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Frédéric Hurlet
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Abstract

The creation by Augustus of the imperial regime caused a break in the epigraphic representation of power in Rome, both in terms of the number of inscriptions and their content. It contributed to highlighting the representation of imperial power through the so-called imperial titulature, which brought together the names, powers and titles borne by the first princeps and members of his dynasty. A variety of imperial virtues were emphasized: uirtus proper, which is in essence military virtue (in the form of the praenomen Imperator and the salutations as imperator); piety (the title of Pontifex Maximus) and the extraordinary status of the princeps from a religious point of view (the cognomen Augustus); legitimacy through Julius Caesar (the nomen Caesar and his filiation, Diui f.); his status as restorer (conseruator); the care given to the governed (the title pater patriae); the universal application of Augustus’ powers (custos, praeses and rector). Augustan epigraphy, far from being stereotyped as one might think at first glance in comparison with later periods, reflected the majesty and authority of the new power.

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The Emperor’s Qualities and Virtues in the Inscriptions from Augustus to the Beginning of Constantine's Reign: “Mirrors for prince”?

Qualités et vertus de l’empereur dans les inscriptions d’Auguste au début du règne de Constantin: « Miroirs au prince »?

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