United States Supreme Court

  • Clinton v. City of N.Y., 524 U.S. 417 (1998).

  • Everson v. Board of Education, 330 U.S. 1 (1947).

  • Fiallo v. Bell, 430 U.S. 787 (1977).

  • I.N.S. v. Cardoza-Fonseca, 480 U.S. 421 (1987).

  • Kaoru Yamataya v. Fisher, 189 U.S. 86 (1903).

  • Kelley v. Johnson, 425 U.S. 238 (1976).

  • Kovacs v. Cooper, 336 U.S. 77 (1949).

  • Murphy v. Nat’l Collegiate Athletic Ass’n, 138 S.Ct. 1461 (2018).

  • New York v. United States, 505 U.S. 144 (1992).

  • Paul v. Virginia, 75 U.S. 168 (1868).

  • Plyler v. Doe, 457 U.S. 202 (1982).

  • Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898 (1997).

  • Sherbert v. Verner, 374 U.S. 398 (1963).

  • Smith v. Turner; Norris v. Boston, 48 U.S. 283 (1849).

  • South Dakota v. Dole, 483 U.S. 203 (1987).

  • Takahashi v. Fish and Game Commission, 334 U.S. 410 (1948).

  • Thomas v. Review Board, 450 U.S. 707 (1981).

  • Trop v. Dulles, 356 U.S. 86 (1958).

  • U.S. v. Williams, 553 U.S. 285 (2008).

  • Winter v. Nat. Res. Def. Council, Inc., 555 U.S. 7 (2008).

  • Wong Wing v. United States, 163 U.S. 228 (1896).

  • Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356 (1886).

United States Courts of Appeal

  • Callahan v. Woods, 658 F.2d 679 (9th Cir. 1981)

  • City and Cty. of San Francisco v. Trump, 897 F.3d 1225 (9th Cir. 2018).

  • City of Chicago v. Sessions, 888 F.3d 272 (7th Cir. 2018).

  • City of Chicago v. Sessions, No. 17-2991, 2018 wl 4268817 (7th Cir. June 4, 2018), vacated, No. 17-2991, 2018 wl 4268814 (7th Cir. Aug. 10, 2018).

  • City of El Cenizo, Texas v. Texas, 890 F.3d 164 (5th Cir. 2018).

  • City of New York v. United States, 179 F.3d 29 (2d Cir. 1999).

  • Galarza v. Szalczyk, 745 F.3d 634 (3d Cir. 2014).

  • Mason v. General Brown Cent. School Dist., 851 F.2d 47 (2nd Cir. 1988).

  • State of New York, et al. v. Department of Justice, 951 F.3d 84 (2nd Cir. 2020).

  • U.S. v. Aguilar, 883 F.2d 662 (9th Cir. 1989).

  • U.S. v. Merkt, 764 F.2d 266 (5th Cir. 1985).

  • U.S. v. Merkt, 794 F.2d 950 (5th Cir. 1986).

United States District Courts

  • City and Cty. of San Francisco v. Donald J. Trump, No. 3:17-cv-00485 (N.D. Cal. filed Jan. 31, 2017).

  • City of Chelsea & City of Lawrence v. Donald J. Trump, No. 1:17-cv-10214 (D. Mass. Filed Feb. 8, 2017).

  • City of Chicago v. Sessions, 2018 wl 3608564 (N.D. Ill. July 27, 2018).

  • City of Chicago v. Jefferson Beauregard Sessions iii, No. 1:17-cv-05720 (N.D. Ill. filed Aug. 7, 2017).

  • City of Chicago v. Sessions, 264 F.Supp.3d 933 (N.D. Ill. 2017).

  • City of Philadelphia v. Jefferson Beauregard Sessions iii, No. 2:17-cv-03894 (E. D. Pa. filed Aug. 30, 2017).

  • City of Richmond v. Donald J. Trump, No. 3:17-cv-01535 (N.D. Cal. filed Feb. 22, 2017).

  • City of Seattle v. Donald J. Trump, No. 2:17-cv-00497 (W.D. Wash. filed March 29, 2017).

  • Cty. of Santa Clara v. Trump, 250 F.Supp.3d 497 (N.D. Cal. 2017).

  • State of California ex rel. Xavier Becerra v. Jefferson B. Sessions, et al., No. 3:17-cv-04701 (N.D. Cal. filed Aug. 14, 2017).

  • States of New York v. Department of Justice, 343 F.Supp.3d 213 (S.D. N.Y. November 30, 2018).

  • U.S. v. Hoffman, 2020 wl 531943 (D. Ariz. Feb. 3, 2020).

Dutch Supreme Court

  • hr 30 January 2007, ecli:nl:hr:2007:AZ2104.

Dutch Council of State

  • ABRvS 26 November 2015, ecli:nl:rvs:2015:3415.

  • ABRvS 29 June 2016, ecli:nl:rvs:2016:1782.

  • ABRvS 29 June 2016, ecli:nl:rvs:2016:1783.

Dutch Central Appeals Tribunal

  • CRvB 19 April 2010, ecli:nl:crvb:2010:BM0956.

  • CRvB 17 December 2014, ecli:nl:crvb:2014:4178.

  • CRvB 26 November 2015, ecli:nl:crvb:2015:3803.

  • CRvB 26 November 2015, ecli:nl:crvb:2015:3834.

  • CRvB 26 November 2015, ecli:nl:crvb:2015:4093.

  • CRvB 23 February 2017, ecli:nl:crvb:2017:1.

European Court of Human Rights

  • ECtHR 25 May 1993, 14307/88, ecli:ce:echr:1993:0525JUD001430788 (Kokkinakis/Greece).

  • ECtHR 1 October 2009, 76836/01 and 32782/03, ecli:ce:echr:2009:1001JUD007683601 (Kimlya/Russia).

  • ECtHR 7 July 2011, 23459/03, ecli:ce:echr:2011:0707JUD002345903 (Bayatyan/Armenia).

  • ECtHR 28 July 2016, 17931/16, ecli:ce:echr:2016:0705DEC001793116 (Hunde/Nederland).

European Committee of Social Rights

  • Conference of European Churches (CEC) v. the Netherlands (decisions on the merits), Complaint No. 90/2013, Council of Europe: European Committee of Social Rights, 10 November 2014.

  • Defence for Children International (DCI) v. the Netherlands, Complaint No. 47/2008, Council of Europe: European Committee of Social Rights, 20 October 2009.