311n3, 314, 412
däbtäras (Eth.) 325
David I. Dawit I
David 1–17, 19–28, 29–32, 33–36, 43, 44, 45–47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 67, 68, 73–78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 87–89, 90–93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 104, 110, 111, 113, 114, 118, 119, 123, 126–133, 135–140, 143, 144n62, 145–148, 154–157, 159–161, 163, 164, 167, 168, 170, 172–174, 175, 176, 177–180, 188–194, 196, 197, 198–203, 209, 213–217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 226, 227, 228, 231, 232, 233, 244, 245, 247, 248, 256, 257, 258, 259n81, 262–264, 266, 268, 273–275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281–283, 284–287, 288–292, 293, 294–297, 299, 302, 304, 310–314, 316–320, 321–325, 326, 327, 328–330, 333, 335, 342, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 374, 375, 379–382, 384, 385, 387, 390, 391, 392, 394, 395, 396, 403–409, 410, 411–413, 417, 418, 421, 422, 423n9, n10, 425, 426, 428–431, 432–434, 435–437, 440–442, 444, 445, 446, 448, 454, 455, 456, 457n13, 459, 460, 461, 462–465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 471–473, 477, 478, 479, 480–483, 484, 485–487, 488, 490, 492, 495, 496, 497, 500–503, 509, 511, 516–520, 523n1, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 531, 532, 533, 534, 535–537, 538, 539–541, 542, 543, 544–546, 547, 548, 554–561, 562–565, 566, 567, 568–571, 572–574, 575, 576–580, 581, 582
as prophet 1, 7, 50n46, 51, 54, 73–75, 78, 79, 82, 83, 88, 89, 101, 131, 132, 135, 146, 216, 217, 218–220, 223, 224, 232, 233, 244, 247, 257, 262–264, 266, 273, 275, 276, 280, 281, 283–286, 287, 296, 297, 302, 313, 322, 454, 463–465, 485, 487n37, 492
as pious 1, 6, 10, 45, 46, 51–53, 54n62, 55n69, 57, 59, 62, 75, 82, 90–93, 126, 136, 146, 273, 275, 276, 280–283, 292, 296, 297, 413, 530, 534
as fasting 49–51, 52, 57n76, 80, 375, 459, 461
as woman 14, 509, 511, 516, 518, 519
his kingship 1, 8, 30, 95n33, 113, 277, 279–281, 302, 411, 526n17, 527, 529n41, 531–533, 535, 536, 540
his musical instruments (harp, psaltery, psalterion, kinnor, lute, mizmār and miʿzaf, wind instruments) 1, 6, 10, 43, 48, 49, 53, 54, 56, 312, 320
his city 1, 31, 111n10, 342, 358, 382, 518
his dancing 15, 325, 518, 528, 530, 555, 563, 574–578, 581
his dynasty 21–23, 30, 31, 33, 35, 92, 368, 422, 428, 432, 454, 467, 511, 537
his feminity 14, 511, 518, 519, 520. David (as woman)
his House 3, 6, 21, 22, 50n46, 58n83, 113, 136, 143, 144n62, 145, 148, 189, 365, 434, 527, 533, 561, 570, 575, 581
his humility 92, 101, 175–177, 538
his kingdom 1, 14, 19, 23, 24, 35, 74, 98, 126, 296, 316, 459, 511
his lineage 1, 4, 13, 35, 143, 144, 247, 281
his liturgy 325, 326, 530, 534
his modesty 92, 93, 159
his narratives 2, 5, 12–15, 26–28, 29–35, 43, 57, 75, 78–83, 88, 96, 98, 99, 128, 262, 277n7, 363, 365, 366, 367, 403, 406–409, 410n29, 411, 413, 417n1, 418n1, 420, 421, 423n9, 425, 428–430, 432, 436, 437, 442, 444, 454n1, 477, 478, 479n12, 480–482, 484, 485, 488, 493n44, 495, 496, 498n55, 500, 502, 523, 525, 530n43, 538–541, 544n125, 545, 546, 554, 555, 557, 558–564, 566, 567, 570, 573, 575, 577–579, 582
his prayer 45, 49–52, 58n83, 61, 82, 283, 284, 289, 291, 292, 324, 436, 440, 442, 528, 530, 533n69, 579
his seed 144n63
his sin 10, 12, 60, 61, 75, 78–84, 197, 273, 275–278, 280, 286–293, 294, 296, 403, 406, 413, 433–435, 437, 445, 446, 462–464, 466, 468, 471, 472n76, 473, 486, 487, 488, 535, 546
his singing voice 53, 54, 55, 56n72, 57n76, 59, 61n92, 277
his story 2, 8, 12, 13, 15, 29, 31, 55n72, 59, 73–75, 80, 81, 83, 88, 93, 95, 131, 188–190, 198, 273, 275–278, 280, 286, 287, 292–296, 320, 322, 335, 363, 365, 368, 394, 395, 403, 405, 408–410, 413, 417, 429, 432, 433, 434n31, n32, 442n41, 444n44, 446, 454–456, 461, 462, 466, 471, 477, 480, 483n30, 485, 487, 489, 490, 492, 495, 496, 502, 503, 518, 525n15, 526, 528, 529, 531, 532, 535, 536, 538n95, 539–541, 543–546, 557, 577, 581, 582
his testament(s) 7, 88, 95, 97, 98, 101, 536–538
his Tower 54
Dawit I, (legendary) king of Ethiopia 328, 329
Dawit II Qwäsṭanṭinos 327, 329n38
Dawit III Bäʾədä Maryam 327, 329n38
Dawit IV Ləbnä Dəngəl 327, 329n38
Dawit V Adbar Sägäd 327, 329n38
Dāwit. David
Dāwūd. David
Al-Dāwūdī 494, 496n52
Dayr al-Šuwayr 301
dəbab (Amh.) 312
Deborah 129
Dębowski, Mikołaj 509, 510n5
Delilah 406n14, 429
deliverance (from Egypt) 517, 518
Demon 6, 44, 53, 54, 55, 330, 386
its realm 512
descendants
of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob 140
of Cain 54n63
