African–European Relations in 2021

In: Africa Yearbook Volume 18
Benedikt Erforth
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Niels Keijzer
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Relations between Africa and Europe continued to experience considerable challenges, with an October ministerial meeting in Kigali being the first formal meeting since the start of the pandemic. While an EU travel ban introduced in December on South-African states harmed relations, the EU also announced its Global Gateway initiative to ramp up investment in infrastructure with a key focus on Africa. The security partnership between the two regions faced challenges, particularly the EU's military engagement in Mali. Simultaneously, the EU completed key legal frameworks to guide its external action spending in Africa during the full seven-year budget cycle from 2021 to 2027.

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Africa Yearbook Volume 18

Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2021



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