Globalization Aporia: The Hegemonic “World State” versus Cosmopolitanism to Come

In: Philosophical Aspects of Globalization: A Multidisciplinary Inquiry

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Abstract

This article discusses the controversies of globalization in its homogenizing and hegemonistic form, the continuation of which threatens the future of humankind. The US policy of global domination undermines the international rule of law and fuels a new cold war, which increases the risk of a nuclear catastrophe. The author argues for a cosmopolitan perspective, at the center of which reside human individuals and humanity, the recognition of socio-cultural diversity, and the voluntary collaboration of free nations. Cosmopolitanism represents a positive alternative to both a conflict-ridden state-centric Westphalian system and a hegemon-centric system; it offers a new type of relationship oriented toward peace, justice, and mutually beneficial collaboration. The article highlights the main characteristics of a “new cosmopolitanism” as reflexive, rooted, dialogic, critical, democratic, and transformative. Attention is paid to the works of Jacques Derrida and Fred Dallmayr and their elaboration of the conception of a “cosmopolitanism to come.”

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