of David 4, 22, 35, 92, 113, 280, 281, 454, 473, 537
of Moses 226n77
of mythical heroes 22n23
of Saul 579, 581
Deuterocanonical books 529
Deuteronomistic material 29, 526, 533, 536, 546, 555, 566, 575n107, 580
Devil 54, 55, 57, 58n83, 61, 246, 249, 288, 292, 440
devotion(s) 48, 160, 176, 279, 282, 283n36, 284–286, 296, 419, 524n11, 530, 547, 577
devotional piety 276, 281, 283, 296, 297
diaspora 114, 133, 135, 137, 145, 147, 148
ḏikr (Ar. “remembrance of God”) 58n83, 82, 281
Dinah 192, 196
divine assistance 134
Divine Light 339, 340, 343, 350
Divine Presence. See Šeḵinah
divine revelation 74, 89, 109, 135, 137, 215, 218, 219, 252, 267, 525n13
Dniester 515
dōd (Heb. “beloved”) 19, 20, 367
Dodo 19
dove (symbol) 440, 442
Easter (liturgical season) 524n6, 535n83
Ecclesiasticus. Sacred Scriptures: Sirach
ʿedah (Heb. “consensus”) 140. iǧmāʿ, qibūṣ
Edessa 13, 250, 251, 255, 260, 455, 456n6, 457n10, n12, 458n14, 459n17, 460n21, n25–n27, 461n28, n30, 462n33, 470n71, 471n74, 473n82, 474
editing / editors 10, 16, 43n1, 45n16, 67n2, 87n1, 104n2, 105n4, 120, 129, 130n18, 134, 139n45, 158n10, 160n18, 164n38, 174n70, 197, 198n39, 201n49, 210, 228, 229, 232, 235, 243n14, 249n33, 261n87, 273, 274, 275–277, 280, 282–284, 286, 290–297, 301–303, 305, 307, 335, 422, 455n3, n5, 458, 523, 524n6, 525, 545n127, 547
Eglah 570
Egypt 68, 107, 108, 171n58, 257n69, 275, 313, 512, 517
Eliakim-Jehoiakim 412
Eliam, father of Bathsheba 423n10, 442
Eliezer b. Paruaḥ 144n63
Eliezer Ben Yehuda 108n8
Eliezer, rabbi 53n57, 93n28, 516
Elvira 68
En-Gedi 532
ephod (Heb.) 115, 518
Epicurus 139
Elders of Israel 30, 88, 98, 533
Elijah (prophet) 23, 250
Elkanah 118, 123
Elzaphan 118, 123
emanation 137, 356n68
En-Dor 28
Enoch 58
Ereṣ Israel 109, 511
Essenes 407
Esther 406n14, 514, 515, 543
eternity of the world 138
Ethan 220, 221
Ethan ben Hoshaja 555, 563, 581
Ethiopia 10, 310, 313, 315, 316, 320, 322, 325, 327, 329
its culture 10, 310
Ethiopians 313, 321, 325, 327–329
Eucharist 461, 535n77
Euphrates 455n2, n5
Eve 23, 429, 512–514
Eve of Wilton 194
Eve, daughter of Jacob Frank 516
evil inclination 49, 57n77
exile 106, 133, 135, 147, 220, 223, 228, 229, 356n68, 423n9, 515, 569
Ezechias, king of Judah 175
Ezekiel (prophet) 89n13, 113, 114, 120, 314. Index of Sacred Scriptures: Ezekiel
Ezra 132, 223, 228, 229
family line. descendants
faṣl (dual. faṣlayn; pl. fuṣūl; Ar. “[thematic] unit,” “episode”) 96, 98, 99
Fathers of the Church. Church, Fathers
femininity 14, 511, 518–520
feminist readings/ perspective 421n6, 548n148
fitna 73, 482
flood 305, 306
forgiveness 74, 79, 81, 240, 277, 279, 280, 287, 290, 291, 322, 413, 435, 469n66, 477, 535, 537n92
Fra Angelico 427
Franks 8, 154, 155, 170
Frankism 5, 14, 511
Frankists 509, 510
friendship 8, 72, 108, 188, 189n4, 190, 191, 192–196, 198–203, 539
David with Jonathan 8, 188–190, 192, 197, 202, 203, 540
Gabriel 81, 447n48, 486, 487n37, 488n37
Gad (prophet) 216, 528
Galilee 460
Ǧālūt. Goliath
Garden of Eden 136, 137, 288, 355n63, 514
Gath 2, 6, 34–36, 569
Al-Ġāzī b. Qays 68
Geʽez (Gəʽəz), language 310, 313, 316, 317, 324
Gentiles 105, 148, 252n54, 257n70, 305
Germanus of Auxerre (saint) 159
Gesher Theater Company (Jaffa) 418
Gibeah 568, 579
Gibeon 35, 94
Gibeonites 394, 546n129, 558, 579, 581, 582
Gideon (Gideon-Jerubbaal) 129, 412, 457
Gilboa 558, 579
Gloss(es) 13, 190, 200, 287, 300, 366, 480, 490, 501, 502
Golden Age 17, 87, 104, 105, 107, 108, 114
Goliath 1, 28, 52n51, 74, 78, 83, 189, 202, 228, 262, 322, 323, 385, 482, 503, 527, 529, 530, 532, 559, 560, 562, 563
Goneril 419
Goscelin of Bracelond 194
Gospels 1, 14, 239, 240, 247–249, 252–254, 256, 260, 262, 267, 301, 314, 524n6, 538
its Islamic concept 233
Granada 7, 106, 119
Greek, language 9–11, 13, 16, 27, 28, 29, 46, 157, 212, 222, 224–226, 228, 242n8, 251, 254, 257, 261, 262, 299, 300, 305, 306, 310, 364, 365, 370n21, 372n28, 377n45, 379n55, 397, 403n2, 412, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 462, 467, 529, 580
Habiru 6, 36
habta (Eth.; baganā, faws, ḫāyəl, kəhnat, mangəśt, mawiʿ, tənbit). “Seven Gifts”
Ḥabūs
Hachilah 532
ḥadīṯ (Ar. “Prophetic tradition”) 50n46, 51, 52, 53, 67, 69, 71, 76, 77, 79, 82, 83, 262, 435, 442, 480, 482, 484–488, 489–493, 494, 495–498, 499, 500, 503, 504
Haggai 221
Haggith 570
Haile Sellassie I 327
Haile Sellassie I Theatre (in Addis Ababa) 324
Halakhah 133n25, 200, 215
Ḥalāl 69
haʿataqah (Heb. “[Karaite] “tradition”) 140
Hannah 311n3, 320, 423n9
Hasmonean ruler 145
Ḥarām 69
Al-Ḥāriṯ al-Aḥwar 483n30
Harrān 250, 260
Al-Ḥasan 70, 80, 81, 488, 498
