This article is devoted to the problem of the transformation of values in the dialogue of civilizations. It is based on a modern approach to the definition of civilizations, with an emphasis on their anthropological nature, and where all features associated with human beings form the basis and center. The authors define the diversity and elements common to all types of civilizations, including the differences among world civilizations, but also their inevitable unity, which is insufficiently realized due to frequent clashes and rivalries. The article also examines the dialogue of civilizations proclaimed by the UN at the beginning of the twenty-first century and the connection in the formulation of this problem with the development of globalization processes. The authors note that globalization leads to the transformation of civilizational values, and to the formation of new universal values that are, in a certain sense, common to all modern civilizations. This refers, first of all, to vital, environmental values, primary civil rights, etc. These values, according to the authors, can form the basis for the formation of a global planetary universal consciousness based on the principle of the equality of the inhabitants of planet Earth, all of whom are equally responsible for its preservation.