Central African Republic covers major events in domestic politics, foreign policy and socio-economic development in 2021. A major military effort by combined rebel forces failed to topple the government. Most rebel movements thereafter witnessed defections and were on the defensive against the government army, which received military support from Russia and Rwanda. The announcement of the results of presidential and legislative elections held at the end of 2020 (and by-elections in May and July) confirmed the dominance of President Touadéra, but also created new frictions. The government faced the freezing of budgetary aid. The number of refugees grew.