Haskalah 107n8
Hattusili III 26, 27
Hayye Gaon, Rav 143`
Hazael 35
Ḥdatta (East bank of the Tigris) 462
Heaven. Paradise
Hebrew language 7, 9, 11, 16, 17, 20, 23, 28, 48, 56, 87n1, 90, 92n25, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109, 111, 120, 126, 127, 134, 136, 139n45, 146, 147, 189, 200, 221, 222, 224–226, 242n8, 248n31, 254, 255, 261, 262, 299, 305, 306, 313, 316, 333, 334, 337, 338, 340, 342, 346n38, n40, 356n30, 353n38, 356n68, n69, 357n71, 364, 365, 367, 368, 375n39, 383, 384, 385n72, 394, 395n99, 396, 410, 430, 437, 456, 457, 459, 472, 509, 515, 529, 541n109, 543n119, 580
biblical 107, 109, 136, 436, 444
Hebron 31, 390, 526n17, 527, 528, 533, 546, 570, 572
Helena (saint) 179
Hell 61n92, 67, 71, 292
Hellenistic culture 11, 29, 46, 408
Heloise 196, 197
Heman 220, 221
Henry II 192
Henry III 170
hēqēš (Heb. “analogy”) 444n44
Heracles 375n39, 377n45, 393
Heraclius 157, 158, 161, 168–170, 172, 179
hereafter. afterlife
heresy 139, 141, 145, 215
Hezekiah (king of Judah) 224, 234, 311n3
Hillel 201
Hillel b. Judah 143, 148
Hillel the Elder 143n58, 144
Himyar 76
its Jewish king 313n9
Hiram 429
Hittite(s) 75, 364, 368, 382, 397, 423n10, 431–433, 447, 456, 467, 478n2
their texts / documents 26, 27
their king. Hattusili
Holy (German) Empire 160
Holy Land 14, 137, 147, 157, 172, 179
Holy Spirit 193, 216, 218, 219, 228–231, 245, 246, 248, 253n56, 258, 305, 459
Holy Trinity 246–248, 250, 253, 258, 259, 264, 265, 267, 304, 320n16
Homoeroticism 539
Homosexuality. sexuality
homophrosynē (Gr. “like-mindedness”) 383, 393
Homs 9, 243, 264
House of David. David
House of Saul. Saul
House of the Lord. Temple
Huna, Rav 56n75
Hushai 533n69
hypostasis (of God) 511, 520
ʿibāda (Ar. “piety”) 67, 140
Iblis 55, 56n72
Ibn ʿAbbās 54, 80, 285n47, 485, 488, 489n39, 493n44, 498, 499
Ibn al-Dawālībī 494n46
Ibn Lahīʿa 487, 490
Ibn al-Māǧišūn 68
Ibn Mihrān 70, 71
Ibn Wahb 487
Ibrāhīm (prophet). Abraham
idolatry 145, 148, 198, 412n32, 567
Idols 281
their temples 305
iǧmāʿ (Ar. “consensus”) 140n46
iǧtihād (Ar. “diligent efforts”) 134, 135, 141n50, 148
image (Eth. malkəʾ; poetry genre) 324, 327n24
Imam(s) 72, 479n12, 480, 489, 493, 496
incarnation 14, 126, 212, 246, 247, 249, 250, 256, 258, 259, 261, 265, 266, 368, 370, 387, 511, 514, 515, 520
infallibility of prophets. ʿiṣma
intercalation 143
intercession 425, 539
of Abigail 543
of Mary 447, 542–545
interreligious polemics 273
ironwork 280
ʿĪsā b. Maryam. Jesus
Isaac 78, 140, 171n58, 320, 322, 325n31, 383n68, 440, 446
Isḥāq (prophet). Isaac
Ishbaal 527, 533, 558
Ishbosheth 558, 559, 570, 571, 581, 582
Ishmael, rabbi 442
Islam 1–6, 10, 13, 15–17, 51, 57, 61n92, 67n1, 69, 79, 83, 87, 239n1, 242, 302, 417n1, 422, 481n19, 502, 515, 523n1
ʿiṣma (Ar. “infallibility of prophets”, “impeccability,” “immunity from sin”) 89, 101, 286, 292, 435n36, 442, 478, 486, 491, 500, 501
Ismarus 381
isnād (Ar.) 50n45, 77, 81, 82, 262, 480, 484, 485, 487, 488, 494, 495
Issachar (region) 144n63
Israel (people) 30, 46–48, 54–56, 59, 78, 81, 98, 113, 117, 130, 131, 133–136, 137, 144–147, 148, 154, 155n4, 217, 223, 234, 246, 274, 284, 289, 322, 343, 368, 404, 406, 417, 425, 431, 470, 471, 477n2, 480n16, 482, 483, 503, 512, 515, 518, 519, 528, 531, 532, 533, 534n71, 536, 559, 561, 569, 573, 575, 576, 579
Israel (kingdom) 1, 7, 35, 91, 126, 154, 166–168, 176, 177, 180, 311, 322, 327, 329, 410n29, 421, 422, 423n10, 440, 456, 458, 467, 477n2, 526, 527, 546, 558, 573
Israelites 4, 34, 54, 91, 350n53, 375, 423, 467, 482, 485, 487n37, 492, 495, 512, 535, 576
Isrāʾīliyyāt (genre) 13, 44, 54n62, 55n68, 58, 59, 60, 76, 77, 79, 83, 302, 477, 480, 481, 482, 483, 489, 494, 496, 497, 500, 503, 504
Ithaca 11, 363, 366, 369, 374, 376, 379, 385–387, 392, 394, 396
Ithream 570
Jacob 14, 78, 130, 140, 171n58, 174, 192, 217, 320, 322, 440, 446, 516, 518
Jacob Sasportas 519
Jacobites. Church (Jacobite)
Jasna Góra Monastery 520
Jedidiah-Solomon. Solomon
Jeduthun 111, 118, 123, 220, 221
Jehoram 577
Jephtah 421n6
Jeremiah (prophet) 116, 314, 422
Jeroboam 113, 114
Jerubbaal. Gideon
Jerubbesheth. Gideon
Jerusalem 1, 7, 8, 31, 35, 87, 89n10, 92n25, 94, 136, 137, 146, 147, 154, 155, 157, 158, 159, 161, 164, 167–170, 172–174, 179, 180, 239n1, 242n12, 249, 258, 276, 304, 328, 342, 355n64, 374, 406, 424, 456, 510, 518, 528, 530, 534, 535n77, n78, 538n95, 573, 579
Jesse, father of David 1, 19, 217, 322, 446, 459
Jesus (Christ) 1, 71, 74, 83, 166, 192, 215, 217, 224n71, 233n101, 241, 261, 274, 277n12, 280, 322, 425, 446, 447, 454, 460, 461n27, n29, 467, 512, 527n24, 535n77, 538, 540
