Chapter 2 New Space Architectures – Connectivity and Cyber Security

In: Space Law in a Networked World
Authors:
André Adelsbach
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Thomas Schaefer
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George Tountas
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Abstract

Cyber Security is an important challenge in today’s global business environment. Cyber-attacks are in the news regularly. This paper examines cyber security risks in the specific context of the Space domain, where satellite communication and other services have become critical enablers for global economy and society. After presenting terminology and a model for cyber risk in Section 1.1, this is applied to a set of real-world high-profile cyber security incidents in Section 1.2. Subsequently, the main threat actors (Section 2.1), their intent and common attack types (Section 2.2) are discussed. Extending on this, Section 2.3 highlights trending attack types faced by the Space domain. Following the cyber risk model, typical challenges and weaknesses prevalent in the Space domain are reviewed in Section 2.4. Chapter 4 provides a reflection on recent technology and service model developments in the Space domain and discusses how these translate into changing cyber security risks, also highlighting legal and regulatory challenges stemming from these developments. The paper closes with a conclusion and outlook in section

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