Chapter 5 Confucian Ideals for the Chinese Nation with a Liberal Tendency: The Case of Xu Fuguan

In: Chinese Émigré Intellectuals and Their Quest for Liberal Values in the Cold War, 1949–1969

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This chapter focuses on Xu Fuguan’s Confucian model of a democratic China. His model was primarily based upon Confucian values. He particularly put an emphasis on dezhi 德治 (rule of virtue), as opposed to fazhi 法治 (rule of law), in his political design. To him, modern democratic values could be adopted on the basis of the Chinese Confucian tradition. What Xu was promoting was indeed an opposite of the ideals of Yin Haiguang.