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Anna Heller
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Abstract

Based on the survey of around 30 000 inscriptions from Asia Minor, this paper offers a study of Greek honorific titles awarded to emperors and members of the imperial family. It illuminates the contexts in which such titles are used, their frequency and their chronological and typological distribution. It focuses on the special case of Hadrian, celebrated as “saviour and founder” all over the Greek world, with a particularly intense use of these titles in Miletus and Pergamon. Overall, these two titles are, together with that of “benefactor,” the most common ones for the emperors, strongly in line with the civic discourse elaborated during the Hellenistic period. The moral qualities of the emperors are almost never highlighted through the use of titles, while the universal nature of their power is acknowledged by elaborating on traditional titles (“benefactor or saviour of the whole world”) or by inventing new titles, reflecting a change in the ideology of imperial rule (“master of land and sea”).

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The Emperor’s Qualities and Virtues in the Inscriptions from Augustus to the Beginning of Constantine's Reign: “Mirrors for prince”?

Qualités et vertus de l’empereur dans les inscriptions d’Auguste au début du règne de Constantin: « Miroirs au prince »?

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