Jezebel 429, 577
Joab 97, 394, 407, 409, 431, 432, 434, 468, 536
Joash 457
John (Apostle) 167, 192, 310, 312n5, 322, 535n77
Jonathan, son of Saul 1, 8, 28, 30, 188–194, 196–203, 385, 460, 527, 538n95, 539, 540, 558–565, 568–570, 579, 580, 581
Jordan 129, 304
Joseph, son of Jacob 192, 429, 482, 498, 499
Joseph, father of Jesus 446n46
Joseph b. Shelomo 343
Joshua 129. Index of Sacred Scriptures, Joshua
Joshua, rabbi 45
Joshua b. Perachya 199
Josiah, king of Judah 154, 155n4, 161, 174, 175
Judaea (Roman province) 460
Judaeo-Arabic, language 302, 422n8
Judah 365n6, 396, 403, 431, 432, 446, 456, 458, 470, 471, 477n2, 527, 533
Judah (kingdom) 1, 21, 22, 30, 33, 35, 126, 154, 234, 311n3, 423n10, 558, 559
Judah Levi Tova of Nikopol 514
Judaism 2, 3, 6–8, 13, 14, 16, 17, 62, 127, 137, 138n41, 144, 146–148, 189, 202, 239n1, 334, 417n1, 422, 443, 454, 509, 511, 512, 523n1, 540n106
Kabbalah 340, 354n61
Kamieniec Podolski 509, 510n5
Karaim, language 11, 333, 334, 335, 338, 343, 347n43, 349n49, 351n54, 353n57
Karaism 4, 87, 126n1, 132n24, 140, 144, 148, 334
Karaite(s) 4, 6–9, 11, 87, 90, 101, 126n1, 129, 130, 132n24, 133, 134n30, 135, 137, 139, 140, 141, 142, 145–147, 148, 209, 214, 215, 218, 219, 229, 231–234, 302, 333, 334, 335, 339, 340n21, 342–344, 345n37, 346n40, 351n55, 353n56, n58, 355n64, 356n68, 424, 434, 444n44
kathisma 299
Kebron (valley). Kidron
kelipoth. See qĕlipōt
kenesa (“Karaite prayer house”) 11, 333
Khazars 127, 135n31, 144
Kidron (or Kebron; valley) 324
Kileab 570
King David. David
King James Bible
King Lemuel. Lemuel
King Messiah. Messiah
King Saul. Saul
King Solomon. Solomon
King of Tyre. Tyre
Kingship 30, 95n33, 113, 160, 277, 279–281, 302, 373n32, 406, 411, 526n17, 527, 529n41, 531–533, 535, 536, 540, 577
kunikos (Gr. “dog-like”) 390
Kûš (Hebr.) 313
kwināt (Eth.) 324
Land of Israel 7, 133–136, 137n40, 145–147, 148, 404
Latin, language 8, 11, 13, 16, 157, 158n10, 188–191, 196, 222, 299, 333, 378, 454, 457n13, 524, 529
law 13, 46, 91, 98, 117, 129, 130, 132, 133, 137, 140, 141n51, 142, 143, 147, 154, 171, 247, 248, 249n38, 250, 253n56, 257n70, 267, 276, 278n19, 285, 286, 295, 296, 356, 404, 405, 407, 408, 413, 420, 431, 443, 444, 454, 459, 460n21, 462, 463, 464, 465, 467, 468, 471–473, 513
Jewish. halakhah
Muslim. šarīʿa
Lear 419
Lebanon 304
Lectionary (for the Mass) 14, 173, 318, 523, 524, 525, 526, 527n22–n24, n26, n28, 528n30, n31, n33–n38, 529, 530n45, 531, 532, 533, 534, 536, 537, 539, 546, 547, 548
Latin 524n6
Revised Common 548
Vernacular 524n6
its readings 524n11, 525, 526
Leipzig Central Library 300
Lemuel 234, 423, 424
Lent (liturgical season) 245, 524n6, 525n15, 526n21, 531n53, n54, 535n83, 546n131
Levi 45, 118
Levi, R. 48, 57n77
Levites 7, 47n26, 113, 114, 118, 221, 227
literacy, biblical 547
little horn (= “Muḥammad”, “muslim empire”; Dan 7:8) 130n18
Liturgical collections (Roman Catholic) 14, 525, 526, 532–536, 539, 547–549
Liturgical reform of Second Vatican Council 523, 547
Liturgy of the Hours 524n7, n12, 546, 547
LORD 319, 339, 417, 424, 425, 430, 433, 518
Louis IX (saint) 8, 154, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165–177, 178–180
Louis the German 159
Louis VII 159, 160
Love 2, 8, 15, 108, 171, 188, 189, 190, 192–203, 369, 371–373, 376, 377, 379, 384, 385, 386, 387, 412, 419, 420, 479, 541, 555–557, 560, 561, 562–566, 569, 571, 572, 576, 582
Courtly 191, 194, 195
male-male 8, 189, 190, 193, 195–197, 199, 203
of God 192, 193, 203, 356n67, 529n41, 530
Luqmān 76, 277
Lvov 510n5
Maachah 423n10
Maccah 570
Mahanaim 558, 581
maḏhab (pl. maḏāhib; Ar. “school of law”) 67
Maiden. See Šeḵinah
malkəʾ (Eth.). “Image”
Mālik b. Dīnār 53
Malikism 67, 68
Manasseh 174, 311n3
manliness 191
maqqwamiyas (Amh.) 325
Mari 20, 383
Mariological exegesis 544
marriage 8, 188, 189, 193–197, 201n51, 287, 289, 295, 364n4, 372, 374, 381, 382n65, 383–385, 387, 389, 393, 421, 425, 428, 429, 431, 436, 446, 447, 488, 559–563, 568, 569, 571, 572, 573, 576, 578
Mary, mother of Jesus 10, 247, 310, 311n3, 319, 320, 321–323, 324n29, 327, 328, 330, 425, 426, 434, 446, 447, 525n15, 528n33, 542–545
her Ascension 322
maʿrifat Allāh (Ar. “knowledge of God”) 140
masīḥ (Ar. “anointed one”). Messiah
masīḥiyyāt (genre) 302
maskil (Heb.) 90n14
Masoretic text (MT) 16, 221, 222n59, 224–226, 230n92, 248n31, 255, 299, 305, 306, 390, 403, 409–412, 455–459, 461, 469n64, 470, 471, 580n136
Mass 325
Catholic 523, 524, 525, 528n33, 546, 547
Sunday 524n6, 546
Massijs, Jan 428, 429
matn (Ar.) 484, 490, 492, 493
