Chapter 1 Paving the City and Urban Evolution: Science, Technology, and Craftsmanship under Our Feet

In: Science, Technology and Medicine in the Making of Lisbon (1840–1940)
Lídia Fernandes
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This chapter addresses various solutions put forward during the nineteenth century to pave the city of Lisbon, with a particular focus on the Portuguese pavement. It addresses debates and controversies over different types of pavements, contextualizes the emergence of the Portuguese pavement, its idiosyncratic characteristics at the intersection of artisanry, science and technology and arts, and its successful circulation from the capital city to other Portuguese cities, as well as to other cities around the world, both in Europe, North and South America, and Asia. It argues that much is to be learned about the co-construction of science and the city, by looking at how science (and even mathematics), and technology are integral components of urban paving solutions, to such an extent that one can literally find science and technology under our feet.

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