Author: Akif Avci
Free access
  • Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

  • Names: Avcı, Akif, author.

    Title: Unravelling the social formation : free trade, the state and business associations in Turkey / by Akif Avcı.

    Description: Leiden ; Boston : Brill, [2022] | Series: New scholarship in political economy ; volume 18 | Includes bibliographical references and index. | Summary: “In Unravelling the Social Formation: Free Trade, the State and Business Associations in Turkey, Akif Avci examines the role of business associations and the state in Turkey in analysing the dialectical relationship between global free trade and Turkish social formation since 2002. The manuscript constructs a three-levels analysis based on the social relations of production, forms of state and world order. It explores the class characteristics of the business associations, the role of the Turkish state in the process of integration into global capitalism, and at the same time, internalisation of the global class relations inside Turkish social formation. It offers a fresh evaluation of imperialism theories and the uneven and combined development (U&CD) approach from a neo-Gramscian perspective”– Provided by publisher.

    Identifiers: LCCN 2022006169 (print) | LCCN 2022006170 (ebook) | ISBN 9789004507135 (hardback) | ISBN 9789004509597 (ebook)

    Subjects: LCSH: Trade associations–Turkey. | Turkey–Economic conditions– 21st century. | Business and politics–Turkey. | Industrial policy–Turkey.

    Classification: LCC HD2429.T8 A93 2022 (print) | LCC HD2429.T8 (ebook) | DDC 322/.309561–dc23/eng/20220209

    LC record available at

    LC ebook record available at

  • Typeface for the Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic scripts: “Brill”. See and download:

  • ISSN 2666-2205

  • ISBN 978-90-04-50713-5 (hardback)

  • ISBN 978-90-04-50959-7 (e-book)

  • Copyright 2022 by Akif Avci. Published by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.

  • Koninklijke Brill NV incorporates the imprints Brill, Brill Nijhoff, Brill Hotei, Brill Schöningh, Brill Fink, Brill mentis, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Böhlau and V&R unipress.

  • Koninklijke Brill NV reserves the right to protect this publication against unauthorized use. Requests for re-use and/or translations must be addressed to Koninklijke Brill NV via or

  • This book is printed on acid-free paper and produced in a sustainable manner.