Mattaniah-Zedekiah 412
Mazmura Dāwit. Psalter
Medina 68
Memling, Hans 427, 437, 439
mendicant preaching (medieval) 541
Menelik I 327–329
Menelik II 313
Mengistu Haile Mariam 312
Mephibosheth 45, 538n95, 559, 573, 579
Merab 15, 555, 558–561, 579, 580, 581, 582
Merari 118, 123
Mesha 20, 21, 22, 34
Mesopotamia 227, 388, 393, 397
Messiah 9, 14, 241, 247, 255, 261, 262, 280, 342, 358, 421, 425, 473, 510–512, 514–520
son of David 136, 137, 446, 454
female Messiah (woman-Messiah) 515, 517–520
His partner 520
His potency 520
messianic era 14, 512
messianic idea(s)/ doctrine(s) 14, 126, 242n8, 254, 261n89, 509, 510, 512, 515, 516, 520
messianic movement(s) 14, 512
mētis (Gr. “cunning intelligence”) 372n28, 396
Mica 579
Michael, Archangel 322, 323
Michal, daughter of Saul 11, 15, 197, 363, 379, 380, 384, 385, 393, 394, 428, 471, 518–520, 527, 528, 530, 533, 554, 555, 557, 558–561, 562–565, 566, 567, 568–571, 572–575, 576–580, 581, 582
Michelangelo 418
miḥrāb (Ar.) 80, 437
minut (Heb. “heresy”) 139, 141
Mikraʾot Gedolot (Heb. “Rabbinic Bible”) 433n25, n30
miqveh (Heb.) 445
Mishael 118, 123
Mishnah 4, 47n26, 60n90, 133, 134, 198, 199, 201, 407
miškān (Heb. “tabernacle”). Tabernacle
Missale Romanum 523
mōlād (Heb. “new moon”) 142, 143
moly (plant) 371
monastery(ies) 154, 159, 162, 163, 189, 192–194, 245, 299, 318, 320, 327n35, 455n2, 458, 520
Moses (prophet) 19, 32n56, 43, 58, 89n13, 91, 115–117, 121, 128, 129, 131, 132, 133–135, 142, 173, 216, 219–221, 226n77, 229n88, 233n101, 248, 250, 252n54, 253n56, 254, 256, 257, 274–276, 284, 311n3, 465, 516, 518
Mount of Olives 536, 537
Mourners of Zion 147, 355n64
Mount Sinai. Sinai
mudawwin (Ar. “biblical scribe,” or “author-redactor”) 129, 146, 229, 230, 231, 234
mufassir(ūn) (Ar. “commentator”) 479, 480, 482n27, 483, 485, 489–491, 494, 495, 498–500, 503
Muǧāhid (ḥadīṯ transmitter) 489n39, 498, 499
muhāǧirūn (Ar. “the post-Hijrah emigrés to Medinah”) 479
Muḥammad (prophet) 3, 52, 58, 74, 79, 83, 130n18, 214, 242, 262, 276, 281, 285, 479, 482
muʾarriḫ (Ar. “historian,” “chronicler”) 128, 129
murder 2, 106, 119, 273, 286–288, 290, 292–295, 375, 379, 405, 431, 433, 434, 436, 454, 465, 468, 471, 527, 533, 536, 537
Musée du Louvre (Paris) 428
music 6, 43, 49, 62n94, 220, 312, 320, 324, 442n41, 530, 560, 563, 564, 573
Rabbinic conceptions 45–47, 48, 49, 58, 61
Muslim conceptions 49, 53, 54, 55n72, 56, 57, 61, 62
Muṭarrif 68
Muʿtazilite theology 434n31
Muwāfaq 117
mystical marriage 446
mysticism 72, 282n32, 344
its literature/ texts 52, 136n36, 340, 343
its traditions 203
Nabal 390–392, 428, 527, 540, 541, 543n120, 544, 545, 575n107
Nagran 313n9
Nares. ʿārōt
Nathan (prophet) 12, 75, 216, 232, 287, 367, 368, 375, 403, 404, 405, 410, 411, 412, 425, 430, 433, 435, 463–465, 472, 473, 477n2, 528, 529, 531, 536n86, 556
his parable 12, 405, 410, 430, 463
Nathan of Gaza 512, 514, 515
National Theatre (Addis Ababa) 324
Nausicaa 11, 363, 364n3, 368, 369, 380, 381, 382–385, 388, 391
Near East 20, 30, 242, 301, 379n56, 385, 388
ʿārōt (Heb. “virgins” also called nares) 515
necromancer 526n17, 527
Nehushta, mother of Jehoiachin 423n9
Neophytes 510n5
Neo-Platonism 340
Neo-Vulgate 524n6, n7
Nestorians 211, 222, 226, 231, 232
Neues Palais, Sanssouci Palace (Potsdam) 443
Neville, Sir William (English knight) 196
New Israel 8, 155n4, 166, 168, 180
New Jerusalem 8, 154, 155, 157, 159, 161, 164, 168–170, 172
night vigils 170, 283, 297
Noah 58, 263
Nob 461, 527, 569
Notre – Dame Cathedral (Paris) 162
ʾōb (Heb. “technique in consulting the dead”) 375n39
Odysseus 11, 363, 365, 366, 367, 368–371, 372, 373–375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382–388, 391–393, 394, 395, 396
Offenbach 516
Office of Readings 524, 525
Og 117, 122
ʿōlām ha-bā (Heb. “world to come”) 512
omphalos (Gr. “navel”) 378
Omri 34
Omrides 34
Oral Torah. Torah
oral tradition(s) 24, 127, 129, 132n24, 135, 145, 148, 234, 334
Ordinary Time (liturgical season) 524n6, 525, 526n21, 535n83
Ordo Lectionum Missae. Lectionary (for the Mass)
Ornan 93, 94
Orpheus 53, 55
Orthodoxy 10, 276, 509
Orthros (office) 299
otherworldliness 10, 273, 275, 281, 283, 296
Palestine 35, 133, 135, 137n40, 140, 142, 145–147, 255
Palestinocentrism 133, 142, 145, 147
Palti/Paltiel 15, 555, 569, 571, 572–574, 576, 578, 580, 581
Paradise 57n76, 61n92, 68n7, 263, 290, 294–296, 311, 320, 329, 330, 378
Paris 8, 154, 158, 161, 162–164, 167, 168, 170, 172, 173, 174, 178, 179, 193, 428, 438
Passion narrative(s) 14, 538
Patriarchs (biblical, in general) 78, 313, 318, 322, 440, 518
patriarchy 462
Patroclus 28
Paul (Apostle) 217
Penelope (Gr. pēnelopē) 11, 363, 366, 367n13, 368, 369, 374, 375n39, 376, 377, 379, 382, 383, 386–388, 392–396
Pentateuch 132n24, n25, 137, 229n88, 232, 267, 410
People of the Book. See ahl al-kitāb
Pepin the Short 8, 154
Peshitta 97n46, 225, 255, 261, 437, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 461, 466n52, 469n64, 470–472, 473n82, 474
Peter (Apostle) 155, 217, 221
Pharaoh (biblical king of Egypt) 35, 368, 514
Pharisees 145
pharmakis (Gr. “expert in herbs and drugs”) 368n18
Philip IV the Fair 174
Philip Augustus 160, 191
Philistines 2, 6, 34–36, 126, 385, 393, 527, 529n42, 530, 532, 559–561
philoxenia (Gr. “love of the foreign”) 382
Piast 22n23
piety 6, 10, 45, 46, 51, 53, 54n62, 55n69, 58, 59, 67, 69, 71, 75, 82, 83, 146, 160, 273, 275, 276, 280–282, 283, 292, 296, 297, 413, 530, 534
Pisidia (Asia Minor) 458
piyyuṭ (Heb.; genre) 109
Poland 14, 19n1, 22n23, 515
Polemics. interreligious polemics
Polish, language 16
polytropos (Gr. “the crafty one,” “man of many a turn,” “the resourceful one”) 367n11, 371
Potiphar’s wife 429, 482
prayer(s) 11, 45, 49–52, 55n69, 56n74, 58n83, 61, 69–71, 73, 80–82, 116, 137, 189, 212, 214, 215, 217, 222, 232, 233, 281n30, 283, 284, 289–292, 311, 312, 324, 325, 333, 334, 336–338, 345, 346, 349, 356, 380n60, 436, 437, 440, 442, 488n38, 524n12, 528, 530, 533n69, 543, 544, 546, 547, 579
prefiguration 13, 177, 425, 459, 473, 511, 516, 517, 519
promise(s) of God 59, 97, 98, 140, 280, 289
Propaganda fide 301
Prophecy 7, 131, 133, 136, 143, 144, 145, 146, 167, 212, 214–220, 226, 232, 233, 244, 247, 249, 259, 260, 290, 302, 316, 375, 376, 392, 410, 454, 465n49, 466, 500
prophethood 101, 242, 273, 297
Protestant(s) 301, 529, 548n142
Provence 432, 433
proverbs (not the biblical book) 274
Psalter 5, 9, 10, 112, 177, 178, 179, 299, 310–313, 316, 317, 324n29, 325, 329, 330, 333, 335
al-Qāsim b. Muẓaffar b. ʿAsākir 494n46
qĕlipōt (Heb. “evil or impure forces”; lit. “shells,” “husks,” “peels”) 514
Qenneshre (Syria) 455n2
qibūṣ (Heb. “consensus”) 140n46. ʿedah, iǧmāʿ
qiṣṣa (Ar. „story”) 80n42, 89, 480, 487, 490, 495
Qiṣaṣ al-anbiyāʾ (Ar. “Tales of the Prophets”; genre) 44, 45, 53, 57, 58, 61, 75, 76, 79n39, 83, 277, 435
al-Quds (Ar. “Jerusalem,” “Temple”) 89n10
Queen Mother 12, 417, 422, 423, 424–426, 447, 575–577
Queen of Sheba 129, 328, 429
Qurʾān 1, 3, 7, 15, 44n9, 49, 50, 53, 57, 58n81, 60n92, 72, 73, 75, 78, 79, 83, 214, 222n60, 233, 242, 247, 253n54, 254, 266n112, 273, 274, 276, 277, 280, 281, 283, 284, 286, 287, 297, 302, 434, 435, 437, 480, 484, 486, 494n46, 500. Index of Sacred Scriptures
Qurʾānic exegesis. tafsīr
Al-Qušayrī 492
Raba 442
Rabbanite(s) 4, 8, 126n1, 130, 132n24, 133n25, 135, 137–140, 141, 142, 144, 145–148, 335
Rabbanite sages 137n40
Rabbinic texts/literature 45, 47n24, n26, 48n30, 49, 50–52, 56–58, 60, 139, 144n63, 302, 404, 434n32, 508n137. Index of Ancient and Medieval Literatures
Mishnah 4, 60n90, 133, 134, 135n32, 198, 199, 201
Talmud 4, 6, 44, 45n16, 47n24, n27, 48, 49, 57n77, 58, 60, 109, 133–135, 143n58, 144, 201, 220, 226n77, 232n98, 340, 344, 346n39, 404
Targum(s) 259n82, 316, 572n88
Rabbinization 46
Rabbi Ishmael. Ishmael, rabbi
Rabbi Levi. Levi
Rabbi Eliezer. Eliezer, rabbi
Rabbi Simon. Simon, rabbi
Rabbis 46, 49, 52n52, 61, 109, 409n26, 434, 509
Rachel 383n68, 406n14, 516, 518, 568
Rahab 365n7, 388, 389n80, 446, 447
Raphael Joseph 512
Rav Huna. Huna
Rebekah 383n68, 406n14
Redeemer 513, 519
Redemption 126, 137, 138, 147, 165, 166, 510, 511, 513, 517
redemptive events 511, 518
Rehoboam 113
reliance on God. tawakkul
Religious scrupulosity. waraʿ
remez (pl. rǝmāzīm ; Heb. “evocation [of biblical situations]”; rhetorical device) 108, 113, 115
Renaissance 417n1, 426, 428n16, 429, 442
renunciation. zuhd
repentance 10, 13, 59, 62, 74, 79n41, 82, 83, 263, 273, 276, 277, 288, 290–292, 296, 404–406, 411, 435, 437, 457n13, 462–464, 467, 468n61, 469, 472n76, n80, 473, 488, 490, 535
responsorial psalm(s) 524n6, 546n135
resumptive repetition 94, 97
revelation. divine revelation
Richard I 192
Rizpah 394, 558, 559, 579, 580n137, 581
Robert, count of Artois 162
Robert II the Pious 159
Roman Catholic Church. Church (Roman Catholic)
Roman Empire 458
Roman Missal. See Missale Romanum
Rūm (orthodox religious community) 9, 239, 243, 266, 268
Ruth 446, 447
säbatu habtat (Amh.). “Seven Gifts”
Sabbatai Zevi 14, 509, 511–515, 517, 519, 520
Sabbath 58, 60, 354n61, 512, 513
Sabbatianism 511–513, 515, 520
Šabṭūn. Ziyād b. Abī ʿAbd al-Raḥmān
Ṣaʿṣaʿ b. Sallām 68
Sadducees 145
Sacra Parallela 438
sacrificial lamb 430
ṣafwa (Ar. “chosen ones”) 130, 137, 147
Sahlä Səllase 325
Saʿīd b. Ǧubayr 489n39, 498, 499
Saʿīd b. al-Musayyib 483n30
Saint Louis. Louis IX
Saint – Antoine – des – Champs (abbey) 162
Saint – Denis (abbey) 159, 174, 175
Saint – Germain – des – Prés (abbey) 174, 175
Sakīna. See Šeḵinah
salāms (salutations) (Eth.) 325
al-Šām (Ar. “Syro-Palestine”) 136
Šammās (Melkite deacon) 299
Samosata 455n5
Samsat (Adiyaman Province, Turkey). Samosata
Samson 129, 197, 429
Samuel (prophet) 129, 132, 218, 262, 311n3, 314, 316, 317, 319, 320, 322, 325n31, 375, 423n9, 459, 526, 527, 543n120, 546
Samuel bar Nahmani, R. 93n28, 432
Sanctuary 20, 31, 88, 304, 382, 435, 461, 468, 477
salvation 71–73, 78, 112, 116, 120, 154, 160, 164, 240, 241, 245, 246, 249, 257–259, 266, 313, 459, 460, 466n51, 468n61, 473, 511, 515–517, 520
earthly 511
spiritual 511
its history 79, 83, 524n11, 525
Sara 406n14, 514
šarḥ (Ar. “commentary”) 300, 494n46
Satan. Devil
Saul, king of Israel 2, 12, 15, 28, 29, 32, 34, 43, 78, 118, 123, 179, 190, 192, 193, 196, 197, 262, 312, 319, 324, 375, 379, 384, 385, 394, 403, 410, 458, 460n26, n27, 461, 465, 466, 471, 477n2, 518, 519, 527, 532, 536, 539, 555, 558–561, 562–566, 567, 569, 571–573, 575, 581, 582
his House 365n6, 533, 537, 538n95, 558, 570, 571, 575, 581
Saulide seven 546n129
Savior 1, 511, 516, 520
šaraʿ (Ar. “law”). See šarīʿa
šarīʿa (Ar. “law”) 16, 132, 285, 286, 294
Sāy 325n31
Schhinna. Šeḵinah
scholars 5, 15, 16, 20, 21, 23–27, 34, 54n63, 55, 68, 72n19, 94, 104, 107, 127, 137, 138, 190, 209, 214, 224, 243, 254n60, 261, 273, 277, 281, 317, 327n36, 365n6, 379, 404, 407, 409, 410n29, 411, 423n10, 435n36, 442, 459n19, 483, 493, 497, 502, 539n104, 543n121, 560, 575
scholia (sing. scholium or scholion; Lat.; genre) 300, 459, 460, 461, 462, 468
School of Antioch. Antioch
Scripture(s) 7, 9, 47, 89, 90, 92, 94, 96, 97, 98–100, 109, 126, 130, 134n30, 137, 139–142, 146, 148, 199, 213, 241, 242, 243, 248, 250n39, 251, 252, 260n86, 265–268, 277n12, 284, 403, 412, 459, 469, 514, 516, 523, 524, 525, 547
šeʾerit (Heb. “righteous remnant”) 130, 148
Second Vatican Council. Vatican II
sectarian(s) 496, 517
Šeḵinah (Heb. “divine presence”) 14, 16, 511, 512, 514–518, 520
ṣelem (Heb. “divine image”) 512
Sens 161, 163, 174
Septuagint (LXX) 10, 16, 221, 224, 225, 230n92, 242n8, 248n31, 249, 255, 256n66–n68, 257n70, 258, 259, 261, 263, 264, 265n104–n111, 299, 300, 305, 306, 310, 313, 390, 406, 412, 437, 455, 457, 462, 466n52, 467n58, 472, 579, 580n138
Serapis 47n26
sermon(s) medieval 160, 162,163, 164n38, 165, 173, 174n69, 176, 541–543, 545
sevel ha-yerūshah (Heb. “[Karaite] tradition”) 140
“Seven Gifts” (for David; Amh. säbatu habtat) 316
sexuality 371n27, 372, 430, 437
bisexuality 519
homosexuality 30, 539, 557, 564
Shabbat 132n24, 342, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358
Shammai 201
Sharīʿa (“muslim law”). šarīʿa
Sheba. Queen of Sheba
Shechem 192, 196
shepherds of the exile 133, 147
Shekhinah. See Šeḵinah
Shephatiah 570
Sheshonq (Pharaoh) 35
Shimei, son of Gera 528, 536, 537, 538
šibuṣ (pl. šibūṣīm; Heb. “incorporation [of biblical phrases]”; rhetorical device) 108, 111, 113, 115
Šimʿūn, servant of David 80
Shiʿa. Shiʿite
Shiʿism 4, 16
Shiʿite 130, 137n39, 229n89, 440, 442
Sihon 117, 122
Simon, rabbi 516
Sin(s) 57, 69, 72n20, 121, 140, 159, 163, 170, 197, 202, 281, 286–288 290, 291, 296, 339, 343, 351, 352, 404, 462, 466, 468, 469, 478, 490–492, 497, 510, 514, 542
of Adam 513, 514
of Adam and Eve 513
of Eve 513, 514
of David. David
of Israel 246, 515
Sinai (mount) 134, 142, 255
singing 28n46, 53, 55, 56, 57, 163, 216, 231, 277, 321, 322, 325, 371, 519
sinner(s) 59, 80, 88, 126, 322, 329, 330, 339, 346, 348, 463, 464, 468n61, 469, 473, 512, 535, 543
Siserah 576
Sitri 118, 123
Slavs 117
Smyrna 513
sōkenet (Heb. “the female chief administrator”) 395n99
Solomon (king of Israel) 2, 6, 7, 12, 23, 32, 59, 60n90, 78, 79, 87–90, 95n33, 96–99, 100, 110, 113, 119, 129, 131, 132, 140, 144n63, 148, 165, 174, 175, 197, 221, 234, 235, 259n81, 277, 278, 281, 313, 319, 327–329, 367, 394, 395, 405, 412, 413, 417, 418, 421–423, 424, 425, 429, 433, 434, 435, 446–448, 454, 528–531, 534, 536, 537n92, 555
his liturgy 132
Spain 127, 135
Spirit. Holy Spirit
Succession Narrative 12, 365n6, 419, 420, 421n7
Al-Suddī 482n25, 488, 493n44
Sufism 57n76, 276, 277n6, 278–281, 283, 288, 290, 292, 296, 493
Sufyān al-Ṯawrī 72
Sulaymān (prophet). Solomon
Sulaymān al-Taʾī 80
Sunday Lectionary 524n6, 531, 548
Sunday Mass. Mass
Sunnism 4, 440, 478, 485, 488, 502
Synagogue(s) 109, 509, 513
Syria 260, 455, 474
Syriac language 9, 13, 16, 209–213, 215, 216–226, 230, 231–233, 255, 261, 262, 302, 313n9, 316, 390, 454–459, 463n38, 470n70, 471
Syriac literature 13, 211, 233, 234n105, 301, 454
Syrian Orthodox Church. Church (Jacobite)
Syrians 221, 313n9, 460n27
Syro-Hexapla 455, 462
Tabernacle 89, 131, 132, 304, 335n12
Ṯābit 80
tafsīr (pl. tafāsīr; Ar. “commentary,” “Qurʾānic exegesis”; genre) 15, 50n42, 278n12, 292, 300, 435, 478n2, 479, 480, 481–484, 485, 488, 489n39, n40, 491, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499–501, 502–504
taḥrīf (Ar. “distortion of Scriptures”) 242, 254, 262, 267
Täklä Haymanot (saint) 312, 327
Talmai, king of Geshur 423n10
Ṭālūt. Saul
Tamar, daughter of Absalom 406n14
Tamar, daughter of David 192, 198–202, 394, 406n14, 434
Tamar, wife of Er 403, 411, 432, 446, 447
Tannaim (sing. Tana). tannaitic sages
tannaitic sages 135
tanzīh (Ar. “the blamelessness [of the messengers]”) 478, 490
taqlīd (Ar. “tradition”) 140
tawakkul (Ar. “reliance on God”) 277n6, 279
tawqīf (Ar. “instruction from God”) 89, 90
Tel Dan 21, 22
Tell es-Safi 34, 35
Temple (in Jerusalem) 2, 6, 7, 8, 30, 31, 43, 49, 81, 87–89, 90, 96, 98, 100, 118, 131, 132, 135–137, 146, 147, 154, 217, 218, 227, 230, 231, 258, 305, 342n28, 407, 412, 528, 529n41, 530, 531, 533, 534, 535n77
its worship 132, 135, 146, 529n41, 530, 534
First 89n13
Second 19n1, 27, 29, 33, 132, 133, 144n63, 404, 454, 526
terap̄im (Heb.) 15, 555, 565, 567, 568
Throne (holy) 217, 256, 259, 322, 340, 352, 353
of Glory 136, 137, 322, 340, 345n37, 346n39, 354n60
of God 266, 325, 339, 340n21, n26
Tigray 320, 321
Timothy 325n31
tiqūn (Heb. “restoration”) 512
Tivni 115, 121
Torah 8, 44, 46–48, 51, 52, 56–58, 61, 62, 91, 92, 117, 128, 130, 132n24, 134n30, 135n32, 136, 137, 139, 141n51, 148, 189, 198, 199, 253n56, 261, 345n37, 351n55, 356n70, 444n44, 471, 513
Islamic concept 233, 274, 275, 277n12, 278n19, 284–286
New 513
Oral 4, 129, 130, 133, 134, 135n32, 140–142, 146, 334
Trakai 334, 335, 338
Transitus (of Mary) 319
Trinitarian theology 549
Trojan war 11, 363, 365n7, 370, 386
True Cross (relics) 157, 168, 169, 172, 173
typological exegesis 245, 256, 534n7, 541
type Abigail-Mary 543–545
type David-Christ 459, 460, 535
Tyre
its king 429
its princess 425, 428
Uffizi Gallery (Florence) 427
Ugaritic, language 20n13
ʿUmar b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz 71
ʿUqayl b. Muḥammad al-Faqīh al-Muʿāfirī 488
Urfa (Anatolia, Turkey). Edessa
Uriah the Hittite 2, 12, 13, 75, 78, 81, 286–290, 292–294, 295, 324, 364, 368, 374, 375, 382, 394, 403–406, 408, 409, 413, 423n10, 430, 431, 432–434, 435–437, 446, 456, 461, 462, 465, 467, 468, 477, 478n2, 479, 481–486, 488, 490, 495, 496, 497, 498n55, 500–503, 528, 535, 537
ʿUṯmān al-Mawṣilī 71
Vatican II 523, 545, 547
Virgin Mary. Mary
virgins. ʿārōt
Vulgate 189, 190, 192, 294, 524n6
waraʿ (Ar. “religious scrupulosity,” “scrupulous piety”) 6, 67, 68–73, 77, 79, 81–84, 280, 282
Wāṣil 117
Wazīra bint ʿUmar 494n46
weeping 6, 67, 80, 81, 82n47, 83, 291, 292, 376, 377, 571, 572
wisdom 74, 76, 129, 134, 136, 138, 169, 176, 218, 221, 222, 277, 278, 296, 356n67, 372n28, 381n63, 405, 412, 423, 424, 435, 485, 531, 534n71, 544, 549
women 8, 11, 12, 30, 31, 59, 68n7, 80, 82n47, 84n51, 162n27, 189, 190, 192, 194–197, 199–202, 234n104, 273n1, 278, 287, 288, 293, 295, 363–368, 369, 380, 381, 384, 389, 393, 394, 395n99, 396, 406n14, 407, 408, 423, 424, 429, 436, 443, 444, 447, 458, 470, 471, 510, 512–515, 519, 520, 530, 540, 556, 558, 568, 569, 574, 576
worldliness 10
world to come. See ʿōlām ha-bā
worship 46n17, 48n30, 50, 54, 67, 119, 123, 140, 142, 145, 148, 154, 215, 281, 283–286, 304, 322, 328, 333n1, 523, 530, 547, 548
Yaddayir 120n17
Yaʿqūb (prophet). Jacob
Yazīd al-Raqašī 480, 487, 489, 490, 494, 496
Yehosef Ha-Nagid 106n5, 119
Yehud (Persian province) 29
Yossi b. Yochanan 199
Yūnus (ḥadīṯ transmitter) 487
zabūr (Ar. “Psalms”; concept) 74, 76, 77, 82, 222n60, 233, 273–275, 281, 284, 285
Zadok 30
Zechariah (prophet) 221
Zakariyyā (ḥadīṯ transmitter) 488n38
Zayd 479
Zemarites 117, 122
Ziba 538n95
Zimri 115, 121, 383
Zion (mount) 147, 165, 248, 355n64, 459, 528
Zionism 107n8, 131, 147
Zionists 107n8, 108n8
Ziph (wilderness) 460
Ziyād b. Abī ʿAbd al-Raḥmān 68
zuhd (Ar. “asceticism,” “renunciation”) 6, 52, 53, 61, 67, 69, 71, 72, 82, 83, 283, 291n70

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